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Early Treatment for Acute ACL Tear (AAA)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01692756
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : September 25, 2012
Results First Posted : November 13, 2018
Last Update Posted : December 5, 2018
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Vanderbilt University
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Cale Jacobs, University of Kentucky

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date  ICMJE September 11, 2012
First Posted Date  ICMJE September 25, 2012
Results First Submitted Date  ICMJE April 2, 2018
Results First Posted Date  ICMJE November 13, 2018
Last Update Posted Date December 5, 2018
Study Start Date  ICMJE March 2013
Actual Primary Completion Date February 5, 2017   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Current Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: October 13, 2018)
Participant Pain Assessment [ Time Frame: Up to seven days ]
Participants with be given a Visual Analog Scale (VAS) pain assessment questionnaire which scores the participant's perceived pain on a scale of 0-10 were zero is no pain and 10 is the worst pain imaginable. The scale will be administered during the initial orthopedic consult after injury and during the participant's pre-operative assessment, usually 1-7 days after the initial consult.
Original Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: September 24, 2012)
Efficacy of IL-1Ra to alleviate knee pain [ Time Frame: Patients will be evaluated for changes in pain at 5 post-injury time points (1-2 days), 12-14 days, 2 weeks post-op, 4 weeks post-op and 6 months post-op) ]
This trial will use the standardized patient self-report Knee Injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (KOOS) instrument to assess pain and function in response to the intervention for acute ACL injury. This trial will supplement the KOOS with function score assessments from the International Knee Documentation Committee (IKDC) form for evaluation of knee ligament injuries
Change History
Current Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: October 13, 2018)
  • Efficacy of Kenalog to Alleviate Knee Pain [ Time Frame: Up to seven days ]
    The efficacy of Kenalog with be determined using the Knee Injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (KOOS) instrument. Participants will self-report knee pain and function through the KOOS questionnaire during the initial orthopedic consult and during the pre-op assessment prior to surgery, between 1 and 7 days later. The scale scores range from 100 (no symptoms) to zero (extreme symptoms).
  • Synovial Interleukin-1α (IL-1α) Concentration [ Time Frame: Up to seven days ]
    Participants will have a knee joint aspiration during their initial orthopedic consult and during pre-op assessment. Synovial fluid will be aspirated and spun at 3500RPM for 10 minutes then the supernatant will be pipetted and frozen. The supernatant will be used to measure IL-1α concentration using an immunoassay. Data will be presented as the change in IL-1α concentration from knee aspirate collected during the initial orthopedic consult after injury and during the participant's pre-operative assessment, usually 1-7 days after the initial consult.
  • Synovial Interleukin-1β (IL-1β) Concentration [ Time Frame: Up to seven days ]
    Participants will have a knee joint aspiration during their initial orthopedic consult and during pre-op assessment. Synovial fluid will be aspirated and spun at 3500RPM for 10 minutes then the supernatant will be pipetted and frozen. The supernatant will be used to measure IL-1β concentration using an immunoassay. Data will be presented as the change in IL-1β concentration from knee aspirate collected during the initial orthopedic consult after injury and during the participant's pre-operative assessment, usually 1-7 days after the initial consult.
  • Synovial Interleukin-1 Receptor Antagonist (IL-1ra) Concentration [ Time Frame: Up to seven days ]
    Participants will have a knee joint aspiration during their initial orthopedic consult and during pre-op assessment. Synovial fluid will be aspirated and spun at 3500RPM for 10 minutes then the supernatant will be pipetted and frozen. The supernatant will be used to measure IL-1ra concentration using an immunoassay. Data will be presented as the change in IL-1ra concentration from knee aspirate collected during the initial orthopedic consult after injury and during the participant's pre-operative assessment, usually 1-7 days after the initial consult.
  • Synovial C-terminal Peptide II (CTXII) Concentration [ Time Frame: Up to seven days ]
    Participants will have a knee joint aspiration during their initial orthopedic consult and during pre-op assessment. Synovial fluid will be aspirated and spun at 3500RPM for 10 minutes then the supernatant will be pipetted and frozen. The supernatant will be used to measure CTXII concentration using an immunoassay. Data will be presented as the change in CTXII concentration from knee aspirate collected during the initial orthopedic consult after injury and during the participant's pre-operative assessment, usually 1-7 days after the initial consult.
  • Synovial Cartilage Oligomeric Matrix Protein (COMP) Concentration [ Time Frame: Up to seven days ]
    Participants will have a knee joint aspiration during their initial orthopedic consult and during pre-op assessment. Synovial fluid will be aspirated and spun at 3500RPM for 10 minutes then the supernatant will be pipetted and frozen. The supernatant will be used to measure COMP concentration using an immunoassay. Data will be presented as the change in COMP concentration from knee aspirate collected during the initial orthopedic consult after injury and during the participant's pre-operative assessment, usually 1-7 days after the initial consult.
  • Synovial Glycosaminoglycans (GAG) Concentration [ Time Frame: Up to seven days ]
    Participants will have a knee joint aspiration during their initial orthopedic consult and during pre-op assessment. Synovial fluid will be aspirated and spun at 3500RPM for 10 minutes then the supernatant will be pipetted and frozen. The supernatant will be used to measure GAG concentration using an immunoassay. Data will be presented as the change in GAG concentration from knee aspirate collected during the initial orthopedic consult after injury and during the participant's pre-operative assessment, usually 1-7 days after the initial consult.
  • Synovial Type I Collagen Cross-Linked N-Telopeptide (NTX-I) Concentration [ Time Frame: Up to seven days ]
    Participants will have a knee joint aspiration during their initial orthopedic consult and during pre-op assessment. Synovial fluid will be aspirated and spun at 3500RPM for 10 minutes then the supernatant will be pipetted and frozen. The supernatant will be used to measure NTX-I concentration using an immunoassay. Data will be presented as the change in NTX-I concentration from knee aspirate collected during the initial orthopedic consult after injury and during the participant's pre-operative assessment, usually 1-7 days after the initial consult.
  • Synovial TNF-stimulated Gene 6 Protein (TSG-6) Concentration [ Time Frame: Up to seven days ]
    Participants will have a knee joint aspiration during their initial orthopedic consult and during pre-op assessment. Synovial fluid will be aspirated and spun at 3500RPM for 10 minutes then the supernatant will be pipetted and frozen. The supernatant will be used to measure TSG-6 concentration using an immunoassay. Data will be presented as the change in TSG-6 concentration from knee aspirate collected during the initial orthopedic consult after injury and during the participant's pre-operative assessment, usually 1-7 days after the initial consult.
  • Synovial Matrix Metalloproteinase 1 (MMP-1) Concentration [ Time Frame: Up to seven days ]
    Participants will have a knee joint aspiration during their initial orthopedic consult and during pre-op assessment. Synovial fluid will be aspirated and spun at 3500RPM for 10 minutes then the supernatant will be pipetted and frozen. The supernatant will be used to measure MMP-1 concentration using an immunoassay. Data will be presented as the change in MMP-1 concentration from knee aspirate collected during the initial orthopedic consult after injury and during the participant's pre-operative assessment, usually 1-7 days after the initial consult.
  • Synovial Matrix Metalloproteinase 3 (MMP-3) Concentration [ Time Frame: Up to seven days ]
    Participants will have a knee joint aspiration during their initial orthopedic consult and during pre-op assessment. Synovial fluid will be aspirated and spun at 3500RPM for 10 minutes then the supernatant will be pipetted and frozen. The supernatant will be used to measure MMP-3 concentration using an immunoassay. Data will be presented as the change in MMP-3 concentration from knee aspirate collected during the initial orthopedic consult after injury and during the participant's pre-operative assessment, usually 1-7 days after the initial consult.
  • Synovial Matrix Metalloproteinase 9 (MMP-9) Concentration [ Time Frame: Up to seven days ]
    Participants will have a knee joint aspiration during their initial orthopedic consult and during pre-op assessment. Synovial fluid will be aspirated and spun at 3500RPM for 10 minutes then the supernatant will be pipetted and frozen. The supernatant will be used to measure MMP-9 concentration using an immunoassay. Data will be presented as the change in MMP-9 concentration from knee aspirate collected during the initial orthopedic consult after injury and during the participant's pre-operative assessment, usually 1-7 days after the initial consult.
Original Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: September 24, 2012)
IL-1Ra therapy improves levels of a panel of inflammatory (cytokine), meniscus and cartilage metabolism and oxidative stress biomarkers [ Time Frame: 1-7 days, 10-17 days after injury and at time of surgery ]
Biomarkers to be tested include IL-1α, IL-1β, Collagen type I (NtxI) and collagen type II (CTXII) breakdown products, cartilage oligomeric protein (COMP) and glycomsaminoglycan (GAG) and Xanthine Oxidase. Additionally, the change in IL-1α/β levels in the IL-1Ra treated and placebo individuals will be evaluated specifically for association with pain and function outcomes.
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
 
Descriptive Information
Brief Title  ICMJE Early Treatment for Acute ACL Tear
Official Title  ICMJE Early Anti-inflammatory Treatment in Patients With Acute ACL Tear
Brief Summary

This research study is the first of its kind and will allow health care professionals and researchers to answer many questions about the reasons why anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury leads to knee pain and disability and osteoarthritis. We also hope that this study will be the beginning of new, more powerful and safer drugs to help patients with ACL injuries heal sooner and return to sports or daily activities pain free. Study participants will be recruited from the University of Kentucky and Vanderbilt University.

The purpose of this research is to gather information on how safe and effective Kenalog® is in alleviating knee pain following ACL rupture.

Detailed Description

Injury to the knee during sports participation often involves partial of full detachment of the ACL. ACL tears cause pain, swelling and inflammation. While the swelling and inflammation usually goes away in time, individuals with ACL injuries may experience pain and notice knee instability (knee slipping, etc.). Often surgery can repair or replace the ACL within the joint, allowing individuals the ability to walk or run again pain free or participate in sports. Unfortunately, osteoarthritis of the knee, which also causes pain and swelling, can occur in that same knee 10-20 years later for reasons which are not well understood.

In this research study, we hope to prevent and reduce the initial post-operative pain. The reduction of pain will allow for earlier movement of the knee joint and preparation for surgery. It may also reduce the risk to develop osteoarthritis in individuals with ACL injuries by treating them within 1-2 days after their injury.

Study Type  ICMJE Interventional
Study Phase  ICMJE Phase 2
Study Design  ICMJE Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double (Participant, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Condition  ICMJE Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) Tears
Intervention  ICMJE
  • Drug: Kenalog or placebo
    Other Names:
    • Drug: Kenalog
    • Other Names:
    • triamcinolone acetonide injectable suspension
    • Drug Placebo (for Kenalog)
    • physiologic Saline solution
  • Drug: Kenalog then Placebo
    Other Names:
    • Drug: Kenalog
    • Other Names:
    • triamcinolone acetonide injectable suspension
    • Drug Placebo (for Kenalog)
    • physiologic saline solution
  • Drug: Kenalog
    Other Names:
    • Drug: Kenalog
    • Other Names:
    • triamcinolone acetonide injectable suspension
  • Drug: Placebo
    Other Names:
    • Drug Placebo (for Kenalog)
    • physiologic saline solution
Study Arms  ICMJE
  • Experimental: Kenalog or Placebo
    Kenalog® (40mg) or saline placebo injection 1-2 days after ACL injury and 12-14 days later.
    Intervention: Drug: Kenalog or placebo
  • Experimental: Kenalog then placebo
    Subjects will initially receive 40mg injection of Kenalog® 1-2 days after injury and saline placebo at 12-14 days post injury.
    Intervention: Drug: Kenalog then Placebo
  • Experimental: Kenalog only
    Subjects will receive two consecutive (40 mg) intra-articular injections of Kenalog®
    Intervention: Drug: Kenalog
  • Placebo Comparator: Placebo
    subjects will receive two consecutive intra-articular saline placebo injections at the same time periods.
    Intervention: Drug: Placebo
Publications *

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status  ICMJE Completed
Actual Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: October 13, 2018)
49
Original Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: September 24, 2012)
68
Actual Study Completion Date  ICMJE February 5, 2017
Actual Primary Completion Date February 5, 2017   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Eligibility Criteria  ICMJE

Inclusion Criteria:

  • currently participating in sporting activities
  • Normal contralateral knee status
  • Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) injury occurred while playing a sporting activity

Exclusion Criteria:

  • underlying inflammatory disease (i.e. Rheumatoid Arthritis, Psoriatic Arthritis, etc.)
  • have been diagnosed with hepatitis B or tuberculosis
  • currently have an infection, including infection of the skin
  • have a disease that weakens your immune system such as diabetes, cancer, HIV or AIDs
  • other major medical condition requiring treatment with immunosuppressant or modulating drugs.
  • A history of chronic use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs
  • previous exposure or allergic reaction to Kenalog
  • prior knee surgery (Ipsilateral or contralateral)
  • have received any investigational drug with 4 weeks of study Visit 1
Sex/Gender  ICMJE
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
Ages  ICMJE 14 Years to 33 Years   (Child, Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers  ICMJE No
Contacts  ICMJE Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Listed Location Countries  ICMJE United States
Removed Location Countries  
 
Administrative Information
NCT Number  ICMJE NCT01692756
Other Study ID Numbers  ICMJE 12-0706
Has Data Monitoring Committee Yes
U.S. FDA-regulated Product Not Provided
IPD Sharing Statement  ICMJE Not Provided
Current Responsible Party Cale Jacobs, University of Kentucky
Original Responsible Party Christian Lattermann, University of Kentucky, Sponsor/Investigator
Current Study Sponsor  ICMJE Cale Jacobs
Original Study Sponsor  ICMJE Christian Lattermann
Collaborators  ICMJE Vanderbilt University
Investigators  ICMJE
Principal Investigator: Christian Lattermann, MD University of Kentucky, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery
PRS Account University of Kentucky
Verification Date November 2018

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP