A Phase I/II Evaluation of ADXS11-001, Mitomycin, 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) and IMRT for Anal Cancer (276)
|First Received Date ICMJE||August 7, 2012|
|Last Updated Date||June 16, 2016|
|Start Date ICMJE||April 2013|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date||December 2017 (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
|Current Primary Outcome Measures ICMJE
|Original Primary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Same as current|
|Change History||Complete list of historical versions of study NCT01671488 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site|
|Current Secondary Outcome Measures ICMJE
|Original Secondary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Same as current|
|Current Other Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Original Other Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Brief Title ICMJE||A Phase I/II Evaluation of ADXS11-001, Mitomycin, 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) and IMRT for Anal Cancer|
|Official Title ICMJE||BrUOG 276: A Phase I/II Evaluation of ADXS11-001, Mitomycin,5-fluorouracil (5-FU) and IMRT for Anal Cancer|
|Brief Summary||The main purpose of this study is to study the safety and effectiveness of ADXS11-001 when combined with standard chemotherapy and radiation treatment for anal cancer. ADXS11-001 is an investigational agent that is not approved by the FDA to treat anal cancer or any other cancer.|
Novel treatments are needed in anal cancer. An important percentage of patients with locally advanced anal cancer will have persistent loco-regional disease or develop systemic metastases. Virtually all cases of anal cancer are related to infection by HPV. Anal cancer cells infected with HPV have the tumor associated antigen HPV E7. ADXS11-001 causes antigen presenting cells to be stimulated to facilitate immune cells to attack cancer cells expressing HPV E7. ADXS11-001, at the phase II dose of 1x109 CFU, has been shown to be safe in patients with advanced cervical cancer which also is caused by HPV infection. Anti-tumor activity and safety have been demonstrated in cervical cancer to single agent ADXS11-001 and the combination of ADXS11-001 and cisplatin chemotherapy. Data presented at ASCO 2012 ADXS11-001 is currently being evaluated in women in the United States with cervical intraepithelial neoplasia. Radiation may augment the activity of ADXS11-001 increasing the exposure of tumor related antigens thereby increasing the chance for loco-regional disease eradication and preventing systemic recurrence. Therefore, ADXS11-001 may increase complete response, prevent recurrence disease and increase disease-free and overall survival in anal cancer. This protocol will develop sufficient preliminary safety and efficacy data to facilitate the investigation of ADXS11-001 in anal cancer within "NRG", the newly formed cooperative group based on the merger of the RTOG, NSABP and GOG.
As described above, Phase I studies and preliminary data from phase II studies have demonstrated that ADXS11-001, 1x109 CFU, can be safely administered as a single agent and in combination with chemotherapy. For example in over 200 patients treated at the dose of 1x109CFU there have been no cases of severe listeria bacteremia or grade 3 cardiopulmonary toxicity. However, since ADXS11-001 has not previously been administered with radiation, the primary objective of this study will be to establish the safety of the addition of ADXS11-001 to chemoradiation for anal cancer. The following schedules will be assessed.
Standard treatment with mitomycin, 5-FU and radiation for anal cancer has substantial toxicity. In RTOG 9811, 74% of patients had grade 3/4 nonhematologic toxicity and 61% of patients had grade 3 or grade 4 hematologic toxicity from this regimen. Therefore, the toxicities of standard chemoradiation with mitomycin, 5-FU and radiation are well above the conventionally accepted parameters in a phase I study even prior to adding ADXS11-001. However, it is critical that the addition of ADXS-11-001 does not compromise the delivery of potentially curative standard chemoradiation for anal cancer.
|Study Type ICMJE||Interventional|
|Study Phase||Phase 1
|Study Design ICMJE||Allocation: Non-Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Condition ICMJE||Anal Cancer|
|Intervention ICMJE||Biological: Advaxis
ADXS11-001 will be given at a dose of 1x109 cfu intravenously once every 28 days for 4 total doses. All 4 doses of ADXS11-001 will be 1x109 cfu. The drug will be given as an 500ml infusion over 15 minutes.
Other Name: ADXS11-001
|Study Arm (s)||
|Publications *||Not Provided|
* Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
|Recruitment Status ICMJE||Active, not recruiting|
|Estimated Enrollment ICMJE||25|
|Estimated Completion Date||May 2018|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date||December 2017 (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
|Eligibility Criteria ICMJE||
3.1.1 Histologically-proven, invasive primary squamous, basaloid, or cloacogenic carcinoma of the anal canal; 3.1.2 AJCC 2009 TN Stage: T1N1-N3, T2(< 4cm)N1-N3, T2(> 4cm)N0,T3N0-3, T4N0-3;based upon the following minimum diagnostic workup: 22.214.171.124 History/physical examination within 14 days prior to registration; 126.96.36.199 Within 42 days prior to registration, the patient must have an anal examination by any of the following: colonoscopy, sigmoidoscopy, or rigid proctoscopy, with documentation of primary anal lesion size, distance from anal verge.
3.1.3 Groin examination within 42 days prior to registration with documentation of any groin adenopathy and lymphadenopathy (location: right vs. left; medial vs. lateral; mobile vs. fixed; and size); 3.1.4 X-ray (PA and lateral), CT scan, or PET/CT scan of the chest within 42 days prior to registration; 3.1.5 CT scan, MRI, or PET/CT of the abdomen and pelvis within 42 days prior to registration; 3.1.6 Zubrod Performance Status 0-1; 3.1.7 Age ≥ 18; 3.1.8 Laboratory data obtained ≤ 14 days prior to registration on study, with adequate bone marrow, hepatic and renal function defined as follows:
3.1.10 Patients must sign a study-specific informed consent prior to study entry.
3.1.11 Patients with a history of clinically significant pulmonary disease must have PFTs demonstrating a DLCO ≥ 40%. This testing is considered standard of care prior to mitomycin, 5-FU and radiation.
3.1.12 Patients with a history of clinically significant cardiac disease must have a LVEF ≥ 30% by ECHO. (MUGA scan may also be used to determine LVEF) This testing is considered standard of care prior to mitomycin, 5-FU and radiation.
3.1.13 Patients must be able to swallow pills.
3.2.1 Prior invasive malignancy (except non-melanomatous skin cancer), unless disease free for a minimum of 2 years; 3.2.2 Prior systemic chemotherapy for anal cancer; 3.2.3 Prior allergic reaction to the study drugs involved in this protocol. 3.2.4 Prior radiotherapy to the pelvis that would result in overlap of radiation therapy fields; 3.2.5 Severe, active co-morbidity, defined as follows: 188.8.131.52 Patients with uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris and cardiac arrhythmia are ineligible. Furthermore, patients with unstable angina and/or congestive heart failure requiring hospitalization within the past 6 months are ineligible; 184.108.40.206 Patients with active infection requiring systemic therapy (oral or IV) or those currently receiving antibiotics that cannot discontinue prior to dosing are ineligible.
220.127.116.11 Transmural myocardial infarction within the last 6 months; 18.104.22.168 Acute bacterial or fungal infection requiring intravenous antibiotics at the time of registration; 22.214.171.124 Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease exacerbation or other respiratory illness requiring hospitalization or precluding study therapy at the time of registration; 126.96.36.199 Hepatic insufficiency resulting in clinical jaundice and/or coagulation defects; 3.2.6 Patients known to be seropositive for HIV and/or active hepatitis, even if liver function studies are in the eligible range.
3.2.7 Other immunocompromised status (e.g., organ transplant or chronic glucocorticoid use).If patient has diagnosis of immunodeficiency, is dependent on or has received systemic steroids therapy or any form of immunosuppressive therapy within 7 days prior to the first dose of ADXS11-001 they are ineligible. Topical corticosteroid or occasional inhaled corticosteroids are allowed.
3.2.8 Women who are pregnant or lactating are ineligible because the treatment involved in this study may be significantly teratogenic and there is the potential for transmission of listeria to the infant.
3.2.9 Patients allergic to or with a sensitivity to penicillin, ampicillin, trimethoprim-sulfa and quinolones (including history of rash or anaphylaxis).
3.2.10 Patients allergic to naproxen. 3.2.11 Patients receiving oral or IV antibiotics 3.2.12 Patients with a prior history of a splenectomy and/or sickle cell trait/disease 3.2.13 Patient has implanted medical device(s) that pose a high risk for colonization and/or cannot be easily removed (e.g., prosthetic joints, artificial heart valves, pacemakers, orthopedic screw(s), metal plate(s), bone graft(s), or other exogenous implant(s)). NOTE: More common devices and prosthetics which include arterial and venous stents, dental and breast implants and venous access devices (e.g. Port-a-Cath or Mediport) are permitted. Sponsor must be contacted prior to consenting any subject who has any other device and/or implant. Site is required to submit to BrUOG ALL surgical implants patient has ever had in their medical history and ALL surgeries regardless of link to this cancer diagnosis.
3.2.14 Patients who are receiving or may receive future treatment with PI3K or TNFα inhibitors. To be confirmed by treating medical oncologist in writing 3.2.15 Has undergone a major surgery, including surgery for a new artificial implant and/or device, within 6 weeks prior to the initiation of ADXS11-001 treatment. NOTE: if patient underwent surgery > 6 weeks from start of ADSX11-001, all toxicities and/or complications must have recovered to baseline or Grade 1 prior to the initiation of ADXS11-001 study therapy.
3.2.16 Patient not being willing to have new infusion line placed for each infusion of ADXS11-001 as existing or newly placed central venous catheter or infusion ports are not allowed to be used for ADXS11-001 administration. Must be confirmed as discussed with patient and that they agreed.
3.2.17 Patient not willing to comply with requirement of central venous catheter or infusion port must not be used for 72 hours following the completion of the ADXS11-001 infusion and the patient receives the first post-treatment dose of oral antibiotics. Must be confirmed as discussed with patient and that they agreed.
3.2.18 Live vaccines within 30 days prior to the first dose of trial treatment and while participating in the trial. Examples of live vaccines include, but are not limited to, the following: measles, mumps, rubella, chicken pox, yellow fever, rabies, BCG, and typhoid (oral) vaccine. Seasonal influenza vaccines for injection are generally killed virus vaccines and are allowed; however, intranasal influenza vaccines (e.g., Flu-Mist®) are live attenuated vaccines and are not allowed. All recent vaccines (within 30 days) to be listed on conmed log 3.2.19 Patient has a history of listeriosis or prior ADXS11-001 therapy.
|Ages||18 Years and older (Adult, Senior)|
|Accepts Healthy Volunteers||No|
|Contacts ICMJE||Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects|
|Listed Location Countries ICMJE||United States|
|Removed Location Countries|
|NCT Number ICMJE||NCT01671488|
|Other Study ID Numbers ICMJE||BrUOG 276|
|Has Data Monitoring Committee||Yes|
|Plan to Share Data||Not Provided|
|IPD Description||Not Provided|
|Responsible Party||howard safran, Brown University|
|Study Sponsor ICMJE||Brown University|
|Information Provided By||Brown University|
|Verification Date||June 2016|
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