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U of A/ U of M Beans and Peas Health Claim Project

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01661543
First Posted: August 9, 2012
Last Update Posted: December 24, 2015
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
Collaborators:
Alberta Innovates Health Solutions
Pulse Canada
University of Manitoba
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of Alberta
August 7, 2012
August 9, 2012
December 24, 2015
January 2013
December 2015   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Lowering of Cholesterol [ Time Frame: 6 weeks ]
Cholesterol will be tested at Baseline, 3 and 6 week interval
Same as current
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT01661543 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
Not Provided
Not Provided
Not Provided
Not Provided
 
U of A/ U of M Beans and Peas Health Claim Project
Substantiating a Health Claim for Pulses (Beans and Peas) and Cholesterol Lowering Abilities

The purpose of this study is to compare how regularly eating (dried) beans or peas or rice (control) lowers blood lipids, particularly Low Density Lipoprotein cholesterol and total cholesterol, in mildly hypercholesterolemic men and women. The investigators hypothesize that regularly eating beans or peas will significantly improve blood lipid profiles in these people.

Participants in this study will consume 1 study food item 5 out of 7 days a week containing beans or peas or rice for a total of 6 weeks. This study will benefit Canadian pulse growers by enhancing development of food products for human consumption and supporting marketing strategies to increase awareness that a diet rich in pulses can improve human health. Measuring changes in blood and urinary polyphenol levels will help to verify whether these compounds play a role in the beneficial actions of beans and peas and subsequently assist with the identification of the beneficial bean/pea components. This in turn, will enable crop breeders to select for plants that are rich in these compounds.

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to conduct a multi-centre randomized, controlled trial to specifically compare the biological effectiveness of bean versus peas vs rice (control) on LDL-cholesterol in mildly hypercholesterolemic men and women. In addition, the effects of beans and peas on other key factors associated with cardiovascular disease, including triglycerides, High Density Lipoprotein-cholesterol, body weight/fatness, glucose, insulin, glycated hemoglobin and biomarkers of vascular function. Inflammation and metabolism will be investigated, as well as the participants' assessment of study food acceptability, satiety and gastrointestinal responses.

BACKGROUND: Pulses (beans, peas, lentils and chickpeas) are healthy foods that contain twice the amount of protein as cereals, are very high in fibre, key vitamins and minerals like folate and iron and are low in fat. Canada is the world's largest producer and exporter of lentils and peas, and Alberta produced 34% of the pea crop and 12% of beans in 2010. Current consumption of pulses in Canada is low, due to a lack of pulse-based convenient food products. An approved health claim can drive interest in development of food products with particular ingredients as seen with oat beta-glucan. Experts agree that existing evidence for the cholesterol-lowering effects of pulses is particularly strong for beans, but more studies are needed to show the effects of peas, lentils and chickpeas are comparable to beans. Results from this study will be used to substantiate a health claim for beans and other pulse crops in the future, similar to the health claims that exist for beta-glucan and plant sterols.

METHODS AND PROCEDURES: This multi-center study will compare the effects of beans (pinto, black, Great Northern, small red) versus peas (yellow, green) to control (rice-based) foods on total and Low Density Lipoprotein-Cholesterol in mildly hypercholesterolemic (>3 mmol/L and < 5mmol/L; not on medications) adults. There will be 3 study arms: i) beans, ii) peas, and iii) rice (control). The study groups will be asked to consume food items containing 120 grams of cooked beans or cooked peas daily for 6 weeks. The control group will be asked to consume one 1/2 cup serving per day of rice-based foods in matrices similar to those containing beans or peas for 6 weeks. The study or control foods will be incorporated into the participants normal dietary pattern. All food items will be provided to participants free of charge. Food items, generally in the form of soups or stews, will be developed by a collaborator in Food Science at the University of Manitoba in the initial phase of this project .

The investigators plan to recruit approximately 180 participants (n= 75 participants at the University of Manitoba and n= 105 at University of Alberta). Interested individuals (potential participants) will be first asked to attend a screening visit. The screening visit procedures will be discussed prior to the screening visit, including the need to fast (i.e., no food or beverage intake except water for 12 hours) for blood sampling to determine if Low-density-lipoprotein-cholesterol and triglyceride levels are within acceptable range. Once at this visit, individuals will be provided with a description of the study by the investigating team's study coordinator. The eligibility criteria will be reviewed with candidates by the investigating team's study coordinator to assess their suitability for the study. Individuals meeting all inclusion/exclusion criteria will be contacted by the study coordinator with this information. All individuals who are screened will be contacted by the study coordinator once eligibility has been confirmed. An appointment for a baseline assessment meeting will be scheduled for those who are eligible and who confirm interest in the study; those who are not eligible or who are eligible and no longer wish to participate will be thanked for their time.

At the baseline assessment visit individuals will be reminded of the study description and will be asked to provide written informed consent at this time.

Once enrolled, participants will undergo a complete medical history including age, sex, alcohol use, exercise habits, current medical problems, medication and family history of previous events such as stroke and diabetes. A fasting blood sample will be obtained to assess plasma lipid profile.

Participants will be asked to attend 4 in-person clinic visits over the duration of the study for screening, baseline assessment, and at 3 and 6 weeks (at the end of the study).

Once identified and after giving informed consent, participants will be randomized to one of the 3 study arms. The randomization will be either computer generated, or done manually by a study coordinator for both sites. Each participant will be given a randomized number, and will be used for all study documentation.

Participants will fill out questionnaire relating to demographics, lifestyle, food intake, gastrointestinal responses etc.

The baseline visit will include a height and weight measurement, waist circumference and body composition using the Bod Pod machine (air displacement) Blood pressure will be recorded. Participants will be assessed for changes in their medication profile and discuss current medical conditions. The three day food record (completed at home) will be collected. Urine sample and fasting blood sample will be drawn for lipid assessment profile, insulin, glucose, glycated hemoglobin, polyphenols and biomarkers of vascular function, inflammation and metabolism. Blood required will not exceed 60mL.

Randomization will be done at the baseline visit. Prior to leaving, participants will be provided with the first 3-week supply of assigned foods and instruction about how to prepare and consume them, and will be reminded to fast before their next visit. This visit will take approximately 2.5 hours.

Week 3 visit will include height and weight measurements, waist circumference and body composition using Bod Pod (via air displacement). Blood pressure will be recorded. Participants will be assessed for changes in their medication profile and current medical conditions. The 3 day food record (completed at home) will be collected. Urine sample will be collected. Fasting blood sample will be drawn for assessment of lipid profile, insulin, glucose, glycated hemoglobin, polyphenols and biomarkers of vascular function, inflammation and metabolism. The total blood required will not exceed 60mL.

Participants will complete a questionnaire to assess compliance, acceptability of the study foods, satiety, GI responses and any adverse events. Questions will be addressed. Before leaving, participants will be provided with the second 3-week supply of assigned foods, and instructions about how to prepare and consume them. Participants will be reminded to fast prior to next visit. Visit will take approximately 2 hours.

Week 6 visit: Measurements taken for height and weight, waist circumference, body composition using Bod Pod (air displacement) and blood pressure will be repeated. Participants will be assessed for changes in their medication profile and current medical conditions. Urine sample will be collected for polyphenols. A fasting blood sample will be drawn for assessment of lipid profile, insulin, glucose, glycated hemoglobin, polyphenols, and biomarkers of vascular function (University of Manitoba only), inflammation and metabolism. Total blood will not exceed 60 mL. Participants will complete a questionnaire to assess compliance, acceptability of the foods, satiety, Gastrointestinal responses and any adverse events. Total time required, approximately 2.5 hours. Completion of this visit marks the end of the study. Participants will be paid, and thanked for their time.

Interventional
Phase 1
Phase 2
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Factorial Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Hypercholesterolemia
  • Dietary Supplement: Beans
    90g of beans per day for 5 out of 7 days per week will be given to participants for 6 weeks to determine the cholesterol lowering effects of various pulses.
  • Dietary Supplement: Control (rice)
    90g of rice per day will be given to the control group to demonstrate the cholesterol lowering effects of the experimental group.
  • Dietary Supplement: Peas
    90 grams of peas will be consumed 5 out of 7 days per week
  • Experimental: Bean consumption to lower cholesterol
    This arm will consume 90 grams of beans per day for 5 out of 7 days for 6 weeks.
    Intervention: Dietary Supplement: Beans
  • Placebo Comparator: Control (rice) consumed to show results
    The control group will consume 90 grams of rice per day for 5 out of 7 days for 6 weeks.
    Intervention: Dietary Supplement: Control (rice)
  • Experimental: Peas consumed to lower cholesterol
    This arm will consume 90g of peas per day for 5 days out of each week for 6 weeks.
    Intervention: Dietary Supplement: Peas
Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Completed
180
December 2015
December 2015   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Male, or non-pregnant, non-lactating females, aged 20 to 75 years; This age range allows for a large variety of participants.
  • LDL-cholesterol >3.00 mmol/L and <5.00 mmol/L; Cholesterol is high enough that a lowering can be seen, but low enough that the participant is not taking medications or alternative measures to lower cholesterol.
  • Fasting triglycerides <4.00 mmol/L; Low enough that it is not dangerous to participant, but high enough to see a lowering effect.
  • Stable body weight (±5%) for the past 3 months and BMI of 20-40; Participants with high BMI are more likely to have high lipid levels, it is important to have a stable body weight so energy requirements are not drastically changing during the study period.
  • Must be on a stable regime for the past 3 months if taking medications or if taking vitamin and mineral/dietary/herbal supplements; Stable regime reduces risk of any changes during study.
  • Able to read, write and communicate orally in English; All questionnaires and communication will be completed in English.

Willing to comply with the protocol requirements, including a stable level of physical activity during the study and no other pulse-containing foods consumed during the study; this will ensure the most valid results.

Willing to provide informed consent.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Regular high pulse consumption (>2 servings per week); Any additional pulse consumption will affect the outcome of the study.
  • Use of medications to lower blood lipids or to lower blood glucose; the aim of the study is to prove the cholesterol lowering capabilities of beans and peas, any other methods of blood lipid lowering will skew data.
  • Use of non-prescription products designed to lower blood lipids (e.g. margarine or yogurt with added plant sterols) within the past 3 months; see above
  • Medical history of liver disease, renal insufficiency, inflammatory bowel disease or other gastrointestinal disorders influencing gastrointestinal motility or nutrient absorption; this will decrease effectiveness of bean/ consumption.
  • Any active medical or surgical condition(s) within the past 3 months precluding study participation; participants must be in a stable condition with no recovery or pending surgery.
  • Conditions or medications which are likely to increase the risk to the participants or study personnel, or to reduce the ability of the participant to comply with the protocol, or affect the results;
  • History of gastrointestinal reactions or allergies to beans, peas or rice-based foods, or to one or more ingredients in the study foods which significantly limits the number of study foods that can be consumed.
  • Currently participating in or having participated in a food intervention study within the last 3 months.
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
20 Years to 75 Years   (Adult, Senior)
Yes
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Canada
 
 
NCT01661543
QFH-11-044
No
Not Provided
Not Provided
University of Alberta
University of Alberta
  • Alberta Innovates Health Solutions
  • Pulse Canada
  • University of Manitoba
Principal Investigator: Rhonda C Bell, PhD University of Alberta
Study Chair: Linda McCargar, PhD University of Alberta
Study Chair: Cathy Chan, PhD university
Study Chair: Spencer Proctor, PhD University of Alberta
Study Chair: Jocelyn Ozga, PhD University of Alberta
Study Chair: David Wishart, PhD University of Alberta
Study Chair: Carla Taylor, PhD University of Manitoba
Study Chair: Peter Zahradka, PhD University of Manitoba
Study Chair: Michel Aliani, PhD University of Manitoba
University of Alberta
December 2015

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP