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Evaluating the Effectiveness of Motivational Interviewing and a Dialectical Therapy Skills- Based Intervention for Youth

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01656473
First Posted: August 3, 2012
Last Update Posted: July 23, 2015
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
Collaborators:
Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR)
Children's Hospital of Eastern Ontario
The Royal Ottawa Mental Health Centre
Youth Services Bureau of Ottawa
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Shelley McMain, Centre for Addiction and Mental Health
January 11, 2012
August 3, 2012
July 23, 2015
July 2012
July 2015   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
(1) Substance Use: Teen Addiction Severity Index and; (2) Mental Health Symptoms: Youth Self-Report [ Time Frame: Change from Baseline in Teen Addiction Severity Index and Youth Self-report at 2weeks, 8 weeks, 14 weeks, and 28 weeks ]
Outcome measures to assess changes in mental health and substance use status.
Primary outcomes are measured in two domains, (1) Substance Use: Teen Addiction Severity Index and; (2) Mental Health Symptoms: Youth Self-Report [ Time Frame: Change from Baseline in Teen Addiction Severity Index and Youth Self-report at 2weeks, 14 weeks, and 28 weeks ]
This intervention is designed to address concurrent disorders in an adolescent population. Therefore, it it will be important to assess changes in both mental health and substance use problems.
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT01656473 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
University of Rhode Island Change Assessment; Rutger's Alcohol Problem Index; Social Adjustment Scale-Adolescent Report; Difficulties in Emotion Regulation; Centre for Epidemiologic Studies in Depression [ Time Frame: Change from Baseline in University of Rhode Island Change Assessment, Rutger's Alcohol Problem Index, Difficulties in Emotion Regulation, Social Adjustment Scale-Adolescent Report, Centre for Epidemiologic Studies in Depression at 2, 8, 14, and 28weeks ]
In addition to outcome measurements for youth participants, adult caregivers will also be asked to complete two outcome measures: Stress Index of Parents of Adolescents; Child Behavior Checklist
University of Rhode Island Change Assessment; Rutger's Alcohol Problem Index; Social Adjustment Scale-Adolescent Report; Difficulties in Emotion Regulation; Centre for Epidemiologic Studies in Depression [ Time Frame: Change from Baseline in University of Rhode Island Change Assessment, Rutger's Alcohol Problem Index, Difficulties in Emotion Regulation, Social Adjustment Scale-Adolescent Report, Centre for Epidemiologic Studies in Depression at 2, 14, and 28weeks ]
In addition to outcome measurements for youth participants, adult caregivers will also be asked to complete two outcome measures: Stress Index of Parents of Adolescents; Child Behavior Checklist
Not Provided
Not Provided
 
Evaluating the Effectiveness of Motivational Interviewing and a Dialectical Therapy Skills- Based Intervention for Youth
CIHR Team in Innovations in Child and Youth Concurrent Disorders: Service Delivery and Treatment Subproject

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the preliminary effectiveness and feasibility of an integrated treatment approach for youth with concurrent disorders. The combined intervention will include individual sessions of Motivational Interviewing, followed by inclusion in a Dialectical Behaviour Therapy skills-based group.

The following main hypotheses will be examined:

  1. Youth with CD who receive an MI intervention will show increased motivation and readiness to change from pre to post MI intervention.
  2. Youth with CD who participate in a DBT intervention (orientation session followed by 12-week DBT skills training group)will show reductions in substance use and improvements in mental health, coping and affect regulation between pre to post treatment. The investigators expect that these treatment gains will be maintained at three-month follow-up.

For this study, the investigators want to treat adolescents with concurrent disorders. Eligible subjects will be invited to participate in the combined intervention described in detail below.

In order to determine eligibility, designated research staff will conduct a phone screen interview with interested youth (ages 14 - 18). Candidates will be asked questions about their current mental health and substance use status. Based on the information obtained in this interview, those youth who report co-occurring mental health and substance use problems will be asked to complete three internet-based self-report questionnaires using a designated link and unique identification numbers. Once the information from this assessment is collected and scored by research personnel, those candidates who meet the criteria for this study will be asked to participate in the remaining portion of the study. These subjects will be required to meet with the research assistant in person to complete a computer-based self-administered structured diagnostic interview and self-report questionnaires.

If eligible and interested, subjects will be asked to meet with a therapist for one individual session of MI. These sessions will assess subjects' readiness to engage in treatment, and help identify treatment goals and any barriers that may make treatment difficult.

After these sessions, subjects will be invited to attend a DBT-focused orientation prior to joining the 12-week skills group. The investigators expect to have approximately 8 youth in each group and each session will run for 2 hours, weekly. The purpose of these group sessions is to learn skills that will help subjects cope in healthier ways. The following skills will be taught: (1) interpersonal effectiveness; (2) emotion regulation; (3) distress tolerance: and (4) mindfulness. The use of skills will be geared to addressing substance use problems and other mental health issues (e.g. anxiety, depression, self-harm, etc.).

Participants will be asked to complete questionnaires at the following time-points: screening, baseline, post-MI (2 weeks), mid-DBT (8 weeks), post-DBT (14 weeks), and at 14 weeks follow-up. Participants will be offered financial compensation upon completion of each assessment package.

Interventional
Not Provided
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Concurrent Disorders
  • Other: MI and DBT
    One individual session of Motivational Interview followed by 12 weeks of Dialectical Behaviour Therapy group skills training
    Other Name: Integrated individual and group treatment
  • Other: MI and DBT
    Individual Motivational Interview session plus 12-week Dialectical Behaviour Therapy skills group
Experimental: MI and DBT
Individual Motivational Interview session followed by 12-week Dialectical Behaviour Therapy skills group
Interventions:
  • Other: MI and DBT
  • Other: MI and DBT
Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Completed
48
July 2015
July 2015   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Inclusion criteria:

  • age 14 to 18 years (inclusive);
  • literacy in English;
  • significant substance abuse problems indicated by a score in the problematic range on either the AUDIT (4 or above) or the DAST-A (6 or above);
  • significant mental health problems as indicated by a score in the clinical range on at least one subscale of the YSR (T-score 65 or over);
  • informed consent to participate in study;
  • participation in regular case management or counselling (at least twice per month)1.

Exclusion criteria:

  • history of schizophrenia or other psychotic disorder,
  • evidence of an organic brain syndrome or severe intellectual disability;
  • family members who are participating in the family intervention
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
14 Years to 18 Years   (Child, Adult)
No
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Canada
 
 
NCT01656473
069-2011
No
Not Provided
Not Provided
Shelley McMain, Centre for Addiction and Mental Health
Centre for Addiction and Mental Health
  • Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR)
  • Children's Hospital of Eastern Ontario
  • The Royal Ottawa Mental Health Centre
  • Youth Services Bureau of Ottawa
Principal Investigator: Shelley McMain, PhD. Centre for Addiction and Mental Health
Centre for Addiction and Mental Health
July 2015

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP