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Sequenced Therapies for Comorbid and Primary Insomnias

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01651442
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : July 27, 2012
Results First Posted : August 27, 2019
Last Update Posted : August 27, 2019
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
National Institutes of Health (NIH)
National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Jack Edinger, PhD, National Jewish Health

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date  ICMJE June 26, 2012
First Posted Date  ICMJE July 27, 2012
Results First Submitted Date  ICMJE May 31, 2019
Results First Posted Date  ICMJE August 27, 2019
Last Update Posted Date August 27, 2019
Actual Study Start Date  ICMJE July 1, 2012
Actual Primary Completion Date March 1, 2017   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Current Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: August 9, 2019)
Percent of Participants Who Met Remission as Measured by the Insomnia Severity Index [ Time Frame: 6 weeks, 12 weeks, 3 months, 6 months, 9 months & 12 months ]
The Insomnia Severity Index (ISI) is a self-report questionnaire assessing the nature, severity, and impact of insomnia. Remission is determined to be a score less-than 8.
Original Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: July 24, 2012)
Insomnia Severity Index- Change from Baseline (Remission) [ Time Frame: 6 weeks, 12 weeks, 3 months, 6 months, 9 months & 12 months ]
Change History Complete list of historical versions of study NCT01651442 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
Current Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Not Provided
Original Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Not Provided
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
 
Descriptive Information
Brief Title  ICMJE Sequenced Therapies for Comorbid and Primary Insomnias
Official Title  ICMJE Sequenced Therapies for Comorbid and Primary Insomnias
Brief Summary Chronic insomnia is a prevalent disorder associated with increased health care costs, impaired functioning, and an increased risk for developing serious psychiatric disorders. Cognitive-behavioral therapies (CBTs) and benzodiazepine receptor agonist (BzRA) medications are the most widely supported approaches for insomnia management. Unfortunately, few studies have compared the psychological/behavioral therapies and BzRAs for insomnia treatment. Moreover, insomnia treatment studies have been limited by small, highly screened study samples, fixed-dose and fixed-agent pharmacotherapy strategies that do not represent usual adjustable dosing practices, relatively short follow-up intervals, and reliance on self-report or polysomnographic (PSG) sleep parameters as outcomes, rather than on more clinically relevant indicators of remission. Finally, studies have yet to test the benefits of treatment sequencing for those who do not respond to initial their insomnia therapy. This multi-site project will address these limitations. Two study sites will enroll a total of 224 participants who meet broad criteria for a chronic insomnia disorder, and a sizeable portion (60%) of this sample will have insomnia occurring comorbid to a psychiatric disorder. Participants will be evaluated with clinical assessments and PSG, and then will be randomly assigned to first-stage therapy with an easy-to-administer behavioral insomnia therapy (BT) or zolpidem (most widely prescribed BzRA). Centrally trained therapists will administer therapies according to manualized, albeit flexible, treatment algorithms. Initial outcomes will be assessed after 6 weeks, and treatment remitters will be followed for the next 12 months on maintenance therapy. Those not achieving remission will be offered re-randomization to a second, 6-week treatment involving pharmacotherapy (zolpidem or trazodone) or psychological therapy (BT or cognitive therapy-CT). All participants will be re-evaluated 12 weeks after protocol initiation, and at 3-, 6-, 9-, and 12-month follow-ups while continuing their final treatment. Insomnia remission, defined categorically as a score < 8 on the Insomnia Severity Index, will serve as the primary outcome for treatment comparisons. Secondary outcomes will include sleep diary and PSG sleep measures; subjective ratings of sleep and daytime function; adverse events; dropout rates; and treatment acceptability. Our over-arching goal is to obtain new information that aids in the development of clinical guidelines for managing insomnia sufferers with and without comorbid psychiatric conditions.
Detailed Description Not Provided
Study Type  ICMJE Interventional
Study Phase  ICMJE Not Applicable
Study Design  ICMJE Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Condition  ICMJE
  • Insomnia Comorbid to Psychiatric Disorder
  • Primary Insomnia
Intervention  ICMJE
  • Behavioral: Behavioral Insomnia Therapy
    Sleep hygiene, stimulus control, and sleep restriction presented in four sessions.
  • Drug: Zolpidem
    5mg or 10mg
  • Drug: Trazodone
    50mg to 150mg
  • Behavioral: Cognitive Therapy
    Cognitive restructuring, constructive worry, behavioral experiments presented in four sessions.
Study Arms  ICMJE
  • Active Comparator: Non-drug Sleep Therapy 1
    Intervention: Behavioral: Behavioral Insomnia Therapy
  • Active Comparator: Sleep Medication 1
    Intervention: Drug: Zolpidem
  • Active Comparator: Non-drug Sleep Therapy 2 Following Non-drug Sleep Therapy 1
    Intervention: Behavioral: Cognitive Therapy
  • Active Comparator: Sleep Medication 2 Following Sleep Medication 1
    Intervention: Drug: Trazodone
  • Active Comparator: Non-drug Sleep Therapy 1 Following Sleep Medication 1
    Intervention: Behavioral: Behavioral Insomnia Therapy
  • Active Comparator: Sleep Medication 1 Following Non-drug Sleep Therapy 1
    Intervention: Drug: Zolpidem
Publications * Morin CM, Edinger JD, Krystal AD, Buysse DJ, Beaulieu-Bonneau S, Ivers H. Sequential psychological and pharmacological therapies for comorbid and primary insomnia: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial. Trials. 2016 Mar 3;17(1):118. doi: 10.1186/s13063-016-1242-3.

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status  ICMJE Completed
Actual Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: August 9, 2019)
211
Original Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: July 24, 2012)
224
Actual Study Completion Date  ICMJE March 1, 2017
Actual Primary Completion Date March 1, 2017   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Eligibility Criteria  ICMJE

Inclusion Criteria:

  • a complaint of persistent (i.e., > 1 month) difficulties initiating or maintaining sleep despite adequate opportunity for sleep;
  • a sleep onset latency or wake time after sleep onset > 30 minutes 3 or more nights per week during two weeks sleep diary monitoring;
  • an Insomnia Severity Index (ISI) score > 10 indicating at least "mild" insomnia; and
  • a score ≥ 2 on either the interference or distress item of the screening ISI, indicating the insomnia causes significant distress or impairment in social, occupational, or other areas of functioning. These criteria represent those provided in the DSM-IV-TR87, Research Diagnostic Criteria3 and the International Classification of Sleep Disorders4, and will ensure a sample with clinically relevant insomnia.

Exclusion Criteria:

Exclusion criteria will be minimal to retain a broadly representative sample that includes patients with primary and insomnia comorbid to a psychiatric disorder. Likewise, individuals with a comorbid medical condition will be excluded only if the medical condition is life-threatening or would contra-indicate using study medications. Exclusion criteria are

  • an untreated psychiatric disorder (e.g., major depression) as these conditions have specific treatments and it would be inappropriate not to offer those treatments;
  • a lifetime diagnosis of any psychotic or bipolar disorder as sleep restriction and medications for insomnia may precipitate mania and hallucinations;
  • an imminent risk for suicide;
  • alcohol or drug abuse within the past year, since BzRAs are cross-tolerant with alcohol;
  • terminal or progressive physical illness (e.g., cancer, COPD), or neurological degenerative disease (e.g., dementia);
  • current use of medications known to cause insomnia (e.g., steroids);
  • sleep apnea (apnea/hypopnea index > 15), restless legs syndrome, periodic limb movement during sleep (PLMS with arousal > 15 per hour), or a circadian rhythm sleep disorder (e.g., advanced sleep phase syndrome);
  • habitual bedtimes later than 2:00 AM or rising times later than 10:00 AM;
  • consuming > 2 alcoholic beverages per day on a regular basis.

Individuals using sleep-aids (prescribed or over-the-counter) will be included if they are willing and able to discontinue medications at least 2 weeks before baseline assessment. Participants using alcohol as a sleep aid or alcohol after 7:00pm on a regular basis will be required to discontinue this practice at least two weeks prior to baseline assessment. Individuals using psychotropic medications (e.g., anxiolytics, antidepressants) will not be automatically excluded from the study. Those on stable dosages (for at least three months) of SSRI or SNRI medications and who show at least partial remission (via SCID) from their mood or anxiety disorder will be accepted in the study if they meet the selection criteria above. Patients using TCAs, MAOIs, or atypical antidepressants will be excluded even if in remission as the effects of these medications on sleep might confound interpretation of the findings. We will impose similar standards for those with MDD, dysthymia, panic disorder, phobia, and GAD. We realize that some decisions about enrollment may not always be easy to make, but we will rely on all available data and a consensus approach to guide our clinical decision making process

Sex/Gender  ICMJE
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
Ages  ICMJE 21 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers  ICMJE No
Contacts  ICMJE Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Listed Location Countries  ICMJE Canada,   United States
Removed Location Countries  
 
Administrative Information
NCT Number  ICMJE NCT01651442
Other Study ID Numbers  ICMJE R01MH091053-01( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
R01MH091075 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
Has Data Monitoring Committee Yes
U.S. FDA-regulated Product Not Provided
IPD Sharing Statement  ICMJE Not Provided
Responsible Party Jack Edinger, PhD, National Jewish Health
Study Sponsor  ICMJE Jack Edinger, PhD
Collaborators  ICMJE
  • National Institutes of Health (NIH)
  • National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH)
Investigators  ICMJE
Principal Investigator: Jack Edinger, PhD National Jewish Health
Principal Investigator: Charles Morin, PhD Universite Laval
PRS Account National Jewish Health
Verification Date August 2019

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP