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Development of a 'Phosphate Counting Program'

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01643486
Recruitment Status : Unknown
Verified July 2020 by Ottawa Hospital Research Institute.
Recruitment status was:  Active, not recruiting
First Posted : July 18, 2012
Last Update Posted : July 8, 2020
Baxter Healthcare Corporation
The Ottawa Hospital Academic Medical Association
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Ottawa Hospital Research Institute

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date  ICMJE July 16, 2012
First Posted Date  ICMJE July 18, 2012
Last Update Posted Date July 8, 2020
Study Start Date  ICMJE June 2012
Actual Primary Completion Date July 2016   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Current Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: July 17, 2012)
Serum Phosphate [ Time Frame: 3 months ]
The primary end point of the study will be a comparison of the serum phosphate between the two study groups at the end of the 3 months. An unpaired t-test will be used with a value of <0.05 considered to be statistically significant in an intent to treat analysis.
Original Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Same as current
Change History
Current Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Not Provided
Original Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Not Provided
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Descriptive Information
Brief Title  ICMJE Development of a 'Phosphate Counting Program'
Official Title  ICMJE Development of a 'Phosphate Counting Program' on an iTouch to Simplify Self-management of Dietary Phosphate by Patients With End Stage Renal Disease(ESRD) Treated With Peritoneal Dialysis
Brief Summary

Hypothesis: The use of a program that assists with selection of the appropriate number of phosphate binders for a meal based on patient specific factors will result in improved serum phosphate control, a reduction in overall number of phosphate binders used and enhanced patient satisfaction.

Primary Aim: To determine if teaching patients to use a 'phosphate counting' program installed on an iTouch that selects the appropriate amount of phosphate binder to be taken with each meal is associated with better phosphate control than usual care.

Research Plan: There will be 3 phases to the study. Phase 1: Recruitment of 60 peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients. The information generated from this phase will be used to develop the iTouch program for phosphate counting and matching binder number. Phase 2: iTouch program once developed will be pilot tested on a convenience sample of 10 PD patients and modified if required. Phase 3: Randomized controlled trial of 92 PD patients to determine if using the iTouch phosphate counting program reduces serum phosphate compared to controls. Success would be based on seeing a statistically significant difference in serum phosphate as expected from our sample size calculation

Detailed Description

Project approach and work plan:

Phase 1: In the week prior to the collection of standard pre-clinic blood work (to include calcium, phosphate, PTH), PD patients will keep a 3-day diary that will include all foods and beverages consumed in addition to the portion sizes. At the time of standard pre-clinic bloodwork collection, patients will perform an adequest. Medication lists will be reviewed for: 1) Proton pump inhibitors/ H2 receptor antagonists 2) 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 and 1,25 dihydroxyvitamin D3 and 3) phosphate binders. Doses taken the week prior to standard pre-clinic blood work when the diet diaries are compiled will be recorded. This information will be used for 2 separate purposes: 1) A list of the foods that are actually being eaten by the PD patients will be generated 2) The 3-day average phosphate content will be estimated from each PD patient's food diaries. A regression equation that predicts serum phosphate concentration taking into account phosphate intake, the amount of phosphate binders taken, the dose of vitamin D, use of proton pump inhibitors/H2 antagonists, dialysis adequacy, and serum PTH concentration will be generated.

Phase 2: An iTouch program will be developed using Phase 1 information to assist patients in meal phosphate counting and appropriate binder selection. Processes used to develop similar programs such as the pilot study in patients with diabetes mellitus will be used. A convenience sample of 10 PD patients will use the iTouch program for one month and document their impressions about ease of use, convenience and applicability to their diet choices. Changes to the program will be incorporated based on the patient's comments and laboratory values. If substantial changes are required, another convenience sample of 10 PD patients will be invited to use the program and provide feedback.

Phase 3: 80 consenting PD patients from the Ottawa Hospital and St. Michael's Hospital (if required) will be randomized to usual care for managing phosphate versus use of the iTouch program for meal phosphate counting and matching binder use. This phase of the trial will last 3 months. As simply recording meal phosphate intake in the iTouch program may have an impact on patient behavior, the control group will be asked to enter this data into the program but no binder therapy information will be provided to the patients. During the course of the study, the dose of vitamin D and PD prescription will be held constant in both groups.

Expected Outcome:

Phase 1: All 60 PD patients will be recruited over a 6-month period. Data entry and statistical analysis are expected to take another 2-4 months. Phase 2: Actual development of the iTouch program using the data generated in phase 1 is expected to take about 6 months. It is anticipated that all 10 patients will be recruited over a 2-month period with a further one-month of follow-up. Interviews with the patients and collation of the data are expected to take another month. It is unclear how much time will be required to make adjustments to the iTouch program but we anticipate <3months.

Phase 3: We anticipate that we can recruit the 80 patients from the greater than 250 patients at the Ottawa Hospital and St Michaels Home Dialysis programs and complete the 3 months of follow-up in approximately 12-18months. Data analysis and manuscript preparation should take another 4-5 months.

Feasibility Given the large number of PD patients in the two programs, the novelty of Phase 2 and 3 and the incentives in Phase 3, we do not anticipate difficulties with recruitment. The laboratory tests are all standard and visits will occur during a patient's regularly scheduled PD visit.

Study Type  ICMJE Interventional
Study Phase  ICMJE Not Applicable
Study Design  ICMJE Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single (Participant)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Condition  ICMJE End Stage Renal Disease
Intervention  ICMJE
  • Other: iTouch phosphate counting program
    After developing and pilot testing the iTouch phosphate counting program, the participants in the intervention arm will enter their meal into the program; the required number of phosphate binders will be calculated for the patient
  • Other: Usual Care
    The patients randomized to the usual care arm will continue to receive the usual dietary counselling and will input meal data into the iTouch program but no recommendations for the number of phosphate binders to be taken with the meal will be provided
Study Arms  ICMJE
  • Experimental: iTouch phosphate counting program
    All patients will have an iTouch that will help them to calculate the required number of phosphate binders to be taken with each meal
    Intervention: Other: iTouch phosphate counting program
  • Active Comparator: Usual Care
    Participants in the active comparator group will document their meals in the iTouch but continue to take their phosphate binders as prescribed by their MD/dietician
    Intervention: Other: Usual Care
Publications * Farfan-Ruiz AC, Czikk D, Leidecker J, Ramsay T, McCormick B, Wilson K, Zimmerman D. Multidisciplinary Team versus a "Phosphate-Counting" App for Serum Phosphate Control: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Kidney360. 2020 Dec 15;2(2):290-297. doi: 10.34067/KID.0007132020. eCollection 2021 Feb 25.

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status  ICMJE Unknown status
Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: July 17, 2012)
Original Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE Same as current
Estimated Study Completion Date  ICMJE February 2021
Actual Primary Completion Date July 2016   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Eligibility Criteria  ICMJE

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. End stage renal disease treated with peritoneal dialysis
  2. On calcium carbonate phosphate binder therapy
  3. English or French speaking/writing

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Cognitive dysfunction that might interfere with ability to participate
  2. Unable or unwilling to give informed consent
  3. Hypercalcemia
  4. Visually impaired
  5. Hearing impaired
  6. Expected renal transplant during the time of the study
Sex/Gender  ICMJE
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
Ages  ICMJE 18 Years to 90 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers  ICMJE No
Contacts  ICMJE Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Listed Location Countries  ICMJE Canada
Removed Location Countries  
Administrative Information
NCT Number  ICMJE NCT01643486
Other Study ID Numbers  ICMJE iTouch Phase 3
Has Data Monitoring Committee No
U.S. FDA-regulated Product Not Provided
IPD Sharing Statement  ICMJE
Plan to Share IPD: Undecided
Current Responsible Party Ottawa Hospital Research Institute
Original Responsible Party Same as current
Current Study Sponsor  ICMJE Ottawa Hospital Research Institute
Original Study Sponsor  ICMJE Same as current
Collaborators  ICMJE
  • Baxter Healthcare Corporation
  • The Ottawa Hospital Academic Medical Association
Investigators  ICMJE
Principal Investigator: Deborah Zimmerman, MD Ottawa Hospital Research Institute
PRS Account Ottawa Hospital Research Institute
Verification Date July 2020

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP