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Myocardial Perfusion and Scarring in Congenital Heart Disease

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01639937
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : July 13, 2012
Last Update Posted : October 19, 2017
Information provided by (Responsible Party):

July 11, 2012
July 13, 2012
October 19, 2017
June 22, 2012
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Hypothesize that myocardial ischemia, as detectable by quantitative stress perfusion MRI, will predict systolic and diastolic dysfunction in subjects with single ventricle physiology and systemic right ventricles. [ Time Frame: 5 years ]
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Complete list of historical versions of study NCT01639937 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
  • A portion of ventricular systolic or diastolic dysfunction will be predictable based on myocardial fibrosis or scarring related to the underlying pathophysiology of single ventricle physiology & systemic right ventricles or post-surgical... [ Time Frame: 5 years ]
  • Hypothesize that the combination of cardiac function, stress perfusion abnormalities and myocardial scarring/fibrosis will correlate with symptoms, NYHA functional class and BNP. [ Time Frame: 5 years ]
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Myocardial Perfusion and Scarring in Congenital Heart Disease
Quantitative Myocardial Perfusion, Myocardial Scarring and Their Contribution to Late Clinical Decompensation in Adults With Congenital Heart Disease


- People with congenital heart disease may develop heart failure earlier that those who do not have the disease. One theory to explain this is that the heart s own blood supply may be different in people with congenital heart disease. Problems with this blood supply can severely damage the heart. This damage can be studied with a heart imaging test called a cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan. Researchers want to use this type of scan to look at the blood supply to the heart in people with congenital heart disease.


- To learn more about the blood supply to the heart in people with congenital heart disease.


- Individuals at least 18 years of age who have heart defects caused by congenital heart disease.


  • Participants will be screened with a physical exam and medical history. Blood and urine samples will be collected.
  • Participants will have a cardiac MRI scan to look at the blood flow to the heart.
  • Participants will also have a heart stress test to measure heart function during exercise.
  • Other imaging studies of the heart may be performed to collect more information on heart function.
This is a study of the perfusion of the myocardium in adults with specific forms of repaired congenital heart disease using established cardiac MRI techniques and correlating perfusion with clinical outcomes. Our objectives are to examine myocardial perfusion both during stress and at rest in adults with repaired or palliated congenital heart disease as well as quantify ventricular function, regional myocardial strain and evidence of myocardial fibrosis with quantitative measures of myocardial perfusion. The specific aim of this study is to understand whether clinical subendocardial perfusion defects contribute to the late decompensation of adult subjects that have single ventricle physiology and adult subjects that have a systemic right ventricle.
Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Prospective
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Congenital Heart Disease
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*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
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Inclusion Criteria for All Arms of the Protocol:

  • Subjects 18 years of age or older
  • All defects that have a right ventricle that supports the systemic circulation
  • All defects with a functional single ventricle
  • Written informed consent


Exclusion Criteria for All Arms of the Protocol:

  • Subjects with a contraindication to MRI scanning will be excluded. These contraindications include subjects with the following devices:

    • Central nervous system aneurysm clips
    • Implanted neural stimulator
    • Implanted cardiac pacemaker or defibrillator
    • Cochlear implant
    • Ocular foreign body (e.g. metal shavings)
    • Implanted Insulin pump
    • Metal shrapnel or bullet
  • Severe heart damage that makes it difficult to breathe while lying flat
  • Pregnant women (Women of childbearing potential who are uncertain as to whether they are pregnant will be required to have a screening urine or blood pregnancy test)
  • Subjects with active symptoms of myocardial ischemia occurring despite maximally tolerated doses of oral antianginal therapy and intravenous nitroglycerin

Furthermore, the following subject groups will be excluded from studies involving the administration of MRI contrast agents:

  • lactating women unless they are willing to discard breast milk for 24 hours after receiving gadolinium
  • renal disease (estimated glomerular filtration rate [eGFR] < 30 ml/min/1.73 m2 body surface area)

The eGFR will be used to estimate renal function if reported by the laboratory. Otherwise, estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) can be based on the Modification of Diet in Renal Disease (MDRD) study equation (see below) in subjects with stable renal function. This formula is not applicable to subjects with acute renal insufficiency:

eGFR (ml/min/1.73 m2) = 175 x (serum creatinine)-1.154 x (age)-0.203 x 0.742 (if the subject is female) x 1.212 (if the subject is black)

Additional Exclusion Criteria for Vasodilator Stress MRI:

  • Myocardial infarction within 24 hours
  • Uncontrolled heart failure
  • Uncontrolled asthma or emphysema
  • Ventricular arrhythmia (sustained ventricular arrhythmia at the time of MR scan)
  • Second degree heart block or higher
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
18 Years to 80 Years   (Adult, Senior)
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
United States
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National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) ( National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) )
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
  • Children's Research Institute
  • Suburban Hospital
Principal Investigator: Andrew E Arai, M.D. National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)
August 4, 2017