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A Dose-Ranging Study to Compare Doravirine (MK-1439) Plus TRUVADA® Versus Efavirenz Plus TRUVADA® in Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)-1 Infected Participants (MK-1439-007)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01632345
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : July 2, 2012
Results First Posted : December 13, 2017
Last Update Posted : December 13, 2017
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.

June 28, 2012
July 2, 2012
November 16, 2017
December 13, 2017
December 13, 2017
October 12, 2012
December 3, 2014   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
  • Percentage of Participants With At Least 1 AE in Weeks 0-24: Doravirine (All Doses) vs Efavirenz (Part I) [ Time Frame: Up to Week 24 ]
    Assessment of the percentage of participants receiving doravirine at all doses (25 mg, 50 mg, 100 mg, or 200 mg), compared with participants receiving efavirenz 600 mg, who had at least 1 AE over 24 weeks of treatment. An AE is defined as any unfavorable and unintended change in the structure, function, or chemistry of the body temporally associated with the use of the SPONSOR's product, whether or not considered related to the use of the product.The percentage of participants in any treatment group with at least 1 AE was primarily assessed for Weeks 0-24.
  • Percentage of Participants Who Discontinued Study Therapy Due to AEs in Weeks 0-24: Doravirine (All Doses) vs Efavirenz (Part I) [ Time Frame: Up to Week 24 ]
    Assessment of the percentage of participants receiving doravirine at all doses (25 mg, 50 mg, 100 mg, or 200 mg), compared with participants receiving efavirenz 600 mg, who discontinued therapy due to an AE over 24 weeks of treatment. An AE is defined as any unfavorable and unintended change in the structure, function, or chemistry of the body temporally associated with the use of the SPONSOR's product, whether or not considered related to the use of the product.The percentage of participants in any treatment group who discontinued therapy due to an AE was primarily assessed for Weeks 0-24.
  • Percentage of Participants With At Least 1 AE in Weeks 0-24: Doravirine 100 mg vs Efavirenz (Part I & Part II Combined) [ Time Frame: Up to Week 24 ]
    Assessment of the percentage of participants receiving doravirine at 100 mg, compared with participants receiving efavirenz 600 mg, who had at least 1 AE over 24 weeks of treatment. An AE is defined as any unfavorable and unintended change in the structure, function, or chemistry of the body temporally associated with the use of the SPONSOR's product, whether or not considered related to the use of the product.The percentage of participants in any treatment group with at least 1 AE was assessed for Weeks 0-24.
  • Percentage of Participants With CNS Events by Week 8: Doravirine 100 mg vs Efavirenz (Part I & Part II Combined) [ Time Frame: Up to Week 8 ]
    Assessment of the percentage of participants receiving doravirine at 100 mg, compared with participants receiving efavirenz 600 mg, who had CNS events over 8 weeks of treatment. CNS events were pooled and evaluated as pre-specified by the protocol (depression, nightmare, confusional state, suicidal ideation, nervous system disorder, psychotic disorder, abnormal dreams, suicide attempt, acute psychosis, delirium, depressed level of consciousness, hallucination, hallucination auditory, hallucination visual, completed suicide, suicidal behavior, major depression, depressed mood, depressive symptom, insomnia, disturbance in attention, somnolence, dizziness, or concentration impaired). The percentage of participants in either treatment group with CNS events was assessed over Weeks 0-8.
  • Percentage of Participants With CNS Events by Week 24: Doravirine 100 mg vs Efavirenz (Part I & Part II Combined) [ Time Frame: Up to Week 24 ]
    Assessment of the percentage of participants receiving doravirine at 100 mg, compared with participants receiving efavirenz 600 mg, who had CNS events over 24 weeks of treatment. CNS events were pooled and evaluated as pre-specified by the protocol (depression, nightmare, confusional state, suicidal ideation, nervous system disorder, psychotic disorder, abnormal dreams, suicide attempt, acute psychosis, delirium, depressed level of consciousness, hallucination, hallucination auditory, hallucination visual, completed suicide, suicidal behavior, major depression, depressed mood, depressive symptom, insomnia, disturbance in attention, somnolence, dizziness, or concentration impaired). The percentage of participants in either treatment group with CNS events was assessed over Weeks 0-24.
  • Percentage of Participants With Virologic Response (HIV-1 RNA) < 40 Copies/mL) at Week 24: Doravirine (All Doses) vs Efavirenz (Part I) [ Time Frame: Week 24 ]
    Assessment of the virologic response to doravirine at all studied doses (25 mg, 50 mg, 100 mg, and 200 mg), compared to efavirenz, each in combination with TRUVADA, as measured by the percentage of participants with plasma HIV-1 RNA <40 copies/mL at Week 24. HIV RNA levels were determined using the Abbott RealTime HIV-1 Assay, which has a limit of reliable quantification of 40 copies/mL. The percentage of participants in any treatment group with a virologic response was assessed at Week 24. The Non-Completer = Failure (NC=F) approach, in which participants who prematurely discontinued assigned treatment for any reason and were considered as failures thereafter, was used as the primary approach to handle missing data this analysis of efficacy.This primary outcome was analyzed for HIV-1 RNA <40 copies/mL in Part I.
  • Percentage of Participants With Virologic Response (HIV-1 RNA <40 Copies/mL) at Week 24: Doravirine 100 mg vs Efavirenz (Part I & Part II Combined) [ Time Frame: Week 24 ]
    Assessment of the virologic response to doravirine at 100 mg, compared to efavirenz, each in combination with TRUVADA, as measured by the percentage of participants with HIV-1 RNA <40 copies/mL at Week 24. HIV RNA levels were determined using the Abbott RealTime HIV-1 Assay, which has a limit of reliable quantification of 40 copies/mL. The percentage of participants in any treatment group with a virologic response was assessed at Week 24. The NC=F approach was used as the primary approach to handle missing data this analysis of efficacy. This primary outcome was analyzed for HIV-1 RNA <40 copies/mL in Part I & Part II combined.
  • Percentage of Participants with HIV RNA <40 copies/mL [ Time Frame: 24 Weeks ]
    Analyzed for Part 1 and for Part 1 and Part 2 combined
  • Number of Participants with any Clinical or Laboratory Adverse Event [ Time Frame: 24 Weeks ]
    Analyzed for Part 1 and for Part 1 and Part 2 combined
  • Percentage of Participants with CNS Events [ Time Frame: 8 Weeks ]
    Analyzed for Part 1 and Part 2 combined
  • Percentage of Participants with CNS Events [ Time Frame: 24 Weeks ]
    Analyzed for Part 1 and Part 2 combined
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT01632345 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
  • Percentage of Participants With Virologic Response (HIV-1 RNA <40 Copies/mL) at Week 48: Doravirine 100 mg vs Efavirenz (Part I & Part II Combined) [ Time Frame: Week 48 ]
    Assessment of the virologic response to doravirine at 100 mg, compared to efavirenz, each in combination with TRUVADA, as measured by the percentage of participants with HIV-1 RNA <40 copies/mL at Week 48. HIV RNA levels were determined using the Abbott RealTime HIV-1 Assay. The percentage of participants in any treatment group with a virologic response was primarily assessed for Weeks 0-24. The NC=F approach was used as the primary approach to handle missing data this analysis of efficacy. This primary outcome was analyzed for HIV-1 RNA <40 copies/mL in Part I & Part II combined.
  • Percentage of Participants With Virologic Response (HIV-1 RNA <40 Copies/mL) at Week 96: Doravirine 100 mg vs Efavirenz (Part I & Part II Combined) [ Time Frame: Week 96 ]
    Assessment of the virologic response to doravirine at 100 mg, compared to efavirenz, each in combination with TRUVADA, as measured by the percentage of participants with HIV-1 RNA <40 copies/mL at Week 96. HIV RNA levels were determined using the Abbott RealTime HIV-1 Assay. The percentage of participants in any treatment group with a virologic response was primarily assessed for Weeks 0-24. The NC=F approach was used as the primary approach to handle missing data this analysis of efficacy. This primary outcome was analyzed for HIV-1 RNA <40 copies/mL in Part I & Part II combined.
  • Percentage of Participants With Virologic Response (HIV-1 RNA <200 Copies/mL) at Week 24: Doravirine (All Doses) vs Efavirenz (Part I) [ Time Frame: Week 24 ]
    Assessment of the virologic response to doravirine at all studied doses (25 mg, 50 mg, 100 mg, and 200 mg), compared to efavirenz, each in combination with TRUVADA, as measured by the percentage of participants with plasma HIV-1 RNA <200 copies/mL at Week 24. HIV RNA levels were determined using the Abbott RealTime HIV-1 Assay.The percentage of participants in any treatment group with a virologic response was assessed at Week 24. The NC=F approach was used as the primary approach to handle missing data for this analysis of efficacy. This primary outcome was analyzed for HIV-1 RNA <200 copies/mL in Part I.
  • Percentage of Participants With Virologic Response (HIV-1 RNA <200 Copies/mL) at Week 24: Doravirine 100 mg vs Efavirenz (Part I & Part II Combined) [ Time Frame: Week 24 ]
    Assessment of the virologic response to doravirine at 100 mg, compared to efavirenz, each in combination with TRUVADA, as measured by the percentage of participants with plasma HIV-1 RNA <200 copies/mL at Week 24. HIV RNA levels were determined using the Abbott RealTime HIV-1 Assay. The percentage of participants in any treatment group with a virologic response was primarily assessed for Weeks 0-24. The NC=F approach was used as the primary approach to handle missing data for this analysis of efficacy. This secondary outcome was analyzed for HIV-1 RNA <200 copies/mL in Part I & Part II combined.
  • Percentage of Participants With Virologic Response (HIV-1 RNA <200 Copies/mL) at Week 48: Doravirine 100 mg vs Efavirenz (Part I & Part II Combined) [ Time Frame: Week 48 ]
    Evaluation of the antiretroviral activity of doravirine at 100 mg, compared to efavirenz, each in combination with TRUVADA for 24 weeks, as measured by the percentage of participants with HIV-1 RNA <200 copies/mL at Week 48. HIV RNA levels were determined using the Abbott RealTime HIV-1 Assay. This primary outcome was analyzed for RNA <200 copies/mL in Part I & Part II combined.
  • Percentage of Participants With Virologic Response (HIV-1 RNA <200 Copies/mL) at Week 96: Doravirine 100 mg vs Efavirenz (Part I & Part II Combined) [ Time Frame: Week 96 ]
    Assessment of the virologic response to doravirine at 100 mg, compared to efavirenz, each in combination with TRUVADA, as measured by the percentage of participants with plasma HIV-1 RNA <200 copies/mL at Week 96. HIV RNA levels were determined using the Abbott RealTime HIV-1 Assay. The percentage of participants in any treatment group with a virologic response was primarily assessed for Weeks 0-96. The Non-Completer = Failure (NC=F) approach, in which participants who prematurely discontinued assigned treatment for any reason and were considered as failures thereafter, was used as the primary approach to handle missing data this analysis of efficacy. This primary outcome was analyzed for HIV-1 RNA <200 copies/mL in Part I & Part II combined.
  • Change From Baseline in CD4 T Lymphocyte Cell Count at Week 24: Doravirine (All Doses) vs Efavirenz (Part I) [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 24 ]
    Evaluation of the change from baseline in the CD4 cell count at Week 24 in participants receiving doravirine at all doses (25 mg, 50 mg, 100 mg, and 200 mg), compared with participants receiving efavirenz 600 mg. The Observed Failure (OF) approach was used to handle missing data, and the Baseline CD4 cell count was carried forward for participants who discontinued assigned treatment due to lack of efficacy.
  • Change From Baseline in CD4 Cell Count at Week 24: Doravirine 100 mg vs Efavirenz (Part I & Part II Combined) [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 24 ]
    Assessment of the change from baseline in the CD4 cell count at Week 24 in participants receiving doravirine at 100 mg, compared with participants receiving efavirenz 600 mg. The OF approach was used to handle missing data, and the Baseline CD4 cell count was carried forward for participants who discontinued assigned treatment due to lack of efficacy.
  • Change From Baseline in CD4 Cell Count at Week 48: Doravirine 100 mg vs Efavirenz (Part I & Part II Combined) [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 48 ]
    Assessment of the change from baseline in the CD4 count at Week 48 in participants receiving doravirine at 100 mg, compared with participants receiving efavirenz 600 mg. The OF approach was used to handle missing data, and the Baseline CD4 cell count was carried forward for subjects who discontinued assigned treatment due to lack of efficacy.
  • Change From Baseline in CD4 Cell Count at Week 96: Doravirine 100 mg vs Efavirenz (Part I & Part II Combined) [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 96 ]
    A secondary endpoint in Part I/II combined was the change from baseline in the CD4 count at Week 96 in participants receiving doravirine at 100 mg, compared with participants receiving efavirenz 600 mg. The OF approach was used to handle missing data, and the Baseline CD4 cell count was carried forward for subjects who discontinued assigned treatment due to lack of efficacy.
  • Percentage of Participants With At Least 1 AE in Weeks 0-48: Doravirine 100 mg vs Efavirenz (Part I & Part II Combined) [ Time Frame: Up to Week 48 ]
    A secondary outcome in Part I/II combined was the percentage of participants receiving doravirine at 100 mg, compared with participants receiving efavirenz 600 mg, who had at least 1 AE over 48 weeks of treatment. The percentage of participants in any treatment group with at least 1 AE was primarily assessed for Weeks 0-48.
  • Percentage of Participants With At Least 1 AE in Weeks 0-96: Doravirine 100 mg vs Efavirenz (Part I & Part II Combined) [ Time Frame: Up to Week 96 ]
    A secondary outcome in Part I/II combined was the percentage of participants receiving doravirine at 100 mg, compared with participants receiving efavirenz 600 mg, who had at least 1 AE over 96 weeks of treatment. The percentage of participants in any treatment group with at least 1 AE was primarily assessed for Weeks 0-96.
  • Percentage of Participants with HIV RNA <200 copies/mL [ Time Frame: 24 Weeks ]
    Analyzed for Part 1 and for Part 1 and Part 2 combined
  • Change from Baseline in Cluster of Differentiation 4 (CD4) Cell Counts [ Time Frame: Baseline and 24 Weeks ]
    Analyzed for Part 1 and for Part 1 and Part 2 combined
  • Percentage of Participants with HIV RNA <40 copies/mL [ Time Frame: 48 Weeks ]
    Analyzed for Part 1 and Part 2 combined
  • Number of Participants with any Clinical or Laboratory Adverse Event [ Time Frame: 48 Weeks ]
    Analyzed for Part 1 and Part 2 combined
  • Percentage of Participants with HIV RNA <200 copies/mL [ Time Frame: 48 Weeks ]
    Analyzed for Part 1 and Part 2 combined
  • Change from Baseline in CD4 Cell Counts [ Time Frame: 48 Weeks ]
    Analyzed for Part 1 and Part 2 combined
  • Percentage of Participants with HIV RNA <40 copies/mL [ Time Frame: 96 Weeks ]
    Analyzed for Part 1 and Part 2 combined
  • Number of Participants with any Clinical or Laboratory Adverse Event [ Time Frame: 96 Weeks ]
    Analyzed for Part 1 and Part 2 combined
  • Percentage of Participants with HIV RNA <200 copies/mL [ Time Frame: 96 Weeks ]
    Analyzed for Part 1 and Part 2 combined
  • Change from Baseline in CD4 Cell Counts [ Time Frame: Baseline and 96 Weeks ]
    Analyzed for Part 1 and Part 2 combined
Not Provided
Not Provided
 
A Dose-Ranging Study to Compare Doravirine (MK-1439) Plus TRUVADA® Versus Efavirenz Plus TRUVADA® in Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)-1 Infected Participants (MK-1439-007)
Multicenter, Double-Blind, Randomized, 2-Part, Dose Ranging Study to Compare the Safety, and Antiretroviral Activity of MK-1439 Plus TRUVADA Versus Efavirenz Plus TRUVADA in Antiretroviral Treatment-Naive, HIV-1 Infected Patients
The hypothesis tested in this study is that doravirine (MK-1439) at the final dose selected is superior to efavirenz, each given in combination with TRUVADA®, as measured by the percentage of participants with CNS events by Week 8. If superiority is established at Week 8, the same hypothesis will be tested for Week 24.

Part I - Dose-Ranging. Part I will evaluate the (1) safety and tolerability and (2) efficacy (antiretroviral activity) of 4 doses of doravirine compared with efavirenz, when each is given in combination with TRUVADA® for at least 24 weeks in approximately 200 participants. A single dose of doravirine will be selected for further study after all participants complete the Week 24 visit in Part I. Participants receiving any dose of doravirine in Part I will be switched to the selected doravirine dose and continue in the study for up to 96 weeks, but will not be randomized to Part II.

Part II - Selected Dose. Part II will be initiated after the doravirine dose has been selected as indicated above for Part 1. Approximately 120 additional participants will be randomized in 1:1 ratio to the selected dose of doravirine or efavirenz, each in combination with TRUVADA® for 96 weeks of blinded treatment. Part II will evaluate the safety of the selected dose compared with efavirenz, particularly with regard to central nervous system (CNS) adverse events.

Interventional
Phase 2
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double (Participant, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
HIV Infections
  • Drug: Doravirine
    Part I: Doravirine 25 mg, 50 mg (25 mg X 2), 100 mg, or 200 mg (100 mg X 2) depending upon randomization, taken orally every morning with or without food for at least 24 weeks. Part II: Selected dose of doravirine depending upon randomization (either 25 mg, 50 mg, 100 mg, or 200 mg) tablet orally every morning with or without food for 96 weeks.
    Other Name: MK-1439
  • Drug: Efavirenz
    Efavirenz 600 mg tablet orally at bedtime taken without food on an empty stomach for 96 weeks
  • Drug: TRUVADA®
    Open-label TRUVADA® (fixed combination 200 mg emtricitabine and 300 mg tenofovir disoproxil fumarate) tablet taken orally with food in the morning for 96 weeks
  • Drug: Placebo for Doravirine
    Placebo tablets matching doravirine
  • Drug: Placebo for Efavirenz
    Placebo tablets matching efavirenz
  • Experimental: Doravirine 25 mg
    Doravirine 25 mg + TRUVADA® Participants in this arm will receive doravirine 25 mg in Part I and the selected doravirine dose (either 25 mg, 50 mg, 100 mg, or 200 mg) in Part II. These participants also receive placebo that matches efavirenz.
    Interventions:
    • Drug: Doravirine
    • Drug: TRUVADA®
    • Drug: Placebo for Doravirine
  • Experimental: Doravirine 50 mg
    Doravirine 50 mg + TRUVADA® Participants in this arm will receive doravirine 50 mg in Part I and the selected doravirine dose (either 25 mg, 50 mg, 100 mg, or 200 mg) in Part II. These participants also receive placebo that matches efavirenz.
    Interventions:
    • Drug: Doravirine
    • Drug: TRUVADA®
    • Drug: Placebo for Doravirine
  • Experimental: Doravirine 100 mg
    Doravirine 100 mg + TRUVADA® Participants in this arm will receive doravirine 100 mg in Part I and the selected doravirine dose (either 25 mg, 50 mg, 100 mg, or 200 mg) in Part II. These participants also receive placebo that matches efavirenz.
    Interventions:
    • Drug: Doravirine
    • Drug: TRUVADA®
    • Drug: Placebo for Doravirine
  • Experimental: Doravirine 200 mg
    Doravirine 200 mg + TRUVADA® Participants in this arm will receive doravirine 200 mg in Part I and the selected doravirine dose (either 25 mg, 50 mg, 100 mg, or 200 mg) in Part II. These participants also receive placebo that matches efavirenz.
    Interventions:
    • Drug: Doravirine
    • Drug: TRUVADA®
    • Drug: Placebo for Doravirine
  • Active Comparator: Efavirenz
    Efavirenz + TRUVADA® Participants in this arm will receive efavirenz in Part I and in Part II. These participants also receive placebo that matches doravirine.
    Interventions:
    • Drug: Efavirenz
    • Drug: TRUVADA®
    • Drug: Placebo for Efavirenz
Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Completed
342
320
March 21, 2016
December 3, 2014   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Inclusion Criteria:

  • HIV-1 positive
  • No previous use of antiretroviral therapy (ART)
  • No signs of active pulmonary disease within 45 days before the start of study treatment
  • Clinically stable with no signs or symptoms of acute infection
  • No change in clinical status or chronic medications for at least 2 weeks before the start of study treatment
  • Participants of reproductive potential agree to remain abstinent in line with their preferred and usual lifestyle or use (or have their partner use) 2 acceptable methods of birth control throughout the study and for 12 weeks post study.
  • Participants not of reproductive potential, not sexually active, whose current partner(s) is not of reproductive potential, or whose sexual activity is exclusively homosexual are eligible without requiring the use of contraception.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Males planning to impregnate or provide sperm donation for the duration of the study plus an additional 12 weeks. Females pregnant or breast-feeding or expecting to conceive or donate eggs for the duration of the study plus an additional 12 weeks.
  • Received any approved or experimental antiretroviral agents or is anticipated to receive such medications during the study.
  • Use of any immunomodulators or immunosuppressive therapy within one month before the study. Short courses of corticosteroids (e.g., for asthma exacerbation) are allowed.
  • Treatment for a viral infection other than HIV, such as hepatitis B, with an agent that is active against HIV
  • HIV resistance to emtricitabine, tenofovir disoproxil fumarate, and/or efavirenz.
  • History of renal or urinary obstructive disease or requires dialysis
  • Active Hepatitis C virus (HCV) or Hepatitis B virus (HBV) co-infection
  • History of alcohol or other substance abuse
  • Participation in a study with an investigational compound/device within one month or is anticipating to participate in such a study during this study
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
No
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Not Provided
Australia,   Belgium,   Canada,   France,   Germany,   Netherlands,   Poland,   Puerto Rico,   Romania,   Russian Federation,   Spain,   United States
 
NCT01632345
1439-007
MK-1439-007 ( Other Identifier: Merck )
2012-001573-93 ( EudraCT Number )
No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Not Provided
Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.
Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.
Not Provided
Study Director: Medical Director Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.
Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.
November 2017

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP