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Reduction of Perineal Pain After Vaginal Birth With Black Tea: Pilot Randomized Study

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01626287
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : June 22, 2012
Last Update Posted : May 25, 2015
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Fraser Health

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date  ICMJE June 20, 2012
First Posted Date  ICMJE June 22, 2012
Last Update Posted Date May 25, 2015
Study Start Date  ICMJE November 2012
Actual Primary Completion Date May 2013   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Current Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: June 21, 2012)
use of analgesia during hospitalization [ Time Frame: 24 hours post partum ]
Original Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Same as current
Change History
Current Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Not Provided
Original Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Not Provided
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Descriptive Information
Brief Title  ICMJE Reduction of Perineal Pain After Vaginal Birth With Black Tea: Pilot Randomized Study
Official Title  ICMJE Not Provided
Brief Summary

Perineal trauma is common during vaginal birth. The discomfort this causes can interfere with a woman's recovery and early motherhood.Mothers are offered a standard treatment after childbirth, water soaked frozen peri pads (ice packs), to alleviate the discomfort. However, a Cochrane review questions the efficacy of ice packs treatment. An alternative treatment that may be more comfortable and effective for women is warm water soaked black tea bags. Medicinal use of black tea bags has been based on their astringent (shrinking or constricting) properties and have been used for various medical applications.

The investigators will conduct a pilot randomized controlled trial (RCT) of 40 pregnant mothers randomized to either intervention group (tea bags; n=20) or control group (ice packs; n=20). The goal of this pilot is to test the feasibility of a larger RCT by assessing recruitment, testing the protocol, and evaluating a proposed primary outcome objective of analgesic use during hospitalization as an indicator of pain. The investigators expect this pilot study to demonstrate feasibility for a large scale RCT to formally evaluate the efficacy of black tea bags to reduce perineal pain in this patient population.

Detailed Description Not Provided
Study Type  ICMJE Interventional
Study Phase  ICMJE Not Applicable
Study Design  ICMJE Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single (Investigator)
Condition  ICMJE Perineal Pain
Intervention  ICMJE
  • Other: Frozen perineal pad
    Frozen ice pads will be provided as per participants' request
  • Other: Warm water soaked Black Tea Bags
    warm water soaked black tea bags will be provided to participants' as per their request
Study Arms  ICMJE
  • Experimental: Black tea bag
    Intervention: Other: Warm water soaked Black Tea Bags
  • Active Comparator: ice packs
    20 randomly chosen participants will be given frozen ice packs for perineal pain relief
    Intervention: Other: Frozen perineal pad
Publications * East CE, Dorward ED, Whale RE, Liu J. Local cooling for relieving pain from perineal trauma sustained during childbirth. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2020 Oct 9;10(10):CD006304. doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD006304.pub4.

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status  ICMJE Completed
Actual Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: October 28, 2013)
Original Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: June 21, 2012)
Actual Study Completion Date  ICMJE May 2013
Actual Primary Completion Date May 2013   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Eligibility Criteria  ICMJE

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Primiparous women (delivering their first baby) over the age of 19 who have delivered vaginally at Abbotsford Regional Hospital and Cancer Centre

Exclusion Criteria:

  • multiparity (women who have delivered vaginally more than once), VBAC (Vaginal Birth after Cesarean Section), active sexually transmitted infection lesions, vulvar varicosities, third and forth degree perineal tear, hematoma, retained placenta/products, substance abuse, and other medical conditions requiring frequent analgesia
Sex/Gender  ICMJE
Sexes Eligible for Study: Female
Ages  ICMJE 19 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers  ICMJE No
Contacts  ICMJE Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Listed Location Countries  ICMJE Canada
Removed Location Countries  
Administrative Information
NCT Number  ICMJE NCT01626287
Other Study ID Numbers  ICMJE FHREB 2012-044
Has Data Monitoring Committee Yes
U.S. FDA-regulated Product Not Provided
IPD Sharing Statement  ICMJE Not Provided
Current Responsible Party Fraser Health
Original Responsible Party Same as current
Current Study Sponsor  ICMJE Fraser Health
Original Study Sponsor  ICMJE Same as current
Collaborators  ICMJE Not Provided
Investigators  ICMJE
Principal Investigator: Karmjit Kaur Sandhu, MScN Fraser Health Authority
PRS Account Fraser Health
Verification Date October 2013

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP