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Brief Interventions to Create Smoke-Free Home Policies in Low-Income Households

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01625468
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : June 21, 2012
Last Update Posted : March 10, 2015
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill
The University of Texas Health Science Center, Houston
Washington University School of Medicine
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Michelle C. Kegler, Emory University

May 31, 2012
June 21, 2012
March 10, 2015
June 2012
July 2013   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Presence of a total home smoking ban [ Time Frame: Change from baseline in reported total home smoking bans at 3-month and 6-month follow-up ]
Same as current
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT01625468 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
  • Weekly secondhand smoke exposure for non-smokers [ Time Frame: Change from baseline in reported secondhand smoke exposure for non-smokers at 3-month and 6-month follow-up ]
  • Cessation attempts (for smokers) [ Time Frame: Change from baseline in reported cessation attempts (for smokers) at 3-month and 6-month follow-up ]
  • Number of cigarettes smokes (for smokers) [ Time Frame: Change from baseline in reported number of cigarettes smoked (for smokers) at 3-month and 6-month follow-up ]
  • Stage of change to quit smoking (for smokers) [ Time Frame: Change from baseline in stage of change to quit smoking (for smokers) at 3-month and 6-month follow-up ]
  • Successful cessation (for smokers) [ Time Frame: Change from baseline in successful cessation (for smokers) at 3-month and 6-month follow-up ]
Same as current
Not Provided
Not Provided
 
Brief Interventions to Create Smoke-Free Home Policies in Low-Income Households
Brief Interventions to Create Smoke-Free Home Policies in Low-Income Households

The burden of tobacco use falls disproportionately on low-income populations, through high rates of primary smoking and exposure to secondhand smoke. The remarkable progress in creating smoke-free environments in the U.S. over the past two decades has left smoker's homes as one of the primary sources of exposure to secondhand smoke for both children and nonsmoking adults. Intervention research that identifies effective and practical strategies for reaching the minority of households that still allow smoking in the home has considerable potential to reduce smoke exposure, but suitable channels to reach low-income families are limited. The proposed research will develop, evaluate and disseminate a brief smoke-free homes intervention through the established national infrastructure of 2-1-1 call centers. 2-1-1 is a nationally designated 3-digit telephone exchange, similar to 9-1-1 for emergencies or 4-1-1 for directory assistance, that links callers to community-based health and social services.

The proposed research has four specific aims: 1) Conduct formative research on intervention messages and materials for promoting smoke-free homes in low-income populations, applicable to both smokers and nonsmokers as household change agents; 2) Conduct a randomized controlled trial in the Atlanta 2-1-1 service area to evaluate the efficacy of a brief intervention to create smoke-free homes among 2-1-1 callers; 3) Conduct replication studies in Houston and North Carolina 2-1-1 systems to systematically test the intervention in varied populations and tobacco control climates, and 4) Disseminate the research-tested smoke-free homes intervention through a variety of mechanisms including a national grants program to 2-1-1 systems and through the Tobacco Technical Assistance Consortium's linkages to the state and local tobacco control infrastructure in the U.S.

Not Provided
Interventional
Not Applicable
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single (Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Chronic Diseases
Behavioral: Educational print materials and a coaching call
Intervention group participants receive three sets of mailed educational materials about making their home smoke-free and one coaching call.
  • No Intervention: Control
    Participant receives usual care
  • Experimental: Intervention
    Intervention group participants receive three sets of mailed educational materials about making their home smoke-free and one coaching call.
    Intervention: Behavioral: Educational print materials and a coaching call

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Completed
500
Same as current
July 2013
July 2013   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Must be 18 years of age or older.
  • Must speak and understand English.
  • Must smoke and live with at least one other non-smoking person OR be a non-smoker who lives with a smoker(s).
  • Must not have a total smoking ban in their home.

Exclusion Criteria:

Sexes Eligible for Study: All
18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Yes
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
United States
 
 
NCT01625468
IRB00056797
U01CA154282-01 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
No
Not Provided
Not Provided
Michelle C. Kegler, Emory University
Emory University
  • National Cancer Institute (NCI)
  • University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill
  • The University of Texas Health Science Center, Houston
  • Washington University School of Medicine
Principal Investigator: Michelle Kegler, DrPH Emory University
Emory University
March 2015

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP