A Controlled Study of the Effectiveness of Oregovomab (Antibody) Plus Chemotherapy in Advanced Ovarian Cancer
|First Received Date ICMJE||May 30, 2012|
|Last Updated Date||September 29, 2016|
|Start Date ICMJE||June 2012|
|Primary Completion Date||June 2014 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
|Current Primary Outcome Measures ICMJE
||Change in CA125 ELISPOT assay response for cytotoxic T cell antigen specific immunity induction to end of first-line chemotherapy [ Time Frame: At Baseline (up to 4 weeks before Cycle 1), Cycle 5 (approximately 12 weeks after Cycle 1) and termination (approxmately 25 weeks after Cycle 1) ]|
|Original Primary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Same as current|
|Change History||Complete list of historical versions of study NCT01616303 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site|
|Current Secondary Outcome Measures ICMJE
|Original Secondary Outcome Measures ICMJE
|Current Other Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Original Other Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Brief Title ICMJE||A Controlled Study of the Effectiveness of Oregovomab (Antibody) Plus Chemotherapy in Advanced Ovarian Cancer|
|Official Title ICMJE||Phase 2: A Randomized Controlled Study on Effectiveness of Chemotherapy (Carboplatin-Paclitaxel) Versus Chemo-immunotherapy (Carboplatin-Paclitaxel-Oregovomab) in Patients With Advanced Epithelial Ovarian, Adnexal or Peritoneal Carcinoma|
|Brief Summary||This is a Phase 2 randomized study with two treatment arms to compare the effectiveness of oregovomab (a murine monoclonal antibody directed against cancer antigen 125 (CA125)) when combined with first-line chemotherapy (carboplatin and paclitaxel) to first-line chemotherapy (carboplatin and paclitaxel) alone in female patients with advanced ovarian cancer. This study is to confirm previous results that showed oregovomab was able to help the body to produce an immune response to CA125 (a target that has been identified on ovarian cancer cells) in patients with stage III-IV ovarian cancer when they were receiving chemotherapy for their disease. The primary aim of the study is to see how well these patients with advanced ovarian cancer make an immune response to CA125 by using a specific test (enzyme-linked immunospot (ELISPOT) assay) of the patient's blood. The study will also look at the side effects of the oregovomab, other immune response parameters, how well the patients respond to the treatment of their disease (how long it takes to show that their disease has progressed and how long these patients survive overall).|
It is estimated that new cases of ovarian cancer in the US for 2012 will be approximately 22,280 and the estimated deaths will be approximately 15,500 The five year survival rate for ovarian cancer is approximately 40%. More than half of those diagnosed with ovarian cancer have advanced disease. Although complete responses are common following initial treatment with platinum and taxane regimens, within two years of cytoreductive surgery for Stage III/IV disease, one-half of tumors recur. Once the patient relapses there is no curative therapy. Recurrent ovarian cancer is invariably fatal. Thus, there is a need for new therapies that will reduce the rates of recurrence and prolong the relapse-free intervals.
Oregovomab is an investigational drug previously used in clinical trials as an immunotherapeutic treatment of ovarian cancer patients whose tumor cells express the tumor associated antigen, CA125. The active component of oregovomab is the activated murine monoclonal antibody B43.13, an immunoglobulin G1k (IgG1k) subclass immunoglobulin that binds with high affinity (1.16E10/M) to CA125.
CA125 is a surface glycoprotein antigen that is expressed on more than 80% of all non-mucinous epithelial ovarian carcinomas where it occurs at elevated levels in the serum of patients with ovarian cancer. Little is known about its biological function. CA125 is associated with a large molecular weight mucin-like glycoprotein complex of 200-250 kilodaltons (kDa) and its genetic structure has recently been elucidated. There is good evidence to suggest that CA125 is a relevant target antigen for antigen-mediated immunotherapy of ovarian cancer.
Immunotherapy as a therapeutic approach to the treatment of cancer has recently been established using several approaches. Sipuleucel T uses autologous peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC's) as a source of antigen presenting cells to load patient cells with a prostate cancer tumor antigen to induce cellular immunity directed against prostate cancer. With the recent approval of this approach by FDA for advanced prostate cancer based on controlled survival data demonstrates that induction of cellular immunity can bring benefit to cancer patients. The recent success of ipilimumab in prolonging survival in melanoma patients using an antibody that delays down regulation of specific immune responses further supports the rationale that induction of specific T cell immunity to cancer is a viable therapeutic approach. To date no successful immunotherapeutic approach has been established for ovarian cancer, and recurrent advanced ovarian cancer remains an incurable disease.
Oregovomab, when dosed at 2 mg, has been demonstrated to induce cross presentation of CA125 peptide fragments and induce a CA125 specific cellular immune response. Most clinical trials with oregovomab have been conducted in the maintenance setting where chemotherapy is not being administered and the magnitude of response in this clinical setting has proven inadequate to produce clinical benefit. Several reports, however, have suggested that administration of oregovomab in association with chemotherapy may result in enhanced cellular immunity relative to the monotherapy settings.
In 2009, a randomized phase 2 study was conducted in which simultaneous oregovomab and standard chemotherapy was administered in a first group of patients and oregovomab was administered a week after chemotherapy in a second group. The study showed that the arm subjected to simultaneous immuno-chemotherapy developed a better immune response (contrary to what was previously thought considering the immunosuppressive effects of chemotherapy). Further studies, however, are needed to completely assess the magnitude of the immune response. The measure of effectiveness of an immunotherapy in the treatment of cancer has been fraught with the inability to successfully measure the direct effect on tumor burden similar to cytotoxic therapies. We therefore believe in the importance of assessing not only the rate of positivity obtained by ELISPOT method but also to verify safety, tolerability, intradermal and antibody response, to assess the eventual delayed hypersensitivity (DTH) against oregovomab, disease-free survival, and overall survival (up to the date fixed as the last visit to complete the entire population evaluation). In a maintenance protocol with oregovomab, only 10% of patients undergoing oregovomab treatment developed a positive response in the ELISPOT assay performed without in vitro stimulation. In the 2009 Phase 2 trial, 42% of patients in the simultaneous infusion arm and 22% of patients in the one-week delay arm had a positive ELISPOT response. Considering that the effect in a more optimal population should be equal or greater than that obtained previously, we assume that 50% of the study population in the chemoimmunotherapy arm should develop a positive response to the ELISPOT assay in our protocol. We assume that the positive value of CA125 in patients enrolled in this trial should provide a good level of immunity against this specific glycoprotein in the arm undergoing chemo-immunotherapy. This study will evaluate the immune response obtained by administration of oregovomab and how it's correlated with clinical outcomes.
|Study Type ICMJE||Interventional|
|Study Phase||Phase 2|
|Study Design ICMJE||Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Condition ICMJE||Ovarian Neoplasms|
|Publications *||Braly P, Nicodemus CF, Chu C, Collins Y, Edwards R, Gordon A, McGuire W, Schoonmaker C, Whiteside T, Smith LM, Method M. The Immune adjuvant properties of front-line carboplatin-paclitaxel: a randomized phase 2 study of alternative schedules of intravenous oregovomab chemoimmunotherapy in advanced ovarian cancer. J Immunother. 2009 Jan;32(1):54-65. doi: 10.1097/CJI.0b013e31818b3dad.|
* Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
|Recruitment Status ICMJE||Active, not recruiting|
|Estimated Completion Date||June 2018|
|Primary Completion Date||June 2014 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
|Eligibility Criteria ICMJE||
|Ages||18 Years to 75 Years (Adult, Senior)|
|Accepts Healthy Volunteers||No|
|Contacts ICMJE||Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects|
|Listed Location Countries ICMJE||United States|
|Removed Location Countries|
|NCT Number ICMJE||NCT01616303|
|Other Study ID Numbers ICMJE||QPT-ORE-002, 2010-024305-13|
|Has Data Monitoring Committee||No|
|U.S. FDA-regulated Product||Not Provided|
|Plan to Share Data||No|
|IPD Description||Not Provided|
|Responsible Party||Quest PharmaTech Inc.|
|Study Sponsor ICMJE||Quest PharmaTech Inc.|
|Collaborators ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Information Provided By||Quest PharmaTech Inc.|
|Verification Date||September 2016|
ICMJE Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP