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Individualized Therapy For Asthma in Toddlers (INFANT)

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
dave mauger, Milton S. Hershey Medical Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01606306
First received: May 23, 2012
Last updated: January 27, 2017
Last verified: January 2017

May 23, 2012
January 27, 2017
February 2013
April 2015   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Differential Response to the Three Therapies Based on Fixed Threshold Criteria for the Following Asthma Control Measures: Use of Oral Prednisone for Acute Asthma Exacerbations and Asthma Control Days. [ Time Frame: The last 14 weeks of each 16-week treatment period ]
The primary outcome was differential response to the three therapies on the basis of fixed threshold criteria for the following asthma control measures, which encompassed domains of risk and impairment: the time from the start of the treatment period to an asthma exacerbation treated with systemic corticosteroids, and the annualized number of asthma control days (ACDs) from within that period. ACDs were defined as full calendar days without symptoms, rescue medication use, or unscheduled healthcare visits. Children were defined as differential responders if, first, the time to an asthma exacerbation was at least four weeks longer, or second, if the number of annualized ACDs was at least 31 days more for one treatment than another, in that order. If neither threshold was met, the participant was considered a non differential responder. Differential response was determined in children completing at least two treatment periods and at least 50% of the daily diary entries for each period.
Differential Response to the Three Therapies Based on Fixed Threshold Criteria for the Following Asthma Control Measures: Use of Oral Prednisone for Acute Asthma Exacerbations and Asthma Control Days. [ Time Frame: The last 14 weeks of each 16-week treatment period ]
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT01606306 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
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Individualized Therapy For Asthma in Toddlers
Individualized Therapy For Asthma in Toddlers

The INFANT study will test whether, in preschool children 12-59 months of age with persistent asthma, the following Step 2 asthma therapies will provide similar degrees of asthma control:

  1. Daily inhaled corticosteroid (ICS) treatment,
  2. Daily leukotriene receptor antagonist (LTRA) treatment, and
  3. As-needed ICS plus short-acting beta agonist (as-needed ICS/SABA) rescue treatment.
INFANT is a double-blind, randomized clinical trial in which all participants will receive each of the three therapies for 16 weeks by means of a cross-over study design. INFANT aims to determine whether individual children respond better to one treatment than another and, if so, whether those children can be identified by phenotypic characteristics or selected biomarkers. In this regard the INFANT study is expected to address critical gaps in current asthma management guidelines. Ultimately, the findings from this study are expected to help clarify treatment modalities for this population of young preschool children who are extremely difficult to treat.
Interventional
Phase 3
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Masking: Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor
Primary Purpose: Treatment
  • Asthma
  • Wheezing
  • Drug: daily fluticasone propionate
    Flovent® HFA, 44 mcg per inhalation, 2 inhalations twice daily
  • Drug: Montelukast
    Singulair®, 4 mg granules or chewable tablets by mouth once daily in the evening
  • Drug: as-needed fluticasone propionate
    Flovent® HFA, 44 mcg per inhalation, 2 inhalations, as needed for asthma symptoms
  • Experimental: Crossover sequence 1
    daily fluticasone propionate, followed by daily montelukast, followed by as needed fluticasone propionate
    Interventions:
    • Drug: daily fluticasone propionate
    • Drug: Montelukast
    • Drug: as-needed fluticasone propionate
  • Experimental: Crossover sequence 2
    daily fluticasone propionate, followed by as needed fluticasone propionate, followed by daily montelukast
    Interventions:
    • Drug: daily fluticasone propionate
    • Drug: Montelukast
    • Drug: as-needed fluticasone propionate
  • Experimental: Crossover sequence 3
    daily montelukast, followed by as needed fluticasone propionate, followed by daily fluticasone propionate
    Interventions:
    • Drug: daily fluticasone propionate
    • Drug: Montelukast
    • Drug: as-needed fluticasone propionate
  • Experimental: Crossover sequence 4
    daily montelukast, followed by daily fluticasone propionate, followed by as needed fluticasone propionate
    Interventions:
    • Drug: daily fluticasone propionate
    • Drug: Montelukast
    • Drug: as-needed fluticasone propionate
  • Experimental: Crossover sequence 5
    as needed fluticasone propionate, followed by daily fluticasone propionate, followed by daily montelukast
    Interventions:
    • Drug: daily fluticasone propionate
    • Drug: Montelukast
    • Drug: as-needed fluticasone propionate
  • Experimental: Crossover sequence 6
    as needed fluticasone propionate, followed by daily montelukast, followed by daily fluticasone propionate
    Interventions:
    • Drug: daily fluticasone propionate
    • Drug: Montelukast
    • Drug: as-needed fluticasone propionate
Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Completed
300
April 2015
April 2015   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Inclusion Criteria:

  • 12-59 months of age.
  • If the child is not currently taking long-term asthma controller therapy (meaning that the child has taken no inhaled corticosteroid or leukotriene receptor antagonist medication whatsoever over the past 6 months), then one of the following criteria must be met:

    • Daytime asthma symptoms more than two days per week (average over the past 4 weeks),
    • At least one nighttime awakening from asthma (over the past 4 weeks),
    • Two or more asthma exacerbations requiring systemic corticosteroids in the previous 6 months,
    • Four or more wheezing episodes in the previous 12 months.
  • If the child is currently taking long-term asthma controller therapy (meaning that the child has taken daily or intermittent/as-needed inhaled corticosteroid or leukotriene receptor antagonist over the past 6 months), then one of the following criteria must be met:

    • Taking inhaled corticosteroid or leukotriene receptor antagonist for more than 3 months (or more than 90 days) out of the previous 6 months (or 180 days),
    • Daytime asthma symptoms more than two days per week (average over the past 4 weeks),
    • More than one nighttime awakening from asthma (over the past 4 weeks),
    • Two or more asthma exacerbations requiring systemic corticosteroids in the previous 12 months,
    • Four or more wheezing episodes in the previous 12 months.
  • Up to date with immunizations, including varicella (unless the subject has already had clinical varicella).
  • Willingness to provide informed consent by the child's parent or guardian.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Allergic reaction to the study medications or any component of the study drugs, including (but not limited to) urticaria, rash, angioedema, or hypotension following delivery,
  • Chronic medical disorders that could interfere with drug metabolism/excretion (for instance chronic hepatic, biliary, or renal disease),
  • Chronic medical disorders that may increase the risk of drug-related injury, including (but not limited to):

    • Osteogenesis imperfecta (increased risk of bone demineralization/fracture with corticosteroid therapy),
    • Crohn's disease, ulcerative colitis, juvenile rheumatoid arthritis, clotting disorders, or Factor deficiency (increased risk of bleeding with corticosteroid therapy),
    • G6PD deficiency (increased risk of hemolytic anemia with acetaminophen use),
    • Phenylketonuria (potential for aspartame exposure with study interventions),
    • Seizure disorder treated with anticonvulsants (risk of acetaminophen toxicity with carbamazepine), or
    • History of clotting disorders or Factor deficiency (increased risk of bleeding with corticosteroids),
  • Co-morbid disorders associated with wheezing including (but not limited to) immune deficiency disorders, cystic fibrosis, aspiration, clinically-relevant gastroesophageal reflux, tracheomalacia, congenital airway anomalies (clefts, fistulas, slings, rings), bronchiectasis, bronchopulmonary dysplasia, and/or history of premature birth before 35 weeks gestation,
  • Significant developmental delay/failure to thrive, defined as 5th percentile for height and/or weight or crossing of two major percentile lines during the last year for age and sex,
  • History of a near-fatal asthma exacerbation requiring intubation or assisted ventilation,
  • No primary medical caregiver (e.g., a nurse practitioner, physician assistant, physician, or group medical practice such as a hospital-based clinic) whom the subject can contact for primary medical care,
  • Three or more hospitalizations in the previous 12 months for wheezing or respiratory illnesses,
  • Treatment with 5 or more courses of systemic corticosteroids (oral, intramuscular or intravenous) in the past 6 months,
  • Current use of higher than step 2 NAEPP asthma guideline therapy
  • If receiving allergy shots, change in the dose within the past 3 months.
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
12 Months to 59 Months   (Child)
No
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
United States
 
 
NCT01606306
AsthmaNet 004
1U10HL098115 ( US NIH Grant/Contract Award Number )
Yes
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dave mauger, Milton S. Hershey Medical Center
Milton S. Hershey Medical Center
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
Study Chair: William B Busse, MD University of Wisconsin, Madison
Milton S. Hershey Medical Center
January 2017

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP