ClinicalTrials.gov
ClinicalTrials.gov Menu

Impact of Grape Consumption on Brain Metabolism and Cognitive Function

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01573611
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : April 9, 2012
Last Update Posted : December 4, 2014
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Daniel H. Silverman, University of California, Los Angeles

April 5, 2012
April 9, 2012
December 4, 2014
April 2012
April 2013   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
  • Change from baseline in neuropsychological (cognitive, functional) test results [ Time Frame: baseline and 6 months ]
  • Change from baseline in regional cerebral metabolism [ Time Frame: baseline and 6 months ]
Same as current
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT01573611 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
Not Provided
Not Provided
Not Provided
Not Provided
 
Impact of Grape Consumption on Brain Metabolism and Cognitive Function
Examining the Impact of Grape Consumption on Brain Metabolism and Cognitive Function in Patients With Mild Cognitive Impairment
Constituents of grapes have been studied for their antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and anticarcinogenic properties. In the past decade, there has been emerging evidence regarding a potential role for grapes in slowing cognitive decline and other effects of aging. Furthermore, evidence has been obtained in vivo that supplementation of aged rats with grape seed extract improves cognitive performance. Despite the promising accumulating data supporting the use of grapes as a safe and effective strategy for delaying the incidence of dementia, it remains unclear how grape intake would be useful with respect to factors such as dose schedule or stage of dementing illness. In general, well-controlled experimental data obtained in human subjects is in need of much further development. The investigators aim to measure effects of grape intake on cerebral metabolism and cognitive function, and to determine whether initial patterns, and magnitude of change, of cerebral metabolism assessed by positron emission tomography (PET) can serve respectively as a predictor of, and biomarker for, the magnitude of cognitive changes resulting from intake of grapes.
People experiencing mild cognitive changes represent an epidemiologically major segment of the geriatric patient population. Numerous studies have been carried out to study the benefits of grapes associated with dementia and Alzheimer's disease (AD). In the present proposal, the investigators aim to determine 1) whether cognitive and regional cerebral metabolic changes associated with grape powder use can be identified, 2) if the presence and magnitude of therapeutic responses to grape in patients having mild cognitive decline can be predicted by particular patterns of regional brain metabolism, and 3) for any changes identified, the magnitude of those changes that correlate with the magnitude of the changes noted in the neuropsychologic parameters will be examined, which might be useful as an objective biomarker for therapeutic effect. A total of 12 patients suffering from documented decline of cognitive function (in the absence of overt dementia) will be studied. In this placebo-controlled, double-blinded study, the 12 recruited subjects who have met the screening criteria will be randomized to receive 72 g of grape powder per day or placebo. The subjects will undergo a baseline brain PET study with the radiotracer [F - 18] fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG). In addition, neuropsychological assessments will be performed at baseline and six months after initiation of therapy. Follow-up PET scans will also be obtained at six months to assess the changes in metabolism occurring with each therapy regimen.
Interventional
Phase 1
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Mild Cognitive Impairment
  • Dietary Supplement: Grape Powder
    36 g of grape powder to be taken twice/day (total of 72 g/day) for 6 months
  • Dietary Supplement: Placebo Powder
    36 g of placebo powder to be taken twice/day (total of 72 g/day) for 6 months
  • Experimental: Grape Powder
    Intervention: Dietary Supplement: Grape Powder
  • Placebo Comparator: Placebo Powder
    Intervention: Dietary Supplement: Placebo Powder
Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Completed
12
Same as current
November 2014
April 2013   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Cognitive deficit and/or personality change is present, as observable by physician and/or close contact(s) of the patient; or in the absence of this, the patient provides a clear history of decline which the patient's physician deems to be reliable.
  • If history or neurologic exam reveals findings suspicious for stroke, tumor, bleed, ictal activity, or hydrocephalus, then CT/MRI and appropriate neurological or neurosurgical consultation must have been obtained.
  • Standard history, physical, and laboratory screen have been performed to identify possible presence of depression, substance abuse, malnourishment, medication effects and interactions, cardiopulmonary compromise, electrolyte/calcium imbalance, anemia, hypoxemia, infection, thyroid dysfunction, renal dysfunction, hepatic dysfunction, or glucose dysregulation.
  • Any positive findings revealed in 2) or 3) above have been appropriately treated, wherever possible, but cognitive/behavioral deficit persists post-therapy.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Subjects under age 65 will not be recruited, in order to enhance the clinical relevance of the project by focusing on the age groups in whom serious concerns about early signs and symptoms of senile onset dementia are most typically emerging.
  • Already diagnosed with Alzheimer's disease or other cause of dementia
  • Cognitive dysfunction has impaired subject's ability to perform activities of daily living.
  • Present or past history of thyroid disease (due to effects of both the disease and thyroid hormone replacement therapy on brain metabolism that we and others have begun to identify, but which remain incompletely characterized.)
  • Claustrophobia or metal in body or other condition that would preclude PET or MRI from being acquired, or visual, auditory or motor deficits that would preclude accurate neuropsychological testing.
  • Currently receiving medication used specifically to treat Alzheimer's disease or other dementia-related disorder
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
65 Years and older   (Older Adult)
No
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
United States
 
 
NCT01573611
11002966
Yes
Not Provided
Not Provided
Daniel H. Silverman, University of California, Los Angeles
University of California, Los Angeles
Not Provided
Principal Investigator: Daniel H. Silverman, MD, Ph.D. University of California, Los Angeles
University of California, Los Angeles
December 2014

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP