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Incobotulinum Toxin A for Sialorrhea in Parkinson's Disease (PD)/Parkinsonism and Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) (Xeomin)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01565395
Recruitment Status : Withdrawn (Could not recruit ALS participants, hence ALS arm discontinued)
First Posted : March 28, 2012
Last Update Posted : February 7, 2017
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Merz Pharmaceuticals
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Pushpa Narayanaswami, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date  ICMJE March 26, 2012
First Posted Date  ICMJE March 28, 2012
Last Update Posted Date February 7, 2017
Study Start Date  ICMJE March 2012
Actual Primary Completion Date July 2013   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Current Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: March 27, 2012)
Change in objectively measured salivary volume between baseline and one month post-injection in the Xeomin group as compared to placebo [ Time Frame: 7 months ]
Original Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Same as current
Change History
Current Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Not Provided
Original Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Not Provided
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
 
Descriptive Information
Brief Title  ICMJE Incobotulinum Toxin A for Sialorrhea in Parkinson's Disease (PD)/Parkinsonism and Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS)
Official Title  ICMJE Randomized Double Blind Placebo Controlled Cross-Over Study of Incobotulinum Toxin A (Xeomin®) for Troublesome Sialorrhea in Parkinson's Disease (PD)/Parkinsonism and Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS)
Brief Summary The purpose of this study is to evaluate the safety and efficacy of Incobotulinum Toxin A (Xeomin®) injections into the parotid and submandibular glands in patients with Parkinson's Disease/Parkinsonism and Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) with troublesome sialorrhea.
Detailed Description

Participants will be recruited if they have Parkinson's disease, Parkinsonism. Inclusion and exclusion criteria are summarized below. Participants will be screened at the first visit to make sure they are eligible for the trial. They will then undergo baseline testing including neurologic evaluation, questions to assess their memory and cognitive status and evaluation of their disease status using parts of the Unified Parkinsons's Disease Ratings Scale (UPDRS) that are routinely used to follow disease progression. They will be given a questionnaire to evaluate the severity of their drooling. Their saliva production will be measured by having them spit into a cup for 5 minutes, twice.

At the first visit, after making sure they are eligible for the study and performing the baseline testing and procedures, they will be given either Xeomin or placebo (saline injections without medication) injections in the 4 glands that produce saliva. They will not know which injection they received. This visit will take about 2 hours. They will be followed up every month and asked about side effects, have neurologic evaluation and ALS-FRS testing and fill-in the questionnaire for drooling severity. Saliva volume will be measured as done at the first visit. At either Month 4 or 5, participants will receive the second injection. This will be a "cross-over" injection, i.e., if they received Xeomin at the first injection they will receive saline at the second and vice versa. Thus, all participants will receive the study medication Xeomin, either as the first injection or the second injection at 4 months or 5 months. The follow up after the second injection will be one monthly visit for 3 months, with similar evaluations as described above. The follow-up visit will take about 1 hour each.

Study Type  ICMJE Interventional
Study Phase  ICMJE Phase 2
Study Design  ICMJE Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Masking: Triple (Participant, Care Provider, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Condition  ICMJE
  • Parkinson Disease
  • Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis
Intervention  ICMJE
  • Drug: Incobotulinum Toxin A
    Xeomin 70-100 units injected in the parotid and submandibular glands of subjects
    Other Name: Xeomin
  • Drug: placebo
    Sterile preservative free 0.9% saline
    Other Name: Saline
Study Arms  ICMJE
  • Experimental: Xeomin Injections
    Fifteen units (0.15 ml) of incobotulinum toxin A injected into each parotid gland and 20 units (0.2 ml) to each submandibular gland for a total dose of 70 units using anatomical landmarks for ALS Twenty units (0.2ml) injected into each parotid gland and 30 units (0.3 ml) to each submandibular gland for a total dose of 100 units using anatomical landmarks for PD/parkinsonism
    Intervention: Drug: Incobotulinum Toxin A
  • Placebo Comparator: Placebo
    0.15 ml sterile 0.9% saline injected into each parotid gland and 0.2 ml to each submandibular gland using anatomical landmarks for ALS 0.2ml injected into each parotid gland and 0.3 ml to each submandibular gland using anatomical landmarks for PD/parkinsonism
    Intervention: Drug: placebo
Publications * Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status  ICMJE Withdrawn
Actual Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: July 28, 2015)
0
Original Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: March 27, 2012)
20
Actual Study Completion Date  ICMJE July 2013
Actual Primary Completion Date July 2013   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Eligibility Criteria  ICMJE

Inclusion Criteria: Hypothesis: Xeomin® injections into the parotid and submandibular glands are safe and effective in the treatment of troublesome sialorrhea in patients with PD/Parkinsonism and ALS.

Inclusion criteria are as follows:

For ALS: 1. Patients diagnosed with ALS by el-Escorial Criteria, ages 20-80 with troublesome sialorrhea as defined below**.

For PD/ Parkinsonism: 1. PD, Multiple Systems Atrophy (MSA), or Progressive Supranuclear Palsy (PSP) diagnosed by clinical criteria, ages 20-80 with troublesome sialorrhea as defined below**.

**Troublesome sialorrhea is defined as grade 3 or more (grade 3 is marked excess of saliva with some drooling) or more on the UPDRS Part 2 Sialorrhea grading scale:[33] (Appendix 1)

For both groups:

  1. Swallowing function: FOIS scale* 5 or greater (see appendix 1 for scale)
  2. If patients have been treated with other medications for sialorrhea earlier, they should be off the medications at least 4 weeks prior to the baseline evaluation.
  3. If they are on other medications for sialorrhea at the time of the baseline evaluation, the doses will be held stable throughout the period of the study.
  4. Women of child bearing age will need to be on a reliable method of birth control for the duration of the study.

Exclusion criteria

For both PD and ALS:

  1. Current use of Coumadin
  2. Concurrent significant medical illness.
  3. History of myasthenia gravis or Lambert-Eaton Syndrome
  4. Ongoing substance abuse
  5. History of unreliable follow-up
  6. Past use of Xeomin® or other botulinum toxin preparations
  7. Cognitive impairment, defined as a score ≤ 23/30 on the Mini Mental Status Exam.
Sex/Gender  ICMJE
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
Ages  ICMJE 20 Years to 80 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers  ICMJE No
Contacts  ICMJE Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Listed Location Countries  ICMJE United States
Removed Location Countries  
 
Administrative Information
NCT Number  ICMJE NCT01565395
Other Study ID Numbers  ICMJE 2011P000304
Has Data Monitoring Committee Not Provided
U.S. FDA-regulated Product Not Provided
IPD Sharing Statement  ICMJE
Plan to Share IPD: No
Responsible Party Pushpa Narayanaswami, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center
Study Sponsor  ICMJE Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center
Collaborators  ICMJE Merz Pharmaceuticals
Investigators  ICMJE
Principal Investigator: Pushpa Narayanaswami, ME Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center
PRS Account Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center
Verification Date February 2017

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP