FMRI of Stress and Addictive Disorders

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01558973
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : March 20, 2012
Last Update Posted : November 30, 2016
National Institutes of Health (NIH)
National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Rajita Sinha, Yale University

March 18, 2012
March 20, 2012
November 30, 2016
August 2005
December 2015   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Neural responses to change will be measured. [ Time Frame: Baseline ]
Neural responses - BOLD signal changes. [ Time Frame: Baseline ]
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT01558973 on Archive Site
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FMRI of Stress and Addictive Disorders
Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging of Stress and Addictive Disorders
The purpose of this study is to explore whether frontal brain activation in response to stress varies as a function of the presence or extent of early trauma and whether or not this effect is greater in women compared to men. To examine the effect of stress on thinking and remembering. To examine the separate and interactive effects of stress, addiction, withdrawal, and genetics; and to examine fMRI brain activation associated with stressful, reward-related-cue and neutral/relaxing audiotaped scripts,visual images and emotional video clips in addicted individuals and in healthy controls.
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Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Prospective
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Non-Probability Sample
Cocaine dependent individuals, opioid dependent individuals, alcohol dependent individuals, healthy controls, adolescent subjects, pathological gamblers
  • Cocaine Dependence
  • Opioid Dependence
  • Alcoholism
  • Pathological Gamblers
  • Adolescents
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  • Cocaine dependent
  • Opioid dependent
  • Alcohol dependent
  • Healthy controls
  • Adolescents
  • Pathological gamblers
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*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
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December 2015   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Between ages 13-50 years old (adolescents 13-17 years old)
  • Able to read and write.
  • COCAINE DEPENDENT SUBJECTS: meet DSM-IV criteria for cocaine dependence; report current cocaine use of at least once a week or more; confirmation of cocaine use via positive urine toxicology screen during initial assessments and upon admission to the CNRU.
  • OPIOID DEPENDENT SUBJECTS: meet DSM-IV criteria for opiate dependence and are participating in substance abuse treatment including pharmacotherapy for opioid dependence.
  • ALCOHOL DEPENDENT SUBJECTS: meet DSM-IV criteria for alcohol dependence and are currently abstinent from alcohol as documented by substance abuse treatment participation.
  • HEALTHY CONTROLS: negative urine toxicology screens during intake appointments indicating no history of current or past dependence on alcohol or illicit drug use.
  • Healthy adolescent boys and girls, with no medical or psychiatric conditions;
  • WOMEN: have a regular menstrual cycle.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • CONTROLS: lifetime or current history of any substance abuse/dependence (excluding nicotine).
  • Regular use of any psychoactive drugs including anxiolytics and antidepressants.
  • Any significant current medical condition such as neurological, cardiovascular, endocrine, renal, liver, thyroid pathology; subjects on medications for any medical condition will be excluded.
  • Any subjects with foreign ferromagnetic metal objects in their body or other MR contraindications will be excluded including subjects who work as welders.
  • Women on oral contraceptives, peri- and post-menopausal women, and pregnant or lactating women (as alterations in stress response are associated with these states).
  • IQ below 75
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
13 Years to 50 Years   (Child, Adult)
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
United States
2P50DA016556-08 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
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Rajita Sinha, Yale University
Yale University
  • National Institutes of Health (NIH)
  • National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)
Principal Investigator: Rajita Sinha, PhD Yale University
Yale University
November 2016