Training Improves Balance Control

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01547988
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : March 8, 2012
Last Update Posted : March 8, 2012
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Boston University

February 29, 2012
March 8, 2012
March 8, 2012
October 2001
February 2003   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Reaction time of dual task step execution [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ]
Subjects stand on a force platform and are asked to execute a step as rapidly as possible following a tactile stimulus on their heel while performing a cognitive attention demanding task (Stroop task - call out colors of words that are names of colors, e.g. the word "BLUE" is presented in yellow letters).
Same as current
No Changes Posted
Late Life Functional Disability Index - LLFDI [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ]
Self-reported measure of function
Same as current
Not Provided
Not Provided
Training Improves Balance Control
Improving Balance Control and Self-Reported Lower Extremity Function in Community Dwelling Older Adults - A Randomized Control Study

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of a group-based functional and specific balance training program on balance function in healthy older adults. It is commonly considered difficult to improve balance function in healthy older adults. The program included dual-task exercises; physical training exercises and a cognitive task (e.g. reading or reciting a story) performed simultaneously, as well as perturbation exercises, where balance is challenged in unexpected ways.

The investigators hypothesized that following the proposed training, older adults would improve their speed of taking a step in both single and dual task conditions, refine their ability to control balance when standing still and improve their self-reported physical function.

Not Provided
Not Applicable
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single (Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Accidental Falls
Other: Balance Training Intervention
The intervention group participated in a total of 24 one-hour training sessions over a period of 12 weeks. The training program utilized different size balls as a general tool in a series of progressively more difficult exercises targeting sitting, standing, and gait-related balance control. The program included exercises at five different levels of progressively more challenging balance exercises. Levels 1-4 focused on voluntarily controlled balance exercises, whereas level 5 also included perturbation exercises to trigger automatic compensatory stepping responses. All levels included attention-demanding dual task exercises that required subjects to simultaneously perform motor and cognitive activities.
  • Experimental: Balance Training Intervention
    The Balance Training Intervention group received 24 training sessions over three months that included perturbation as well as dual-task exercises.
    Intervention: Other: Balance Training Intervention
  • No Intervention: Reference Group
    Intervention: Other: Balance Training Intervention

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
Same as current
August 2003
February 2003   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Inclusion Criteria:

  • 65 years or older
  • Independently ambulatory (cane acceptable; not walker)
  • Score better than 45 on the Berg Balance Scale
  • Higher than 24 Mini-Mental Score

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Severe focal muscle weakness or visual impairment
  • Known neurological disorders (including stroke, Parkinson disease)
  • Metastatic cancer
  • Use of medication that impairs balance or strength
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
65 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
United States
RRF 2001-056
Not Provided
Not Provided
Boston University
Boston University
Not Provided
Principal Investigator: Lars IE Oddsson, PhD NeuroMuscular Research Center, Boston University
Boston University
March 2012

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP