Effects of Swimming in the Treatment of Fibromyalgia (ESTF)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01547195
Recruitment Status : Unknown
Verified March 2012 by Giovana Fernandes, Federal University of São Paulo.
Recruitment status was:  Recruiting
First Posted : March 7, 2012
Last Update Posted : March 30, 2012
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Giovana Fernandes, Federal University of São Paulo

February 21, 2012
March 7, 2012
March 30, 2012
January 2012
January 2012   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Diminishing of pain [ Time Frame: 3 months ]
_ Assess the effectiveness of the practice of swimming in reducing pain and improving quality of life in patients with FM.
Diminshing of pain [ Time Frame: 3 months ]
_ Assess the effectiveness of the practice of swimming in reducing pain and improving quality of life in patients with FM.
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT01547195 on Archive Site
Improving quality of life [ Time Frame: 3 months ]
_ Assess the effectiveness of the practice of swimming in improved function and aerobic capacity in patients with FM.
Same as current
Not Provided
Not Provided
Effects of Swimming in the Treatment of Fibromyalgia
Assessment of the Effects of Swimming in the Treatment of Patients With Fibromyalgia.

The recent scientific evidence shows that FM patients improve exercise capacity, symptoms and quality of life with the holding of regular exercise, especially aerobic exercise. Swimming is an aerobic workout of low impact, but no study has evaluated the effect of this activity in patients with fibromyalgia.

Randomized controlled trial with blinded evaluator, which will be evaluated patients with fibromyalgia were divided into two groups.

The intervention group will hold an exercise program of swimming (freestyle) and the other considered the control group held a walking program.

Fibromyalgia (FM) is a syndrome characterized by diffuse musculoskeletal pain and chronic, with points called "hot spots", specific, sensitive and painful on palpation. Objective: To evaluate the efficacy of swimming in reducing the generally pain and improve the quality of function, of life and exercise capacity in patients with fibromyalgia. Material and Methods: 82 patients will be screened, diagnosed with fibromyalgia, who can swim the front crawl. Will be selected at UNIFESP outpatient clinics and also through advertisement in a newspaper. One group held the swimming training and the other group (control) will walk training. The Participants perform exercises (swimming or running) three times a week for 50 minutes, for 12 weeks. The exercises will be held at the anaerobic threshold determined by cardiopulmonary exercise testing. Measuring instrument: Questionnaires VAS (visual analogue scale) for pain, FIQ (Fibromyalgia Impact Questionnaire) to assess the quality of life related to disease, and also the SF-36 (short form health survey), which assesses quality of life in general. Cardiopulmonary stress test to assess cardiorespiratory fitness to sit and stand up and test to assess functional capacity. All participants will conduct an initial evaluation, after 6 and 13 weeks of training.
Phase 1
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
  • Procedure: swim training

    Swimming training will be conducted with the implementation of the freestyle. The training will be held a week with 3 X 50 minutes for a period of 12 weeks.

    Patients will be monitored by a frequency waterproof. When at the beginning of training are carried out five minutes of heating, followed by 40minutos swimming 5 minutes and cooling at the end of training.

    Other Names:
    • Swimming.
    • Freestyle.
  • Procedure: Training walk

    The control group will perform walking exercise outdoors, monitored by a frequency, with the heart rate at anaerobic threshold assessed by cardiopulmonary exercise test.

    The training of walking will last 50 minutes, three times per week for 12 weeks.

    At the beginning of training, there will be a heating time of 5 minutes, followed by LA walk in cooling for 40 minutes and 5 minutes.

    Other Name: Walk.
  • Experimental: Group-swimming
    Intervention: Procedure: swim training
  • Active Comparator: Control-walk
    Intervention: Procedure: Training walk
Fernandes G, Jennings F, Nery Cabral MV, Pirozzi Buosi AL, Natour J. Swimming Improves Pain and Functional Capacity of Patients With Fibromyalgia: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2016 Aug;97(8):1269-75. doi: 10.1016/j.apmr.2016.01.026. Epub 2016 Feb 20.

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
Unknown status
Same as current
December 2012
January 2012   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)


  • Female patients with fibromyalgia according to the classification criteria of the American College of Rheumatology;
  • Patients with degree of pain between 4 and 8 cm by VAS-visual analog scale;
  • Patients who can swim the freestyle "(crawl)"; Patients with stable-medication for at least three months;
  • All patients will have signing the consent form.


  • Patients with uncontrolled cardiac disease and / or unable to perform aerobic exercises;
  • Patients with severe psychiatric disorders;
  • Patients with uncontrolled diabetes mellitus;
  • Patients who practice regular physical exercise for at least 3 months;
  • Patients with skin diseases that contraindicate the use of swimming pool;
  • Patients with inflammatory rheumatic diseases.
Sexes Eligible for Study: Female
18 Years to 60 Years   (Adult)
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Not Provided
Not Provided
Giovana Fernandes, Federal University of São Paulo
Federal University of São Paulo
Not Provided
Principal Investigator: Giovana Fernandes, Mestranda Universidade Federal de São Paulo
Federal University of São Paulo
March 2012

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP