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Intraoperative Dexamethasone Implant Improves Outcome of Cataract Surgery With Diabetic Macular Edema

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01546402
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : March 7, 2012
Results First Posted : June 18, 2014
Last Update Posted : June 18, 2014
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Aniruddha Agarwal, MD, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research

March 2, 2012
March 7, 2012
April 15, 2014
June 18, 2014
June 18, 2014
May 2011
November 2012   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Change in the Central Macular Thickness [ Time Frame: Baseline and 6 MONTHS ]
The primary outcome is the change in the central macular thickness, either an increase or decrease, as measured by optical coherence tomography as compared to the preoperative thickness.
Same as current
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT01546402 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
Change in the Visual Acuity [ Time Frame: Difference in number of letters read (6 months minus baseline) ]
Change in the visual acuity as measured by the Early Treatment of Diabetic Retinopathy Study (ETDRS) visual acuity scale (number of letters at 6 months - number of letters at baseline) The number of letters read on the ETDRS scale will be measured, with 0 being the worst and 35 being the best
Change in the Visual Acuity [ Time Frame: Baseline and 6 MONTHS ]
Change in the visual acuity as measured by the ETDRS visual acuity scale
Not Provided
Not Provided
 
Intraoperative Dexamethasone Implant Improves Outcome of Cataract Surgery With Diabetic Macular Edema
Intraoperative Dexamethasone Implant (Ozurdex®) Improves Outcome of Cataract Surgery in Patients With Diabetic Macular Edema

This study is undertaken to determine the effect of intravitreal long acting dexamethasone implant, (Ozurdex®) in improving outcome of cataract surgery in patients with diabetic macular edema.

Diabetic Macular Edema and cataract constitute important causes of visual impairment in patients with diabetes. Cataract surgery in patients with diabetic retinopathy is associated with progression of retinopathy.

Several modalities such as non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agents, carbonic anhydrase inhibitors, corticosteroids, hyperbaric oxygen, laser photocoagulation and vitrectomy with internal limiting membrane peeling have been tried for managing inflammatory cystoid macular edema.

Intravitreal Triamcinolone Acetonide (TA), a water insoluble steroid, has been shown to reduce the retinal thickness and improve the visual acuity. However, recurrence of macular edema in patients who receive intravitreal TA is a major concern as the patients need multiple repeat injections.

In search for the ideal corticosteroid preparation, a Dexamethasone Posterior Segment Drug Delivery System (Dexamethasone DDS - Ozurdex®, Allergan Inc, Irvine, California) was recently developed. Promising results have been shown in certain patients with persistent diabetic macular edema receiving this intravitreal drug delivery system with improvement in visual acuity

The present study introduces a novel concept of using intraoperative Ozurdex ® implant in patients with diabetes mellitus while undergoing cataract surgery to minimize the worsening of diabetic maculopathy.

Diabetic Macular Edema (DME) and cataract constitute important causes of visual impairment in patients with diabetes mellitus. Cataract surgery in patients with diabetic retinopathy is associated with progression of both retinopathy and maculopathy in nearly 23-57% of cases, thus affecting the final visual outcome. Post-cataract surgery, macular edema may be due to worsening/presence of pre-existing clinically significant macular edema (CSME) or due to development of Irvine Gass Syndrome where cystoid macular edema (CME) occurs in the post operative period and is believed to be inflammatory in origin. Focal/ grid laser photocoagulation is the standard of care in the management of CSME, which may be pre-existing at the time of cataract surgery or worsens following surgery. Several adjuncts including intravitreal corticosteroids, Pegaptanib Sodium (Macugen; Pfizer, New York), Ranibizumab (Lucentis; Genentech, South San Francisco, California), Bevacizumab (Avastin, Genentech) have been tried in an attempt to improve the visual results.

Several modalities such as non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agents, carbonic anhydrase inhibitors, corticosteroids, hyperbaric oxygen, laser photocoagulation and vitrectomy with internal limiting membrane peeling have been tried for managing inflammatory cystoid macular edema13. Intravitreal Triamcinolone Acetonide (TA), a water insoluble steroid, has been shown to reduce the retinal thickness and improve the visual acuity14-16. However, recurrence of macular edema in patients who receive intravitreal TA is a major concern as the patients need multiple repeat injections because of the short half life of the drug (18.6 days). A more potent steroid, dexamethasone has also been tried as an alternative to TA for macular edema; however, its short half life of only 3 hours prevents its clinical application.

In search for the ideal corticosteroid preparation, a Dexamethasone Posterior Segment Drug Delivery System (DDS) - Ozurdex®, Allergan Inc, Irvine, California) was recently developed which has generated new interest in this molecule. It is a sustained release intravitreal implant containing 700µg dexamethasone has been approved by the US-FDA (Food and Drug Administration) for treatment of macular edema in retinal vein occlusions. Promising results have been shown in certain patients with persistent diabetic macular edema receiving this intravitreal drug delivery system with improvement in visual acuity.

The present study introduces a novel concept of using intraoperative Ozurdex ® implant in patients with diabetes mellitus while undergoing cataract surgery to minimize the worsening of diabetic maculopathy.

Interventional
Phase 4
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
  • Macular Edema, Cystoid
  • Vision Disorders
  • Diabetic Macular Edema
  • Cystoid Macular Edema Following Cataract Surgery
  • Cataract
  • Drug: Dexamethasone Drug delivery system (Ozurdex)
    It is a sustained release intravitreal implant containing 700µg dexamethasone has been approved by the US-FDA (Food and Drug Administration).
    Other Name: Ozurdex
  • Procedure: Cataract surgery
    Using a clear corneal incision, continuous curvilinear capsulorhexis, hydrodissection, phacoemulsification and irrigation/aspiration of the cortex will be performed. Foldable intraocular lens will be implanted in the capsular bag. All patients will receive standard postoperative topical steroid (betamethasone 0.1%), antibiotic (moxifloxacin 0.5%) and homatropine (2%) therapy.
    Other Name: Phacoemulsification
  • Experimental: Phacoemulsification with IOL implant
    This group (Group B) includes patients who will undergo phacoemulsification with intraocular lens implantation. The dexamethasone implant will not be injected at the beginning of cataract surgery. Using a clear corneal incision, continuous curvilinear capsulorhexis, hydrodissection, phacoemulsification and irrigation/aspiration of the cortex will be performed. Foldable intraocular lens will be implanted in the capsular bag. All patients will receive standard postoperative topical steroid (betamethasone 0.1%), antibiotic (moxifloxacin 0.5%) and homatropine (2%) therapy.
    Intervention: Procedure: Cataract surgery
  • Experimental: Phacoemulsification with Ozurdex
    This group (Group A) includes patients who will undergo phacoemulsification with intraocular lens implantation with intraoperative long acting steroid injection (Ozurdex ®). The dexamethasone implant will be injected at the beginning of cataract surgery, 4mm from the limbus using the specially designed injector. Using a clear corneal incision, continuous curvilinear capsulorhexis, hydrodissection, phacoemulsification and irrigation/aspiration of the cortex will be performed. Foldable intraocular lens will be implanted in the capsular bag. All patients will receive standard postoperative topical steroid (betamethasone 0.1%), antibiotic (moxifloxacin 0.5%) and homatropine (2%) therapy.
    Intervention: Drug: Dexamethasone Drug delivery system (Ozurdex)
Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Completed
20
Same as current
November 2012
November 2012   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Inclusion Criteria:

The patients of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus fulfilling the following inclusion criteria shall be enrolled in the study:

  1. Presence of visually significant cataract requiring surgery (any grade)
  2. Patients with Non-proliferative Diabetic Retinopathy (NPDR) with/without clinically significant macular edema (CSME)
  3. Patients with Proliferative Diabetic Retinopathy (PDR) with/without CSME where proliferative component has been adequately treated with laser photocoagulation.

All patients fulfilling criteria 1 with 2 or 3 shall be enrolled in the study. The patients of either sex up to the age of 60 years would be included for the study.

Exclusion Criteria:

The following would be the exclusion criteria:

  • Presence of untreated proliferative diabetic retinopathy
  • Patients with history of ocular hypertension or glaucoma
  • Presence of associated conditions that may exacerbate macular edema, i.e. uveitis, retinal vein occlusions, neovascular glaucoma
  • History of use of drugs such as prostaglandin analogues, adrenaline or nicotinic acid
  • Patients with post-operative media haze or pupillary non-dilation that does not allow good fundus photography, Fundus Fluorescein Angiography (FFA) and Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT).
  • Patients who develop any intraoperative complication including posterior capsular rent, vitreous loss, zonular dehiscence, etc shall be excluded from the study in both the groups
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
35 Years to 70 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Yes
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
India
 
 
NCT01546402
aniruddha9
No
Not Provided
Not Provided
Aniruddha Agarwal, MD, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research
Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research
Not Provided
Principal Investigator: Vishali R Gupta, MBBS MS Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research
Principal Investigator: ANIRUDDHA K AGARWAL, MBBS Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research
Principal Investigator: Jagat Ram, MBBS MS Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research
Principal Investigator: Amod Gupta, MBBS MS Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research
Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research
June 2014

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP