Effect of Preop Nutritional Status on Outcomes of Staged Bilateral Total Knee Arthroplasty

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01545362
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : March 6, 2012
Last Update Posted : January 12, 2017
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
R. David Heekin, MD, Heekin Orthopedic Research Institute

March 1, 2012
March 6, 2012
January 12, 2017
November 2011
November 2016   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Blood loss until drain is pulled [ Time Frame: postoperatively ]
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Complete list of historical versions of study NCT01545362 on Archive Site
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Effect of Preop Nutritional Status on Outcomes of Staged Bilateral Total Knee Arthroplasty
The Effect of Preop Nutritional Status on Outcomes of Staged Bilateral Total Knee Replacements Performed Within One Week
To determine if preop nutritional status is an indicator for outcomes of bilateral staged total knee arthroplasty. The investigators expect that patients having staged bilateral total knee arthroplasty with the second procedure performed within one week of the first and have a total lymphocyte count >1500 per cubic millimeter and serum albumin level >35 grams per liter will have the same or less complications and shorter length of stay than those with lower lymphocyte count and albumin level.

Association of malnutrition with postoperative complications after TKA has been reported in the form of increased rate of periprosthetic infection, longer hospital stay, etc. Reduced serum albumin and total lymphocyte count are commonly used to define malnutrition.

The goal was to evaluate the impact of the nutritional status on the outcomes of primary staged bilateral TKAs performed one-week apart during two separate hospitalizations.

Fifty consecutive patients with mean age of 67 years, mean BMI of 28.9 and 2.3 mean ASA score were followed for one year.

Prior to the first surgery 32% had a TLC <1500 cells/mm3 and 84% had a SA <3.5 g/dL. Before the second surgery 62% had a reduced TLC and all but one had a reduced SA.

Nine patients had a total of 12 perioperative blood transfusions (2 after the first surgery and 10 after the second surgery). The average length of stay was 3 days after each TKA.

None of the patients with the lowest TLC or SA before the first or the second stage had a revision.

Bilateral TKAs performed seven days apart in two separate hospitalizations is a safe and practical approach for qualified patients. The postoperative course was similar after each surgery. The preoperative nutritional status defined by TLC and SA did not influence the postoperative outcomes.

Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Prospective
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Non-Probability Sample
Cohort selected from patients in orthopaedic clinic
Procedure: Total knee arthroplasty
Total knee arthroplasty
Staged bilateral total knee arthroplasty
Patients that have bilateral total knee arthroplasty staged within one week
Intervention: Procedure: Total knee arthroplasty
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*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
November 2016
November 2016   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patient is a male or non-pregnant female over the age of 21.
  • Patient requires a bilateral staged knee arthroplasty (within 7 days)
  • Patient has signed and dated an IRB approved consent form.
  • Patient is able and willing to participate in the study according to the protocol for the full length of expected term of follow-up, and to follow their physician's directions.
  • Patient has failed to respond to conservative treatment modalities.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patient's bone stock is compromised by disease or infection, which cannot provide adequate support and/or fixation to the prosthesis.
  • Patient is a prisoner.
  • Surgery on the second side cancelled or delayed past 7 days by patient request subject will be terminated from the study.
  • BMI >35
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
21 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
United States
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R. David Heekin, MD, Heekin Orthopedic Research Institute
Heekin Orthopedic Research Institute
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Principal Investigator: R. David Heekin, M.D. Heekin Institute for Orthopedic Research
Heekin Orthopedic Research Institute
January 2017