Assessment of Exercise Intensity in Cardiac Rehabilitation Programmes for Patients With Chronic Heart Failure

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01545102
Recruitment Status : Unknown
Verified March 2012 by Guy Lloyd, Eastbourne General Hospital.
Recruitment status was:  Not yet recruiting
First Posted : March 6, 2012
Last Update Posted : March 7, 2012
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Guy Lloyd, Eastbourne General Hospital

February 29, 2012
March 6, 2012
March 7, 2012
April 2012
April 2013   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
The primary outcome measure is the oxygen uptake(VO2)during exercise [ Time Frame: 13 weeks ]
Same as current
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT01545102 on Archive Site
  • Affective responses (e.g. feelings of pleasure/displeasure) [ Time Frame: 13 weeks ]
    Questionnaire used to measure affective responses (Feelings Scale, Felt Anxiety Scale and Activation/Deactivation )
  • Weekly physical activity [ Time Frame: 13 weeks ]
    Average daily physical activity: Participants' freeliving activity will be classified by ActivPAL into periods spent sitting, standing and walking, and daily energy expenditure will also be estimated from this information.
Same as current
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Assessment of Exercise Intensity in Cardiac Rehabilitation Programmes for Patients With Chronic Heart Failure
Assessment of Exercise Intensity in Cardiac Rehabilitation Programmes for Patients With Chronic Heart Failure

Cardiac rehabilitation is the ideal comprehensive intervention for patients with chronic heart failure (CHF), since it addresses the complex interplay of medical, psychological and behavioural factors facing these individuals. Structured exercise training within a cardiac rehabilitation programme is firmly recommended for these patients. However, it is questionable whether patients are achieving an adequate dose of exercise to provide optimal benefits. The essential components for setting optimal training include the appropriate mode, duration, frequency and intensity of exercise. UK surveys of cardiac rehabilitation describe the frequency and duration of training, but here is scant information on exercise intensity. However, it is apparent that randomised controlled trials of exercise training use doses more than 4 times greater than in UK current practice. The Eastbourne Exercise Cardiology Research Group has demonstrated that although patients benefit from improved quality of life and submaximal fitness after a hospital outpatient cardiac rehabilitation programme, they do not achieve the increases in important prognostic indicators reported by the majority of exercise training trials.

The critical factor in terms of eliciting a sufficient training effect while minimising risk is the intensity of the exercise performed. It is now widely accepted that the traditional methods of using fixed percentages of maximal heart rate or oxygen uptake to set exercise intensity include serious errors. The European Society of Cardiology recommends that cardiopulmonary exercise testing should be used to provide an objective evaluation of the metabolic demand of exercise. This allows physiologically meaningful reference points to be established for aerobic exercise prescription and is the solution to defining safe and effective training intensities. The next step is to determine whether this information can be transferred to a practical cardiac rehabilitation environment to set and monitor exercise intensity

Background Heart failure is a chronic, costly and life-threatening disorder that constitutes a significant burden for individuals and the National Health Service [There are 27,000 new cases reported per annum in the UK. Cardiac rehabilitation (CR) is recommended as the ideal comprehensive intervention since it addresses the complex interplay of medical, psychological and behavioural factors facing CHF patients and carers.

Study Aim Primary objective to describe the exercise intensity, defined by oxygen uptake (VO2) in terms of the individual physiological thresholds, in CHF patients undergoing CR according to current guidelines Primary end point: VO2 Secondary objectives Secondary objectives of this study are:-

  1. To measure resting and exercising energy expenditure in order to a) establish the value of 1 MET (resting metabolic rate) for patients with CHF, and b) to establish the MET value (defined as multiples of resting metabolic rate) for exercises performed in CR sessions
  2. To measure affective responses (feeling very bad - feeling very good; levels of energy - tiredness and tension - calmness) to exercise during CR sessions
  3. To measure weekly physical activity level in CHF patients undergoing Phase III and IV CR.

For the secondary analysis the following secondary end points and parameters will be established

  1. MET values, defined as multiples of resting oxygen uptake or resting metabolic rate (1 MET), for different CR exercises
  2. Ratings of affective response on the Feelings Scale (FS) and ratings of perceived activation on the Felt Arousal Scale (FAS).
  3. Average daily activity over 7 day period in terms of steps per day and periods spent sitting, standing and walking
Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Prospective
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Probability Sample
21 CHF patients from Heart Failure clinic at Eastbourne District General Hospital
Cardiac Failure
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*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
Unknown status
Same as current
April 2013
April 2013   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Inclusion criteria:

  • Systolic heart failure with resting left ventricular ejection fraction below 40%
  • New York Heart Association (NYHA) class I-III
  • clinically stable for at least 4 weeks on optimised medication dosage according to current guidelines

Exclusion criteria:

  • Acute coronary syndrome within past 6 months
  • Untreated lifethreatening cardiac arrhythmias
  • Acute heart failure (during initial period of haemodynamic instability)
  • Uncontrolled hypertension
  • Advanced atrioventricular block
  • Acute myocarditis or pericarditis
  • Symptomatic aortic stenosis
  • Severe hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy
  • Acute systemic illness Intracardiac thrombus
  • Progressive worsening of exercise tolerance of dyspnoea at rest over previous 35 days
  • Significant ischaemia during low intensity exercise (< 2 METS, < 50W)
  • Uncontrolled diabetes
  • Recent embolism
  • Thrombophlebitis
  • New onset atrial fibrillation/flutter
  • > 1.8 kg increase in body mass over previous 13 days
  • Concurrent, continuous or intermittent dobutamine therapy
  • Decrease in systolic blood pressure with exercise
  • NYHA Functional Class IV
  • Complex ventricular arrhythmia at rest or appearing with exertion
  • Supine resting heart rate > 100 beats/min
  • Patient is participating in a conflicting study, is unable to perform exercise testing
  • Patient lacks the capacity to consent or cannot comply with study requirements
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
United Kingdom
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Guy Lloyd, Eastbourne General Hospital
Guy Lloyd
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Principal Investigator: Guy W Lloyd, MD Eastbourne General Hospital
Eastbourne General Hospital
March 2012