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Efficacy of Web-based Pain Self-management for Adolescents With Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis (WebSMART)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01541917
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : March 1, 2012
Results First Posted : March 9, 2017
Last Update Posted : March 9, 2017
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases (NIAMS)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Children's Mercy Hospital Kansas City

February 24, 2012
March 1, 2012
November 21, 2016
March 9, 2017
March 9, 2017
July 2012
April 2016   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
  • Change in Pain Intensity [ Time Frame: Baseline, post-treatment, 6-month follow-up, 12-month follow-up ]
    Pain intensity was assessed by patient-self report using an electronic numeric rating scale ranging from 0-10, with 0 being the lowest value ("no pain") and 10 being the highest value ("very much pain").
  • Change in PedsQL Rheumatology Health-Related Quality of Life Total Score [ Time Frame: Pre-intervention, post-intervention, 6-month follow-up, 12-month follow-up ]
    Health-related quality of life was measured by patient self-report using an electronic version of the PedsQL Rheumatology Module. Responses on this scale are transformed into a 0-100 scale, with 0 being the worst value for health-related quality of life and 100 being the best possible value for health-related quality of life.
  • Change in Pain Intensity [ Time Frame: Baseline, post-treatment, 6-month follow-up, 12-month follow-up ]
    Pain intensity will be assessed by patient-self report using an electronic numeric rating scale.
  • Change in PedsQL Rheumatology Health-Related Quality of Life Total Score [ Time Frame: Pre-intervention, post-intervention, 6-month follow-up, 12-month follow-up ]
    Health-related quality of life will be measured by patient self-report using an electronic version of the PedsQL Rheumatology Module.
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT01541917 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
  • Change in Medical Issues, Exercise, Pain and Social Support Questionnaire (MEPS) Education Score [ Time Frame: Pre-intervention, post-intervention, 6-month follow-up, 12-month follow-up ]
    Knowledge about Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis was measured by patient self-report using an electronic version of the Medical Issues, Exercise, Pain and Social support (MEPS) Questionnaire. Responses on this scale are measured on a 0-10 numeric rating scale and averaged together to form a summary score, with 0 being the worst possible score and 10 being the best possible score.
  • Change in Disease Activity [ Time Frame: Pre-intervention, post-intervention, 6-month follow-up, 12-month follow-up ]
    Disease activity was assessed by the treating physician based on a complete joint count (count of the number of joints that are swollen, painful, tender, or restriction in motion). The lowest (best) value is 0, and the highest (worst) possible value is 300.
  • Change in Children's Arthritis Self-Efficacy (CASE) Scores [ Time Frame: Pre-intervention, post-intervention, 6-month follow-up, 12-month follow-up ]
    Confidence in managing arthritis was measured by patient self-report using an electronic version of the Children's Arthritis Self-Efficacy (CASE) scale. Responses on a 5-point scale ("not at all sure" to "very sure") are averaged together to form a total score, with 0 being the worst possible value and 5 being the best possible value.
  • Change in Approach Coping [ Time Frame: Pre-intervention, post-intervention, 6-month follow-up, 12-month follow-up ]
    Scores on the Approach Coping sub-scale of the Pain Coping Questionnaire were used to measure approach coping, which is a type of coping considered to be adaptive and helpful for pain. Responses to items on this subscale are on a 5-point scale ("never use" to "very often use") and are averaged together for the subscale score, such that scores range from a worst possible value of 1 to a best possible value of 5.
  • Change in Medical Issues, Exercise, Pain and Social Support Questionnaire (MEPS) Education Score [ Time Frame: Pre-intervention, post-intervention, 6-month follow-up, 12-month follow-up ]
    Knowledge about Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis will be measured by patient self-report using an electronic version of the Medical Issues, Exercise, Pain and Social support (MEPS) Questionnaire
  • Change in Disease Activity [ Time Frame: Pre-intervention, post-intervention, 6-month follow-up, 12-month follow-up ]
    Disease activity will be assessed by the treating physician using a composite index comprising an 11-point global disease severity assessment and a count of the number of joints that are swollen, tender, or limited in range of motion.
  • Change in Children's Arthritis Self-Efficacy (CASE) Scores [ Time Frame: Pre-intervention, post-intervention, 6-month follow-up, 12-month follow-up ]
    Confidence in managing arthritis will be measured by patient self-report using an electronic version of the Children's Arthritis Self-Efficacy (CASE) scale.
  • Change in Pain Coping Questionnaire scores [ Time Frame: Pre-intervention, post-intervention, 6-month follow-up, 12-month follow-up ]
    Types of pain coping strategies used will be measured by patient self-report using an electronic version of the Pain Coping Questionnaire.
Not Provided
Not Provided
 
Efficacy of Web-based Pain Self-management for Adolescents With Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis
WebSMART: Efficacy of Web-based Pain Self-management for Adolescents With Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis
The purpose of this multi-site randomized clinical trial is to determine if an online coping skills training program will produce superior improvements in pain and health-related quality of life outcomes for adolescents with JIA relative to outcomes attained with reviewing online educational information about JIA.
There is a critical gap in the contemporary treatment of Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis (JIA) wherein a majority of adolescent patients still experience ongoing pain and reduced health-related quality of life even with advances in medical management of the disease. Despite the pervasiveness of this problem, most adolescents receive no training in the strategies that can help empower them to reduce pain and disability. The Internet offers a unique opportunity to reach adolescents with JIA and provide the training in pain self-management strategies that otherwise may not occur due to treatment access and resource obstacles. The objective of this research study is to conduct a definitive test of an investigator-developed online coping skills training program for English- and Spanish-speaking adolescents with JIA. Based on data from the investigators' preliminary work, the central hypothesis is that use of an online coping skills training program will produce superior improvements in pain and health-related quality of life outcomes for adolescents with JIA relative to outcomes attained with reviewing extant online educational information about JIA and receiving additional attention to coping efforts (control condition). Specific aims for the proposed work include (a) determining the extent to which an online coping skills training program for adolescents with JIA produces improvements in key health outcomes that currently do not optimally respond to only contemporary medical management (pain and health-related quality of life); and (b) determining predictors of change in pain and health-related quality of life indices in adolescents with JIA and establishing the extent to which online coping skills training influences health outcomes via these predictors. An exploratory aim is to determine the acceptability and preliminary efficacy of online coping skills training within a subgroup of Hispanic adolescents with JIA. These aims will be achieved through the approach of using a multi-center randomized controlled trial in which a sample of 360 consenting English- and Spanish-speaking adolescents aged 12-18 years with JIA will be enrolled and randomized into one of two groups: (a) an experimental group consisting of a 12-week interactive online multi-component treatment protocol including targeted disease education, training in empirically supported cognitive-behavioral coping skills, and social support augmented by monthly telephone contact with a nurse; or (b) a control group consisting of 12 weeks of guided access to extant online resources for disease education and additional attention to own best efforts at managing JIA via monthly telephone contact with a nurse. Outcome data will be collected from both groups prior to treatment, immediately following the intervention, and at 6- and 12-month follow-up assessments. Successful completion of this project is expected to establish to what extent and how an innovative online self-management program produces change in clinically relevant health outcomes in both English- and Spanish-speaking adolescents with JIA. The proposed study therefore can be expected to have a significant positive impact in the healthcare of teens with JIA and in identifying treatment targets for other youth self-management interventions.
Interventional
Phase 3
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single (Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis
  • Behavioral: Web-based coping skills training
    This intervention comprises a 12-week interactive, multi-component, multimedia online training that consists of instruction in specific self-management strategies, disease education, and social support. The content is rooted in cognitive-behavioral principles of disease self-management. In addition to the web-based modules, the intervention consists of monthly telephone support for 3 months by a trained bilingual health coach (research nurse) to review material and help enhance motivation.
  • Behavioral: Online disease education
    The online disease education intervention provides access to an online resource center containing links to 12 educational websites about Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis. Participants will be asked to review one educational website per week over the course of 12 weeks. Participants also will receive three monthly phone calls by a bilingual nurse "health coach" to discuss the participant's efforts at managing his/her disease.
  • Experimental: Web-based coping skills training
    Involves completion of a 12-week interactive, multi-component, multimedia online training that consists of instruction in specific self-management strategies, disease education, and social support.
    Intervention: Behavioral: Web-based coping skills training
  • Active Comparator: Online disease education
    Involves viewing 12 educational websites about Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis over the course of 12 weeks.
    Intervention: Behavioral: Online disease education
Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Completed
305
360
June 2016
April 2016   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Inclusion Criteria:

  • 12-18 years of age (inclusive)
  • diagnosed with JIA by a pediatric rheumatologist
  • able to speak and read English and/or Spanish
  • able to complete online measures
  • reporting pain in at least one joint over the past 6 months

Exclusion Criteria:

  • have another chronic medical condition that adversely impacts pain and/or health-related quality of life (e.g., inflammatory bowel disease, fibromyalgia, cancer, genetic disorder, pervasive developmental disorder, diabetes)
  • have a significant cognitive impairment or illiteracy that would prevent understanding of the intervention and outcome measures
  • currently in psychotherapy
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
12 Years to 18 Years   (Child, Adult)
No
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
United States
 
 
NCT01541917
GRANT10829275
1R01AR061513-01 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
Yes
Not Provided
Plan to Share IPD: Yes
Plan Description: A deidentified dataset is available for secondary analyses per our Resource Sharing Plan.
Children's Mercy Hospital Kansas City
Children's Mercy Hospital Kansas City
National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases (NIAMS)
Principal Investigator: Mark A Connelly, PhD Children's Mercy Hospital Kansas City
Principal Investigator: Jennifer Stinson, PhD The Hospital for Sick Children
Children's Mercy Hospital Kansas City
January 2017

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP