Effects of Craniosacral Therapy on Chronic Neck Pain (CranioS)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01526447
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : February 3, 2012
Last Update Posted : February 23, 2017
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Heidemarie Haller, Universität Duisburg-Essen

February 1, 2012
February 3, 2012
February 23, 2017
February 2012
December 2012   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Pain intensity [ Time Frame: week 8 ]
Pain intensity on a 100mm visual analogue scale (VAS)
Same as current
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT01526447 on Archive Site
  • Pain intensity in motion [ Time Frame: week 8 ]
    Pain intensity induced by flexion, extension, lateral flexion and rotation of the head on a 100mm visual analogue scale (VAS)
  • Pressure pain threshold [ Time Frame: week 8 ]
    Pressure pain threshold (PPT) measured with an algometer on predefined muscles and the pain maximum
  • Disability [ Time Frame: week 8 ]
    Measured by the Neck Disability Indx (NDI)
  • Quality of life [ Time Frame: week 8 ]
    Measured by the Short-Form Health Survey (SF-12)
  • Well being [ Time Frame: week 8 ]
    Measured by the Questionnaire for Assessing Subjective Physical Well-Being (FEW-16)
  • Anxiety and depression [ Time Frame: week 8 ]
    Measured by the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS)
  • Stress perception [ Time Frame: week 8 ]
    Measured by the Perceived Stress Questionnaire (PSQ-20)
  • Pain acceptance [ Time Frame: week 8 ]
    Measured by the Emotional and Rational Disease Acceptance Questionnaire (ERDA)
  • Body awareness [ Time Frame: week 8 ]
    Measured by the Scale of Body Connection (SBC)
  • Global Impression [ Time Frame: week 8 ]
    Measured by the Patient Global Impression of Improvement Questionnaire (PGI-I)
  • Safety [ Time Frame: week 8 ]
    All adverse events are recorded
Same as current
Not Provided
Not Provided
Effects of Craniosacral Therapy on Chronic Neck Pain
Effects of Craniosacral Therapy on Chronic Neck Pain: A Randomized Controlled Trial
The purpose of this randomized controlled trial is to determinate the efficacy and safety of Craniosacral Therapy in the treatment of chronic unspecific neck pain.
Craniosacral Therapy (CST) is a variation of osteopathic manipulation with an integrative approach. By soft manual palpation of the craniosacral and fascia system sensory, motor, cognitive, and emotional processes can be influenced. In the prevention and treatment of chronic pain syndromes Craniosacral Therapy is demonstrated to be effective in clinical practice and quite a few scientific trials. But yet there are no randomized controlled studies concerning to chronic neck pain. So the aim of this study is to investigate whether a total of 8 CST units of 45 minutes will be effective in patients suffering from chronic nonspecific neck pain in contrast to sham therapy of the same extent. The prospective study design includes measurement points at baseline, post treatment, and 3 months follow-up.
Not Applicable
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Triple (Participant, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Neck Pain
  • Procedure: Craniosacral Therapy
    Standardized therapy protocol (according to Upledger): Still point technique, diaphragm release, compression-decompression and lift techniques of the cranial bones, facial balancing in the region of shoulder and pelvis and somato-emotional unwinding
  • Procedure: Sham Craniosacral Therapy
    Standardized sham protocol: Placing hands on various parts of the clothed body for two minutes each time without therapeutic intention
  • Experimental: Craniosacral Therapy (CST)
    Each participant of the experimental group receives 8 Craniosacral Therapy units once a week of 45 minutes.
    Intervention: Procedure: Craniosacral Therapy
  • Sham Comparator: Sham Craniosacral Therapy (SHAM)
    Each participant of the sham group receives 8 sham therapy units once a week of 45 minutes.
    Intervention: Procedure: Sham Craniosacral Therapy

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
Same as current
April 2013
December 2012   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Chronic unspecific neck pain for at least 3 months
  • Mean neck pain of moderate intensity (>/=45mm on VAS)
  • Therapy-naive subjects

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Specific neck pain due to severe deformity of the spine, prolapse, rheumatic or neurological disorder, trauma, operation or cancer
  • other severe somatic or psychiatric comorbidity
  • pregnancy
  • regular intake of opiates, corticosteroids (>10mg prednisolon), muscle relaxants or antidepressants
  • recent invasive or manipulative treatment of the spine
  • participation in other clinical trials
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
18 Years to 65 Years   (Adult)
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Not Provided
Not Provided
Heidemarie Haller, Universität Duisburg-Essen
Universität Duisburg-Essen
Not Provided
Study Chair: Gustav J. Dobos, Prof. Chair of Complementary and Integrative Medicine, University Duisburg-Essen, Germany
Universität Duisburg-Essen
February 2017

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP