Psychological and Psychosocial Intervention With War-Affected Children

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01509872
Recruitment Status : Unknown
Verified January 2012 by Paul O'Callaghan, Queen's University, Belfast.
Recruitment status was:  Active, not recruiting
First Posted : January 13, 2012
Last Update Posted : January 13, 2012
Transcultural Psychosocial Organisation
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Paul O'Callaghan, Queen's University, Belfast

January 6, 2012
January 13, 2012
January 13, 2012
October 2011
December 2011   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Change in Post-traumatic Stress Symptoms as measured by the University of California Los Angelus Post Traumatic Stress Disorder -Reaction Index [ Time Frame: baseline, 3 week post-intervention and 3-months ]
Same as current
No Changes Posted
Change in Psychosocial Distress as measured by the African Youth Psychosocial Assessment Instrument [ Time Frame: baseline, 3 week post-intervention and 3-months ]
Same as current
Not Provided
Not Provided
Psychological and Psychosocial Intervention With War-Affected Children
An RCT Comparing Trauma-Focused Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (a Specific Psychological Intervention) and A Child Friendly Space (a Non-trauma Focused Psychosocial Intervention) in Reducing Psychological Distress Among War-affected Children
The investigators are interested in knowing whether a group-based, trauma-focused intervention (Trauma Focused Cognitive Behavioral Therapy) is superior to a more general, non trauma-focused, psychosocial intervention (Child Friendly Spaces) in reducing post-traumatic stress, depression and anxiety and conduct problems and increasing pro-social behavior among war-affected children in the Democratic Republic of Congo.
Not Provided
Phase 2
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double (Care Provider, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
  • Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic
  • Depression
  • Anxiety
  • Conduct
  • Pro-social Behavior
  • Behavioral: Trauma Focused Cognitive Behavioral Therapy
    9 sessions of manualised, culturally modified, group-based trauma-focused cognitive behavioral therapy
  • Behavioral: Child Friendly Space
    9 sessions of a manualised, culturally appropriate, non trauma-focused psychosocial intervention
  • Experimental: Trauma-Focused Cognitive Behavioral Therapy
    Trauma-Focused Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (Cohen, Mannarino, Deblinger, 2006; Smith and Saunders, 2005) is a child-friendly, manualised psychological intervention for children who experience nightmares, flashbacks, anxiety, anger, social isolation, poor concentration or self-blame after experiencing or witnessing a violent and terrifying life event (e.g. rape, murder, abduction etc). This intervention was culturally modified for use with war-affected children.
    Intervention: Behavioral: Trauma Focused Cognitive Behavioral Therapy
  • Active Comparator: A Child Friendly Space
    A Child Friendly Space is a psychosocial intervention combining creative (e.g. art), imaginative (e.g. drama), physical (e.g. football), communicative (e.g. group discussions) and manipulative activities (e.g. story telling). It aids children's natural development by providing a safe place for children to learn, express themselves, grow and develop, supported by trained animators and peer educators.
    Intervention: Behavioral: Child Friendly Space
Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
Unknown status
Same as current
April 2012
December 2011   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Inclusion Criteria:

  • under 18 years of age,
  • witness to a violent event involving a real or perceived direct threat to life,
  • ability to attend a 3-week intervention

Exclusion Criteria:

  • psychosis,
  • mental retardation,
  • inability to understand Swahili,
  • severe emotional & behavioral problems that made group participation impossible
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
7 Years to 18 Years   (Child, Adult)
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Not Provided
Not Provided
Paul O'Callaghan, Queen's University, Belfast
Queen's University, Belfast
  • Transcultural Psychosocial Organisation
Study Director: Dr Ciarán Shannon, BA, MA, DClin British Psychological Society (Chartered Clinical Psychologist)
Queen's University, Belfast
January 2012

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP