SPHERIC-1. Sildenafil and Pulmonary HypERtension In COPD (SPHERIC-1)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01441934
Recruitment Status : Unknown
Verified February 2013 by Dr. Patrizio Vitulo, The Mediterranean Institute for Transplantation and Advanced Specialized Therapies.
Recruitment status was:  Recruiting
First Posted : September 28, 2011
Last Update Posted : February 4, 2013
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Dr. Patrizio Vitulo, The Mediterranean Institute for Transplantation and Advanced Specialized Therapies

July 29, 2011
September 28, 2011
February 4, 2013
October 2010
February 2013   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR) [ Time Frame: 16 weeks ]

PVR are measured by right cath study as the following formula:

PVR= (mean pulmonary arterial pressure-pulmonary arterial wedge pressure)/cardiac output

Same as current
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT01441934 on Archive Site
  • Arterial blood gas analysis [ Time Frame: 16 Weeks ]
  • Pulmonary function - Borg scale [ Time Frame: 16 Weeks ]
    The dyspnea is assessed by an analogic scale from 0 (no dyspnea) to 10 (very severe dyspnea)
  • Pulmonary function - Bode Index [ Time Frame: 16 Weeks ]
    The BODE Index is a composite marker of disease taking into consideration the systemic nature of COPD: FEV1% pred = predicted amount as a percentage of the forced expiratory lung volume in one second; 6MWD = six minute walking distance; MMRC = modified medical research council dyspnea scale; BMI = body mass index.
  • Functional capacity - Quality of Life [ Time Frame: 16 Weeks ]
    Quality of Life is assessed by a standardized questionnaire (SF-36 questionnaire) at baseline and the end of study
  • Functional capacity testing - 6 Minutes walking test [ Time Frame: 16 Weeks ]
    The six-minute walk test is performed in a straight corridor (length 25-30 meters) in the same environmental conditions
Same as current
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SPHERIC-1. Sildenafil and Pulmonary HypERtension In COPD
A Multicenter, Randomized, Double-blind, Placebo-controlled Study Evaluating the Effect of Sildenafil in the Treatment of Patients With Pulmonary Hypertension Associated to Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease

Although pulmonary hypertension (PH) is a quite frequent complication of advanced pulmonary diseases, and it is an independent prognostic factor, until now no evidence-based treatment approach exists for those patients.

This study will address if the drug sildenafil can lower pulmonary vascular resistance in patients with significant pulmonary hypertension (high blood pressure in the lungs) associated to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). It will see if this treatment can improve effort capacity, quality of life without causing a deterioration in pulmonary gas exchange (mainly arterial oxygenation).

Patients 18 years of age and older with moderate COPD and pulmonary hypertension (mean pulmonary arterial pressure >30 mmHg) may be eligible for this study. Participants are randomly assigned to receive sildenafil or placebo (pill with no drug) for 16 weeks.

Before starting treatment (baseline), and a the end of the study, the patients have a comprehensive assessment including:

  • a chest x-ray and CT scan (only at baseline);
  • pulmonary function tests to measure how much air the patient can breathe in and out, and the capacity of diffusion of gases;
  • arterial blood gases analysis (for safety reason this examination is performed at baseline, before the randomization after one hour from the administration of a tablet (20 mg) of sildenafil, and every month)
  • an echocardiogram (heart ultrasound) (only at baseline);
  • a 6-minute walk test to measure exercise capacity;
  • a quality-of-life assessment (SF-36 questionnaire)
  • a right heart catheterization to evaluate the severity of hypertension

At the end of the 16-week period, patients may opt to continue to receive sildenafil and monitoring in an open-label phase of the study for up to 1 year.

Not Provided
Phase 3
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
  • Pulmonary Hypertension
  • COPD
  • Drug: Sildenafil citrate
    sildenafil 20 mg t.i.d. compared to placebo 20 mg t.i.d - 16 weeks treatment
    Other Name: Revatio
  • Drug: Sugar pills
    placebo t.i.d.
  • Active Comparator: Sildenafil citrate
    20 mg t.i.d.
    Intervention: Drug: Sildenafil citrate
  • Placebo Comparator: Sugar pill
    Intervention: Drug: Sugar pills
Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
Unknown status
February 2013
February 2013   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patient affected by stable COPD under optimal treatment, chronic oxygen therapy in patients with hypoxia, with PaO2 at rest ≥ 60 mmHg and PaCO2≤ 55 mmHg, aged between 18 and 80 years old:
  • Group 1: BPCO GOLD I‐III (post bronchodilator FEV1 ≥ 30%, FEV1/FVC ≤ 0,7 , TLC ≥ 70%) + PAPm ≥ 30 mmHg and PCP <15 mmHg
  • Group 2: BPCO GOLD IV (post bronchodilator FEV1 <30%, FEV1/FVC ≤ 0,7 , TLC ≥ 70%) + PAPm ≥ 35 mmHg and PCP <15 mmHg

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Different types of pulmonary hypertension (chronic, thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension, pulmonary arterial hypertension etc.)
  • Significant left cardiac disease (LVEF <45%, cardiomyopathy, valvulopathy, unstable coronaropathy)
  • Treatment with nitrates in the last 10 days, or in need of other nitrate therapy for different diseases
  • Treatment with other specific drugs for arterial pulmonary hypertension (less than 4 weeks)
  • Significant systemic disease other than COPD
  • Recent exacerbations of chronic bronchitis (< 4 weeks)
  • Pregnancy or breastfeeding, or women without an adequate contraceptive method for the whole study duration
  • History of anaphylaxis or allergic reactions to 5-phosphodiesterase inhibitors
  • Cancers within the last 5 years with the exception of localized cancers of the skin or of the cervix
  • Hepatic insufficiency or chronic renal failure or hemoglobinemia < 10 g/dL during the screening phase
  • Contraindications to subministration as per SPC
  • Mental disorder, alcohol abuse, chronic alcoholism, drug abuse
  • Subjects unable to sign the informed consent form
  • Subjects unable to walk
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
18 Years to 80 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Not Provided
Not Provided
Dr. Patrizio Vitulo, The Mediterranean Institute for Transplantation and Advanced Specialized Therapies
Italian Association of Hospital Pneumologists
Not Provided
Study Chair: Patrizio Vitulo, MD Dept. of Medicine - Pulmonary Medicine - IsMeTT Palermo, Italy
Study Chair: Carmine D. Vizza, MD Pulmonary Hypertension Center - Dept. of Cardiovascular and Respiratory Sciences - I° School of Medicine - Sapienza University of Rome (Italy)
Italian Association of Hospital Pneumologists
February 2013

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP