Influence of Cosmetic Color Tinted Contact Lenses on the Ocular Surface
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01441648|
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : September 28, 2011
Last Update Posted : January 20, 2014
|First Submitted Date||September 26, 2011|
|First Posted Date||September 28, 2011|
|Last Update Posted Date||January 20, 2014|
|Study Start Date||December 2011|
|Actual Primary Completion Date||December 2013 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
|Current Primary Outcome Measures
||Comfort [ Time Frame: during 6 month weart ]|
|Original Primary Outcome Measures||Not Provided|
|Current Secondary Outcome Measures||Not Provided|
|Original Secondary Outcome Measures||Not Provided|
|Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures||Not Provided|
|Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures||Not Provided|
|Brief Title||Influence of Cosmetic Color Tinted Contact Lenses on the Ocular Surface|
|Official Title||Influence of Cosmetic Color Tinted Contact Lenses on the Ocular Surface|
|Brief Summary||More than 1 million people worldwide wear soft contact lenses for refractive error correction. However, severe sight threatening complications due to contact lens wear such as contact lens-related microbial keratitis (CLMK) are about 1 per 2500 persons per year. The rate of infection increases drastically to 1 per 500 person per year if lenses were worn overnight. Recently, color tinted cosmetic soft contact lenses, which are essentially soft contact lenses with a color tinted annular ring, are gaining increasing popularity especially among the younger and Asian population desiring a change in iris color or the doll-eyed look. However, studies on the effect of these lenses on the ocular surface have been scarce. Recently, a report of 12 cases of lens-related microbial keratitis due to wear of the color tinted lenses have been reported. Others reported of decreased contrast sensitivity, increased higher order aberrations, and temporary changes in corneal topography due to color tinted lens wear. Nevertheless, comprehensive and prospective study has not yet been done. Thus, the purpose of this study is to conduct a prospective observational study to determine the influence of color tinted cosmetic contact lens wear both on visual performance and ocular surface alterations.|
3. Methods All subjects are required to fill out basic information and take a survey questionnaire before and after contact lens wear. Subjects will be examined and tested before being fitted to color tinted contact lens with slit-lamp biomicroscopy and fluorescein staining (Heig Strait, Germany), intraocular pressure measurement by pneumotonometery (Topcon® CT-80), refractometer (Topcon® KR-8900), uncorrected and best corrected Snellen visual acuity (UCVA and BCVA), Schirmir test 1, tear film break-up time (TBUT), corneal topography (Bausch & Lomb® Orb IIz), and endothelial cell density measurement by specular microscopy (Konan Noncon Robo-Sp-9000, USA). Exams are also performed at 1 week, 1, 3, and 6 months of lens wear. A special chart for all subjects is filled out during each visit During each exam, subjects will be observed for signs of conjunctival injection, conjunctival papillary hypertrophy, pannus formation, and corneal epitheliopathy. These signs are graded as shown in the table below.
Signs 0=Normal 1=Mild 2=Moderate 3=Severe Conjunctival Injection None Minimal Obvious Diffuse Papillae Size None <0.25mm 0.25-0.5mm >0.5mm Superficial Pannus No pannus 1 quadrant 2 quadrants >=3 quadrants Punctate Epitheliopathy None <1/3 of cornea 1/3-1/2 of cornea Confluent or with epithelial defect
Schirmir test 1 (basal secretion test) is performed for 5 minutes and considered abnormal if the filter strip wets <5 mm in length. TBUT of less than 10 seconds is considered abnormal.
Impression cytology will be performed before lens wear and at 3 and 6 months post lens wear at National Taiwan University. Nitrocellulose filter paper with the pore size of 0.22 μm (Millipore GSWP 04700, Billerica, MA, U.S.A.) are cut into strips (about 4x8 mm). After a drop of topical anesthetic (proparacaine 0.5 %) application, excess tears are gently absorbed by sterile cotton swabs. Nitrocellulose strip are placed on the surface of limbal conjunctiva. After applying light pressure, the paper strips are peeled off and immediately fixed in 95% alcohol. The strips are then stained using periodic acid-Schiff (PAS ; Sigma 395132, Hattiesburg, MS, USA) and examined under light microscopy at 40X magnification and graded by mask observers following Saini et al's criteria21 as follows. Grade 1: Small round epithelial cells with a nucleus to cytoplasm ration of 1:2. Large number of deeply positive cells present. A good confluent sheet of cells is usually obtained. Grade2: A good cell sheet consisting of larger polygonal epithelial cells with a decreased nucleocytoplasmic ration of 1:3. Goblet cells reduced in number, but still deeply PAS-positive. Grade 3: Larger polygonal cells with a further decrease in nucleus to cytoplasm ratio. Reduced number of goblet cells, with reduced staining. Grade 4: Larger polygonal basophilic cells with pyknotic nuclei. Intracellular keratin often demonstrable. Absent goblet cells. Only a few loose clumps were obtainable. Goblet cell density is also graded by counting the average number of cells per 100 epithelial cells in at least four high power fields (HPF). Grade 1: >30 goblet cells/ 4 HPF. Grade 2: 15-30 goblet cells/ 4 HPF. Grade 3: 5-15 goblet cells/ 4 HPF. Grade 4: <5 goblet cells/ 4 HPF.
In vivo confocal microscopy imaging of the cornea will be performed before lens wear and at 3 and 6 months post lens wear by one masked examiner on all subjects at National Taiwan University. One drop of 0.5% proparacaine solution and artificial tears was instilled immediately before each exam. After asking the patients to look straight ahead, an in vivo confocal microscope (Confoscan 3.4.1; Nidek Technologies, Padova, Italy) equipped with a standard 40x water-immersion front lens captured images of the full thickness of the central cornea automatically. Each examination took approximately 1 to 3 minutes and recorded 350 images at a distance of 1.5 and 4 μm on the z-axis between successive images. During each visit, measurements were repeated with 4 um z-interval for 3 times followed by 1.5 um z-interval for 3 times. Analysis of epithelial cells morphology, epithelial thickness, and stromal reaction follows that has been published by Chen et al22-24. Corneal nerve morphology and density will also be recorded and analyzed.
Used contact lenses will be place in the provided storage cases and brought back to check for completeness of lens with no tear or chipped pieces. The lenses are then used for further material analysis by scanning electromicroscopy (SEM) and bacterial adhesion determination with personal funding. For SEM, used lenses were fixed in half strength Karnovskys fixative ( 2% paraformaldehyde and 2.5% glutaraldehyde) after gentle washing. The fixative was removed and distilled water was added for rinsing. Rapid freezing with liquid nitrogen immersion was done before being placed under vacuum overnight. The concave side of samples was mounted on aluminum stubs and sputter-coated with gold for examination under SEM (JEOL Ltd, JSM 5300, Japan) at 15kV under various magnification. For bacterial adhesion determination, used lenses are collected in sterile plates and gently dipped three times in PBS before placement in eppendorf tubes containing 1ml PBS. The lenses are then macerated and serial dilutions up to 105 are done before plating onto Muller-Hinton agar. The agar plates are incubated overnight and colony forming units are counted the next day. Number of colonies multiplied by dilution factor divided by the volume plated will give the CFU/ml/per contact lens.
All data will be entered into Excel spreadsheet (Microsoft, Inc) and analyzed using SPSS software for Windows (11.0, SPSS, Inc.). Paired t-tests will be used to compare all parameters before and after wear of the color tinted contact lenses.
|Study Design||Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Prospective
|Target Follow-Up Duration||Not Provided|
|Sampling Method||Probability Sample|
|Study Population||1) age 20-35 years old (2) myopia less than -6.00D and astigmatism less than -1.50D (3) previous soft contact lens wear discontinued for at least 2 weeks. Exclusion criteria includes: (1) subjects with previous Rigid Gas Permeable wear (2) any ocular inflammation or infection, dry eye syndrome, glaucoma, ocular trauma or surgery, and topical medication instillation (3) diabetic mellitus (4) pregnancy (5) any corneal disorders or dystrophies.|
|Intervention||Other: contact lens wear
tinted contact lens wear
|Study Groups/Cohorts||experimental group
(1) age 20-35 years old (2) myopia less than -6.00D and astigmatism less than -1.50D (3) previous soft contact lens wear discontinued for at least 2 weeks. Exclusion criteria includes: (1) subjects with previous Rigid Gas Permeable (RGP) wear (2) any ocular inflammation or infection, dry eye syndrome, glaucoma, ocular trauma or surgery, and topical medication instillation (3) diabetic mellitus (4) pregnancy (5) any corneal disorders or dystrophies.
Intervention: Other: contact lens wear
|Publications *||Not Provided|
* Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
|Original Estimated Enrollment
|Actual Study Completion Date||December 2013|
|Actual Primary Completion Date||December 2013 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
|Ages||20 Years to 35 Years (Adult)|
|Accepts Healthy Volunteers||Yes|
|Contacts||Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects|
|Listed Location Countries||Taiwan|
|Removed Location Countries|
|Other Study ID Numbers||00-IRB-007-XD
Shen EP ( Other Identifier: Buddhist Tzu Chi General Hospital, Taipei )
|Has Data Monitoring Committee||No|
|U.S. FDA-regulated Product||Not Provided|
|IPD Sharing Statement||Not Provided|
|Responsible Party||Taipei Tzu Chi Hospital, Buddhist Tzu Chi Medical Foundation|
|Study Sponsor||Taipei Tzu Chi Hospital, Buddhist Tzu Chi Medical Foundation|
|Collaborators||National Taiwan University Hospital|
|PRS Account||Taipei Tzu Chi Hospital, Buddhist Tzu Chi Medical Foundation|
|Verification Date||December 2011|