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Pharmacokinetics of Understudied Drugs Administered to Children Per Standard of Care (PTN_POPS)

This study is currently recruiting participants.
See Contacts and Locations
Verified March 2017 by Daniel Benjamin, Duke University Medical Center
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD)
The EMMES Corporation
OpAns, LLC
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Daniel Benjamin, Duke University Medical Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01431326
First received: August 17, 2011
Last updated: March 21, 2017
Last verified: March 2017
August 17, 2011
March 21, 2017
November 2011
February 2018   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Composite of pharmacokinetic outcomes for understudied drugs in children [ Time Frame: Data will be collected throughout the hospital or outpatient stay up to 90 days ]

As appropriate for each study drug, the following additional PK parameters will be estimated:

  • maximum concentration (Cmax)
  • time to achieve maximum concentration (Tmax)
  • absorption rate constant (ka)
  • elimination rate constant (kel)
  • half-life (t1/2)
  • area under the curve (AUC)

Penetration into body fluids will be determined by comparing exposure (i.e. AUC, Cmax) ratios between the body fluid and plasma or comparison of concentrations in paired samples.

Same as current
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT01431326 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
  • Composite pharmacodynamic outcomes of understudied drugs in children [ Time Frame: Data will be collected throughout the hospital or outpatient stay up to 90 days ]
    When applicable, Monte Carlo simulations will be performed to evaluate therapeutic target attainment rates (pharmacodynamics) in the population of interest. The final PK model and parameters estimated in the population PK analysis will be used to perform these simulations.
  • Biomarkers associated with understudied drugs in children [ Time Frame: Data will be collected throughout the hospital or outpatient stay up to 90 days ]
    The dosing, sampling, and demographic information recorded on the eCRF will be merged with the bioanalytical information to create a biomarker dataset for each study drug. Biomarkers will be identified using metabolomics/proteomics and pharmacogenomics methodologies. Samples for biomarker analysis will be stored for future use in a PTN designated biorepository. Associations between biomarkers and drug exposure will be explored by visual inspection (i.e. scatter plots) and statistical comparisons as needed.
Same as current
Not Provided
Not Provided
 
Pharmacokinetics of Understudied Drugs Administered to Children Per Standard of Care
Pharmacokinetics of Understudied Drugs Administered to Children Per Standard of Care
Understudied drugs will be administered to children per standard of care as prescribed by their treating caregiver and only biological sample collection during the time of drug administration will be involved. A total of approximately 3000 children aged <21 years who are receiving these drugs for standard of care will be enrolled and will be followed for up a maximum of 90 days. The goal of this study is to characterize the pharmacokinetics of understudied drugs for which specific dosing recommendations and safety data are lacking. The prescribing of drugs to children will not be part of this protocol. Taking advantage of procedures done as part of routine medical care (i.e. blood draws) this study will serve as a tool to better understand drug exposure in children receiving these drugs per standard of care. The data collected through this initiative will also provide valuable pharmacokinetic and dosing information of drugs in different pediatric age groups as well as special pediatric populations (i.e. obese).

The purpose of this study is to characterize the PK ( Pharmacokinetics) of understudied drugs administered to children per standard of care as prescribed by their treating caregiver. This will be accomplished by the collection of biological samples during the time of drug administration per standard of care as prescribed by the caregiver. The prescribing of drugs to children will not be part of this protocol.

Aim #1: Evaluate the PK of understudied drugs currently being administered to children.

Hypothesis #1: The PK of understudied drugs in children will differ from adults and within children according to pediatric age groups or special population.

Aim #2: Explore the pharmacodynamics (PD) of understudied drugs currently being administered to children.

Hypothesis #2: The PD of targeted drugs in children will differ from adults.

Aim #3: Evaluate the influence of genetic factors, metabolic and protein profiles on therapeutic exposure.

Hypothesis #3: Genetic polymorphisms in drug metabolizing enzymes and metabolic and proteomic profiles will impact drug exposure in children.

Observational
Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Prospective
Not Provided
Retention:   Samples With DNA
Description:
whole blood
Non-Probability Sample
Children (<21 years of age) receiving drugs per standard of care as prescribed by treating caregiver
  • Adenovirus
  • Adrenal Insufficiency
  • Airway Swelling
  • Anesthesia
  • Anxiety
  • Anxiolysis
  • Autism
  • Autistic Disorder
  • Bacterial Meningitis
  • Bacterial Septicemia
  • Benzodiazepine
  • Bipolar Disorder
  • Bone and Joint Infections
  • Brain Swelling
  • Central Nervous System Infections
  • Convulsions
  • Cytomegalovirus Retinitis
  • Early-onset Schizophrenia Spectrum Disorders
  • Edema
  • Epilepsy
  • General Anesthesia
  • Gynecologic Infections
  • Headaches
  • Herpes Simplex Virus
  • Hypertension
  • Infantile Hemangioma
  • Infection
  • Inflammation
  • Inflammatory Conditions
  • Influenza
  • Intra-abdominal Infections
  • Lower Respiratory Tract Infections
  • Migraines
  • Pain
  • Pneumonia
  • Prophylaxis
  • Schizophrenia
  • Sedation
  • Seizures
  • Skeletal Muscle Spasms
  • Skin and Skin-structure Infections
  • Stable Angina
  • Thromboprophylaxis
  • Thrombosis
  • Treatment-resistant Schizophrenia
  • Urinary Tract Infection
  • Withdrawal
Drug: The POPS study is collecting PK data on children prescribed the following drugs of interest per standard of care:
Other Names:
  • aripiprazole
  • ceftazidime
  • cidofovir
  • ciprofloxacin
  • dexamethasone
  • diazepam
  • levetiracetam
  • meropenem
  • methylprednisolone
  • midazolam
  • nicardipine
  • olanzapine
  • oseltamivir
  • oxycarbazepine
  • phosphenytoin
  • quetiapine
  • risperidone
  • timolol
  • topiramate
  • valproic acid
  • tobramycin
  • alfentanil
  • clozapine
  • fosphenytoin
  • haloperidol
  • heparin (low molecular weight)
  • hydromorphone
  • lurasidone
  • molindone
  • morphine
  • pentobarbital
  • propofol
  • warfarin (oral)
  • ziprasidone
Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Recruiting
10000
February 2018
February 2018   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Inclusion Criteria:

  • 1) Children (< 21 years of age) who are receiving understudied drugs of interest per standard of care as prescribed by their treating caregiver

Exclusion Criteria:

  • 1) Failure to obtain consent/assent (as indicated)
  • 2) Known pregnancy as determined via interview or testing if available.
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
up to 21 Years   (Child, Adult)
No
Contact: Chiara Melloni, MD 919-668-8646 chiara.melloni@dm.duke.edu
Contact: Barrie L Harper, MT (ASCP) 919-668-8291 barrie.harper@duke.edu
Canada,   Israel,   Singapore,   United Kingdom,   United States
 
 
NCT01431326
Pro00029638
IND 113645 ( Other Identifier: FDA )
IND 114369 ( Other Identifier: FDA )
IND 114531 ( Other Identifier: FDA )
IND 114892 ( Other Identifier: FDA )
IND 115226 ( Other Identifier: FDA )
IND 118329 ( Other Identifier: FDA )
IND 118358 ( Other Identifier: FDA )
HHSN20100006 ( Other Grant/Funding Number: NICHD )
HHSN27500020 ( Other Grant/Funding Number: NICHD )
HHSN27500027 ( Other Grant/Funding Number: NICHD )
HHSN27500043 ( Other Grant/Funding Number: NICHD )
Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Plan to Share IPD: No
Plan Description: Completed study datasets (limited PHI) may be requested from https://pediatrictrials.org/data-sharing-opportunities
Daniel Benjamin, Duke University Medical Center
Daniel Benjamin
  • Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD)
  • The EMMES Corporation
  • OpAns, LLC
Principal Investigator: Michael Cohen-Wolkowiez, MD Duke University
Study Chair: Chiara Melloni, MD Duke University
Duke University
March 2017

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP