 Mahler Transitional Dyspnoea Index (TDI) Focal Score on Day 169 From the Two Twin Trials, Present 1237.5 (NCT01431274) and 1237.6 (NCT01431287) [ Time Frame: Day 169 ]
Mahler Transitional Dyspnoea Index (TDI) focal score on Day 169 From the Two Twin Trials, present 1237.5 (NCT01431274) and 1237.6 (NCT01431287) is the key secondary endpoint.
The Mahler Dyspnoea questionnaire is an instrument which measures change from the baseline state The TDI focal score was used to measure the effect of Tio+Olo FDC on patients' dyspnoea after 24 weeks of treatment (Day 169). The focal score is the sum of the subscale scores for Functional Impairment, Magnitude of Effort and Magnitude of Task. Scores for each subscale range from 3 to 3 so that the Focal score ranges from 9 to 9. For all subscale scores and the Focal score a higher value indicates a better outcome. Number of participants analyzed are the number of patients contributing to the mixed effect repeated measures model (MMRM) in each treatment group.
 FEV1 AUC(03h) Response on Day 1 [ Time Frame: 1 hour (h) and 10 minutes (min) prior to dose to 5 min, 15 min, 30 min, 1 h, 2 h, 3 h postdose on the first day of randomized treatment. ]
FEV1 AUC(03h) was calculated as the area under the FEV1 time curve from 0 to 3 h postdose using the trapezoidal rule, divided by the duration (3 h) to report in litres.
FEV1 AUC(03h) response was defined as FEV1 AUC(03h) minus baseline FEV1. Baseline was defined as the mean of the 2 predose measurements performed 1 h and 10 min prior to administration of the first dose of randomised treatment at Day1.
The adjusted means (SE) were obtained from fitting an Mixed effect model repeated measures (MMRM) including fixed effects of treatment, planned test day, treatmentbytest day interaction, baseline and baselinebytest day interaction, patient as random effect, and spatial power covariance structure for within−patient errors and KenwardRoger approximation for denominator degrees of freedom.
Number of participants analyzed are the number of patients contributing to the mixed effect repeated measures (MMRM) model in each treatment group.
 FEV1 AUC(03h) Response on Day 85 [ Time Frame: 1 hour (h) and 10 minutes (min) prior to dose to on the first day of randomized treatment and on Day 85 and 5 min, 15 min, 30 min, 1 h, 2 h, 3 h postdose on Day 85. ]
FEV1 AUC(03h) was calculated as the area under the FEV1 time curve from 0 to 3 h postdose using the trapezoidal rule, divided by the duration (3 h) to report in litres. FEV1 AUC(03h) response was defined as FEV1 AUC(03h) minus baseline FEV1. Baseline was defined as the mean of the 2 predose measurements performed 1 h and 10 min prior to administration of the first dose of randomised treatment at Day1.
The adjusted means (SE) were obtained from fitting an Mixed effect model repeated measures (MMRM) including fixed effects of treatment, planned test day, treatmentbytest day interaction, baseline and baselinebytest day interaction, patient as random effect, and spatial power covariance structure for within−patient errors and KenwardRoger approximation for denominator degrees of freedom.
Number of participants analyzed are the number of patients contributing to the mixed effect repeated measures (MMRM) model in each treatment group.
 FEV1 AUC(03h) Response on Day 365 [ Time Frame: 1 hour (h) and 10 minutes (min) prior to dose to on the first day of randomized treatment and on Day 365 and 5 min, 15 min, 30 min, 1 h, 2 h, 3 h postdose on Day 365. ]
FEV1 AUC(03h) was calculated as the area under the FEV1 time curve from 0 to 3 h postdose using the trapezoidal rule, divided by the duration (3 h) to report in litres. FEV1 AUC(03h) response was defined as FEV1 AUC(03h) minus baseline FEV1. Baseline was defined as the mean of the 2 predose measurements performed 1 h and 10 min prior to administration of the first dose of randomised treatment at Day1.
The adjusted means (SE) were obtained from fitting an Mixed effect model repeated measures (MMRM) including fixed effects of treatment, planned test day, treatmentbytest day interaction, baseline and baselinebytest day interaction, patient as random effect, and spatial power covariance structure for within−patient errors and KenwardRoger approximation for denominator degrees of freedom.
Number of participants analyzed are the number of patients contributing to the mixed effect repeated measures (MMRM) model in each treatment group.
 Trough FEV1 Response on Day 15. [ Time Frame: 1 h and 10 min prior to dose on the first day of randomized treatment (baseline) and at 10 min predose on day 15 ]
Trough FEV1 was defined as the FEV1 value at the end of the dosing interval (24 hours), calculated as the mean of the predose measurements.
Trough FEV1 response was defined as trough FEV1 minus baseline FEV1. Baseline was defined as the mean of the 2 predose measurements performed
1 h and 10 min prior to administration of the first dose of randomised treatment at Day1.
Number of participants analyzed are the number of patients contributing to the mixed effect repeated measures (MMRM) model in each treatment group.
 Trough FEV1 Response on Day 43 [ Time Frame: 1 h and 10 min prior to dose on the first day of randomized treatment (baseline) and at 10 min predose on day 43. ]
Trough FEV1 was defined as the FEV1 value at the end of the dosing interval (24 hours), calculated as the mean of the predose measurements.
Trough FEV1 response was defined as trough FEV1 minus baseline FEV1. Baseline was defined as the mean of the 2 predose measurements performed
1 h and 10 min prior to administration of the first dose of randomised treatment at Day1.
Number of participants analyzed are the number of patients contributing to the mixed effect repeated measures (MMRM) model in each treatment group.
 Trough FEV1 Response on Day 85 [ Time Frame: 1 h and 10 min prior to dose on the first day of randomized treatment (baseline) and at 1 hr and 10 min predose on day 85. ]
Trough FEV1 was defined as the FEV1 value at the end of the dosing interval (24 hours), calculated as the mean of the predose measurements.
Trough FEV1 response was defined as trough FEV1 minus baseline FEV1. Baseline was defined as the mean of the 2 predose measurements performed
1 h and 10 min prior to administration of the first dose of randomised treatment at Day1.
Number of participants analyzed are the number of patients contributing to the mixed effect repeated measures (MMRM) model in each treatment group.
 Trough FEV1 Response on Day 169 [ Time Frame: 1 h and 10 min prior to dose on the first day of randomized treatment (baseline) and at 1 hr and 10 min predose on Day 169 ]
Trough FEV1 was defined as the FEV1 value at the end of the dosing interval (24 hours), calculated as the mean of the predose measurements.
Trough FEV1 response was defined as trough FEV1 minus baseline FEV1. Baseline was defined as the mean of the 2 predose measurements performed
1 h and 10 min prior to administration of the first dose of randomised treatment at Day1.
Number of participants analyzed are the number of patients contributing to the mixed effect repeated measures (MMRM) model in each treatment group.
 Trough FEV1 Response on Day 365 [ Time Frame: 1 h and 10 min prior to dose on the first day of randomized treatment (baseline) and at 1 hr and 10 min predose on day 365 ]
Trough FEV1 was defined as the FEV1 value at the end of the dosing interval (24 hours), calculated as the mean of the predose measurements.
Trough FEV1 response was defined as trough FEV1 minus baseline FEV1. Baseline was defined as the mean of the 2 predose measurements performed
1 h and 10 min prior to administration of the first dose of randomised treatment at Day1.
Number of participants analyzed are the number of patients contributing to the mixed effect repeated measures (MMRM) model in each treatment group.
 FVC (Forced Vital Capacity) AUC(03h) Response on Day 1 [ Time Frame: 1 hour (h) and 10 minutes (min) prior to dose to 5 min, 15 min, 30 min, 1 h, 2 h, 3 h postdose on the first day of randomized treatment. ]
FVC AUC(03h) was calculated as the area under the FVC time curve from 0 to 3 h postdose using the trapezoidal rule, divided by the duration (3 h) to report in litres.
FVC AUC(03h) response was defined as FVC AUC(03h) minus baseline FVC. Baseline was defined as the mean of the 2 predose measurements performed 1 h and 10 min prior to administration of the first dose at visit 2 (day 1).
The adjusted means (SE) were obtained from fitting an Mixed effect model repeated measures (MMRM) including fixed effects of treatment, planned test day, treatmentbytest day interaction, baseline and baselinebytest day interaction, patient as random effect, and spatial power covariance structure for within−patient errors and KenwardRoger approximation for denominator degrees of freedom.
Number of participants analyzed are the number of patients contributing to the mixed effect repeated measures (MMRM) model in each treatment group.
 FVC (Forced Vital Capacity) AUC(03h) Response on Day 85 [ Time Frame: 1 hour (h) and 10 minutes (min) prior to dose to on the first day of randomized treatment and on Day 85 and 5 min, 15 min, 30 min, 1 h, 2 h, 3 h postdose on Day 85. ]
FVC AUC(03h) was calculated as the area under the FVC time curve from 0 to 3 h postdose using the trapezoidal rule, divided by the duration (3 h) to report in litres.
FVC AUC(03h) response was defined as FVC AUC(03h) minus baseline FVC.Baseline was defined as the mean of the 2 predose measurements performed 1 h and 10 min prior to administration of the first dose at visit 2 (day 1).
The adjusted means (SE) were obtained from fitting an Mixed effect model repeated measures (MMRM) including fixed effects of treatment, planned test day, treatmentbytest day interaction, baseline and baselinebytest day interaction, patient as random effect, and spatial power covariance structure for within−patient errors and KenwardRoger approximation for denominator degrees of freedom.
Number of participants analyzed are the number of patients contributing to the mixed effect repeated measures (MMRM) model in each treatment group.
 FVC (Forced Vital Capacity) AUC(03h) Response on Day 169 [ Time Frame: 1 hour (h) and 10 minutes (min) prior to dose to on the first day of randomized treatment and on Day 169 and 5 min, 15 min, 30 min, 1 h, 2 h, 3 h postdose on Day 169. ]
FVC AUC(03h) was calculated as the area under the FVC time curve from 0 to 3 h postdose using the trapezoidal rule, divided by the duration (3 h) to report in litres.
FVC AUC(03h) response was defined as FVC AUC(03h) minus baseline FVC. Baseline was defined as the mean of the 2 predose measurements performed 1 h and 10 min prior to administration of the first dose at visit 2 (day 1).
The adjusted means (SE) were obtained from fitting an Mixed effect model repeated measures (MMRM) including fixed effects of treatment, planned test day, treatmentbytest day interaction, baseline and baselinebytest day interaction, patient as random effect, and spatial power covariance structure for within−patient errors and KenwardRoger approximation for denominator degrees of freedom.
Number of participants analyzed are the number of patients contributing to the mixed effect repeated measures (MMRM) model in each treatment group.
 FVC (Forced Vital Capacity) AUC(03h) Response on Day 365 [ Time Frame: 1 hour (h) and 10 minutes (min) prior to dose to on the first day of randomized treatment and on Day 365 and 5 min, 15 min, 30 min, 1 h, 2 h, 3 h postdose on Day 365. ]
FVC AUC(03h) was calculated as the area under the FVC time curve from 0 to 3 h postdose using the trapezoidal rule, divided by the duration (3 h) to report in litres.
FVC AUC(03h) response was defined as FVC AUC(03h) minus baseline FVC. Baseline was defined as the mean of the 2 predose measurements performed 1 h and 10 min prior to administration of the first dose at visit 2 (day 1).
The adjusted means (SE) were obtained from fitting an Mixed effect model repeated measures (MMRM) including fixed effects of treatment, planned test day, treatmentbytest day interaction, baseline and baselinebytest day interaction, patient as random effect, and spatial power covariance structure for within−patient errors and KenwardRoger approximation for denominator degrees of freedom.
Number of participants analyzed are the number of patients contributing to the mixed effect repeated measures (MMRM) model in each treatment group.
 Trough FVC Response on Day 15. [ Time Frame: 1 h and 10 min prior to dose on the first day of randomized treatment (baseline) and at 10 min predose on day 15 ]
Trough FVC was defined as the FVC value at the end of the dosing interval (24 hours), calculated as the mean of the predose measurements.
Trough FVC response was defined as trough FVC minus baseline FVC. Baseline was defined as the mean of the 2 predose measurements performed 1 h and 10 min prior to administration of the first dose at visit 2 (day 1).
Number of participants analyzed are the number of patients contributing to the mixed effect repeated measures (MMRM) model in each treatment group.
The adjusted means (SE) were obtained from fitting an Mixed effect model repeated measures (MMRM) including fixed effects of treatment, planned test day, treatmentbytest day interaction, baseline and baselinebytest day interaction, patient as random effect, and spatial power covariance structure for within−patient errors and KenwardRoger approximation for denominator degrees of freedom.
 Trough FVC Response on Day 43. [ Time Frame: 1 h and 10 min prior to dose on the first day of randomized treatment (baseline) and at 10 min predose on day 43 ]
Trough FVC was defined as the FVC value at the end of the dosing interval (24 hours), calculated as the mean of the predose measurements.
Trough FVC response was defined as trough FVC minus baseline FVC. Baseline was defined as the mean of the 2 predose measurements performed 1 h and 10 min prior to administration of the first dose at visit 2 (day 1).
Number of participants analyzed are the number of patients contributing to the mixed effect repeated measures (MMRM) model in each treatment group.
The adjusted means (SE) were obtained from fitting an Mixed effect model repeated measures (MMRM) including fixed effects of treatment, planned test day, treatmentbytest day interaction, baseline and baselinebytest day interaction, patient as random effect, and spatial power covariance structure for within−patient errors and KenwardRoger approximation for denominator degrees of freedom.
 Trough FVC Response on Day 85. [ Time Frame: 1 h and 10 min prior to dose on the first day of randomized treatment (baseline) and on day 85 ]
Trough FVC was defined as the FVC value at the end of the dosing interval (24 hours), calculated as the mean of the predose measurements.
Trough FVC response was defined as trough FVC minus baseline FVC. Baseline was defined as the mean of the 2 predose measurements performed 1 h and 10 min prior to administration of the first dose at visit 2 (day 1).
Number of participants analyzed are the number of patients contributing to the mixed effect repeated measures (MMRM) model in each treatment group.
The adjusted means (SE) were obtained from fitting an Mixed effect model repeated measures (MMRM) including fixed effects of treatment, planned test day, treatmentbytest day interaction, baseline and baselinebytest day interaction, patient as random effect, and spatial power covariance structure for within−patient errors and KenwardRoger approximation for denominator degrees of freedom.
 Trough FVC Response on Day 170. [ Time Frame: 1 h and 10 min prior to dose on the first day of randomized treatment (baseline) and at 23 h and at 23 h 50 min after inhalation of study medication on Day 170 ]
Trough FVC was defined as the FVC value at the end of the dosing interval (24 hours) and was calculated as the mean of the 2 FVC measurements performed at 23h and at 23h 50 min after inhalation of study medication at the clinic visit on the previous day.
Trough FVC response was defined as trough FVC minus baseline FVC. Baseline was defined as the mean of the 2 predose measurements performed 1 h and 10 min prior to administration of the first dose at visit 2 (day 1).
The adjusted means (SE) were obtained from fitting an MMRM including fixed effects of treatment, planned test day, treatmentbytest day interaction, baseline and baselinebytest day interaction, patient as random effect, and spatial power covariance structure for within−patient errors and KenwardRoger approximation for denominator degrees of freedom.
Number of participants analyzed are the number of patients contributing to the mixed effect repeated measures (MMRM) model in each treatment group.
 Trough FVC Response on Day 365. [ Time Frame: 1 h and 10 min prior to dose on the first day of randomized treatment (baseline) and on Day 365. ]
Trough FVC was defined as the FVC value at the end of the dosing interval (24 hours), calculated as the mean of the predose measurements.
Trough FVC response was defined as trough FVC minus baseline FVC. Baseline was defined as the mean of the 2 predose measurements performed 1 h and 10 min prior to administration of the first dose at visit 2 (day 1).
Number of participants analyzed are the number of patients contributing to the mixed effect repeated measures (MMRM) model in each treatment group.
The adjusted means (SE) were obtained from fitting an Mixed effect model repeated measures (MMRM) including fixed effects of treatment, planned test day, treatmentbytest day interaction, baseline and baselinebytest day interaction, patient as random effect, and spatial power covariance structure for within−patient errors and KenwardRoger approximation for denominator degrees of freedom.
 FEV1 AUC(012h) Response in the Subset of Patients With 12hour Pulmonary Function Test (PFT) on Day 169 From the Two Twin Trials, Present 1237.5 (NCT01431274) and 1237.6 (NCT01431287) [ Time Frame: 1 hour (h) and 10 minutes (min) prior to dose to on the first day of randomized treatment and on Day 169 and 5 min, 15 min, 30 min, 1 h, 2 h, 3 h, 4 h, 5 h, 6 h, 8 h, 10 h, 12 h postdose on Day 169. ]
FEV1 AUC(012h) was calculated as the area under the FEV1 time curve from 0 to 12 h postdose using the trapezoidal rule, divided by the duration (12 h) to report in litres.
FEV1 AUC(012h) response was defined as FEV1 AUC(012h) minus baseline FEV1. Baseline was defined as the mean of the 2 predose measurements performed 1 h and 10 min prior to administration of the first dose at visit 2 (day 1).
The adjusted mean (SE) were obtained from fitting an ANCOVA model with categorical effect of treatment and baseline as covariate.
Number of participants analyzed are the number of patients contributing to the ANCOVA model in each treatment group.
 FEV1 AUC(024h) Response in the Subset of Patients With 12h PFTs on Day 169 From the Two Twin Trials, Present 1237.5 (NCT01431274) and 1237.6 (NCT01431287) [ Time Frame: 1 hour (h) and 10 minutes (min) prior to dose to on the first day of randomized treatment and on Day 169 and 5 min, 15 min, 30 min, 1 h, 2 h, 3 h, 4 h, 5 h, 6 h, 8 h, 10 h, 12 h, 23 h, 23 h and 50 min postdose on Day 169. ]
FEV1 AUC(024h) was calculated as the area under the FEV1 time curve from 0 to 24 h postdose using the trapezoidal rule, divided by the duration (24 h) to report in litres. FEV1 AUC(024h) response was defined as FEV1 AUC(024h) minus baseline FEV1. Baseline was defined as the mean of the 2 predose measurements performed 1 h and 10 min prior to administration of the first dose at visit 2 (day 1).
The adjusted mean (SE) were obtained from fitting an ANCOVA model with categorical effect of treatment and baseline as covariate.
Number of participants analyzed are the number of patients contributing to the ANCOVA model in each treatment group.
 FVC AUC(012h) Response in the Subset of Patients With 12h PFTs on Day 169 From the Two Twin Trials, Present 1237.5 (NCT01431274) and 1237.6 (NCT01431287) [ Time Frame: 1 hour (h) and 10 minutes (min) prior to dose to on the first day of randomized treatment and on Day 169 and 5 min, 15 min, 30 min, 1 h, 2 h, 3 h, 4 h, 5 h, 6 h, 8 h, 10 h, 12 h postdose on Day 169. ]
FVC AUC(012h) was calculated as the area under the FVC time curve from 0 to 12 h postdose using the trapezoidal rule, divided by the duration (12 h) to report in litres.
FVC AUC(012h) response was defined as FVC AUC(012h) minus baseline FVC. Baseline was defined as the mean of the 2 predose measurements performed 1 h and 10 min prior to administration of the first dose at visit 2 (day 1).
The adjusted mean (SE) were obtained from fitting an ANCOVA model with categorical effect of treatment and baseline as covariate. Number of participants analyzed are the number of patients contributing to the ANCOVA model in each treatment group.
 FVC AUC(024h) Response in Subset of Patients With 24h PFTs on Day 169 From the Two Twin Trials, Present 1237.5 (NCT01431274) and 1237.6 (NCT01431287) [ Time Frame: 1 hour (h) and 10 minutes (min) prior to dose to on the first day of randomized treatment and on Day 169 and 5 min, 15 min, 30 min, 1 h, 2 h, 3 h, 4 h, 5 h, 6 h, 8 h, 10 h, 12 h, 23 h, 23 h and 50 min postdose on Day 169. ]
FVC AUC(024h) was calculated as the area under the FVC time curve from 0 to 24 h postdose using the trapezoidal rule, divided by the duration (24 h) to report in litres.
FVC AUC(024h) response was defined as FVC AUC(024h) minus baseline FVC. Baseline was defined as the mean of the 2 predose measurements performed 1 h and 10 min prior to administration of the first dose at visit 2 (day 1).
The adjusted mean (SE) were obtained from fitting an ANCOVA model with categorical effect of treatment and baseline as covariate.
Number of participants analyzed are the number of patients contributing to the ANCOVA model in each treatment group.
 Saint George's Respiratory Questionnaire (SGRQ) Total Score on Day 85 From the Two Twin Trials, Present 1237.5 (NCT01431274) and 1237.6 (NCT01431287) [ Time Frame: Day 85 ]
The SGRQ is designed to measure health impairment in patients with COPD. It is divided into 2 parts: part 1 produces the symptoms score, and part 2 the activity and impacts scores. A total score is also produced. Each subscale score is the sum of the weights for the items in the subscale as a percent of the sum of the weights for a patient in the worst possible condition. The total score uses the same calculation except that the weights are summed over the entire questionnaire. The individual subscales as well as the total score can range from 0 to 100 with a lower score denoting a better health status. Number of participants analyzed are the number of patients contributing to the mixed effect repeated measures model (MMRM) in each treatment group.
 Saint George's Respiratory Questionnaire (SGRQ) Total Score on Day 365 From the Two Twin Trials, Present 1237.5 (NCT01431274) and 1237.6 (NCT01431287) [ Time Frame: Day 365 ]
The SGRQ is designed to measure health impairment in patients with COPD. It is divided into 2 parts: part 1 produces the symptoms score, and part 2 the activity and impacts scores. A total score is also produced. Each subscale score is the sum of the weights for the items in the subscale as a percent of the sum of the weights for a patient in the worst possible condition. The total score uses the same calculation except that the weights are summed over the entire questionnaire. The individual subscales as well as the total score can range from 0 to 100 with a lower score denoting a better health status. Number of participants analyzed are the number of patients contributing to the mixed effect repeated measures model (MMRM) in each treatment group.
 Mahler Transitional Dyspnoea Index (TDI) Focal Score on Day 43 From the Two Twin Trials, Present 1237.5 (NCT01431274) and 1237.6 (NCT01431287) [ Time Frame: Day 43 ]
Mahler Transitional Dyspnoea Index (TDI) focal score on Day 43 From the Two Twin Trials, present 1237.5 (NCT01431274) and 1237.6 (NCT01431287).
The Mahler Dyspnoea questionnaire is an instrument which measures change from the baseline state The TDI focal score was used to measure the effect of Tio+Olo FDC on patients' dyspnoea after 24 weeks of treatment (Day 169). The focal score is the sum of the subscale scores for Functional Impairment, Magnitude of Effort and Magnitude of Task. Scores for each subscale range from 3 to 3 so that the Focal score ranges from 9 to 9. For all subscale scores and the Focal score a higher value indicates a better outcome. Number of participants analyzed are the number of patients contributing to the mixed effect repeated measures model (MMRM) in each treatment group.
 Mahler Transitional Dyspnoea Index (TDI) Focal Score on Day 85 From the Two Twin Trials, Present 1237.5 (NCT01431274) and 1237.6 (NCT01431287) [ Time Frame: Day 85 ]
Mahler Transitional Dyspnoea Index (TDI) focal score on Day 85 From the Two Twin Trials, present 1237.5 (NCT01431274) and 1237.6 (NCT01431287).
The Mahler Dyspnoea questionnaire is an instrument which measures change from the baseline state The TDI focal score was used to measure the effect of Tio+Olo FDC on patients' dyspnoea after 24 weeks of treatment (Day 169). The focal score is the sum of the subscale scores for Functional Impairment, Magnitude of Effort and Magnitude of Task. Scores for each subscale range from 3 to 3 so that the Focal score ranges from 9 to 9. For all subscale scores and the Focal score a higher value indicates a better outcome.
Number of participants analyzed are the number of patients contributing to the mixed effect repeated measures model (MMRM) in each treatment group.
 Mahler Transitional Dyspnoea Index (TDI) Focal Score on Day 365 From the Two Twin Trials, Present 1237.5 (NCT01431274) and 1237.6 (NCT01431287) [ Time Frame: Day 365 ]
Mahler Transitional Dyspnoea Index (TDI) focal score on Day 365 From the Two Twin Trials, present 1237.5 (NCT01431274) and 1237.6 (NCT01431287).
The Mahler Dyspnoea questionnaire is an instrument which measures change from the baseline state The TDI focal score was used to measure the effect of Tio+Olo FDC on patients' dyspnoea after 24 weeks of treatment (Day 169). The focal score is the sum of the subscale scores for Functional Impairment, Magnitude of Effort and Magnitude of Task. Scores for each subscale range from 3 to 3 so that the Focal score ranges from 9 to 9. For all subscale scores and the Focal score a higher value indicates a better outcome. Number of participants analyzed are the number of patients contributing to the mixed effect repeated measures model (MMRM) in each treatment group.
