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Toll-like Receptor (TLR) 7 Agonist, Cyclophosphamide, and Radiotherapy for Breast Cancer With Skin Metastases

This study is ongoing, but not recruiting participants.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
New York University School of Medicine
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01421017
First received: August 17, 2011
Last updated: February 16, 2017
Last verified: February 2017
August 17, 2011
February 16, 2017
August 2011
February 2018   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
systemic tumor response rates (Complete Response+Partial Response) [ Time Frame: 9 weeks from the start of the treatment of RT ]
The systemic tumor response refers to the response at the time of best overall response. The response criteria are specially adapted from Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumor for Immunotherapies (Wolchok, et al., 2009).
systemic tumor response rates (CR+PR) at the time of best overall response (Ph II) [ Time Frame: 9 weeks from the strat of the treatment ]
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT01421017 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
Local tumor response rates (Clinical Complete Response+Partial Response) [ Time Frame: 9 weeks from the start of the treatment ]
The response refers to the best overall response, based on European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer's definitions for chest wall tumors (Kouloulias, et al., 2002).
local tumor response rates (CCR+PR) at best overall response (Ph II) [ Time Frame: 9 weeks from the start of the treatment ]
Not Provided
Not Provided
 
Toll-like Receptor (TLR) 7 Agonist, Cyclophosphamide, and Radiotherapy for Breast Cancer With Skin Metastases
Phase I/II Study of TLR7 Agonist Imiquimod, Cyclophosphamide, and Radiotherapy in Breast Cancer Patients With Chest Wall Recurrence or Skin Metastases
This study is to find an optimal dose of Imiquimod (IMQ) in the first part (Phase I) and test the effectiveness of the combination treatment of IMQ, cyclophosphamide (CTX), and radiotherapy (RT) in patients with skin metastases from breast cancer in the second part (Phase II). Currently this trial is in its Phase II part.

By harnessing the cytocidal and immunostimulatory properties of two local treatment modalities, RT and IMQ, an effective, adaptive immune response can be generated, resulting in systemic control of metastatic breast cancer after local treatment of cutaneous metastases. Additionally, based on investigators' recent preclinical data, the investigators intend to estimate in patients with metastatic breast cancer, if the addition of immunomodulatory cyclophosphamide can increase anti-tumor responses.

This trial originally had one treatment arm IMQ/RT(patients were treated with IMQ and RT). Recent evidence has emerged that the addition of immunomodulatory cyclophosphamide (CTX) increased anti-tumor responses, therefore the IMQ/RT arm is closed and the trial will continue with two additional cohorts (CTX/IMQ/RT and CTX/RT) which include cyclophosphamide.

Interventional
Phase 1
Phase 2
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
  • Breast Cancer
  • Metastatic Breast Cancer
  • Recurrent Breast Cancer
  • Radiation: Radiation
  • Drug: Imiquimod
    Other Name: ALDARA
  • Drug: Cyclophosphamide
    Other Name: Cytoxan
  • Experimental: IMQ+RT

    This arm has been closed as of 6/4/2014.

    • Weeks 1-2: RT given to one metastatic skin site at 6 Gy on days 1, 3, 5, 8 and 10 (M-W-F-M-W)
    • Weeks 1-8: day 1-5 of each week: imiquimod 5% cream applied to all skin sites overnight, starting on day 1 after RT, day 6-7 of each week: rest period.
    • Week 9: response assessment

    Patients may continue to receive additional cycles (same schedule, RT given to a different site), provided that patients wish to continue, are without clinically significant progression and further treatment may be beneficial in the opinion of the investigator.

    Interventions:
    • Radiation: Radiation
    • Drug: Imiquimod
  • Experimental: CTX/IMQ/RT
    • Week -1 (day-7): cyclophosphamide 200mg/m2 IV as single infusion
    • Weeks 1-2: RT given to one metastatic skin site at 6 Gy on days 1, 3, 5, 8 and 10 (M-W-F-M-W)
    • Weeks 1-8: day 1-5 of each week: imiquimod 5% cream applied all sites overnight, starting on day 1 after RT, day 6-7 of each week: rest period.
    • Week 9: response assessment

    Patients may continue to receive additional cycles (same schedule, RT given to a different site), provided that patients wish to continue, are without clinically significant progression and further treatment may be beneficial in the opinion of the investigator.

    Interventions:
    • Radiation: Radiation
    • Drug: Imiquimod
    • Drug: Cyclophosphamide
  • Experimental: CTX/RT

    For patients with only non-skin metastatic sites

    First cycle (Cycle 1):

    • Week -1 (day -7): cyclophosphamide 200mg/m2 IV as single infusion
    • Weeks 1-2: RT given to one site at 6 Gy on days 1, 3, 5, 8 and 10 (M-W-F-M-W)
    • Week 9: response assessment

    Patients may continue to receive additional cycles (same schedule, RT given to a different site), provided that patients wish to continue, are without clinically significant progression and further treatment may be beneficial in the opinion of the investigator.

    Interventions:
    • Radiation: Radiation
    • Drug: Cyclophosphamide

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Active, not recruiting
55
February 2019
February 2018   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Patients with biopsy-confirmed breast cancer.
  2. Patients with at least measurable skin metastases and distant, measurable metastases (outside of skin) by Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST). For patients without distant measurable metastases, an area of the skin metastases designated to not receive local therapy can be substituted. Patients with multiple (>= 2) metastatic sites (skin involvement not required), with at least one site measurable by RECIST, will be eligible for the CTX/RT cohort.
  3. Age >= 18 years.
  4. Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status 0-2.
  5. Patients must agree to tumor fine-needle aspiration required by protocol.
  6. Concurrent systemic cancer therapy (hormones, biologics or chemotherapy) can be continued if distant metastases are non-responsive (i.e. no complete response or partial response) on that regimen for >= 8 weeks as assessed by the investigator.
  7. Patients must have adequate organ and bone marrow function as defined below:

    • absolute neutrophil count >= 1,300/microliter
    • hemoglobin >= 9.0 grams/deciliter
    • platelets >= 75,000/microliter
    • total bilirubin =< 1.5 X institutional upper limit of normal
    • AST (aspartate aminotransferase) =< 2.5 X institutional upper limit of normal
    • ALT (alanine aminotransferase) =< 2.5 X institutional upper limit of normal
    • creatinine =< 2 X institutional upper limit of normal if patient has chronic renal insufficiency and creatinine has been stable for > 4 months)
  8. Informed consent.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Brain metastases unless resected or irradiated and stable >= 4 weeks.
  2. Concurrent treatment with other investigational agents.
  3. Patients who have received any local therapy (radiotherapy, high-potency corticosteroids, intralesional therapy, laser therapy or surgery) other than biopsy to the target area within 4 weeks prior to first dosing of study agent.
  4. Patients who have received hyperthermia to the target area within 10 weeks prior to first dosing of study agent.
  5. Patients with an uncontrolled bleeding disorder.
  6. Patients (with skin metastases only) who will be therapeutically anticoagulated with heparins or coumadin at the time of the biopsy (they are eligible if anticoagulation can be held prior to biopsy as per investigator). Patients on aspirin and other platelet agents are eligible.
  7. Patients with known immunodeficiency or receiving immunosuppressive therapies.
  8. History of allergic reactions to imiquimod or its excipients.
  9. Uncontrolled intercurrent medical illness or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements.
  10. Pregnancy or lactation.
  11. Women of childbearing potential not using a medically acceptable means of contraception.
Sexes Eligible for Study: Female
18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
No
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
United States
 
 
NCT01421017
NYU 11-00598
1R01CA161891-01 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
Yes
Not Provided
Not Provided
New York University School of Medicine
New York University School of Medicine
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Principal Investigator: Sylvia Adams, MD New York University School of Medicine
New York University School of Medicine
February 2017

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP