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Resolution of Effect of Bisphosphonates on Bone in Postmenopausal Osteoporosis

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01406613
Recruitment Status : Unknown
Verified June 2012 by Sheffield Teaching Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust.
Recruitment status was:  Enrolling by invitation
First Posted : August 1, 2011
Last Update Posted : June 15, 2012
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):

July 29, 2011
August 1, 2011
June 15, 2012
March 2010
August 2014   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Not Provided
Not Provided
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT01406613 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
Not Provided
Not Provided
Not Provided
Not Provided
 
Resolution of Effect of Bisphosphonates on Bone in Postmenopausal Osteoporosis
A 2-year Observational Study of Bone Density and Bone Turnover After Prior Treatment With Alendronate, Ibandronate and Risedronate for Postmenopausal Osteoporosis in Secondary Care

This is a 2year observational study that will recruit patients who have previously completed a randomised, open label, parallel, single centre study (TRIO Study) of three bisphosphonates: alendronate, ibandronate and risedronate. These drugs are the most commonly used group of treatments for postmenopausal osteoporosis in the UK. However, the length of time for which these treatments continue to work after they are stopped has not been fully elucidated. Without this information it is unclear as to how long doctors should treat and whether it would be good practice to give drug 'holidays'.

The investigators plan to compare the effects on bone quantity and quality of stopping these licensed bisphosphonates in patients who have taken the medication for a duration of two years. The investigators aim to recruit up to 100 postmenopausal and up to 100 premenopausal (reference range) subjects. Measurements collected at the final visit of the previous study will be used for 'baseline' values for this study.

The postmenopausal group will have an initial study visit to secure informed consent, and then further study visits at 24, 48, 72 and 96 weeks after stopping medication. Visit procedures will include:

Blood and urine samples for measurements of bone biomarkers Bone Mineral Density of the spine, hip, whole body, forearm Dual-emission X-ray absorptiometry (DXA), and heel dual X-ray and Laser (DXL) Quantitative Ultrasound of Bone (QUS) Vertebral Fracture Assessment (VFA).

The premenopausal group will have one study visit, 96 weeks after completing the previous study. Visit procedures will include:

Blood and urine samples for measurements of bone biomarkers Bone Mineral Density of the spine and hip (DXA)

A subgroup of 50 premenopausal women will also have the following measurements:

Bone Mineral Density of the whole body, forearm (DXA), and heel (DXL) Quantitative Ultrasound of Bone (QUS).

The current study is an observational study aiming to compare the effects of stopping medication on bone quantity and quality, in patients who have previously taken bisphosphonate drugs for a duration of two years.

This study will recruit participants who have previously completed the TRIO study. The TRIO study aimed to compare the effects of three licensed bisphosphonates on bone quantity and quality. Participants in the treatment group of the TRIO study were randomised to treatment with one of three licensed bisphosphonates (alendronate, ibandronate and risedronate) for a duration of two years.

Measurements taken at the final TRIO study visit will be used as 'baseline' values for this study. The postmenopausal group will have an informed consent visit, followed by further study visits at 24, 48, 72 and 96 weeks after stopping medication.

Study visit procedures for the postmenopausal group will include:

Blood and urine samples for measurements of bone biomarkers at 24, 48, 72 and 96 weeks off treatment.

This study will recruit participants who have previously completed the TRIO study. The TRIO study aimed to compare the effects of three licensed bisphosphonates on bone quantity and quality. Participants in the treatment group of the TRIO study were randomised to treatment with one of three licensed bisphosphonates (alendronate, ibandronate and risedronate) for a duration of two years.

Measurements taken at the final TRIO study visit will be used as 'baseline' values for this study. The postmenopausal group will have an informed consent visit, followed by further study visits at 24, 48, 72 and 96 weeks after stopping medication.

Study visit procedures for the postmenopausal group will include:

Blood and urine samples for measurements of bone biomarkers at 24, 48, 72 and 96 weeks off treatment Height and weight at 48 and 96 weeks off treatment. Bone Mineral Density of the whole body, spine, hip, forearm (DXA) and heel (DXL) at 48 and 96 weeks off treatment Vertebral Fracture Assessment (VFA) at 48 and 96 weeks off treatment. Quantitative Ultrasound of Bone (QUS) of the heel at 48 and 96 weeks off treatment.

Participants will be given a diary at their first study visit, to record any newly prescribed medications, hospitalisations, etc. The diary will be reviewed at each study visit to record any adverse events or concomitant medications. Participants will also be asked to complete the standard Metabolic Bone Centre questionnaire at their first and final study visit, so that any changes in lifestyle can be captured. We will maintain the patients on treatment with calcium and vitamin D supplements throughout the study as this would be consistent with standard clinical practice.

The TRIO study recruited a group of premenopausal women in order to collect data to act as a reference range for the physical measurements and also to act as internal controls for the study. This study plans to recruit these control participants to continue to act as a reference range in this study.

The premenopausal group will have a single study visit, scheduled 96 weeks after completing the TRIO study. Study visit procedures for the premenopausal (reference) group will include:

Blood and urine samples for measurements of bone biomarkers Urine based pregnancy test Height and weight Bone Mineral Density of the hip and spine (DXA).

A subgroup of 50 premenopausal (reference) women will also have the following:

Bone Mineral Density of the whole body, forearm (DXA) and heel (DXL) Quantitative Ultrasound of Bone (QUS) of the heel Participants will be asked to complete the standard Metabolic Bone Centre questionnaire, so that any changes in lifestyle can be captured. Participants will also be asked about any hospitalisations, newly prescribed medications, etc to capture any adverse events and concomitant medications.

Observational
Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Prospective
Not Provided
Retention:   Samples With DNA
Description:

A venous blood sample will be collected from each participant at each visit to analyse biochemical bone markers, and basic biochemistry analysis for eligibility screening.

Two urine samples will be collected from each participant at each study visit, one collected on the morning prior to the study visit and a second sample on the morning of the study visit.

Non-Probability Sample
Participants of previous TRIO study - women who either received treatment with alendronate, ibandronate and risedronate for postmenopausal osteoporosis in secondary care. Control premenopausal women will also be recruited.
Postmenopausal Osteoporosis
Other: Observation
In this study we will examine the changes in bone density by DXA and QUS and bone turnover after stopping Bisphosphonate treatment. As we wish to measure the speed of offset of effects of treatment we have scheduled visits at 24 week intervals in order to fully assess this effect.
Particpants of previous TRIO study
All participants to this study are being observed as a follow up to a previous study which involved 4 arms. All participants to this follow up study will be subject to identical study procedures.
Intervention: Other: Observation
Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Unknown status
200
August 2014
August 2014   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Inclusion Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria for postmenopausal women

  • female be at least 7 years postmenopausal but less than 87 years of age
  • be ambulatory
  • be able and willing to participate in the study and provide written informed consent.
  • have taken a bisphosphonate for 2 years as a participant in the TRIO study and be compliant > 80%
  • have a Bone Mineral Density (BMD) T score > -2.5 at the femoral neck

Inclusion Criteria for premenopausal women

  • be able and willing to participate in the study and provide written informed consent
  • have previously taken part as premenopausal controls in the TRIO study
  • be in good general health as determined by past medical and physical history
  • be bisphosphonate naive; premenopausal women.

Exclusion Criteria:

Exclusion Criteria for postmenopausal women:

  • An incident vertebral fracture or more than 5%/year bone loss at the spine or hip during the 2-year TRIO study
  • Evidence of a clinically significant organic disease which could prevent the patient from completing the study, including diabetes
  • Abuse of alcohol or use of illicit drugs or who consumed more than 4 units of any alcoholic beverage one day prior to the visit (i.e. subjects who might be binge drinkers)
  • A history of cancer within the past 5 years excluding skin cancer non melanomas
  • A history of ongoing conditions or diseases known to cause abnormalities of calcium metabolism or skeletal health (secondary osteoporosis)
  • Chronic renal disease (as defined by a creatinine clearance of ≤ 30ml/min)
  • Acute or chronic hepatic disease
  • Malabsorption syndromes
  • Hyperthyroidism as manifested by Thyrotrophin-stimulating hormone (TSH) outside the lower limit of the normal range
  • Hyperparathyroidism
  • Hypocalcemia or hypercalcemia
  • Osteomalacia
  • Cushing's syndrome
  • Current use of glucocorticoid therapy
  • A serum calcium less than 2.2 mmol/l and a Parathyroid hormone (PTH) above 75ng/l
  • A history of any known condition that would interfere with the assessment of Dual-emission X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) at either lumbar spine or femoral neck
  • Markedly abnormal clinical laboratory parameters that are assessed as clinically significant by the principal investigator
  • Require, in the opinion of the consulting physician, continuation of bisphosphonate therapy.

Exclusion Criteria for premenopausal women:

  • Are pregnant or nursing (lactating)
  • Use of any hormonal forms of contraception/ therapy within the past 2 years that would, in the opinion of the consulting physician, affect bone metabolism.
  • Use of anabolic agents such as steroids or PTH, or any bisphosphonate within the past 2 years.
  • Have any history of cancer within the past 5 years. Relatively benign skin malignancies, such as basal cell carcinoma or squamous cell carcinoma, are not an exclusion if the patient has been in remission for at least 6 months prior to enrolment.
  • Have any chronic disease (HIV or AIDs, clinically significant renal or cardiovascular disease, hyperthyroidism, diabetes, hyperlipidemia) or menstrual cycle irregularity (by history)).
  • Have any metabolic bone disease, such as osteoporosis, Paget 's disease, osteogenesis imperfecta, or serious illness affecting normal bone homeostasis (by history and physical exam if required)
  • Significant use of any medications known to affect bone metabolism (such as Phenytoin or other anticonvulsants, Selective Estrogen Receptor Modulators (SERMs), heparin or systemic glucocorticosteroids) within the past 2 years.
  • Have suffered a fracture within the last 12 months
  • Have anorexia nervosa, suspected bulimia (by history or physical) or obvious malnutrition
  • Have a history of alcoholism, or who have consumed more than 4 units of any alcoholic beverage one day prior to the visit (i.e., subjects who might be binge drinkers)
  • Have previously participated in active therapy clinical trials within the last 3 months
Sexes Eligible for Study: Female
up to 87 Years   (Child, Adult, Senior)
Yes
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
United Kingdom
 
 
NCT01406613
STH15387
No
Not Provided
Not Provided
Sheffield Teaching Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust
Sheffield Teaching Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust
University of Sheffield
Principal Investigator: Richard Eastell, Professor University of Sheffield
Sheffield Teaching Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust
June 2012