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Factors Influencing the Racial Disparity in Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) (SIDS)

This study has been completed.
National Center for Research Resources (NCRR)
March of Dimes
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Rachel Moon, Children's Research Institute Identifier:
First received: May 12, 2011
Last updated: October 16, 2015
Last verified: October 2015

May 12, 2011
October 16, 2015
December 2004
September 2015   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Factors Influencing the Racial Disparity in SIDS [ Time Frame: December 2004 - June 2011 ]
Sleep Position (Supine vs. Nonsupine) Bedsharing (Yes vs. No) Use of Softbedding (Yes vs. No)
Same as current
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT01361893 on Archive Site
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Factors Influencing the Racial Disparity in Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS)
Factors Influencing the Racial Disparity in Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS)

The overall purpose of this investigation is to better understand factors contributing to the high incidence of prone sleep positioning in African-American infants. In addition, the investigators are interested in investigating other races and ethinicities to understand their beliefs and perceptions and determine differences socioeconomically and socioculturally within and between groups. The investigators will address the following specific aims:

(-) To compare knowledge, attitudes, and practices regarding infant sleep position in parents of higher and lower SES.

(-) To identify risk factors for non-use of recommended supine sleep position in families with higher and lower SES (-) to develop a phenomenologic understanding of the decisions made by parents of higher SES and lower SES who do nt use recommended supine sleep position, using qualitative techniques.

Epidemiologic studies have demonstrated prone position to be a major risk factor for SIDS. Studies have consistently demonstrated an increased rate of prone positioning in African American infants, but very little is known about the reasons why African American parents use the prone position more often than other racial groups. Furthermore, no studies have taken advantage of the observed socioeconomic status associated variablility in SIDS and prone sleeping within the African American community. By examing within-group differences, it is possible to move beyond comparative racial descriptions (i.e. comparisions of white and African American) to identification of potentially modifiable factors that might respond to culturally acceptable interventions within a disadvantaged group.
Not Provided
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Sudden Infant Death Syndrome
Other: Lifestyle Counseling
We will utilize a combination of quantitative and qualitative techniques to ascertain factors, attitudes, and beliefs of African American parents of infants less than 6 months old.
Other Names:
  • African American
  • Qualitative
  • Quantitative
  • SIDS
  • Infants
Lifestyle Counseling
Parents who qualify for the study will be asked to participate in the survey portion of the study. informed consent will be obtained. After completing the survey each parent will be asked if they would be willing to participate in and additional interview (focus group or semi-structured in-debth interview) at a later date.
Intervention: Other: Lifestyle Counseling
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*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
September 2015
September 2015   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Parents who are 18 years old wth children less than 6 months old are eligible to participate if they self-identify as African American, with parents born in the United States.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • If the parent is male, not the custodial parent of the child, unable to complet the interview in English or if their child has a chronis illness that would preclude use of the supine sleep position, severe gastroesophageal reflux or recent spinal surgery.
Sexes Eligible for Study: Female
18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
United States
K24RR023681 ( US NIH Grant/Contract Award Number )
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Rachel Moon, Children's Research Institute
Rachel Moon
  • National Center for Research Resources (NCRR)
  • March of Dimes
Principal Investigator: Rachel Y Moon, MD Children's Research Institute
Children's Research Institute
October 2015

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP