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Carfilzomib, Cyclophosphamide and Dexamethasone In Newly Diagnosed Multiple Myeloma Patients (CCD)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01346787
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : May 3, 2011
Last Update Posted : August 2, 2018
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Fondazione Neoplasie Sangue Onlus
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Stichting Hemato-Oncologie voor Volwassenen Nederland

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date  ICMJE April 19, 2011
First Posted Date  ICMJE May 3, 2011
Last Update Posted Date August 2, 2018
Actual Study Start Date  ICMJE July 2011
Actual Primary Completion Date October 2012   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Current Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: May 2, 2011)
  • Toxicity: Assessment of adverse events will be performed at the end of third cycle according to the National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria of Adverse Events (CTCAE version 4.0) [ Time Frame: 4 years ]
    Toxicity is defined as the first occurrence of a grade 4 hematologic drug-related toxicity excluding anemia, (grade 4 neutropenia must last longer than 3 days and grade 4 thrombocytopenia must last longer than 7 days in order to be considered a toxicity) with the exception of (grade 4 neutropenia > 3 days , or grade 4 thrombocytopenia >7 days duration) or grade 3 non-hematologic drug-related toxicity.
  • Efficacy will be assessed by considering partial response (PR) following the proposed regimen. Assessment of Partial Response rate will be performed at the end of third cycle according to the criteria of the International Myeloma Working Group. [ Time Frame: 4 years ]
Original Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Same as current
Change History Complete list of historical versions of study NCT01346787 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
Current Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: May 2, 2011)
  • Response rate [ Time Frame: 4 years ]
  • Duration of Progression Free Survival [ Time Frame: 4 years ]
  • Time to progression (TTP) [ Time Frame: 4 years ]
  • Duration of Response (DOR) [ Time Frame: 4 years ]
  • Duration of Overall Survival [ Time Frame: 4 years ]
  • Time to next therapy [ Time Frame: 4 years ]
  • Progressio Free Survival [ Time Frame: 4 years ]
    Relation between responses and Progression Free Survival, in responding and non-responding patients.
  • β2-microglobulin as prognostic factors [ Time Frame: 4 years ]
    Subgroups analysis on prognostic factors
  • peripheral neuropathy [ Time Frame: 4 years ]
    Rates of peripheral neuropathy, according to the National Cancer Institute Common Toxicity Criteria (version 4.0)
  • Progression Free Survival [ Time Frame: 4 years ]
    Effect on Progression Free Survival of maintenance with low dose of Carfilzomib (days 1 and 2 every other week)
  • C reactive protein as prognostic factors [ Time Frame: 4 years ]
    Subgroups analysis on prognostic factors
  • cytogenetics as prognostic factors [ Time Frame: 4 years ]
    Subgroups analysis on prognostic factors
  • microRNA [ Time Frame: 4 years ]
    Subgroups analysis on prognostic factors
  • gene expression profile [ Time Frame: 4 years ]
    Subgroups analysis on prognostic factors
  • Overall Survival [ Time Frame: 4 years ]
    Effect on Overall Survival of maintenance with low dose of Carfilzomib (days 1 and 2 every other week)
Original Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Same as current
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
 
Descriptive Information
Brief Title  ICMJE Carfilzomib, Cyclophosphamide and Dexamethasone In Newly Diagnosed Multiple Myeloma Patients
Official Title  ICMJE A MULTICENTER, OPEN LABEL PHASE II STUDY OF CARFILZOMIB, CYCLOPHOSPHAMIDE AND DEXAMETHASONE IN NEWLY DIAGNOSED MULTIPLE MYELOMA PATIENTS
Brief Summary The purpose of this study is to determine whether the association of Carfilzomib, Cyclophosphamide and Dexamethasone (CCd) as induction treatment is safe and provides benefits in patients with newly diagnosed Multiple Myeloma (MM).
Detailed Description

This protocol is a phase II multicenter, international, non-comparative, open label study designed to jointly assess the safety and the efficacy of the association Carfilzomib with Cyclophosphamide and Dexamethasone (CCd) as induction treatment and Carfilzomib alone as maintenance in newly diagnosed MM patients.

Patients will be evaluated at scheduled visits in up to 4 study periods: pre-treatment, treatment, maintenance and long-term follow-up.

The pre-treatment period includes screening visits, performed at study entry. After providing written informed consent to participate in the study, patients will be evaluated for study eligibility. The screening period includes the availability of inclusion criteria described above.

The treatment period includes administration of Carfilzomib, Cyclophosphamide and Dexamethasone for 9 4-week courses. In order to assess the toxicity of treatment, patients will attend the study centre visits at each scheduled Carfilzomib administration. The response will be assessed after each 4-week cycle.

The maintenance period includes carfilzomib alone on days 1, 2, 15, 16 at 36mg/m2. For patients who show evidence of progression during maintenance phase, the frequency of Carfilzomib can be increased to days 1, 2, 8, 9, 15, 16 at the discretion of the investigator. It will be initiated at the end of the 9th course and will be stopped at progression or intolerance. The median expected duration of the maintenance treatment is approximately 2 years.

The Long Term Follow Up periods will start after development of confirmed Progression Disease, all patients are to be followed for survival during the Long Term Follow Up period every 3 months via telephone or office visit.

Approximately 15 Italian centers and foreign centers will participate to the protocol.

Patients with symptomatic newly diagnosed MM whose age is ≥ 65 years or who are ineligible for autologous stem cell transplantation. Up to 53 patients will be enrolled from different centers.

The duration of the treatment is approximately 9 months. This length of time is required to complete 9 courses of CCd. At the end of the first stage (19 patients), the trial will be temporarily stopped until all 19 patients complete the toxicity and efficacy evaluation (3 cycle): if there are more than 7 responses and less than 8 toxicities, a further group of 34 patients (total=53) will be enrolled. Otherwise, the trial will be definitively stopped or the DSMC will recommend testing other doses of the drugs.

The maintenance period in both phases will start at the end of the 9th course and will be stopped at progression or intolerance. The median expected duration of the maintenance treatment is approximately 2 years. The duration of follow-up from relapse will be approximately 2 years. The occurrence of PD will determine the duration of TTP of each patient. The occurrence of death will determine the duration of overall survival. The first analysis to evaluate safety and efficacy is planned when the 19 patients enrolled in the first stage of the study have completed the third cycle of induction treatment.

The trial will be stopped if there are < 6 responses, or > 9 toxicities or the Data Safety Monitoring Committee recommends testing other doses of the drugs; Otherwise, a further group of 34 patients (total=53) will be enrolled. The final conclusion will be negative if there are ≤ 23/53 responses, or ≥ 20/53 drug-related toxicities.

Study Type  ICMJE Interventional
Study Phase  ICMJE Phase 2
Study Design  ICMJE Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Condition  ICMJE Multiple Myeloma
Intervention  ICMJE Drug: CARFILZOMIB, CYCLOPHOSPHAMIDE, DEXAMETHASONE
Patients will start induction treatment with Cyclophosphamide given orally at the dose of 300 mg/m2 on days 1, 8, 15. Low dose Dexamethasone will be given orally at the dose of 40 mg on days 1, 8, 15, 22 or 20 mg on days 1-2, 8-9,15-16, 22-23. Carfilzomib = 20 mg/m2 IV once daily on days 1, 2, of cycle 1 only followed by 36 mg/ m2 days 8, 9, 15, 16 in cycle 1, then for all subsequent doses 36 mg/ m2 IV once daily on days 1, 2, 8, 9, 15, 16, followed by 13-day rest period (day 17 through 28). Each cycle will be repeated every 28 days for a total of 9 courses. MANTEINANCE PERIOD At the end of induction phase (9 courses), maintenance phase with Carfilzomib alone IV at 36 mg/ m2 IV on days 1, 2, 15, 16 will start, until progression or intolerance. For patients who show evidence of progression during maintenance phase, the frequency of Carfilzomib can be increased to days 1, 2, 8, 9, 15, 16 at the discretion of the investigator, or the patient may be removed from the study
Study Arms  ICMJE Experimental: Carfilzomib Cyclophosphamide Dexamethasone
The treatment period includes administration of Carfilzomib Cyclophosphamide Dexamethasone for 9 courses. In order to assess the toxicity of treatment, patients will attend the study centre visits at each scheduled carfilzomib administration. The response will be assessed after each cycle.
Intervention: Drug: CARFILZOMIB, CYCLOPHOSPHAMIDE, DEXAMETHASONE
Publications *

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status  ICMJE Active, not recruiting
Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: May 2, 2011)
53
Original Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE Same as current
Estimated Study Completion Date  ICMJE October 2019
Actual Primary Completion Date October 2012   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Eligibility Criteria  ICMJE

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patient is of a legally consenting age as defined by local regulations.
  • Patient is age ≥ 65 year of age or who are ineligible for autologous stem cell transplantation.
  • Patient is, in the investigator(s) opinion, willing and able to comply with the protocol requirements.
  • Patient has given voluntary written informed consent before performance of any study-related procedure not part of normal medical care, with the understanding that consent may be withdrawn by the patient at any time without prejudice to their future medical care.
  • Female patient is either post-menopausal or surgically sterilized or willing to use an acceptable method of birth control (i.e., a hormonal contraceptive, intrauterine device, diaphragm with spermicide, condom with spermicide, or abstinence) for the duration of the study.
  • Male patient agrees to use an acceptable method for contraception (i.e., condom or abstinence) for the duration of the study.
  • Patient is a newly diagnosed MM patient.
  • Patient has measurable disease, defined as follows: any quantifiable serum monoclonal protein value (generally, but not necessarily, ≥ 0.5 g/dL of M-protein) and, where applicable, urine light-chain excretion of >200 mg/24 hours. For patients with oligo or non-secretory MM, it is required that they have measurable plasmacytoma > 2 cm as determined by clinical examination or applicable radiographs (i.e. MRI, CT-Scan) or an abnormal free light chain ratio (n.v.: 0.26-1.65). We anticipate that less than 10% of patients admitted to this study will be oligo- or non-secretory MM with free light chains only in order to maximize interpretation of benefit results.
  • - Patient has a Karnofsky performance status ≥60%.
  • Patient has a life-expectancy >3 months.
  • Patient has the following laboratory values within 14 days before Baseline (day

    1 of the Cycle 1, before study drug administration):

  • Platelet count ≥50 x 109/L (≥30 x 109 /L if myeloma involvement in the bone marrow is > 50%) within 14 days prior to drug administration).
  • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥ 1 x 109/L without the use of growth factors.
  • Corrected serum calcium ≤14 mg/dL (3.5 mmol/L)
  • Alanine transaminase (ALT): ≤ 3 x the ULN.
  • Total bilirubin: ≤ 2 x the ULN.
  • Calculated or measured creatinine clearance: ≥ 15 mL/minute

Exclusion Criteria:

  • - Patients with non-secretory MM, unless serum free light chains are present and the ratio is abnormal.
  • Pregnant or lactating females
  • Patient has active infectious hepatitis type B or C or HIV.
  • Patients with myocardial infarction or unstable angina ≤ 4 months or other clinically significant heart disease (e.g., CHF NY Heart Association class III or IV, uncontrolled hypertension, history of labile hypertension, or history of poor compliance with an antihypertensive regimen)
  • Peripheral neuropathy > CTCAE grade 2 and ≥ grade 2 painful peripheral neuropathy (with the difference being in the exclusion of patients with Grade 2 painful PN).
  • Known history of allergy to Capsidol (a cyclodextrin derivative used to solubilize carfilzomib)
  • Contraindication to any of the required concomitant drugs or supportive treatments, including hypersensitivity to all anticoagulation and antiplatelet options, antiviral drugs, or intolerance to hydration due to preexisting pulmonary or cardiac impairment.
  • Subjects with pleural effusions requiring thoracentesis or ascites requiring paracentesis within 14 days prior to baseline;
  • Patient has any other clinically significant illness that would, in the investigator's opinion, increase the patient's risk for toxicity.
  • Patients with a prior malignancy within the last 5 years (except for basal or squamous cell carcinoma, or in situ cancer of the cervix or breast, or localized prostate cancer of Gleason score <7 with a stable PSA)
Sex/Gender  ICMJE
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
Ages  ICMJE 65 Years and older   (Older Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers  ICMJE No
Contacts  ICMJE Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Listed Location Countries  ICMJE Italy,   Netherlands
Removed Location Countries  
 
Administrative Information
NCT Number  ICMJE NCT01346787
Other Study ID Numbers  ICMJE IST-CAR-506
Has Data Monitoring Committee Yes
U.S. FDA-regulated Product Not Provided
IPD Sharing Statement  ICMJE Not Provided
Responsible Party Stichting Hemato-Oncologie voor Volwassenen Nederland
Study Sponsor  ICMJE Stichting Hemato-Oncologie voor Volwassenen Nederland
Collaborators  ICMJE Fondazione Neoplasie Sangue Onlus
Investigators  ICMJE Not Provided
PRS Account Stichting Hemato-Oncologie voor Volwassenen Nederland
Verification Date August 2018

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP