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Trial record 1 of 1 for:    Exercise, Age-Related Memory Decline, and Hippocampal Function
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Exercise, Age-Related Memory Decline, And Hippocampal Function

This study is ongoing, but not recruiting participants.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
First Posted: April 6, 2011
Last Update Posted: March 29, 2017
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
New York State Psychiatric Institute
July 28, 2010
April 6, 2011
March 29, 2017
June 2011
December 31, 2017   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
dentate gyrus cerebral blood volume [ Time Frame: change from before (pre) to after (post) 12 weeks of training ]
Same as current
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT01329653 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
  • cognitive function [ Time Frame: change from before (pre) to after (post) 12 weeks of training ]
    measures of memory, executive function, attention/processing speed, language, and general intelligence
  • aerobic capacity [ Time Frame: change from before (pre) to after (post) 12 weeks of training ]
  • cerebral blood flow [ Time Frame: change from before (pre) to after (post) 12 weeks of training ]
    arterial spin labeling fMRI
Same as current
Not Provided
Not Provided
Exercise, Age-Related Memory Decline, And Hippocampal Function
Exercise, Age-Related Memory Decline, And Hippocampal Function
The purpose of this study is to test the hypothesis that aerobic exercise leads increased cerebral blood volume in the dentate gyrus of the hippocampus in a sample of young and older adults.
In the US, increased length of life and reduced morbidity and mortality have resulted in a growing number of older adults, the demographic "time bomb" often referred to in discussions of public policy. According to the Census Bureau, the population aged 65 and over will double in size within the next 25 years. Moreover, these older adults will live healthier lives than their predecessors. While this increased length of a healthy life is an undeniable societal benefit, it brings with it a major societal problem: an epidemic of aging-related cognitive decline. The need to develop interventions to address this growing problem is urgent. Aging-related cognitive dysfunction is not diffuse; rather it targets selected brain areas, in particular the frontal lobes and the hippocampal formation. The separate but interconnected subregions of the hippocampus are differentially vulnerable to pathogenic mechanisms, including the normal aging process. A range of in vivo and post-mortem studies have converged on the dentate gyrus (DG) as the hippocampal subregion differentially targeted by the aging process. As with pathogenic processes, any intervention that improves brain function does so with regional selectivity. One such intervention is physical exercise, which has been shown to improve both frontal lobe and hippocampal function. Using a high-resolution variant of functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), the investigators have demonstrated that aerobic training selectively benefitted DG function both humans and mice. In addition, improvement in DG function was associated with improved performance on a word list learning task but not in tasks conventionally thought to be frontal lobe dependent. The human part of the study had significant shortcomings, however: it was small (N = 11), lacked a control group, enrolled only young subjects (age 20-45 years), and employed only a limited neuropsychological testing battery. The overall goal of this proposal is to use the high-resolution variant of fMRI to test the hypothesis that aerobic training will induce improvements in DG function in a sample of younger (age 20-35) and older (50-65) adults, assigned randomly to an active training condition or wait list control group. The investigators will use more comprehensive neuropsychological testing to examine the relationship between changes in DG function and selected cognitive capacities. Taken together with the observation that normal aging differentially targets the DG, this research program will establish that physical exercise is an effective approach for ameliorating the insidious cognitive slide that occurs in aging. Thus, the potential significance of this application is substantial.
Not Provided
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single (Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Basic Science
  • Cognitive Deterioration
  • Disorder of Aging
  • Behavioral: aerobic training
    12 weeks of aerobic training, 4X/week
  • Behavioral: Wait list
    wait list control condition
    Other Name: Wait list control
  • Experimental: aerobic training
    12 weeks of aerobic training, 4X/week
    Intervention: Behavioral: aerobic training
  • Placebo Comparator: wait list control
    wait list control condition, 12 weeks to parallel the active intervention group
    Intervention: Behavioral: Wait list
Pereira AC, Huddleston DE, Brickman AM, Sosunov AA, Hen R, McKhann GM, Sloan R, Gage FH, Brown TR, Small SA. An in vivo correlate of exercise-induced neurogenesis in the adult dentate gyrus. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2007 Mar 27;104(13):5638-43. Epub 2007 Mar 20.

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
Active, not recruiting
December 31, 2017
December 31, 2017   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Age 20-75 years
  2. English-speaking
  3. Ambulatory
  4. "Average" fitness as determined by ACSM's Guidelines for Exercise Testing and Prescription (for men, VO2max < 43 for age 20-39 years, < 38 for age 40-49 years, < 35 for age 50-59, < 31 for age 60-75; for women, < 36 for age < 30 years, < 34 for age 30-39 years, < 32 for age 40-49 years, <25 for age 50-59 years, < 24 for age 60-75 years
  5. BMI <35

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Ischemic changes or abnormal resting cardiogram, abnormal blood pressure responses, or an significant ectopy during aerobic capacity testing
  2. Cardiovascular disease
  3. BMI > 35
  4. Uncontrolled high blood pressure (systolic blood pressure ≥ 140 mmHg; or diastolic blood pressure ≥ 90mmHg on two measures)
  5. Any condition for which aerobic training is counter-indicated, including persons with evidence or history of medical or orthopedic conditions which might make participation problematic.
  6. Current or recent (evidence of disease x 5 years) non-skin neoplastic disease or melanoma. Prostatic carcinoma will not be grounds for exclusion.
  7. Active hepatic disease (not a history of hepatitis) or primary renal disease requiring dialysis, primary untreated endocrine diseases, e.g., Cushing's disease or primary hypothalamic failure or insulin dependent diabetes (Type I or II). Welltreated hypothyroidism will not be excluded.
  8. History of chemotherapy
  9. HIV infection
  10. Pregnant or lactating (participation allowed 3 months after ceasing lactation).
  11. Medications that alter inflammation or autonomic nervous system activity
  12. Any history of psychosis or ECT
  13. Current or recent (past one year) Major Depressive Disorder, Bipolar Disorder
  14. Current or recent (within past 12 months) alcohol or substance abuse or dependence. Recent use (past month) of recreational drugs.
  15. Dementia Rating Scale (DRS) score less than 135. Medical History Interview
  16. Neurological Disorders Dementia Rating Scale
  17. Stroke Telephone screen
  18. Alzheimer's Disease Telephone screen
  19. Smoking Telephone screen
  20. Prior participation in another Dr. Sloan Exercise Study
  21. MRI Exclusion Criteria: Cardiac Pacemaker; Internal Pump; Insulin Pump; Tattoo; eyeliner; Wire Sutures; Internal Metal Objects; Metal Slivers in Eye; Prosthesis; Hearing Aid Implants; Neurostimulator; Metal Fragments; Brain Aneurysm Clips; Vascular Clips; Breast Expander; Vena Cava Filter; Heart Valve; Metal Stents; Asthma; Hay-Fever; Sickle Cell Disease; Kidney Disease; Machinist or ever worked with heavy metals Interview; Contraindication to gadolinium, including prior adverse reaction to gadolinium, past or current history of severe breathing difficulty that has been treated by a physician (e.g., asthma, COPD, etc.), and sickle cell disease. History of renal impairment or estimated glomerular filtration rate <30 L/min/1.73m2 is also exclusionary; Machinist or ever worked with heavy metals Interview; Have had more than one MRI scans with Gadolinium
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
20 Years to 75 Years   (Adult, Senior)
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
United States
AG035015 ( Other Identifier: CU )
Not Provided
Plan to Share IPD: Yes
Plan Description: We will share our data with other investigators upon request.
New York State Psychiatric Institute
New York State Psychiatric Institute
Not Provided
Principal Investigator: Richard P Sloan, PhD Columbia University
New York State Psychiatric Institute
March 2017

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP