Nulliparous Pregnancy Outcomes Study: Monitoring Mothers-to-be (nuMoM2b)
|First Received Date ICMJE||March 10, 2011|
|Last Updated Date||January 11, 2016|
|Start Date ICMJE||September 2010|
|Primary Completion Date||May 2015 (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
|Current Primary Outcome Measures ICMJE
||Adverse pregnancy outcome [ Time Frame: 42 weeks project estimated gestational age or less ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
Delivery of a live born or stillborn infant due to any cause before 37 weeks 0 days project estimated gestational age, after the subject has been enrolled in the study.
|Original Primary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Same as current|
|Change History||Complete list of historical versions of study NCT01322529 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site|
|Current Secondary Outcome Measures ICMJE
|Original Secondary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Same as current|
|Current Other Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Original Other Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Brief Title ICMJE||Nulliparous Pregnancy Outcomes Study: Monitoring Mothers-to-be|
|Official Title ICMJE||Preterm Birth in Nulliparous Women: An Understudied Population at Great Risk|
|Brief Summary||Forty percent of pregnant women in the United States are women who have never given birth. As a group, they sometimes have complications with their pregnancy, but there is no information from a previous pregnancy to identify who might have a problem. Very little research has been done with this group. The Nulliparous Pregnancy Outcomes Study: Monitoring Mothers-to-be (nuMoM2b) is collecting data from a diverse population of about 10,000 women who are having their first baby and are carrying only one baby. The women are enrolled early in pregnancy and undergo research assessments four times during their pregnancies. Data are collected through interviews, self-completed data forms, clinical measurements, ultrasound, and collection and storage of blood samples, urine samples, and fluid from the vagina and cervix. Some information comes from medical records. A subset of women may be asked to participate in substudies collecting information on sleep breathing, sleep patterns and quality, or other areas possibly related to birth outcomes. The goal of the research is to find ways to identify women in this group who might develop a problem with their pregnancy and use this information to improve the health of pregnant women and their babies in the future. The study is focusing on pregnancy problems like high blood pressure, babies that are born much too early and very small babies.|
The Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) established the Nulliparous Pregnancy Outcomes Study: Monitoring Mothers-to-be (nuMoM2b) to study women for whom the current pregnancy will lead to their first delivery (nulliparas). About 40% of pregnant women in the United States are nulliparas. Because little or no information from previous pregnancy outcomes is available to guide assignment of risk or mitigating interventions, adverse pregnancy outcomes in nulliparas are especially unpredictable. The underlying mechanisms of adverse pregnancy outcomes such as preterm birth, preeclampsia, fetal growth restriction and stillbirth are interrelated and therefore will be evaluated as part of this study. The information gained will benefit women who are pregnant or who are considering pregnancy and their physicians. In addition, the knowledge will support future research aimed at improving care and health outcomes for a critical group of at-risk women who are currently understudied.
The study is a prospective cohort study of a racially/ethnically/geographically diverse population of 10,038 nulliparous women with singleton gestations. The women undergo intensive research assessments during the course of their pregnancies to study the mechanisms for and prediction of adverse pregnancy outcomes (APOs) in women in their first pregnancy. The APOs of primary interest are preterm birth, preeclampsia and fetal growth restriction.
The goals of the study are to 1) determine maternal characteristics, including genetics, epigenetics, and physiological response to pregnancy as well as environmental factors that influence and/or predict adverse pregnancy outcome; 2) identify specific aspects of placental development and function that lead to adverse pregnancy outcome; and 3) characterize genetic, growth, and developmental parameters of the fetus that are associated with adverse pregnancy outcome.
Eight academic medical centers or sites had primary responsibility for enrollment and follow-up of study participants. Several of these sites collected data through additional academic research centers or nearby hospitals (subsites). A Data Coordinating and Analysis Center (DCAC) provided input to the protocol, manages the data, and analyzes the data. Investigators from these institutions have established a partnership with NICHD staff to develop and implement the study protocol and ancillary studies that acquire and analyze data to identify biomarkers and understand the mechanism and prediction of preterm birth and other adverse pregnancy outcomes.
Nulliparous women with an in utero singleton gestation between 6 weeks 0 days and 13 weeks 6 days of pregnancy were recruited through the eight clinical sites and their subsites. Mechanisms were created in the various prenatal clinics associated with the sites to identify eligible nulliparous women with singleton pregnancies. Once enrolled, a participant was followed for the duration of her pregnancy by research staff at the clinical site. Study visits were scheduled at four times during the pregnancy: 6 weeks 0 days through 13 weeks 6 days estimated gestational age (EGA), 16 weeks 0 days through 21 weeks 6 days EGA, 22 weeks 0 days through 29 weeks 6 days EGA, and at the time of delivery. Data were collected through personal interview, self-administered questionnaires, clinical measurement, chart abstraction, and collection of biological specimens (blood, urine, cervico-vaginal fluid). Additional data (i.e., sleep breathing assessments, actigraphy, fetal adrenal gland measurements) were collected through ancillary research studies on subsets of the enrolled women. The set-ups for screening, enrollment and follow-up of participants varied by clinical site and subsite. However, in each setting, the clinical site staffs included study investigators, research nurses, research assistants and sonographers. Clinical site staffs were trained to interview participants, collect and process samples, conduct various research tests, and input data. Data are managed at the DCAC. Specimens are stored at the NICHD specimen repository for later analysis.
|Study Type ICMJE||Observational|
|Study Design ICMJE||Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Prospective
|Target Follow-Up Duration||Not Provided|
|Biospecimen||Retention: Samples With DNA
Blood serum, blood plasma, maternal deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA), urine supernatant, urine cell pellet, cervico-vaginal fluid, bacterial vaginosis (BV) slide, cord blood (fetal DNA), cord blood serum, placenta, fetal membranes, umbilical cord segment, placenta and umbilical cord, chorionic villi and maternal decidua from clinical chorionic villus sampling (CVS), amniotic fluid supernatant and cell pellet from clinical amniocentesis.
|Sampling Method||Non-Probability Sample|
|Study Population||The study population consists of a racially/ethnically/geographically diverse population of 10,038 nulliparous pregnant women with singleton gestations recruited through 8 participating clinical sites and their subsites.|
|Intervention ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Study Group/Cohort (s)||Not Provided|
* Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
|Recruitment Status ICMJE||Completed|
|Completion Date||May 2015|
|Primary Completion Date||May 2015 (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
|Eligibility Criteria ICMJE||
|Ages||13 Years and older (Child, Adult, Senior)|
|Accepts Healthy Volunteers||Yes|
|Contacts ICMJE||Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects|
|Listed Location Countries ICMJE||United States|
|Removed Location Countries|
|NCT Number ICMJE||NCT01322529|
|Other Study ID Numbers ICMJE||NICHD-nuMoM2b-001, 1U10HD063036-01, 1U10HD063072-01, 1U10HD063047-01, 1U10HD063037-01, 1U10HD063041-01, 1U10HD063020-01, 1U10HD063046-01, 1U10HD063048-01, 1U10HD063053-01|
|Has Data Monitoring Committee||Yes|
|Plan to Share Data||Undecided|
|IPD Description||Date will be made available to authorized researchers in the future through a yet to be determined government repository.|
|Responsible Party||Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD)|
|Study Sponsor ICMJE||Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD)|
|Information Provided By||Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD)|
|Verification Date||January 2016|
ICMJE Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP