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Study of Intravenous Immunoglobulin in Amnestic Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01300728
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : February 23, 2011
Results First Posted : March 31, 2016
Last Update Posted : October 2, 2018
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Shawn Kile, M.D., Sutter Health

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date  ICMJE February 22, 2011
First Posted Date  ICMJE February 23, 2011
Results First Submitted Date  ICMJE August 8, 2015
Results First Posted Date  ICMJE March 31, 2016
Last Update Posted Date October 2, 2018
Study Start Date  ICMJE January 2011
Actual Primary Completion Date November 2014   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Current Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: March 1, 2016)
Annualized Percent Change in Ventricular Volume (APCV) as Measured by MRI [ Time Frame: Baseline, 12, and 24 month MRI evaluation ]
Change in ventricular volumetric as measured by MRI at baseline, 12, and 24 months following the first infusion of either 0.4 g/kg NewGam or 0.9% saline solution(placebo) every 14 days x 5. Participants will also be classified as early MCI (EMCI) if baseline CDR-SB is less than 1.5, and late MCI (LMCI) if CDR-SB is greater than or equal to 1.5.
Original Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: February 22, 2011)
Change in ventricular volumetric as measured by MRI [ Time Frame: Baseline and 24 month MRI evaluation ]
Change in ventricular volumetric as measured by MRI at baseline and 24 months following the first infusion of either 0.4 g/kg NewGam or 0.9% saline solution(placebo) every 14 days x 5
Change History Complete list of historical versions of study NCT01300728 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
Current Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: March 1, 2016)
  • Number of Participants Who Converted From Amnestic Mild Cognitive Impairment (a-MCI) to Alzheimer Disease (AD) [ Time Frame: Baseline to 24 months ]
    The National Institute of Neurological and Communicative Disorders and Stroke - Alzheimers Disease and Related Disorders Association (NINCDS-ADRDA) Alzheimer's Criteria were proposed in 1984 by NINCDS-ADRDA criteria for diagnosing Alzheimer Disease and Clinical Dementia Rating (CDR) will be used to determine conversion from a-MCI to AD.
  • Change in Ventricular Volume in Patients With Positive Cerebrospinal Fluid (CSF) Aβ1-42/CSF P-Tau181P Alzheimer Signature [ Time Frame: Baseline to 24 months following infusion ]
    Mean ventricular volume (cubic centimeters) in patients with positive cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) Aβ1-42/CSF P-Tau181P Alzheimer signature at 24 months following infusion
  • Mean Cognitive Performance at 12 Months [ Time Frame: 12 months ]
    12 month cognitive performance in treatment (IVIG/placebo) is measured by:
    • Alzheimer Disease Assessment Scale-cognitive subscale (ADAS-cog)
      • Scale from 0 to 85 (0 is best cognitive performance)
      • Score is the sum of 12 sub-scales.
    • Mini Mental State Exam (MMSE)
      • Scale from 0 to 30 (30 is best cognitive performance)
      • Score is the sum of 11 sub-scales.
    • Clinical Dementia Rating - Sum of Boxes (CDR-SB)
      • Scale is 0 to 18 (0 is best cognitive performance)
      • Score is the sum of 6 sub-scales
  • Mean Cognitive Performance at 24 Months [ Time Frame: 24 month ]
    24 month cognitive performance in treatment (IVIG/placebo) is measured by:
    • Alzheimer Disease Assessment Scale-cognitive subscale (ADAS-cog)
      • Scale from 0 to 85 (0 is best cognitive performance)
      • Score is the sum of 12 sub-scales.
    • Mini Mental State Exam (MMSE)
      • Scale from 0 to 30 (30 is best cognitive performance)
      • Score is the sum of 11 sub-scales.
    • Clinical Dementia Rating - Sum of Boxes (CDR-SB)
      • Scale is 0 to 18 (0 is best cognitive performance)
      • Score is the sum of 6 sub-scales
Original Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: February 22, 2011)
  • Conversion from amnestic mild cognitive impairment (a-MCI) to Alzheimer Disease (AD) [ Time Frame: 24 months ]
    NINCDS-ADRDA criteria for diagnosing Alzheimer Disease and Clinical Dementia Rating (CDR) will be used to determine conversion from a-MCI to AD.
  • Change in ventricular volume in patients with positive CSF Aβ1-42/CSF P-Tau181P Alzheimer signature [ Time Frame: Baseline and 24 months following infusion ]
    MRI assessment at baseline and 24 months following infusion
  • Change in cognitive performance [ Time Frame: Baseline and 4, 8, 12, 16, 20, and 24 months after the first infusion ]
    Change in cognitive performance is measured by:
    • Alzheimer Disease Assessment Scale-cognitive subscale (ADAS-cog)
    • Mini Mental State Exam (MMSE)
    • Clinical Dementia Rating (CDR) and Sum of Boxes (CDR-SB)
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
 
Descriptive Information
Brief Title  ICMJE Study of Intravenous Immunoglobulin in Amnestic Mild Cognitive Impairment
Official Title  ICMJE A Randomized Double-Blinded Placebo-Controlled Exploratory Study of Intravenous Immunoglobulin (NewGam 10%) in Amnestic Mild Cognitive Impairment
Brief Summary

Patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) are a group recognized at being at high risk of progressing to Alzheimer disease. Treatment of MCI with immunotherapy with intravenous immunoglobulins (IVIG) could potentially reduce the risk of progression to Alzheimer disease.

This study will evaluate the efficacy of intravenous immunoglobulin in patients with MCI over 24 months after the first infusion. This study will also document conversion from MCI to Alzheimer's Disease.

Detailed Description

Screening procedures at visit 1 will take place up to 28 days prior to Visit 2 (Day 1) dosing. Screening labs and assessments will be performed during the screening period. A brain MRI will be obtained as standard of care within 6 months prior to the screening period. The first dose of study drug is administered on Day 1. Visits 2 through 6 have a ±1 day window and occur every 14 days over two months. The investigator will determine if a subject is suitable to continue following the missed infusion. Visits 7 through 12 (Month 4 through Month 24) have a ±7 day window.

All study screening data from Visit 1 including laboratory results must be reviewed for study eligibility prior to receiving first dose of study drug. Visit 2 physical exams and neurological exams prior to infusion may occur within 72 hours prior to the first infusion. Prior to infusion, a review of concomitant medications and adverse events takes place to ensure that no excluded medications have been added or medication discontinued or dose changed that were required to have been stable. If the subject continues to be eligible for enrollment, the subject will be randomized, infused with study medication and will remain in the infusion clinic for at least 4 hours following the start of the infusion for safety assessments on Visit 2 (Day 1).

Study Type  ICMJE Interventional
Study Phase  ICMJE Phase 2
Study Design  ICMJE Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Triple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Condition  ICMJE Mild Cognitive Impairment
Intervention  ICMJE
  • Drug: NewGam 10% IVIG

    Subjects will be randomized to receive either an infusion of IVIG at 0.4 g/kg or every 14 days for two months for a total of five infusions.

    Fifty subjects will be enrolled and randomized in a 1:1 IVIG 2.0 g/kg: placebo ratio. Twenty-five subjects will receive IVIG and 25 subjects will receive placebo.

  • Other: Placebo
    Subjects will be randomized to receive either an infusion of 0.9% saline solution (placebo) every 14 days for two months for a total of five infusions. Fifty subjects will be enrolled and randomized in a 1:1 IVIG 2.0 g/kg: placebo ratio.
Study Arms  ICMJE
  • Experimental: intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG)
    IVIG (NewGam 10%)at 0.4 g/kg
    Intervention: Drug: NewGam 10% IVIG
  • Placebo Comparator: Saline solution
    0.9% saline solution
    Intervention: Other: Placebo
Publications *

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status  ICMJE Active, not recruiting
Actual Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: March 1, 2016)
52
Original Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: February 22, 2011)
50
Estimated Study Completion Date  ICMJE December 2018
Actual Primary Completion Date November 2014   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Eligibility Criteria  ICMJE

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Age from 50 to < 85 years old.
  2. Diagnosis of Mild Cognitive Impairment, Amnestic type (single or multi domain) according to Petersen criteria (Appendix B) and supported by a CDR score of 0.5.
  3. Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) score of 24-30, inclusive.
  4. Rosen Modified Hachinski Ischemic score ≤ 4.
  5. Willing to consent to Apolipoprotein E (ApoE) testing and agree to disclose Apolipoprotein E4 (ApoE4) status. Previous ApoE testing will be accepted.
  6. Receiving stable doses of medication(s) for the treatment of non-excluded medical condition(s) for at least 30 days prior to screening.
  7. Ability to attend all clinical visits and have an informant capable of accompanying the subject on specific clinic visits for two years or the duration of the study.
  8. The subject's collaborative informant (support person) must be someone who has known the subject for at least 4 years; agrees to have at least 2 separate communications with the study participant per month for the duration of the study (one of these communications must be in person); and attends and completes the CDR interview at 8 study visits along with the subject.
  9. Fluency in English and evidence of adequate premorbid intellectual functioning.
  10. Adequate manual dexterity, visual, and auditory abilities to perform all aspects of the cognitive and functional assessments.
  11. Venous access suitable for repeated infusion and phlebotomy.

Exclusion criteria:

  1. Has significant neurological disease, other than a-MCI that may affect cognition.
  2. History of clinically evident stroke or history of clinically significant carotid or vertebrobasilar stenosis or plaque.
  3. History of seizures, excluding febrile seizures in childhood.
  4. Brain MRI shows moderate or severe cortical or hippocampal atrophy.
  5. Presence of pacemakers, aneurysm clips, artificial heart valves, ear implants, CSF shunts, claustrophobia, metal fragments or foreign objects in the eyes, skin, or body that would contraindicate a brain MRI scan.
  6. Current presence of a clinically significant major psychiatric disorder according to the criteria of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition (DSM-IV-TR).
  7. History of cancer within the last 5 years, with the exception of nonmetastatic basal cell carcinoma, and squamous cell carcinoma of the skin.
  8. Uncontrolled hypertension (diastolic BP> 100 mmHg or systolic BP> 160 mmHg, sitting).
  9. History or evidence of any clinically significant autoimmune disease or disorder of the immune system (eg., Crohn's Disease, Rheumatoid Arthritis)
  10. Women of childbearing potential.
  11. Weight greater than 120 kg (264 lbs).
  12. Excessive smoking defined as more than 20 cigarettes per day.
  13. History of alcohol or drug dependence or abuse as defined by DSM-IV criteria within the last 2 years.
  14. Severe liver or kidney disease verified by the PI review of alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and creatinine.
  15. Known coagulopathy, thrombosis, or low platelet count.
  16. Known deficiency to Immunoglobulin A (IgA).
  17. Positive serology for Hepatitis B or C, or HIV.
  18. Concurrent or prior treatment with cholinesterase inhibitors and/or memantine, or Axona for cognitive enhancement. Exceptions (e.g. brief exposure to one of these medications) may be authorized if agreed upon by PI and sub-I.
  19. Concurrent use of anticholinergic drugs including diphenhydramine.
  20. Current use of anticonvulsant drugs for seizures, antiparkinson drugs, anticoagulant medications (except the use of aspirin 325 mg/day or less, plavix, aggrenox, and persantine but not for stroke).
  21. Concurrent use of opioid pain relievers and related synthetic derivatives.
  22. Use of experimental medications for AD or any other investigational medications or devices within 60 days prior to screening or within 5 half-lives of use of such a medication prior to screening, whichever is longer.
  23. Prior treatment with IVIG or other experimental immunotherapeutic or vaccine for MCI or AD, or prior treatment with a biological product for the treatment of a-MCI or AD.
Sex/Gender  ICMJE
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
Ages  ICMJE 50 Years to 84 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers  ICMJE No
Contacts  ICMJE Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Listed Location Countries  ICMJE United States
Removed Location Countries  
 
Administrative Information
NCT Number  ICMJE NCT01300728
Other Study ID Numbers  ICMJE IVIG-KILE-032010
Has Data Monitoring Committee Yes
U.S. FDA-regulated Product Not Provided
IPD Sharing Statement  ICMJE Not Provided
Responsible Party Shawn Kile, M.D., Sutter Health
Study Sponsor  ICMJE Sutter Health
Collaborators  ICMJE Not Provided
Investigators  ICMJE
Principal Investigator: Shawn Kile, M.D. Sutter Health
PRS Account Sutter Health
Verification Date September 2018

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP