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A Study to Compare Subcutaneous Versus Intravenous MabThera (Rituximab) in Combination With Chemotherapy in Patients With Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01292603
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : February 9, 2011
Results First Posted : December 15, 2015
Last Update Posted : December 19, 2018
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Hoffmann-La Roche

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date  ICMJE February 8, 2011
First Posted Date  ICMJE February 9, 2011
Results First Submitted Date  ICMJE September 23, 2015
Results First Posted Date  ICMJE December 15, 2015
Last Update Posted Date December 19, 2018
Actual Study Start Date  ICMJE April 18, 2011
Actual Primary Completion Date May 7, 2014   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Current Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: November 10, 2015)
  • Part 1: Subcutaneous Rituximab Dose Resulting in Trough Concentration (Ctrough) Levels Non-Inferior to Intravenous Rituximab [ Time Frame: Pre-dose and post-dose (15 minutes to end of infusion) on Day 1 and on Days 2, 5, 11 and 15 of Cycle 5 and Pre-dose, Post-dose on Days 2, 3, 5,11, 15 and 29 of Cycle 6; Pre-dose was taken 2 hours prior rituximab dose ]
    Ctrough is defined as the trough or minimum serum concentration. Pharmacokinetic parameters for rituximab were assessed during Cycles 5 (IV rituximab) and 6 (SC rituximab). Rituximab pharmacokinetic (PK) data from Part 1 were integrated into a population PK model using parametric, nonlinear, mixed-effects modelling. Rituximab IV 500 mg/m^2 administered once every 4 weeks was compared to fixed doses of rituximab SC between 1400 mg and 1870 mg. The dose selection was performed on Ctrough concentrations at Cycle 5 (pre-dose Cycle 6). A test of the probability of success was applied to each of the 100 replicates, and the percentage of replicates with a positive test corresponded to the probability of success of the trial.
  • Part 2: Rituximab C Trough Levels at Cycle 5 [ Time Frame: +/- 25hours around the 28th day post the 5th Cycle of Rituximab administration ]
    Ctrough is defined as the trough or minimum serum concentration in a given cycle of treatment. The objective of Part 2 was to demonstrate the comparability of the observed Ctrough of rituximab SC 1600 mg and rituximab IV 500 mg/m2 at Cycle 5, as assessed by a non-inferiority test with a lower boundary of at least 0.8 for the 90% CI.
Original Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: February 8, 2011)
  • Part 1: C(trough) levels of subcutaneous MabThera [ Time Frame: 6 weeks ]
  • Part 2: Non-inferiority in observed C(trough) levels between subcutaneous and intravenous MabThera [ Time Frame: 20 weeks ]
Change History
Current Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: November 17, 2018)
  • Part 2: Observed Area Under the Serum Concentration-Curve (AUC) of Rituximab at Cycle 6 [ Time Frame: Rituximab IV arm: pre-dose, post-dose and on Days 2, 3, 8 ,15, 29 of Cycle 6; Rituximab SC arm: pre-dose, and on Days 2, 3, 8 ,15, 29 of Cycle 6 ]
    AUC values were calculated by numerical integration using the linear trapezoidal rule. AUC levels were analyzed using the model below: Ln(AUC) = μ + τi + BlTLij + εij wherein, Ln is the natural log, μ denotes the overall mean effect, τi the effect in each treatment group, BlTLij the tumor load at baseline for each patient and εij a random error variable with normal distribution and mean 0. The treatment effect therein was based on a contrast statement in the model to calculate 90 % confidence intervals for ln(AUC SC)- ln(AUC IV).
  • Part 2: Maximum Observed Concentration (Cmax) of Rituximab at Cycle 6 [ Time Frame: Rituximab IV arm: pre-dose, post-dose and on Days 2, 3, 8 ,15, 29 of Cycle 6; Rituximab SC arm: pre-dose, and on Days 2, 3, 8 ,15, 29 of Cycle 6 ]
    Cmax was obtained directly from the measured concentration-time curves. The concentration-time curve is the result of time points of blood sampling and its measured concentration of rituximab in the blood samplings.
  • Part 2: Time to Cmax (Tmax) of Rituximab at Cycle 6 [ Time Frame: Rituximab IV arm: pre-dose, post-dose and on Days 2, 3, 8 ,15, 29 of Cycle 6; Rituximab SC arm: pre-dose, and on Days 2, 3, 8 ,15, 29 of Cycle 6 ]
    Multiple blood samples were obtained at pre-dose, post-dose and on Days 2, 3, 8 ,15, 29 of Cycle 6 in Rituximab IV arm, and at pre-dose, and on Days 2, 3, 8 ,15, 29 of Cycle 6 in Rituximab SC arm and time to peak plasma concentration of rituximab was determined.
  • Part 2: Terminal Half-Life of Rituximab at Cycle 6 [ Time Frame: Rituximab IV arm: pre-dose, post-dose and on Days 2, 3, 8 ,15, 29 of Cycle 6; Rituximab SC arm: pre-dose, and on Days 2, 3, 8 ,15, 29 of Cycle 6 ]
    The terminal half-life (t1/2) of rituximab is defined as the time required for the plasma concentration of rituximab to reach half of its original concentration.
  • Part 1: Percentage of Participants and Nurses Recording a Preference For Either SC or IV Administration [ Time Frame: Days 4 to 5 in Cycle 6 ]
    In part 1 of the trial, upon completion of dosing in cycle 6, participants and their treating nurses were asked whether they have a preference of dosing route, IV vs SC
  • Part 2: Physician/Nurse Opinion on Time Savings With Rituximab SC Compared With Rituximab IV [ Time Frame: Days 4-5 in Cycle 6 ]
    Physicians and nurses who administered rituximab were asked to answer the following question: " If used in routine practice, on average, how much staff time could be saved with each administration of rituximab SC as compared to rituximab IV? (Please do not consider the time needed for the first IV administration, consider only the subsequent ones)". The number of nurses that responded for both the IV and SC arms was 70. The number of physicians that responded for the IV and SC arms were 78 and 81 respectively.
  • Part 2: Physician/Nurse Opinion on Convenience of Rituximab SC Compared With Rituximab IV [ Time Frame: Days 4-5 in Cycle 6 ]
    Physicians and nurses who administered rituximab were asked to answer the following question: "Which formulation of rituximab (SC or IV) do you think is more convenient?" with pre-specified responses as below. Percentage of participants with specified answers were reported. The number of nurses that responded for both the IV and SC arms was 70. The number of physicians that responded for the IV and SC arms were 78 and 81 respectively.
  • Part 1: Percentage of Participants With Anti-Rituximab Antibodies [ Time Frame: Predose at Cycles 5 and 6 and at each follow up visit until 24 months after the last dose ]
    Blood samples for the assessment of antibodies against rituximab (HACAs) were drawn pre-dose at Cycle 5 and Cycle 6 in Part 1 and at each follow up visit until 24 months after the last dose.
  • Part 2: Percentage of Participants With Anti-Rituximab Antibodies [ Time Frame: Day 0 of Cycle 1 and Day 1 of Cycles 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, and 6 and at each follow-up visit until 24 months after the last dose of rituximab. ]
    In Part 2, samples for the HACA assay were collected at each treatment cycle prior to the administration of rituximab and at each follow-up visit until 24 months after the last dose of rituximab.
  • Part 1: Total Cluster Differentiation19 Positive (CD19+) B-Cell Counts by Visit [ Time Frame: Day 1 of Cycles 5 and 6 and Follow-up Days 28 and 56 and Follow-up Visits at Months 3, 6, 9, 12, 15,18, 21 and 24 ]
    CD 19 is a surface antigen (protein) present on B-lymphocytes.
  • Part 1: Percentage of Participants With Total B-Cell Depletion by Visit [ Time Frame: Day 1 pre-dose of Cycles 5 and 6 and Follow-up Days 28 and 56 and Follow-up Visits at Months 3, 6, 9, 12, 15, 18, 21 and 24 ]
    Total B-cell depletion (normal B-cell plus Malignant B-cell depletion) was defined for each individual participant when the sum of CD5-/CD19+ (normal B-cells) and CD5+/CD19+ (malignant B-cells) cell counts decreased below 80 cells/μL.
  • Part 2: Total CD19+ B-Cell Counts by Visit [ Time Frame: Cycle 1 pre-dose, 60 minutes post-dose, Days 2 and 3 in Cycle 2, day 1 pre-dose in Cycles 3, 4, 5 and 6, Follow-up Days 28 and 56, and Follow-up Visits at Months 3, 6, 9, 12, 15, and 18 and Withdrawal Visit ]
    CD 19 is a surface antigen (protein) present on B-lymphocytes.
  • Part 2: Percentage of Participants With Total B-Cell Depletion by Visit [ Time Frame: Cycle 1 Pre-dose, 60 minutes post-dose, Days 2 and 3 in Cycle 2, day 1 in Cycles 3, 4, 5 and 6, Follow-up Days 28 and 56, and Follow-up Visits at Months 3, 6, 9, 12, 15, and 18 and Withdrawal Visit ]
    Total B-cell depletion (normal B-cell plus Malignant B-cell depletion) was defined for each individual participant when the sum of CD5-/CD19+ (normal B-cells) and CD5+/CD19+ (malignant B-cells) cell counts decreased below 80 cells/μL.
Original Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: February 8, 2011)
  • Part 1: Injection-related reactions during the subcutaneous cycle [ Time Frame: Week 6 ]
  • Part 1: Patients and nurse preference regarding subcutaneous and intravenous administration [ Time Frame: 6 weeks ]
  • Part 2: Safety (nature and incidence of adverse events) [ Time Frame: 20 weeks ]
  • Part 2: Physician and nurse opinion on time savings with subcutaneous MabThera [ Time Frame: 20 weeks ]
  • Part 2: Physician and nurse opinion on the convenience of subcutaneous MabThera [ Time Frame: 20 weeks ]
  • Part 1 and 2: Pharmacokinetics (Area under curve for subcutaneous and intravenous MabThera) [ Time Frame: 20 weeks ]
  • Part 1 and 2: Immunogenicity of subcutaneous MabThera [ Time Frame: 20 weeks ]
  • Part 1 and 2: Change of blood B-cell levels [ Time Frame: 20 weeks ]
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
 
Descriptive Information
Brief Title  ICMJE A Study to Compare Subcutaneous Versus Intravenous MabThera (Rituximab) in Combination With Chemotherapy in Patients With Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia
Official Title  ICMJE An Adaptive, Comparative, Randomized, Parallel-group, Multi Center, Phase Ib Study of Subcutaneous (SC) Rituximab Versus Intravenous (IV) Rituximab Both in Combination With Chemotherapy (Fludarabine and Cyclophosphamide), in Patients With Previously Untreated CLL
Brief Summary This randomized, parallel-group, multi-center study will compare the pharmacokinetics and safety of subcutaneous administration of MabThera (rituximab) versus intravenous MabThera in combination with chemotherapy in previously untreated patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). The study consists of 2 parts. In part 1, patients who have previously received 4 cycles of intravenous MabThera will receive in Cycle 5 intravenous MabThera and in Cycle 6 subcutaneous MabThera. In part 2, patients will be randomized to receive either 6 cycles of intravenous MabThera, or 1 cycle of intravenous MabThera and 5 cycles of subcutaneous MabThera. Additionally, all patients will receive chemotherapy (fludarabine and cyclophosphamide) on Days 1-3 or Days 1-5 of every cycle. The anticipated time on study drug is 24 weeks.
Detailed Description Not Provided
Study Type  ICMJE Interventional
Study Phase  ICMJE Phase 1
Study Design  ICMJE Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Condition  ICMJE Lymphocytic Leukemia, Chronic
Intervention  ICMJE
  • Drug: Cyclophosphamide
    Days 1-3 or Days 1-5 of cycles 1-6
  • Drug: Fludarabine
    Days 1-3 or Days 1-5 of cycles 1-6
  • Drug: rituximab [MabThera]
    One cycle of intravenous MabThera, followed by 5 cycles of subcutaneous MabThera
  • Drug: rituximab [MabThera]
    After 4 cycles of intravenous MabThera without experiencing grade 3 or 4 infusion-related reactions. patients will receive 1 additional cycle of intravenous MabThera and 1 cycle of subcutaneous MabThera.
  • Drug: rituximab [MabThera]
    6 cycles of intravenous MabThera
Study Arms  ICMJE
  • Experimental: 1
    Interventions:
    • Drug: Cyclophosphamide
    • Drug: Fludarabine
    • Drug: rituximab [MabThera]
  • Experimental: 2
    Interventions:
    • Drug: Cyclophosphamide
    • Drug: Fludarabine
    • Drug: rituximab [MabThera]
  • Experimental: 3
    Interventions:
    • Drug: Cyclophosphamide
    • Drug: Fludarabine
    • Drug: rituximab [MabThera]
Publications *

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status  ICMJE Completed
Actual Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: March 31, 2014)
240
Original Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: February 8, 2011)
200
Actual Study Completion Date  ICMJE November 17, 2017
Actual Primary Completion Date May 7, 2014   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Eligibility Criteria  ICMJE

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Adult patients, >/=18 years of age
  • Patients with treatment-requiring chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL)
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0-1
  • Life expectancy >6 months

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Transformation to aggressive B-cell malignancy
  • History of other malignancy unless the patient was treated with curative intent and has been in remission for more than 5 years prior to enrolment
  • HIV or Hepatitis B positive unless clearly due to vaccination
  • Inadequate liver or renal function
  • Any coexisting medical or psychological condition that would preclude participation in the required study procedures

Additional exclusion criterion for Part 1:

  • Any previous treatment for CLL except for up to 4 cycles of rituximab IV in combination with FC chemotherapy as first-line treatment for CLL

Additional exclusion criterion for Part 2:

  • Any previous treatment for CLL
Sex/Gender  ICMJE
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
Ages  ICMJE 18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers  ICMJE No
Contacts  ICMJE Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Listed Location Countries  ICMJE Argentina,   Australia,   Brazil,   Canada,   Chile,   Croatia,   Czechia,   France,   Germany,   Greece,   Italy,   Mexico,   New Zealand,   Poland,   Portugal,   Russian Federation,   Slovakia,   Spain,   Turkey
Removed Location Countries Czech Republic
 
Administrative Information
NCT Number  ICMJE NCT01292603
Other Study ID Numbers  ICMJE BO25341
2010-021380-32 ( EudraCT Number )
Has Data Monitoring Committee Not Provided
U.S. FDA-regulated Product Not Provided
IPD Sharing Statement  ICMJE Not Provided
Responsible Party Hoffmann-La Roche
Study Sponsor  ICMJE Hoffmann-La Roche
Collaborators  ICMJE Not Provided
Investigators  ICMJE
Study Director: Clinical Trials Hoffmann-La Roche
PRS Account Hoffmann-La Roche
Verification Date November 2018

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP