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Sorafenib Plus Capecitabine Efficacy Assessment in Patients With Advanced Pre-treated Colorectal Cancer (SoMore)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01290926
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : February 7, 2011
Last Update Posted : February 24, 2016
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
Erasme University Hospital
INDC Entité Jolimontoise
Centre Hospitalier Chretien
Universiteit Antwerpen
Cliniques universitaires Saint-Luc- Université Catholique de Louvain
Hospital Ambroise Paré Paris
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Jules Bordet Institute

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date  ICMJE February 4, 2011
First Posted Date  ICMJE February 7, 2011
Last Update Posted Date February 24, 2016
Study Start Date  ICMJE February 2011
Actual Primary Completion Date January 2016   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Current Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: February 4, 2011)
Overall survival at 6 months fixed endpoint [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
The 2 primary co-endpoints are :
  1. To obtain a preliminary assessment about the activity of the combination by estimating overall survival of the study population at a fixed time point (6 months)
  2. To compare as an exploratory analysis the overall survival of metabolic responders versus non-responders.
Original Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Same as current
Change History
Current Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: August 17, 2011)
  • To estimate the Progression Free Survival (PFS) distribution of the study population [ Time Frame: 12 months ]
  • To determine the objective response rate of the study population as assessed by standard imaging [ Time Frame: 12 months ]
  • To describe the adverse reactions associated with the study regimen in the study population. [ Time Frame: 12 months ]
  • To determine the correlation of early metabolic response, as assessed by FDG-PET/CT immediately before the first and the second cycles of treatment with the study regimen, with overall survival, progression-free survival, and response. [ Time Frame: 12 months ]
  • To determine the correlation of growth modulation index (GMI), defined as the time to progression under the study regimen over the time to progression un-der the latest prior regimen administered to the patient, with overall survival and progression-free [ Time Frame: 12 months ]
Original Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: February 4, 2011)
  • To estimate the PFS distribution of the study population [ Time Frame: 12 months ]
  • To determine the objective response rate of the study population as assessed by standard imaging [ Time Frame: 12 months ]
  • To describe the adverse reactions associated with the study regimen in the study population. [ Time Frame: 12 months ]
  • To determine the correlation of early metabolic response, as assessed by FDG-PET/CT immediately before the first and the second cycles of treatment with the study regimen, with overall survival, progression-free survival, and response. [ Time Frame: 12 months ]
  • To determine the correlation of growth modulation index (GMI), defined as the time to progression under the study regimen over the time to progression un-der the latest prior regimen administered to the patient, with overall survival and progression-free [ Time Frame: 12 months ]
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
 
Descriptive Information
Brief Title  ICMJE Sorafenib Plus Capecitabine Efficacy Assessment in Patients With Advanced Pre-treated Colorectal Cancer
Official Title  ICMJE Sorafenib Plus Capecitabine Efficacy Assessment in Patients With Advanced Pre-treated Colorectal Cancer
Brief Summary Prospective non-randomized phase II study assessing the activity of the Capecitabine-Sorafenib combination by estimating overall survival of the study population at a fixed time point (6 months) and, as an exploratory analysis the overall survival of metabolic responders versus non-responders.
Detailed Description

Treatment doses :

Sorafenib 200mg in the morning,400mg in the evening; escalation to 400mg twice daily after 1 cycle Capecitabine 850mg/m2 twice daily Oral Days 1-14, weeks 1-2

Fluoro-Deoxy Glucose Positron Emitting Tomography (FDG-PET)imaging at baseline and after 17-21 days while on therapy.

Sample size justification/statistical analysis

Sample size has been estimated in order to be able to test the null hypothesis that the overall survival rate at 6 months is less than 30%. This hypothesis will be tested using a binomial distribution. The study should be able to reject the null hypothesis, using a 1-sided test with α = 0.025, with a power of 90% in case of a true overall survival ≥ 50% (rate at 6 months). The sample size required is 66 eligible patients (to be followed for 6 months minimum). Analysis will be done on all registered patients using an ITT approach on all eligible patients.

A co-primary endpoint is to compare the overall survival of patients assessed as early PET responders and of patients assessed as early PET non responders (the clinicians will remain blinded for PET response assessment). For this primary analysis, patients who will undergo the second PET assessment will be eligible and time zero for measuring survival will be the date of this second PET examination. It is anticipated that 95% of the patients will be eligible for the analysis with a 50% expected rate of early PET non-responders (result obtained from an unpublished study conducted at Jules-Bordet Institute). With 66 patients registered, we anticipate then that 63 patients will be available for the co-primary endpoint. With 63 patients and our assumption that the HR for the comparison between the survival distributions will be around 0.385 (based on the previously mentioned unpublished study), we will need using a two-sided logrank test at the 2.5% level (2.5% chosen because of the existence of 2 co-primary endpoints), 54 events (power of 90%). With 63 patients and a follow-up after accrual of 1 year, we should reach this number of 54 events. However, to account for another possible 5% drop-out (patient's refusal for undergoing the second PET examination for instance), sample size should be increased to 70 eligible patients.

However, our estimation of 50% expected rate of early PET responders is coming from a prospective unicentric cohort of 38 patients undergoing chemotherapy for 1st line or 2nd line treatment of advanced colorectal cancer with a few of them having received biological agents together with chemotherapy. Our estimation may then not be reliable due to small sample size and different patients population. If this rate of early PET responders proves to be higher, we should be prepared to increase our sample size for targeting the same power of 90%. For instance, if the rate is 67% instead of 50%, the required number of events would be 62 in-stead of 54. If the rate is 75%, the number of events should be increased to 73. The number of patients would have then to be adapted according to the rate of evaluable patients for this PET objective and the rate of patients lost to follow-up. For reassessing the required numbers of events, we did not change our hypothesis of detecting, if true, a hazard ratio of 0.385 in favor of early PET responders.

We plan, during the course of accrual, to assess the rate of patients evaluable for the PET objective, of early PET responders and, if possible the rate of patients lost to follow-up in order to check whether we need to review our planned sample size. However, no interim analysis will be done on the primary endpoints.

Secondary endpoints are to estimate progression-free survival and objective response rate, and to describe the adverse reactions associated with the study regimen in the study population. Also, to determine the correlation of early metabolic response, as assessed by FDG-PET/CT immediately before the first and the second cycles of treatment with the study regimen, with overall survival, progression-free survival, and response rate, and to determine the correlation of growth modulation index (GMI), defined as the time to progression under the study regimen over the time to progression under the latest regimen administered to the patient, with overall survival and progression-free survival.

The study is designed as a single-arm phase II study, with all patients accrued in one stage. No early stopping rules will be used.

Study Type  ICMJE Interventional
Study Phase  ICMJE Phase 2
Study Design  ICMJE Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Condition  ICMJE Colorectal Cancer
Intervention  ICMJE Drug: chemotherapy
sorafenib 600mg/day capecitabine 1250 mg/m²/day
Other Names:
  • Xeloda
  • Nexavar
Study Arms  ICMJE Experimental: Capecitabine & Sorafenib
Sorafenib 200mg in the morning,400mg in the evening; escalation to 400mg twice daily after 1 cycle, Oral, Continuous dosing Capecitabine 850mg/m2 twice daily, Oral Days 1-14, weeks 1-2
Intervention: Drug: chemotherapy
Publications *

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status  ICMJE Completed
Actual Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: August 30, 2013)
97
Original Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: February 4, 2011)
70
Actual Study Completion Date  ICMJE January 2016
Actual Primary Completion Date January 2016   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Eligibility Criteria  ICMJE

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Participants must have histologically confirmed colorectal cancer that is metastatic or unresectable and for which standard curative or palliative measures do not exist or are no longer effective.
  • All standard chemotherapy agents (fluoropyrimidines, irinotecan, and oxaliplatin) and monoclonal antibodies (bevacizumab, cetuximab, and panitumumab) are allowed as administered therapy before study entry. No more than two lines of treatment for metastatic or recurrent disease are allowed, except for patients with KRAS-wt tumors, for which third line with anti-EGFR agents is allowed.
  • Age over 18 years.
  • Life expectancy of greater than 12 weeks.
  • ECOG performance status ≤ 1.
  • Participants must have normal organ and marrow function as defined below:
  • Leukocytes > 3,000/mcL
  • Absolute neutrophil count > 1,500/mcL
  • Platelets > 100,000/mcL
  • total bilirubin within 2 × normal institutional limits
  • AST/ALT/PAKL levels < 5 × institutional upper limit of normal
  • creatinine within 2 × normal institutional limits or creatinine clearance > 35mL/min
  • Women of child-bearing potential and men must agree to use adequate contraception (hormonal or barrier method of birth control, abstinence) prior to study entry and for the duration of study participation. Should a woman become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while participating in this study, she should inform her treating physician immediately.
  • Ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document.

Exclusion Criteria:

Participants who exhibit any of the following conditions at screening will not be eligible for admission into the study.

  • Participants who have had chemotherapy or radiotherapy within 4 weeks prior to entering the study or those who have not recovered from adverse events due to agents administered more than 4 weeks earlier.
  • Participants may not be receiving any other experimental agents.
  • Participants with known brain metastases should be excluded from this clinical trial because of their poor prognosis and because they often develop progressive neurologic dysfunction that would confound the evaluation of neurologic and other adverse events.
  • History of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to sorafenib or capecitabine.
  • Bleeding diathesis, history of cardiovascular ischemic disease or cerebrovascular incident within the last six months, or major surgery within four weeks.
  • Uncontrolled concurrent illness including, but not limited to ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements.
  • Pregnant women are excluded from this study because sorafenib and capecitabine are antitumor agents with the potential for teratogenic or abortifacient effects. Because there is an unknown but potential risk of adverse events in nursing infants secondary to treatment of the mother with sorafenib or capecitabine, breastfeeding should be discontinued if the mother is treated with sorafenib or capecitabine. These potential risks may also apply to other agents used in this study.
  • Uncontrolled Diabetes
  • FDG PET/CT negative lesions or non metabolically assessable lesions (to small <2cm) at the base line FDG PET/CT
  • Individuals with a history of a different malignancy are ineligible except for the following circumstances. Individuals with a history of other malignancies are eligible if they have been disease-free for at least 5 years and are deemed by the investigator to be at low risk for recurrence of that malignancy. Individuals with the following cancers are eligible if diagnosed and treated within the past 5 years: cervical cancer in situ, and basal cell or squamous cell carcinoma of the skin.
Sex/Gender  ICMJE
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
Ages  ICMJE 18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers  ICMJE No
Contacts  ICMJE Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Listed Location Countries  ICMJE Belgium
Removed Location Countries  
 
Administrative Information
NCT Number  ICMJE NCT01290926
Other Study ID Numbers  ICMJE EudraCT 2010-023695-91
Has Data Monitoring Committee No
U.S. FDA-regulated Product Not Provided
IPD Sharing Statement  ICMJE Not Provided
Responsible Party Jules Bordet Institute
Study Sponsor  ICMJE Jules Bordet Institute
Collaborators  ICMJE
  • Erasme University Hospital
  • INDC Entité Jolimontoise
  • Centre Hospitalier Chretien
  • Universiteit Antwerpen
  • Cliniques universitaires Saint-Luc- Université Catholique de Louvain
  • Hospital Ambroise Paré Paris
Investigators  ICMJE
Principal Investigator: Alain Hendlisz, MD Jules Bordet Institute
PRS Account Jules Bordet Institute
Verification Date February 2016

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP