Neoadjuvant FDR GX in Locally Advanced Pancreatic Cancer

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01268384
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : December 30, 2010
Last Update Posted : December 6, 2011
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
JLee, Asan Medical Center

December 29, 2010
December 30, 2010
December 6, 2011
April 2006
July 2010   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
R0 resection rate [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
Microscopic complete resection rate after neoadjuvant chemotherapy
Same as current
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT01268384 on Archive Site
  • Adverse events associated with neoadjuvant chemotherapy [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
    NCI CTCAE v.3.0 based AEs
  • Overall survival [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
    Overall survival after enrollment
Same as current
Not Provided
Not Provided
Neoadjuvant FDR GX in Locally Advanced Pancreatic Cancer
Phase II Study of Fixed Dose Rate Gemcitabine Plus Capecitabine in Locally Advanced Pancreatic Cancer

The rationale for phase II trial of neoadjuvant fixed dose rate gemcitabine plus capecitabine for patients with LAPC includes the following: First, obtaining a sufficient tumor down-staging to procure R0/R1 resection, reported to be one of the most significant prognostic factors for survival; second, providing an observation period to exclude from surgery those patients with rapidly progressive disease there by to help select patients for surgery who have the greatest likelihood of a favorable postoperative outcome; third, eliminating micrometastatic disease, that is likely present in most patients, earlier than adjuvant setting and preventing post-surgical growth spurts; fourth, adjuvant therapy given in the neoadjuvant setting is better tolerated, as the patient has not recently undergone a major operation; and the last, the lack of widely accepted optimal preoperative or palliative approach in patients with LAPC, the majority of whom may not be operated on.

The primary goal is to determine the R0 resection rate of the neoadjuvant fixed dose rate (FDR) gemcitabine-capecitabine combination chemotherapy in patients with borderline resectable or unresectable locally advanced pancreatic adenocarcinoma.

The secondary goals are to assess progression-free survival (PFS) and OS (overall survival) in these patients and to assess adverse events of these neoadjuvant treatments.

Not Provided
Phase 2
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Pancreatic Cancer
Drug: Gemcitabine plus Capecitabine
Gemcitabine 1,250 mg/m2 mixed with 0.9% saline 500 ml i.v. for 10 mg/m2/min on D1 and D8 Capecitabine 950 mg/m2 b.i.d. po from D1 to D14 every 21 days
Other Names:
  • Neoadjuvant chemotherapy
  • GemCap
Experimental: FDR_GX
Fixed dose rate gemcitabine plus capecitabine every 3 weeks for 3-9 cycles
Intervention: Drug: Gemcitabine plus Capecitabine
Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
Same as current
August 2011
July 2010   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Histologically or cytologically documented pancreatic adenocarcinoma
  • Clinical T3 or T4 tumor according to AJCC staging system
  • Tumors considered as borderline resectable or unresectable disease assessed by multidisciplinary team including pancreatic surgeon, gastroenterologist specializing in pancreas, medical oncologist, and radiation oncologist
  • Age 18 years or older
  • ECOG performance status 2 or less
  • Adequate organ function

    • Adequate bone marrow function (WBCs> 3,500/µL, absolute neutrophil count [ANC]> 1,500/µL, hemoglobin > 9.0 g/dL, and platelets > 100,000/µL)
    • Adequate kidney function (creatinine < 1.5 mg/dL)
    • Adequate liver function (bilirubin < 1.5 mg/dL [<2.5 mg/dL for patients with obstructive jaundice due to pancreatic cancer with adequate decompression], transaminases levels < 3 times the upper normal limit)
  • Patients must not have psychological, familial, sociological or geographical conditions which do not permit medical follow-up and compliance with this study
  • Women of childbearing potential must have a negative pregnancy test on admission. Post-menopausal women must have been amenorrheic for at least 12 months to be considered of non-childbearing potential. Men and women of reproductive potential must have agreed to use an effective method of contraception while on treatment and for 6 months after study treatment
  • The patient must be able to understand the study and has given written informed consent to participate in the study

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Other tumor type than adenocarcinoma
  • Evidence of gastrointestinal bleeding or obstruction
  • Presence of the clinically relevant ascites or distant metastases
  • Past or concurrent history of malignant neoplasm, except for curatively treated non-melanoma skin cancer or in situ carcinoma of the cervix uteri
  • Pregnant or lactating women, women of childbearing potential not employing adequate contraception
  • Hypersensitivity to any of the study drugs or ingredients
  • Other serious illness or medical conditions

    • Unstable cardiac disease despite treatment, myocardial infarction within 6 months prior to study entry
    • History of significant neurologic or psychiatric disorders including dementia or seizures
    • Active uncontrolled infection
    • Pre-existing clinically significant diarrhea
    • Active peptic ulcer
    • Severe hypercalcemia of 12 mg/dL uncontrolled with bisphosphonates
    • Active disseminated intravascular coagulation
    • Other serious underlying medical conditions which could impair the ability of the patient to participate in the study
  • Concomitant or administration of any other experimental drug under investigation within 3 weeks before the study
  • Concomitant chemotherapy, hormonal therapy, or immunotherapy
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Korea, Republic of
Not Provided
Not Provided
JLee, Asan Medical Center
Asan Medical Center
Not Provided
Principal Investigator: Jae-Lyun Lee, MD, PhD Asan Medical Center
Asan Medical Center
December 2011

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP