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Individualized Stereotactic Body Radiotherapy of Liver Metastases

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01239381
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : November 11, 2010
Results First Posted : July 13, 2017
Last Update Posted : November 6, 2017
Information provided by (Responsible Party):

June 14, 2010
November 11, 2010
March 24, 2017
July 13, 2017
November 6, 2017
June 2010
January 2016   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Local Control Rate [ Time Frame: 1 year ]

The percentage of participants with local control at primary tumor site at one year. Local is evaluated using Response Evaluation Criteria In Solid Tumors (RECIST). Local control is defined as achieving either Complete response (CR), Partial Response (PR), or Stable Disease (SD).

  • (CR): Disappearance of entire lesion, with no additional evidence of disease.
  • (PR): At least a 30% decrease in the (sum of) the longest diameter (LD) of the primary lesion, taken as reference the baseline sum LD.
  • (SD): Neither sufficient shrinkage to qualify for PR nor sufficient increase to qualify for PD, taking as reference the smallest sum LD since the treatment started.
Local Control Rate [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
To demonstrate a 1 year local control rate of greater than 70%
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT01239381 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
  • Median Follow-up Time [ Time Frame: 1 year ]
    The median follow-up time among the 39 participants still alive at the time of analysis, measured from the start of treatment until the time of analysis.
  • Median Overall Survival [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
    The median overall survival (in months) of participants as measured from the start of treatment.
  • Median Progression Free Survival [ Time Frame: 1 years ]
    The median amount of time participants survived without cancer progression following the start of study treatment. Progression was assessed using RECIST v1.0. Progressive Disease (PD) is defined as at least a 20% increase in the Longest Diameter (LD) of the lesion, taken as the reference the smallest sum LD recorded since the treatment started or the appearance of one or more new lesions.
  • 2-year Local Control Rate [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
    The percentage of participants with local control 2 years after the start of study treatment.
  • 1 Year Local Control Rate Among Participants With Colorectal Cancer [ Time Frame: 1 year ]
    The percentage of participants with local control at one year among the participants with colorectal cancer as the primary cancer.
  • Median Survival Among Participants With Colorectal Cancer [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
    The median amount of time participants survived from the start of treatment, among the participants with colorectal cancer.
  • Safety and Tolerance [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
    To determine safety and tolerance of this treatment program
  • Dosimetric differences [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
    To evaluate the dosimetric differences (prescription dose selected and non-target liver dose) between patients treated with photons and protons.
  • Local Control [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
    To assess the 2-year local control of this treatment program
Not Provided
Not Provided
Individualized Stereotactic Body Radiotherapy of Liver Metastases
Phase II Study of Individualized Stereotactic Body Radiotherapy of Liver Metastases
Stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) is a technique that is used to deliver radiation, to sites in the body. All participants in this study will be treated with SBRT using proton beam radiation. Proton beam radiation uses tiny particles to deliver radiation to tumors. The purpose of this research study is to determine if SBRT with protons will prevent tumor growth and reduce the treatment side effects for liver metastases.
  • Participants receiving SBRT with protons, will receive radiation treatment as an outpatient at the Francis H. Burr Proton Therapy Center at Massachusetts General Hospital.
  • Not everyone who participates in this study will be receiving the same dose of radiation. The dose received will be determined by the size and location of the tumor(s).
  • Participants will receive 2-3 SBRT treatments per week for two weeks.
  • During radiation therapy visits the following tests/procedures will be performed: vital signs, physical examination, routine blood tests, research blood tests, and radiation planning.
  • Follow-up assessments will be performed once at 9 weeks after study treatment, then at 6 months, 12 months, 18 months and 24 months after treatment.
Not Provided
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
  • Solid Tumor
  • Liver Metastases
Radiation: Stereotactic body radiotherapy-proton
Dose will be determined by the size and location of the tumor(s); 2-3 treatments per week for two weeks
Experimental: SBRT-Proton
Stereotactic body radiotherapy by proton radiation
Intervention: Radiation: Stereotactic body radiotherapy-proton
Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
September 2017
January 2016   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Biopsy-proven cancer diagnosis of a solid tumor with 1-4 liver metastases. There is no upper size limit. Liver metastases may be diagnosed by imaging alone, no liver biopsy is required. Extrahepatic disease is allowed if it have been stable for 3 months prior to study entry, the dominant disease burden is intrahepatic and the patient is referred for definitive radiation therapy to the disease in the liver
  • Measurable disease, defined as at least one lesion that can be accurately measured in at least one dimension as 10mm or greater with spiral CT scan
  • Patients may have had prior chemotherapy, targeted biological therapy, surgery, transarterial chemoembolization (TACE), radiofrequency ablation, or cryosurgery for their disease as long as the prior therapy occured greater than 3 weeks elapsed before the first radiation treatment. Patients may not have had prior liver directed radiation, including radioembolization.
  • 18 years of age or older
  • Expected survival must be greater than three months
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0, 1 or 2
  • Patients must have at least 800mL of uninvolved liver
  • Normal organ and marrow function as outlined in the protocol
  • If patient has underlying cirrhosis, only Child-Pugh classification Group A patients should be included in this study. Clinical assessment of ascites and encephalopathy is required. Child-Pugh classification must be determined for all study participants at the time of eligibility analysis.
  • Women of child-bearing potential and men must agree to use adequate contraception prior to study entry and for the duration of study participation

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Women who are pregnant or lactating
  • Patients with gross ascites or encephalopathy
  • Local conditions or systemic illnesses which would reduce the local tolerance to radiation treatment, such as serious local injuries, active collagen vascular disease, etc.
  • Prior liver directed radiation treatment, including selective internal radiation
  • No serious medical illness, which may limit survival to less than 3 months
  • No serious psychiatric illness which would limit compliance with treatment
  • Participants who have had chemotherapy or radiotherapy within 3 weeks prior to starting study treatment or those who have not recovered from adverse events due to agents administered more than 3 weeks earlier
  • Participants may not be receiving any other investigational agents, or any other anti-cancer therapy during treatment
  • Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia.
  • Only solid tumors are permitted. Thus, individuals with a liver mass from a diagnosis of lymphoma or leukemia are excluded
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
United States
Other ( Other Grant/Funding Number: program income earned on C06 CA059267 )
Not Provided
Not Provided
Theodore Sunki Hong, Massachusetts General Hospital
Massachusetts General Hospital
  • Dana-Farber Cancer Institute
  • Brigham and Women's Hospital
  • National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Principal Investigator: Theodore S. Hong, MD Massachusetts General Hospital
Massachusetts General Hospital
October 2017

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP