Using Pharmacogenetics to Improve Treatment in Early-onset Diabetes (UNITED)
|The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.|
|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01238380|
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : November 10, 2010
Last Update Posted : April 4, 2014
|First Submitted Date||November 9, 2010|
|First Posted Date||November 10, 2010|
|Last Update Posted Date||April 4, 2014|
|Study Start Date||December 2010|
|Actual Primary Completion Date||September 2013 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
|Current Primary Outcome Measures
||Identification of patients with monogenic diabetes [ Time Frame: Within 4 years from start of project ]
The aim of this project is to identify the prevalence of patients with monogenic diabetes resulting from mutations in the HNF1A/HNF4A/GCK genes, amongst patients with early-onset diabetes, diagnosed less than 30 years.
|Original Primary Outcome Measures||Same as current|
|Change History||Complete list of historical versions of study NCT01238380 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site|
|Current Secondary Outcome Measures
|Original Secondary Outcome Measures||Same as current|
|Current Other Outcome Measures||Not Provided|
|Original Other Outcome Measures||Not Provided|
|Brief Title||Using Pharmacogenetics to Improve Treatment in Early-onset Diabetes|
|Official Title||Using Pharmacogenetics to Improve Treatment in Early-onset Diabetes|
|Brief Summary||Monogenic diabetes is an unusual form of diabetes. It usually presents in patients under the age of 30, so is often misdiagnosed as Type 1 diabetes which is more common. Patients with monogenic diabetes can often be treated with tablets rather than insulin injections, leading to better control of their diabetes, and fewer side-effects and complications. Less than 5% of people with monogenic diabetes in the UK have been identified, meaning up to 20,000 patients may still be misdiagnosed and receiving inappropriate treatment. We want to identify the best way of ensuring that people diagnosed with diabetes under the age of 30 have all the necessary tests to ensure they have the correct treatment for their particular type of diabetes. A small number of people may, as part of this study, be found to have a specific genetic cause of their diabetes and in these cases we will measure the success and benefits of changing their treatment, usually from insulin injections to sulphonylurea tablets.|
Aim:The aim of this project is to identify a patient pathway which ensures that patients with young-onset diabetes (diagnosed <30 years) have a systematic series of investigations which allow for appropriate genetic testing and hence appropriate alteration of therapy if required.
This project will provide evidence for a cost-based model for a systematic care pathway for the diagnosis and treatment of diabetes diagnosed < 30 years. The pathway will select subjects by clinical, biochemical (urinary C peptide) and immunological (pancreatic autoantibodies) criteria for genetic testing. The present approach relies on clinicians recognising the possibility of a monogenic cause and arranging genetic testing. In the UK less than 5% of the estimated cases of monogenic diabetes have been identified and this means that up to 20,000 diabetic patients are receiving inappropriate treatment. Patients confirmed by molecular genetic testing to have monogenic diabetes may benefit from changing from insulin and other therapies, to treatment with sulphonylurea tablets or diet alone. Systematic targeted use of molecular genetic testing in young-onset diabetes will result in stratified treatment according to aetiology with improved efficacy, quality of life and long term complication risk, while reducing side effects and cost.
This project aims to develop a pathway of testing in patients diagnosed under the age of 30 years, to identify those who should receive genetic testing. This will consist of three stages: 1) a urine test that can determine if a patient is making their own insulin; 2) for those who are making their own insulin, a further blood test will be carried out testing for antibodies which are seen in Type 1 diabetes; 3) in those who are negative for the antibodies, a genetic test will be carried out to determine whether they have monogenic diabetes. Individuals who are found to have monogenic diabetes may have their treatment changed.
Project Plan This project will be based in Exeter and undertaken in collaboration with colleagues at Ninewells Hospital Trust and the University of Dundee in Scotland. Within the defined geographical regions of Tayside and Devon, all patients with diabetes diagnosed under 30 years of age, and who are currently aged less than 50 years, will be invited to participate in the study. We estimate that from a total population of 800,000 (400,000 in Devon and 400,000 in Tayside) a potential group of 3,000 patients will be identified, of which approximately 90% (n=2700) are likely to be insulin treated.
Initial procedure following recruitment:
Participants will be provided with a written patient information sheet, a consent form, a urine sample container and written instructions for sample collection. Baseline data will be collected either face to face or by telephone by a member of the research team. Participants will be asked to provide a single urine sample 2 hours after their main meal of the day. Baseline data on all subjects will include age, age at diagnosis, duration of diabetes, height, weight, initial/current treatment, and any family history of diabetes. Permission to access their medical records will be obtained in order to clarify or confirm relevant clinical data. The participant will be asked to return the completed consent form and the urine sample to the research team or through routine NHS courier service if samples are returned to local GPs.
In Tayside, patients with a clinical diagnosis of Type 1 diabetes, aged over 16 years old, will initially be recruited into the Scottish Diabetes Research Network Type 1 Diabetes Bioresource (Ethics ref: 10/S140243). Those diagnosed under 30 years of age, who are currently aged less than 50 years old, will be asked to return a post-meal urine sample to the research team and will proceed as for other UNITED study participants.
Following this initial urine test, participants found to be UCPCR negative will be informed of their result via a standardised letter. This will complete their involvement with the project.
Participants found to be UCPCR positive will be informed of their result by a member of the research team and given the opportunity to discuss the implications for the next stage of the project.
It is anticipated that participants may require a review and revision of their current treatment. This review will be by the NHS Clinician who manages the participant's diabetes. They will be informed by NHS Clinical experts in monogenic diabetes.
Transfer of patients identified with monogenic diabetes to alternative treatment Following the review, all participants who are not on the appropriate treatment will be transferred to sulphonylureas for HNF1A/HNF4A and no treatment for GCK mutations. As these subjects will only be identified after they have gone through the screening program, in order to increase numbers in this part of the project and to enable accurate assessment of potential costs and benefits of the transfer, we will also recruit patients for this assessment by including patients with monogenic diabetes diagnosed outside of the project. At present the diagnostic lab is identifying approximately 10 new UK patients per month. Referring Clinicians will be sent written information on the project via a standardised letter (MODY referring Clinician covering letter - Vs1/0810) which will accompany test result. Participants identified through this route will allow us to recruit additional patients to ensure that there are sufficient data to achieve good confidence limits for the estimates required for the future development of a health economic model.
The assessment of success of treatment transfer on glycaemic control and quality of life:
Participants will be asked to fill in baseline standardised questionnaires (ADDQoL, EQ5D and the DTSQs) to assess patient reported outcomes including: the impact of diabetes on their quality of life, their current health status and their treatment satisfaction while on their current treatment. Child participants be asked to fill in age appropriate versions of the study questionnaires: the ADDQoL-Teen,(for teenagers up to 16 years), the ADDQoL-Junior (for 5-8 year olds), ADDQoL- Junior Plus (for 9-12 year olds), the EQ-5D youth/children (age 7-12 years), DTSQ-Teen (teenagers up to 16 years of age). Where appropriate those with parental responsibility will be asked to provide information by completing the DTSQ-Parent.
Following treatment change, participants will be followed up by the diabetes specialist research nurses as often as the participant requires in order to assess their treatment needs, or to provide emotional support. This may initially be daily for the first week, then tailing off gradually as the individual becomes confident on their new treatment and their blood glucose levels stablise. The timings will be dependent on individual need.
Post treatment questionnaire follow up:
1 month - repeat DTSQs and EQ5D 6 month - repeat DTSQs and EQ5D and ADDQoL 12 months repeat DTSQs followed by DTSQc, EQ5D and ADDQoL.
Blood samples for HbA1C will be taken at 3, 6 and 12 months.
Participant involvement in the study will be complete 12 months following initial treatment change. During this 12 month period the clinical care of these participants will remain the responsibility of their NHS clinician. These clinicians will be informed by NHS experts in monogenic diabetes.
Development of Heath Economic model prototype A health economic model will be developed to compare the likely costs and effects of the new care pathway with current practice. This will be informed by a systematic review of the current relevant economic literature and build on existing economic models for diabetes. It will also be informed by results from this project.
Funding:This study has been funded by a grant from the Health Innovation Challenge Fund (HICF) which is a joint venture between the Department of Health and the Wellcome Trust. Project funding will be administered by the University of Exeter. A collaboration agreement between the University of Exeter and the University of Dundee will be established to determine the distribution of funding between the two organisations.
|Study Design||Time Perspective: Cross-Sectional|
|Target Follow-Up Duration||Not Provided|
|Biospecimen||Retention: Samples With DNA
Samples with DNA and plasma samples.
|Sampling Method||Non-Probability Sample|
|Study Population||Patients currently under the age of 50 years, diagnosed under the age of 30years, from South-West England and Tayside, Scotland, UK.|
|Intervention||Other: patient care pathway
Stage 1: Urinary c-peptide creatinine ratio (UCPCR); if positive progress to Stage 2.
Stage 2: Pancreatic auto-antibodies measurement (GAD65 & IA2); if negative progress to genetic testing.
Genetic testing for HNF1A, HNF4A, GCK. If positive, progress to Stage 3.
Stage 3: review and potential change of diabetes treatment. Monitor success via use of three standardised health and quality of life questionnaires and Hba1c pre-treatment change and at 1, 3, 6 and 12 months post-treatment change.
|Study Groups/Cohorts||Diabetes diagnosed under 30 years
Patients currently under 50 years of age diagnosed with diabetes under 30 years.
Intervention: Other: patient care pathway
* Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
|Original Estimated Enrollment
|Actual Study Completion Date||September 2013|
|Actual Primary Completion Date||September 2013 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
|Ages||up to 50 Years (Child, Adult)|
|Accepts Healthy Volunteers||No|
|Contacts||Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects|
|Listed Location Countries||United Kingdom|
|Removed Location Countries|
|Other Study ID Numbers||REC 10/H0106/63
HICF-1009-041 ( Other Grant/Funding Number: Wellcome Trust and Department of Health )
|Has Data Monitoring Committee||Yes|
|U.S. FDA-regulated Product||Not Provided|
|IPD Sharing Statement||Not Provided|
|Responsible Party||NIHR Exeter Clinical Research Facility|
|Study Sponsor||NIHR Exeter Clinical Research Facility|
|PRS Account||NIHR Exeter Clinical Research Facility|
|Verification Date||April 2014|