Liraglutide Efficacy and Action in Non-Alcoholic Steatohepatitis (LEAN)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01237119
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : November 9, 2010
Last Update Posted : March 23, 2016
Wellcome Trust
Novo Nordisk A/S
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of Birmingham

November 8, 2010
November 9, 2010
March 23, 2016
August 2010
July 2014   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Liver Histological improvement [ Time Frame: 48 weeks ]
Same as current
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT01237119 on Archive Site
NAFLD Activity Score [ Time Frame: 48 weeks ]

Also including:

Fibrosis panel, Liver Function Tests (LFTs), cytokeratin-18 (CK-18) Glycaemic control, Fibroscan, Quality of life

NAFLD Activity Score [ Time Frame: 48 weeks ]

Also including:

Fibromax panel, LFTs, CK-18, Glycaemic control, Fibroscan, Quality of life

Not Provided
Not Provided
Liraglutide Efficacy and Action in Non-Alcoholic Steatohepatitis
48-week Phase II, Randomised, Double Blinded Placebo Controlled Multicentre Trial on Liraglutide's Safety, Efficacy and Action on Liver Histology and Metabolism in Overweight Patients With NASH +/- Type II Diabetes
The purpose of this study is to investigate whether 48 weeks treatment with once-daily injections of liraglutide improves liver disease (liver fat, inflammation and scarring) and related metabolic parameters in overweight patients with nonalcoholic steatohepatitis, enough to warrant further investigation.

Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is responsible for an increasing prevalence of liver disease and is becoming the commonest cause of liver disease in the western world. NAFLD is recognised to be the hepatic manifestation of the metabolic syndrome, which is a cluster of metabolic abnormalities characterised by abdominal obesity, insulin resistance, impaired glucose metabolism, hypertension and dyslipidaemia. In its mildest form there is an accumulation of fat in the liver (steatosis) without any liver damage, however in many cases it progresses to non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), and cirrhosis.

Current treatment options for NASH are limited in efficacy, necessitating the development of more effective options. New agents such as Glucagon-like Peptide-1 (GLP-1) agonists that improve diabetic control and facilitate weight loss have been suggested as therapies in NASH.

No published studies to date have assessed the impact of the GLP-1 agonist, Liraglutide, on liver histology and metabolism in obese patients with NASH. This study hypothesises that treatment with liraglutide will result in a significant improvement in histological disease activity in overweight patients with NASH, in the presence or absence of Type 2 Diabetes (T2DM)

Phase 2
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Nonalcoholic Steatohepatitis
  • Drug: Liraglutide
    1.8 mg once daily, subcutaneous injection
    Other Name: Victoza
  • Other: Liraglutide-placebo
    1.8 mg once-daily, subcutaneous injection
  • Experimental: Liraglutide
    A once-daily glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1) analogue. Currently has regulation approval for use in type 2 diabetics (ref: guidelines)
    Intervention: Drug: Liraglutide
  • Placebo Comparator: Placebo
    Liraglutide-Placebo manufactured by Novo Nordisk.
    Intervention: Other: Liraglutide-placebo

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
July 2014
July 2014   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Inclusion Criteria:

  • NASH on liver biopsy (within 6 months of screening visit).
  • NAFLD Activity Score (NAS) ≥ 3, comprising of a minimum of 1 point from each of the individual steatosis, lobular inflammation and hepatocyte ballooning scores
  • Body Mass Index (BMI) ≥ 25 at randomisation
  • Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus/impaired glucose tolerance or normal glucose tolerance

Exclusion Criteria (brief):

  • Insulin dependent diabetes
  • Glycosylated Haemoglobin (HbA1c) > 9.0%
  • treatment with dipeptidyl peptidase 4 (DPP-IV) inhibitors, Glucagon-like Peptides (GLP) 1 analogues, thiazolidinediones (TZDs)
  • Past Medical History of Acute (or chronic) pancreatitis/pancreatic carcinoma, weight loss surgery, liver transplantation, Medullary thyroid cancer, hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia (MEN) syndrome, malignancy (within last 3 years, exception of treated skin malignancy)
  • Other liver aetiologies (i.e. drug-induced, viral hepatitis, autoimmune hepatitis, primary biliary cirrhosis, primary sclerosing cholangitis, haemochromatosis, alpha 1 anti-trypsin deficiency, Wilsons disease)
  • concomitant or recent use of orlistat, prednisolone,
  • Refusal or lacks capacity to give informed consent to participate in the trial
  • Participation in any clinical trial of an investigational therapy or agent within 3 months of randomisation
  • Patient (or carer) deemed not competent at using the correct site and technique for subcutaneous injection of the trial treatment (containing dummy drug on practice) at visit 2
  • NAS<3
  • Child's B or C cirrhosis
  • Abnormal clinical examination of thyroid (i.e. unexplained goitre or palpable nodules)
  • Liver enzymes > 10 x upper limit of normal
  • Average alcohol consumption per week > 21 units (210g) male, >14 units (140g) female within the last 5 years.
  • >5% weight loss since the diagnostic liver biopsy was obtained.
  • Recent or concomitant use of steroids (oral), methotrexate, amiodarone, Orlistat
  • Addition or significant change (as judged by the chief investigator) in dose of the following drugs; Angiotensin converting enzymes (ACE)-inhibitors, Angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs) and/or Multi-vitamins (containing Vitamin E)
  • Known positivity for antibody to Human Immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
  • Serum creatinine > 150 μmol/L or currently being treated with renal replacement therapy
  • Past medical history of multiple drug allergies (defined as anaphylactoid drug reactions in >2 drug groups)
  • Presence of any acute/chronic infections or illness that at the discretion of the chief investigator might compromise the patient's health and safety in the trial
  • Pregnancy or breastfeeding
  • Women, of child-bearing age, who are not willing to practise effective contraception (i.e. barrier, oral contraceptive pill, implanon or history hysterectomy) for the 48 week duration of the trial and for one-month after the last administration of the drug.
  • Men, sexually active with women of child-bearing age, who are not willing to practise effective contraception for the 48 week duration of the trial and for one-month after the last administration of the drug.
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
18 Years to 70 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
United Kingdom
ISRCTN85774727 ( Registry Identifier: ISRCTN )
Not Provided
Not Provided
University of Birmingham
University of Birmingham
  • Wellcome Trust
  • Novo Nordisk A/S
Principal Investigator: Philip N Newsome, FRCPE PhD Centre for liver research, University of Birmingham
University of Birmingham
March 2016

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP