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PALACE 2: Efficacy and Safety Study of Apremilast to Treat Active Psoriatic Arthritis (PALACE2)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01212757
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : October 1, 2010
Results First Posted : May 19, 2014
Last Update Posted : May 6, 2020
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Amgen

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date  ICMJE September 29, 2010
First Posted Date  ICMJE October 1, 2010
Results First Submitted Date  ICMJE April 21, 2014
Results First Posted Date  ICMJE May 19, 2014
Last Update Posted Date May 6, 2020
Actual Study Start Date  ICMJE September 27, 2010
Actual Primary Completion Date July 26, 2012   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Current Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: January 26, 2018)
Percentage of Participants With an American College of Rheumatology 20% (ACR20) Response at Week 16 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 16 ]
Percentage of participants with an ACR20 response. A participant was a responder if the following 3 criteria for improvement from Baseline were met: • ≥ 20% improvement in 78 tender joint count; • ≥ 20% improvement in 76 swollen joint count; and • ≥ 20% improvement in at least 3 of the 5 following parameters: ◦Patient's assessment of pain (measured on a 100 mm visual analog scale [VAS]); ◦Patient's global assessment of disease activity (measured on a 100 mm VAS); ◦Physician's global assessment of disease activity (measured on a 100 mm VAS); ◦Patient's self-assessment of physical function (Health Assessment Questionnaire - Disability Index (HAQ-DI)); ◦C-Reactive Protein.
Original Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: September 30, 2010)
Signs and symptoms of psoriatic arthritis (as measured by the PsA modified American College of Rheumatology criteria for 20% improvement [ACR 20]). [ Time Frame: 24 weeks ]
Change History
Current Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: January 26, 2018)
  • Change From Baseline in Health Assessment Questionnaire- Disability Index (HAQ-DI) at Week 16 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 16 ]
    The Health Assessment Questionnaire - Disability Index is a patient-reported questionnaire consisting of 20 questions referring to eight domains: dressing/grooming, arising, eating, walking, hygiene, reach, grip, and usual activities. Participants assessed their ability to do each task over the past week using the following response categories: without any difficulty (0); with some difficulty (1); with much difficulty (2); and unable to do (3). Scores on each task are summed and averaged to provide an overall score ranging from 0 to 3, where zero represents no disability and three very severe, high-dependency disability. Negative mean changes from Baseline in the overall score indicate improvement in functional ability.
  • Percentage of Participants With an ACR 20 Response at Week 24 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 24 ]
    Percentage of participants with an American College of Rheumatology 20% (ACR20) response. A participant was a responder if the following 3 criteria for improvement from Baseline were met: • ≥ 20% improvement in 78 tender joint count; • ≥ 20% improvement in 76 swollen joint count; and • ≥ 20% improvement in at least 3 of the 5 following parameters: ◦Patient's assessment of pain (measured on a 100 mm visual analog scale [VAS]); ◦Patient's global assessment of disease activity (measured on a 100 mm VAS); ◦Physician's global assessment of disease activity (measured on a 100 mm VAS); ◦Patient's self-assessment of physical function (Health Assessment Questionnaire - Disability Index (HAQ-DI)); ◦C-Reactive Protein.
  • Change From Baseline in Health Assessment Questionnaire- Disability Index (HAQ-DI) at Week 24 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 24 ]
    The Health Assessment Questionnaire - Disability Index is a patient-reported questionnaire consisting of 20 questions referring to eight domains: dressing/grooming, arising, eating, walking, hygiene, reach, grip, and usual activities. Participants assessed their ability to do each task over the past week using the following response categories: without any difficulty (0); with some difficulty (1); with much difficulty (2); and unable to do (3). Scores on each task are summed and averaged to provide an overall score ranging from 0 to 3, where zero represents no disability and three very severe, high-dependency disability. Negative mean changes from Baseline in the overall score indicate improvement in functional ability.
  • Change From Baseline in 36-item Short Form Health Survey (SF-36) Physical Functioning Domain at Week 16 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 16 ]
    The Medical Outcome Study Short Form 36-Item Health Survey, Version 2 (SF-36) is a self-administered instrument that measures the impact of disease on overall quality of life and consists of 36 questions in eight domains (physical function, pain, general and mental health, vitality, social function, physical and emotional health). Norm-based scores were used in analyses, calibrated so that 50 is the average score and the standard deviation equals 10. Higher scores indicate a higher level of functioning. The physical functioning domain assesses limitations in physical activities because of health problems. A positive change from Baseline score indicates an improvement.
  • Percentage of Participants With a Modified Psoriatic Arthritis Response Criteria (PsARC) Response at Week 16 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 16 ]
    Modified PsARC response is defined as improvement in at least 2 of the 4 measures, at least one of which must be tender joint count or swollen joint count, and no worsening in any of the 4 measures: - 78 tender joint count, - 76 swollen joint count, - Patient global assessment of disease activity, measured on a 100 mm visual Analog scale (VAS), where 0 mm = lowest disease activity and 100 mm = highest; - Physician global assessment of disease activity, measured on a 100 mm VAS, where 0 mm = lowest disease activity and 100 mm = highest. Improvement or worsening in joint counts is defined as decrease or increase, respectively, from baseline by ≥ 30%, and improvement or worsening in global assessments is defined as decrease or increase, respectively, from baseline by ≥ 20 mm VAS.
  • Change From Baseline in Patient's Assessment of Pain at Week 16 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 16 ]
    The participant was asked to place a vertical line on a 100-mm visual analog scale on which the left-hand boundary (score = 0 mm) represents "no pain," and the right-hand boundary (score = 100 mm) represents "pain as severe as can be imagined." The distance from the mark to the left-hand boundary was recorded in millimeters.
  • Change From Baseline in Maastricht Ankylosing Spondylitis Entheses Score (MASES) at Week 16 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 16 ]
    The Maastricht Ankylosing Spondylitis Enthesitis Score quantitates inflammation of the entheses (enthesitis) by assessing pain at the following entheses (sites where tendons or ligaments insert into the bone): 1st costochondral joints left/right; 7th costochondral joints left/right; posterior superior iliac spine left/right; anterior superior iliac spine left/right; iliac crest left/right; 5th lumbar spinous process; and the proximal insertion of the Archilles tendon left/right. The MASES, ranging from 0 to 13, is the number of painful entheses out of 13 entheses.
  • Change From Baseline in Dactylitis Severity Score at Week 16 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 16 ]
    Dactylitis is characterized by swelling of the entire finger or toe. Each digit on the hands and feet will be rated as zero for no dactylitis or 1 for dactylitis present. The dactylitis score is the sum of the individual scores for each digit. The dactylitis severity score, ranging from 0 to 20, is the number of digits on the hands and feet with dactylitis present.
  • Change From Baseline in Clinical Disease Activity Index (CDAI) at Week 16 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 16 ]
    The Clinical Disease Activity Index (CDAI) is a composite index that is calculated as the sum of the: - 28 tender joint count (TJC), - 28 swollen joint count (SJC), - Patient's Global Assessment of Disease Activity measured on a 10 cm visual analog scale (VAS), where 0 cm = lowest disease activity and 10 cm = highest; - Physician's Global Assessment of Disease Activity -measured on a 10 cm VAS, where 0 cm = lowest disease activity and 10 cm = highest. The CDAI score ranges from 0-76 where lower scores indicate less disease activity. The following thresholds of disease activity have been defined for the CDAI: Remission: ≤ 2.8 Low Disease Activity: > 2.8 and ≤ 10 Moderate Disease Activity: > 10 and ≤ 22 High Disease Activity: > 22.
  • Change From Baseline in the Disease Activity Score (DAS28) at Week 16 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 16 ]
    The DAS28 measures the severity of disease at a specific time and is derived from the following variables: - 28 tender joint count - 28 swollen joint count, which do not include the distal interphalangeal (DIP) joints, the hip joint, or the joints below the knee; - C-reactive protein (CRP) - Patient's global assessment of disease activity. DAS28(CRP) scores range from 0 to approximately 10, with the upper bound dependent on the highest possible level of CRP. A DAS28 score higher than 5.1 indicates high disease activity, a DAS28 score less than 3.2 indicates low disease activity, and a DAS28 score less than 2.6 indicates clinical remission.
  • Change From Baseline in the Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy-Fatigue (FACIT-Fatigue) Score at Week 16 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 16 ]
    The FACIT-Fatigue scale is a 13-item self-administered questionnaire that assesses both the physical and functional consequences of fatigue. Each question is answered on a 5-point scale, where 0 means "not at all," and 4 means "very much." The FACIT-Fatigue scale score ranges from 0 to 52, with higher scores denoting lower levels of fatigue. A positive change from baseline score indicates an improvement.
  • Change From Baseline in 36-item Short Form Health Survey (SF-36) Physical Functioning Domain at Week 24 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 24 ]
    The Medical Outcome Study Short Form 36-Item Health Survey, Version 2 (SF-36) is a self-administered instrument that measures the impact of disease on overall quality of life and consists of 36 questions in eight domains (physical function, pain, general and mental health, vitality, social function, physical and emotional health). Norm-based scores were used in analyses, calibrated so that 50 is the average score and the standard deviation equals 10. Higher scores indicate a higher level of functioning. The physical functioning domain assesses limitations in physical activities because of health problems. A positive change from Baseline score indicates an improvement.
  • Percentage of Participants With a Modified Psoriatic Arthritis Response Criteria (PsARC) Response at Week 24 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 24 ]
    Modified PsARC response is defined as improvement in at least 2 of the 4 measures, at least one of which must be tender joint count or swollen joint count, and no worsening in any of the 4 measures: • 78 tender joint count, • 76 swollen joint count, • Patient global assessment of disease activity, measured on a 100 mm visual Analog scale (VAS), where 0 mm = lowest disease activity and 100 mm = highest; • Physician global assessment of disease activity, measured on a 100 mm VAS, where 0 mm = lowest disease activity and 100 mm = highest. Improvement or worsening in joint counts is defined as decrease or increase, respectively, from baseline by ≥ 30%, and improvement or worsening in global assessments is defined as decrease or increase, respectively, from baseline by ≥ 20 mm VAS.
  • Change From Baseline in Patient's Assessment of Pain at Week 24 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 24 ]
    The participant was asked to place a vertical line on a 100-mm visual analog scale on which the left-hand boundary (score = 0 mm) represents "no pain," and the right-hand boundary (score = 100 mm) represents "pain as severe as can be imagined." The distance from the mark to the left-hand boundary was recorded in millimeters.
  • Change From Baseline in Maastricht Ankylosing Spondylitis Entheses Score (MASES) at Week 24 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 24 ]
    The Maastricht Ankylosing Spondylitis Enthesitis Score quantitates inflammation of the entheses (enthesitis) by assessing pain at the following entheses (sites where tendons or ligaments insert into the bone): 1st costochondral joints left/right; 7th costochondral joints left/right; posterior superior iliac spine left/right; anterior superior iliac spine left/right; iliac crest left/right; 5th lumbar spinous process; and the proximal insertion of the Archilles tendon left/right. The MASES, ranging from 0 to 13, is the number of painful entheses out of 13 entheses.
  • Change From Baseline in Dactylitis Severity Score at Week 24 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 24 ]
    Dactylitis is characterized by swelling of the entire finger or toe. Each digit on the hands and feet will be rated as zero for no dactylitis or 1 for dactylitis present. The dactylitis score is the sum of the individual scores for each digit. The dactylitis severity score, ranging from 0 to 20, is the number of digits on the hands and feet with dactylitis present.
  • Change From Baseline in Clinical Disease Activity Index (CDAI) at Week 24 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 24 ]
    The Clinical Disease Activity Index (CDAI) is a composite index that is calculated as the sum of the: • 28 tender joint count (TJC), • 28 swollen joint count (SJC), • Patient's Global Assessment of Disease Activity measured on a 10 cm visual analog scale (VAS), where 0 cm = lowest disease activity and 10 cm = highest; • Physician's Global Assessment of Disease Activity -measured on a 10 cm VAS, where 0 cm = lowest disease activity and 10 cm = highest. The CDAI score ranges from 0-76 where lower scores indicate less disease activity. The following thresholds of disease activity have been defined for the CDAI: Remission: ≤ 2.8; Low Disease Activity: > 2.8 and ≤ 10; Moderate Disease Activity: > 10 and ≤ 22; High Disease Activity: > 22.
  • Change From Baseline in the Disease Activity Score (DAS28) at Week 24 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 24 ]
    The DAS28 measures the severity of disease at a specific time and is derived from the following variables: • 28 tender joint count • 28 swollen joint count, which do not include the DIP joints, the hip joint, or the joints below the knee; • C-reactive protein (CRP) • Patient's global assessment of disease activity. DAS28(CRP) scores range from 0 to approximately 10, with the upper bound dependent on the highest possible level of CRP. A DAS28 score higher than 5.1 indicates high disease activity, a DAS28 score less than 3.2 indicates low disease activity, and a DAS28 score less than 2.6 indicates clinical remission.
  • Change From Baseline in the Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy-Fatigue (FACIT-Fatigue) Score at Week 24 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 24 ]
    The FACIT-Fatigue scale is a 13-item self-administered questionnaire that assesses both the physical and functional consequences of fatigue. Each question is answered on a 5-point scale, where 0 means "not at all," and 4 means "very much." The FACIT-Fatigue scale score ranges from 0 to 52, with higher scores denoting lower levels of fatigue. A positive change from baseline score indicates an improvement.
  • Percentage of Participants With MASES Improvement ≥ 20% at Week 16 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 16 ]
    Percentage of participants with pre-existing enthesopathy whose MASES improved by ≥ 20% from Baseline after 16 weeks of treatment. The Maastricht Ankylosing Spondylitis Enthesitis Score quantitates inflammation of the entheses (enthesitis) by assessing pain at the following entheses (sites where tendons or ligaments insert into the bone): 1st costochondral joints left/right; 7th costochondral joints left/right; posterior superior iliac spine left/right; anterior superior iliac spine left/right; iliac crest left/right; 5th lumbar spinous process; and the proximal insertion of the Archilles tendon left/right. The MASES, ranging from 0 to 13, is the number of painful entheses out of 13 entheses.
  • Percentage of Participants With Dactylitis Improvement ≥ 1 Point at Week 16 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 16 ]
    Percentage of participants with pre-existing dactylitis whose dactylitis severity score improved by ≥ 1 after 16 weeks of treatment. Dactylitis is characterized by swelling of the entire finger or toe. Each digit on the hands and feet was rated as zero for no dactylitis or 1 for dactylitis present. The dactylitis score is the sum of the individual scores for each digit. The dactylitis severity score, ranging from 0 to 20, is the number of digits on the hands and feet with dactylitis present.
  • Percentage of Participants With Good or Moderate European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR) Response at Week 16 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 16 ]
    A EULAR response reflects an improvement in disease activity and an attainment of a lower degree of disease activity based on the DAS-28 score. A Good Response is defined as an improvement (decrease) in the DAS28 of more than 1.2 compared with Baseline and attainment of a DAS28 score less than or equal to 3.2. A Moderate Response is defined as either: • an improvement (decrease) in the DAS28 of greater than 0.6 and less than or equal to 1.2 and attainment of a DAS28 score of less than or equal to 5.1 or, • an improvement (decrease) in the DAS28 of more than 1.2 and attainment of a DAS28 score of greater than 3.2.
  • Percentage of Participants With MASES Improvement ≥ 20% at Week 24 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 24 ]
    Percentage of participants with pre-existing enthesopathy whose MASES improved by ≥ 20% from Baseline after 24 weeks of treatment. The Maastricht Ankylosing Spondylitis Enthesitis Score quantitates inflammation of the entheses (enthesitis) by assessing pain at the following entheses (sites where tendons or ligaments insert into the bone): 1st costochondral joints left/right; 7th costochondral joints left/right; posterior superior iliac spine left/right; anterior superior iliac spine left/right; iliac crest left/right; 5th lumbar spinous process; and the proximal insertion of the Archilles tendon left/right. The MASES, ranging from 0 to 13, is the number of painful entheses out of 13 entheses.
  • Percentage of Participants With Dactylitis Improvement ≥ 1 Point at Week 24 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 24 ]
    Percentage of participants with pre-existing dactylitis whose dactylitis severity score improved by ≥ 1 after 24 weeks of treatment. Dactylitis is characterized by swelling of the entire finger or toe. Each digit on the hands and feet was rated as zero for no dactylitis or 1 for dactylitis present. The dactylitis score is the sum of the individual scores for each digit. The dactylitis severity score, ranging from 0 to 20, is the number of digits on the hands and feet with dactylitis present.
  • Percentage of Participants With Good or Moderate EULAR Response at Week 24 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 24 ]
    EULAR response reflects an improvement in disease activity and an attainment of a lower degree of disease activity based on the DAS-28 score. A Good Response is defined as an improvement (decrease) in the DAS28 of more than 1.2 compared with Baseline and attainment of a DAS28 score less than or equal to 3.2. A Moderate Response is defined as either: • an improvement (decrease) in the DAS28 of greater than 0.6 and less than or equal to 1.2 and attainment of a DAS28 score of less than or equal to 5.1 or, • an improvement (decrease) in the DAS28 of more than 1.2 and attainment of a DAS28 score of greater than 3.2.
  • Percentage of Participants With a ACR 50 Response at Week 16 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 16 ]
    Percentage of participants with an American College of Rheumatology 50% (ACR50) response. A participant was a responder if the following 3 criteria for improvement from Baseline were met: • ≥ 50% improvement in 78 tender joint count; • ≥ 50% improvement in 76 swollen joint count; and • ≥ 50% improvement in at least 3 of the 5 following parameters: o Patient's assessment of pain (measured on a 100 mm visual analog scale [VAS]); o Patient's global assessment of disease activity (measured on a 100 mm VAS); o Physician's global assessment of disease activity (measured on a 100 mm VAS); o Patient's self-assessment of physical function (Health Assessment Questionnaire - Disability Index (HAQ-DI)); o C-Reactive Protein.
  • Percentage of Participants With an ACR 70 Response at Week 16 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 16 ]
    Percentage of participants with an American College of Rheumatology 70% (ACR70) response. A participant was a responder if the following 3 criteria for improvement from Baseline were met: • ≥ 70% improvement in 78 tender joint count; • ≥ 70% improvement in 76 swollen joint count; and • ≥ 70% improvement in at least 3 of the 5 following parameters: o Patient's assessment of pain (measured on a 100 mm visual analog scale [VAS]); o Patient's global assessment of disease activity (measured on a 100 mm VAS); o Physician's global assessment of disease activity (measured on a 100 mm VAS); o Patient's self-assessment of physical function (Health Assessment Questionnaire - Disability Index (HAQ-DI)); o C-Reactive Protein.
  • Percentage of Participants With an ACR 50 Response at Week 24 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 24 ]
    Percentage of participants with an American College of Rheumatology 50% (ACR50) response. A participant was a responder if the following 3 criteria for improvement from Baseline were met: • ≥ 50% improvement in 78 tender joint count; • ≥ 50% improvement in 76 swollen joint count; and • ≥ 50% improvement in at least 3 of the 5 following parameters: o Patient's assessment of pain (measured on a 100 mm visual analog scale [VAS]); o Patient's global assessment of disease activity (measured on a 100 mm VAS); o Physician's global assessment of disease activity (measured on a 100 mm VAS); o Patient's self-assessment of physical function (Health Assessment Questionnaire - Disability Index (HAQ-DI)); o C-Reactive Protein.
  • Percentage of Participants With a ACR 70 Response at Week 24 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 24 ]
    Percentage of participants with an American College of Rheumatology 70% (ACR70) response. A participant was a responder if the following 3 criteria for improvement from Baseline were met: • ≥ 70% improvement in 78 tender joint count; • ≥ 70% improvement in 76 swollen joint count; and • ≥ 70% improvement in at least 3 of the 5 following parameters: ◦ Patient's assessment of pain (measured on a 100 mm visual analog scale [VAS]); ◦ Patient's global assessment of disease activity (measured on a 100 mm VAS); ◦ Physician's global assessment of disease activity (measured on a 100 mm VAS); ◦ Patient's self-assessment of physical function (Health Assessment Questionnaire - Disability Index (HAQ-DI)); ◦C-Reactive Protein.
  • Percentage of Participants Achieving a MASES Score of Zero at Week 16 [ Time Frame: Week 16 ]
    Percentage of participants with pre-existing enthesopathy whose MASES improves to 0 after 16 weeks of treatment. The Maastricht Ankylosing Spondylitis Enthesitis Score quantitates inflammation of the entheses (enthesitis) by assessing pain at the following entheses (sites where tendons or ligaments insert into the bone): 1st costochondral joints left/right; 7th costochondral joints left/right; posterior superior iliac spine left/right; anterior superior iliac spine left/right; iliac crest left/right; 5th lumbar spinous process; and the proximal insertion of the Archilles tendon left/right. The MASES, ranging from 0 to 13, is the number of painful entheses out of 13 entheses.
  • Percentage of Participants Achieving a Dactylitis Score of Zero at Week 16 [ Time Frame: Week 16 ]
    Percentage of participants with pre-existing dactylitis whose dactylitis severity score improves to zero after 16 weeks of treatment. Dactylitis is characterized by swelling of the entire finger or toe. Each digit on the hands and feet was rated as zero for no dactylitis or 1 for dactylitis present. The dactylitis score is the sum of the individual scores for each digit. The dactylitis severity score, ranging from 0 to 20, is the number of digits on the hands and feet with dactylitis present.
  • Percentage of Participants Achieving a MASES Score of Zero at Week 24 [ Time Frame: Week 24 ]
    Percentage of participants with pre-existing enthesopathy whose MASES improves to 0 after 24 weeks of treatment. The Maastricht Ankylosing Spondylitis Enthesitis Score quantitates inflammation of the entheses (enthesitis) by assessing pain at the following entheses (sites where tendons or ligaments insert into the bone): 1st costochondral joints left/right; 7th costochondral joints left/right; posterior superior iliac spine left/right; anterior superior iliac spine left/right; iliac crest left/right; 5th lumbar spinous process; and the proximal insertion of the Archilles tendon left/right. The MASES, ranging from 0 to 13, is the number of painful entheses out of 13 entheses.
  • Percentage of Participants Achieving a Dactylitis Score of Zero at Week 24 [ Time Frame: Week 24 ]
    Percentage of participants with pre-existing dactylitis whose dactylitis severity score improves to zero after 24 weeks of treatment. Dactylitis is characterized by swelling of the entire finger or toe. Each digit on the hands and feet was rated as zero for no dactylitis or 1 for dactylitis present. The dactylitis score is the sum of the individual scores for each digit. The dactylitis severity score, ranging from 0 to 20, is the number of digits on the hands and feet with dactylitis present.
  • Percentage of Participants With a ACR 20 Response at Week 52 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 52 ]
    Percentage of participants with an American College of Rheumatology 20% (ACR20) response. A participant was a responder if the following 3 criteria for improvement from Baseline were met: • ≥ 20% improvement in 78 tender joint count; • ≥ 20% improvement in 76 swollen joint count; and • ≥ 20% improvement in at least 3 of the 5 following parameters: ◦Patient's assessment of pain (measured on a 100 mm visual analog scale [VAS]); ◦Patient's global assessment of disease activity (measured on a 100 mm VAS); ◦Physician's global assessment of disease activity (measured on a 100 mm VAS); ◦Patient's self-assessment of physical function (Health Assessment Questionnaire - Disability Index (HAQ-DI)); ◦C-Reactive Protein. Two-sided 95% confidence interval is based on the Clopper-Pearson method.
  • Change From Baseline in Health Assessment Questionnaire - Disability Index (HAQ-DI) at Week 52 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 52 ]
    The Health Assessment Questionnaire - Disability Index is a patient-reported questionnaire consisting of 20 questions referring to eight domains: dressing/grooming, arising, eating, walking, hygiene, reach, grip, and usual activities. Participants assessed their ability to do each task over the past week using the following response categories: without any difficulty (0); with some difficulty (1); with much difficulty (2); and unable to do (3). Scores on each task are summed and averaged to provide an overall score ranging from 0 to 3, where zero represents no disability and three very severe, high-dependency disability. Negative mean changes from Baseline in the overall score indicate improvement in functional ability.
  • Change From Baseline in the SF-36 Physical Functioning Scale Score at Week 52 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 52 ]
    The Medical Outcome Study Short Form 36-Item Health Survey, Version 2 (SF-36) is a self-administered instrument that measures the impact of disease on overall quality of life and consists of 36 questions in eight domains (physical function, pain, general and mental health, vitality, social function, physical and emotional health). Norm-based scores were used in analyses, calibrated so that 50 is the average score and the standard deviation equals 10. Higher scores indicate a higher level of functioning. The physical functioning domain assesses limitations in physical activities because of health problems. A positive change from Baseline score indicates an improvement.
  • Percentage of Participants With a Modified PsARC Response at Week 52 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 52 ]
    Modified PsARC response is defined as improvement in at least 2 of the 4 measures, at least one of which must be tender joint count or swollen joint count, and no worsening in any of the 4 measures: • 78 tender joint count, • 76 swollen joint count, • Patient global assessment of disease activity, measured on a 100 mm visual Analog scale (VAS), where 0 mm = lowest disease activity and 100 mm = highest; • Physician global assessment of disease activity, measured on a 100 mm VAS, where 0 mm = lowest disease activity and 100 mm = highest. Improvement or worsening in joint counts is defined as decrease or increase, respectively, from baseline by ≥ 30%, and improvement or worsening in global assessments is defined as decrease or increase, respectively, from baseline by ≥ 20 mm VAS. Two-sided 95% confidence interval is based on the Clopper-Pearson method.
  • Change From Baseline in the Patient Assessment of Pain at Week 52 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 52 ]
    The participant was asked to place a vertical line on a 100-mm visual analog scale on which the left-hand boundary (score = 0 mm) represents "no pain," and the right-hand boundary (score = 100 mm) represents "pain as severe as can be imagined." The distance from the mark to the left-hand boundary was recorded in millimeters.
  • Change From Baseline in Maastricht Ankylosing Spondylitis Entheses Score (MASES) at Week 52 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 52 ]
    The Maastricht Ankylosing Spondylitis Enthesitis Score quantitates inflammation of the entheses (enthesitis) by assessing pain at the following entheses (sites where tendons or ligaments insert into the bone): 1st costochondral joints left/right; 7th costochondral joints left/right; posterior superior iliac spine left/right; anterior superior iliac spine left/right; iliac crest left/right; 5th lumbar spinous process; and the proximal insertion of the Archilles tendon left/right. The MASES, ranging from 0 to 13, is the number of painful entheses out of 13 entheses.
  • Change From Baseline in the Dactylitis Severity Score at Week 52 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 52 ]
    Dactylitis is characterized by swelling of the entire finger or toe. Each digit on the hands and feet will be rated as zero for no dactylitis or 1 for dactylitis present. The dactylitis score is the sum of the individual scores for each digit. The dactylitis severity score, ranging from 0 to 20, is the number of digits on the hands and feet with dactylitis present.
  • Change From Baseline in the CDAI Score at Week 52 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 52 ]
    The Clinical Disease Activity Index (CDAI) is a composite index that is calculated as the sum of the: • 28 tender joint count (TJC), • 28 swollen joint count (SJC), • Patient's Global Assessment of Disease Activity measured on a 10 cm visual analog scale (VAS), where 0 cm = lowest disease activity and 10 cm = highest; • Physician's Global Assessment of Disease Activity -measured on a 10 cm VAS, where 0 cm = lowest disease activity and 10 cm = highest. The CDAI score ranges from 0-76 where lower scores indicate less disease activity. The following thresholds of disease activity have been defined for the CDAI: Remission: ≤ 2.8 Low Disease Activity: > 2.8 and ≤ 10 Moderate Disease Activity: > 10 and ≤ 22 High Disease Activity: > 22.
  • Change From Baseline in the DAS28 at Week 52 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 52 ]
    The DAS28 measures the severity of disease at a specific time and is derived from the following variables: • 28 tender joint count • 28 swollen joint count, which do not include the DIP joints, the hip joint, or the joints below the knee; • C-reactive protein (CRP) • Patient's global assessment of disease activity. DAS28(CRP) scores range from 0 to approximately 10, with the upper bound dependent on the highest possible level of CRP. A DAS28 score higher than 5.1 indicates high disease activity, a DAS28 score less than 3.2 indicates low disease activity, and a DAS28 score less than 2.6 indicates clinical remission.
  • Change From Baseline in the FACIT-Fatigue Scale Score at Week 52 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 52 ]
    The FACIT-Fatigue scale is a 13-item self-administered questionnaire that assesses both the physical and functional consequences of fatigue. Each question is answered on a 5-point scale, where 0 means "not at all," and 4 means "very much." The FACIT-Fatigue scale score ranges from 0 to 52, with higher scores denoting lower levels of fatigue. A positive change from baseline score indicates an improvement.
  • Percentage of Participants With MASES Improvement ≥ 20% at Week 52 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 52 ]
    Percentage of participants with pre-existing enthesopathy whose MASES improved by ≥ 20% from Baseline after 52 weeks. The Maastricht Ankylosing Spondylitis Enthesitis Score quantitates inflammation of the entheses (enthesitis) by assessing pain at the following entheses (sites where tendons or ligaments insert into the bone): 1st costochondral joints left/right; 7th costochondral joints left/right; posterior superior iliac spine left/right; anterior superior iliac spine left/right; iliac crest left/right; 5th lumbar spinous process; and the proximal insertion of the Archilles tendon left/right. The MASES, ranging from 0 to 13, is the number of painful entheses out of 13 entheses. Two-sided 95% confidence interval is based on the Clopper-Pearson method.
  • Percentage of Participants With Dactylitis Improvement ≥ 1 Point at Week 52 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 52 ]
    Percentage of participants with pre-existing dactylitis whose dactylitis severity score improved by ≥ 1 after 52 weeks. Dactylitis is characterized by swelling of the entire finger or toe. Each digit on the hands and feet was rated as zero for no dactylitis or 1 for dactylitis present. The dactylitis score is the sum of the individual scores for each digit. The dactylitis severity score, ranging from 0 to 20, is the number of digits on the hands and feet with dactylitis present. Two-sided 95% confidence interval is based on the Clopper-Pearson method.
  • Percentage of Participants Achieving Good or Moderate EULAR Response at Week 52 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 52 ]
    A EULAR response reflects an improvement in disease activity and an attainment of a lower degree of disease activity based on the DAS-28 score. A Good Response is defined as an improvement (decrease) in the DAS28 of more than 1.2 compared with Baseline and attainment of a DAS28 score less than or equal to 3.2. A Moderate Response is defined as either: • an improvement (decrease) in the DAS28 of greater than 0.6 and less than or equal to 1.2 and attainment of a DAS28 score of less than or equal to 5.1 or, • an improvement (decrease) in the DAS28 of more than 1.2 and attainment of a DAS28 score of greater than 3.2.
  • Percentage of Participants With an ACR 50 Response at Week 52 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 52 ]
    Percentage of participants with an American College of Rheumatology 50% (ACR50) response. A participant was a responder if the following 3 criteria for improvement from Baseline were met: • ≥ 50% improvement in 78 tender joint count; • ≥ 50% improvement in 76 swollen joint count; and • ≥ 50% improvement in at least 3 of the 5 following parameters: ◦ Patient's assessment of pain (measured on a 100 mm visual analog scale [VAS]); ◦ Patient's global assessment of disease activity (measured on a 100 mm VAS); ◦ Physician's global assessment of disease activity (measured on a 100 mm VAS); ◦ Patient's self-assessment of physical function (Health Assessment Questionnaire - Disability Index (HAQ-DI)); ◦C-Reactive Protein. Two-sided 95% confidence interval is based on the Clopper-Pearson method.
  • Percentage of Participants With an ACR 70 Response at Week 52 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 52 ]
    Percentage of participants with an American College of Rheumatology 70% (ACR70) response. A participant was a responder if the following 3 criteria for improvement from Baseline were met: • ≥ 70% improvement in 78 tender joint count; • ≥ 70% improvement in 76 swollen joint count; and • ≥ 70% improvement in at least 3 of the 5 following parameters: ◦ Patient's assessment of pain (measured on a 100 mm visual analog scale [VAS]); ◦ Patient's global assessment of disease activity (measured on a 100 mm VAS); ◦ Physician's global assessment of disease activity (measured on a 100 mm VAS); ◦ Patient's self-assessment of physical function (Health Assessment Questionnaire - Disability Index (HAQ-DI)); ◦ C-Reactive Protein. Two-sided 95% confidence interval is based on the Clopper-Pearson method.
  • Percentage of Participants Achieving a MASES Score of Zero at Week 52 [ Time Frame: Week 52 ]
    Percentage of participants with pre-existing enthesopathy whose MASES improves to 0 after 24 weeks. The Maastricht Ankylosing Spondylitis Enthesitis Score quantitates inflammation of the entheses (enthesitis) by assessing pain at the following entheses (sites where tendons or ligaments insert into the bone): 1st costochondral joints left/right; 7th costochondral joints left/right; posterior superior iliac spine left/right; anterior superior iliac spine left/right; iliac crest left/right; 5th lumbar spinous process; and the proximal insertion of the Archilles tendon left/right. The MASES, ranging from 0 to 13, is the number of painful entheses out of 13 entheses. Two-sided 95% confidence interval is based on the Clopper-Pearson method.
  • Percentage of Participants Achieving a Dactylitis Score of Zero at Week 52 [ Time Frame: Week 52 ]
    Percentage of participants with pre-existing dactylitis whose dactylitis severity score improves to zero after 52 weeks. Dactylitis is characterized by swelling of the entire finger or toe. Each digit on the hands and feet was rated as zero for no dactylitis or 1 for dactylitis present. The dactylitis score is the sum of the individual scores for each digit. The dactylitis severity score, ranging from 0 to 20, is the number of digits on the hands and feet with dactylitis present. Two-sided 95% confidence interval is based on the Clopper-Pearson method.
  • Number of Participants With Treatment Emergent Adverse Events During the Placebo-Controlled Phase [ Time Frame: Week 0 to Week 16 for placebo participants who entered EE at Week 16 and up to Week 24 for all other participants (placebo participants who remained on placebo through week 24 and participants randomized to the APR 20 mg BID or APR 30 mg BID) ]
    A treatment emergent adverse event (TEAE) is an AE with a start date on or after the date of the first dose of Investigational Product (IP). The severity of each adverse event (AE) and serious AE (SAE) was assessed by the investigator and graded based on a scale from Mild - mild symptoms to Severe AEs (non-serious or serious). A serious adverse event (SAE) is any AE which:
    • Resulted in death
    • Was life-threatening
    • Required inpatient hospitalization or prolongation of existing hospitalization
    • Resulted in persistent or significant disability/incapacity
    • Was a congenital anomaly/birth defect
    • Constituted an important medical event
  • Number of Participants With TEAEs During the Apremilast-Exposure Period [ Time Frame: Week 0 to week 260; overall median duration of exposure to apremilast 20 mg and 30 mg BID was 198 weeks ]
    A treatment emergent adverse event (TEAE) is an AE with a start date on or after the date of the first dose of Investigational Product (IP). The severity of each adverse event (AE) and serious AE (SAE) was assessed by the investigator and graded based on a scale from Mild - mild symptoms to Severe AEs (non-serious or serious). A serious adverse event (SAE) is any AE which:
    • Resulted in death
    • Was life-threatening
    • Required inpatient hospitalization or prolongation of existing hospitalization
    • Resulted in persistent or significant disability/incapacity
    • Was a congenital anomaly/birth defect
    • Constituted an important medical event
Original Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: September 30, 2010)
  • The number and frequency of adverse events in each arm. [ Time Frame: Weeks 0 - 264 ]
  • Physical function (as measured by the Health Assessment Questionnaire Disability Index [HAQ-DI] and the physical function domain of the Short Form 36 [SF-36] questionnaire). [ Time Frame: Every 13 weeks up to Week 264 ]
  • Clinical disease activity (as measured by the Clinical Disease Activity Index). [ Time Frame: Every 13 weeks up to Week 264 ]
  • Fatigue (as measured by the Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy - Fatigue [FACIT-Fatigue] score). [ Time Frame: Every 13 weeks up to Week 264 ]
  • Signs and symptoms of PsA (as measured by ACR 50 and ACR 70). [ Time Frame: Every 13 weeks up to Week 264 ]
  • Health-related quality of life measures. [ Time Frame: Every 13 weeks up to Week 264 ]
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
 
Descriptive Information
Brief Title  ICMJE PALACE 2: Efficacy and Safety Study of Apremilast to Treat Active Psoriatic Arthritis
Official Title  ICMJE A Phase 3, Multicenter, Randomized, Double-blind, Placebo-controlled, Parallel-group, Efficacy and Safety Study of Two Doses of Apremilast (CC-10004) in Subjects With Active Psoriatic Arthritis
Brief Summary

The purpose of this study is to determine whether apremilast is safe and effective in the treatment of patients with psoriatic arthritis.

Apremilast is proposed to improve signs and symptoms of psoriatic arthritis (tender and swollen joints, pain, physical function) in treated patients.

Detailed Description Psoriatic arthritis (PsA) is an inflammatory arthritis that occurs in 6-39% of psoriasis patients. The immunopathogenesis of PsA, which mirrors but is not identical to that seen in psoriatic plaques, reflects a complex interaction among resident dendritic, fibroblastic and endothelial cells, and inflammatory cells attracted to the synovium by cytokines and chemokines. Apremilast (CC-10004) is a novel oral agent that modulates multiple inflammatory pathways through targeted phosphodiesterase type 4 (PDE4) enzyme inhibition. Therefore, apremilast has the potential to be effective in the treatment of PsA.
Study Type  ICMJE Interventional
Study Phase  ICMJE Phase 3
Study Design  ICMJE Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Condition  ICMJE Psoriatic Arthritis
Intervention  ICMJE
  • Drug: Apremilast 20mg
    Apremilast 20 mg twice daily, orally
    Other Name: CC-10004
  • Drug: Apremilast 30mg
    Apremilast 30 mg twice daily, orally
    Other Name: CC-10004
  • Drug: Placebo + 20 mg Apremilast
    Placebo + 20 mg Apremilast
    Other Names:
    • Placebo
    • CC-10004
  • Drug: Placebo + 30 mg Apremilast
    Placebo + 30 mg Apremilast
    Other Names:
    • Placebo
    • CC-10004
Study Arms  ICMJE
  • Experimental: Apremilast 20mg
    20 mg Apremilast tablets administered twice daily for 24 weeks during the placebo-controlled phase followed by 20 mg Apremilast tablets administered twice daily for up to 4.5 years in the active treatment / long-term safety phase
    Intervention: Drug: Apremilast 20mg
  • Experimental: Apremilast 30mg
    30 mg Apremilast tablets administered twice a day for 24 weeks during the placebo-controlled phase followed by 30 mg Apremilast tablets administered twice a day for up to 4.5 years in the active treatment / long-term safety phase orally twice daily
    Intervention: Drug: Apremilast 30mg
  • Placebo Comparator: Placebo + 20 mg Apremilast
    Placebo + 20 mg Apremilast tablets administered twice daily for 24 weeks during the placebo-controlled phase followed by 20 mg Apremilast tablets administered twice daily for up to 4.5 years in the active treatment / long-term safety phase. Subjects who do not have at least 20% improvement in their swollen and tender joint counts at Week 16 will escape to 20 mg Apremilast twice daily at Week 16
    Intervention: Drug: Placebo + 20 mg Apremilast
  • Placebo Comparator: Placebo + 30 mg Apremilast
    Placebo + 30 mg Apremilast tablets administered twice daily for 24 weeks during the placebo-controlled phase followed by 30 mg Apremilast tablets administered twice daily for up to 4.5 years in the active treatment / long-term safety phase. Subjects who do not have at least 20% improvement in their swollen and tender joint counts at Week 16 will escape to 30 mg Apremilast twice daily at Week 16.
    Intervention: Drug: Placebo + 30 mg Apremilast
Publications *

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status  ICMJE Completed
Actual Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: December 13, 2013)
488
Original Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: September 30, 2010)
495
Actual Study Completion Date  ICMJE January 25, 2017
Actual Primary Completion Date July 26, 2012   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Eligibility Criteria  ICMJE

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Males or females, aged ≥ 18 years at time of consent.
  • Have a diagnosis of Psoriatic Arthritis (PsA, by any criteria) of ≥ 6 months duration.
  • Meet the Classification Criteria for Psoriatic Arthritis (CASPAR) PsA at time of screening.
  • Must have been inadequately treated by disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs)
  • May not have axial involvement alone
  • Concurrent Treatment allowed with methotrexate, leflunomide, or sulfasalazine
  • Have ≥ 3 swollen AND ≥ 3 tender joints.
  • Males & Females must use contraception
  • Stable dose of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), narcotics and low dose oral corticosteroids allowed.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Pregnant or breast feeding.
  • History of allergy to any component of the investigational product.
  • Hepatitis B surface antigen and/or Hepatitis C antibody positive at screening.
  • Therapeutic failure on > 3 agents for PsA or > 1 biologic tumor necrosis factor (TNF) blocker
Sex/Gender  ICMJE
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
Ages  ICMJE 18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers  ICMJE No
Contacts  ICMJE Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Listed Location Countries  ICMJE Belgium,   Bulgaria,   Canada,   Czechia,   Estonia,   France,   Germany,   Hungary,   Italy,   Poland,   Russian Federation,   South Africa,   Spain,   Taiwan,   United Kingdom,   United States
Removed Location Countries Czech Republic
 
Administrative Information
NCT Number  ICMJE NCT01212757
Other Study ID Numbers  ICMJE CC-10004-PSA-003
2010-018386-32 ( EudraCT Number )
Has Data Monitoring Committee Yes
U.S. FDA-regulated Product Not Provided
IPD Sharing Statement  ICMJE
Plan to Share IPD: Yes
Plan Description: De-identified individual patient data for variables necessary to address the specific research question in an approved data sharing request
Supporting Materials: Study Protocol
Supporting Materials: Statistical Analysis Plan (SAP)
Supporting Materials: Informed Consent Form (ICF)
Supporting Materials: Clinical Study Report (CSR)
Time Frame: Data sharing requests relating to this study will be considered beginning 18 months after the study has ended and either 1) the product and indication have been granted marketing authorization in both the US and Europe or 2) clinical development for the product and/or indication discontinues and the data will not be submitted to regulatory authorities. There is no end date for eligibility to submit a data sharing request for this study.
Access Criteria: Qualified researchers may submit a request containing the research objectives, the Amgen product(s) and Amgen study/studies in scope, endpoints/outcomes of interest, statistical analysis plan, data requirements, publication plan, and qualifications of the researcher(s). In general, Amgen does not grant external requests for individual patient data for the purpose of re-evaluating safety and efficacy issues already addressed in the product labelling. Requests are reviewed by a committee of internal advisors. If not approved, a Data Sharing Independent Review Panel will arbitrate and make the final decision. Upon approval, information necessary to address the research question will be provided under the terms of a data sharing agreement. This may include anonymized individual patient data and/or available supporting documents, containing fragments of analysis code where provided in analysis specifications. Further details are available at the URL below.
URL: http://www.amgen.com/datasharing
Responsible Party Amgen
Study Sponsor  ICMJE Amgen
Collaborators  ICMJE Not Provided
Investigators  ICMJE
Study Director: MD Amgen
PRS Account Amgen
Verification Date April 2020

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP