Reducing Risk After an Adverse Pregnancy Outcome
|First Submitted Date ICMJE||July 28, 2010|
|First Posted Date ICMJE||August 16, 2010|
|Last Update Posted Date||August 28, 2014|
|Start Date ICMJE||August 2010|
|Primary Completion Date||January 2014 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
|Current Primary Outcome Measures ICMJE
||Quick Inventory of Depressive Symptomology [ Time Frame: Baseline ]|
|Original Primary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Same as current|
|Change History||Complete list of historical versions of study NCT01182363 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site|
|Current Secondary Outcome Measures ICMJE
|Original Secondary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Same as current|
|Current Other Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Original Other Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Brief Title ICMJE||Reducing Risk After an Adverse Pregnancy Outcome|
|Official Title ICMJE||Reducing Risk After an Adverse Pregnancy Outcome: Addressing Maternal Depression During Internatal Periods|
This application to the Boston University Medical Center Institutional Review Board outlines a research plan devoted to identifying and managing maternal depression in Early Intervention (EI). The target population is women who's children are enrolled in early intervention who have experienced an adverse pregnancy outcome, defined as the birth of a child who was born prematurely, low birth weight, or with birth defects. Early intervention provides developmental services to the state's birth to three population under the Part C of the Individuals with Disabilities Act (IDEA). Our intervention strategy involves the identification of mothers whose children receive early intervention services and who, themselves, are at risk for depression. Eligible mothers will be offered a preventative intervention that involves the principles of Problem Solving Treatment (PST). Problem Solving Treatment is a brief skills-building psychotherapeutic intervention that focuses on specific daily problems, and applies to these problems a structured approach to finding and evaluating solutions.
This study will be a parallel group randomized control trial (RCT) of 188 mother-child dyads. Mothers in the intervention group will receive 6 sessions of Problem Solving Treatment, which will be referred to as Problem Solving Education (PSE) in this application. The women in the control site will receive usual care. Problem Solving Education interventionists (Problem Solving Educators or PS Educators) will conduct Problem Solving Education with mothers of children who receive early intervention services through Thom Child and Family Services, Bay Cove Early Intervention program, South Shore Mental Health (Step One Early Intervention), and Meeting Street Early Intervention with an enrollment goal of 188 mothers. In addition to engaging in Problem Solving Education sessions, mothers who agree to participate in the study will meet with research staff to complete 1)baseline assessment measures at study enrollment and 2) outcome assessment measures 3 months after baseline assessment and 3) outcome assessment measures 6 months after baseline assessment.
Community-based programs that target vulnerable families consistently identify maternal depression as a factor that negatively impacts maternal and child outcomes. A population in particular need of mental health interventions are mothers of children with who have experienced an adverse pregnancy outcome, defined as the birth of a child who was born prematurely, low birth weight, or with birth defects, a group with increased incidence of depression. Children of depressed mothers are at risk for a vast range of poor physical, cognitive, and emotional problems. Children who have existing underlying developmental concerns due to adverse birth circumstances are especially vulnerable. Therefore, identifying at-risk mothers and intervening to prevent the onset or re-occurrence of depression represents an opportunity not only to help the women affected, but also to improve developmental and behavioral outcomes for their children. Children under 3 with conditions that impact their developmental trajectories receive services through federally mandated Early Intervention (EI) programs; thus early intervention is an important, but underutilized, setting for identification and intervention with at-risk mothers. While effective preventative psychosocial treatments for depression exist, none have been delivered and evaluated in the context of a home-based program specifically for mothers of infants and children with developmental and other chronic health conditions.
The demographics of early intervention families suggest that mothers of enrolled children are at risk for depressive illness. Families are poorer (1 in 4 received welfare payments in the past year), mothers less well educated, and African-Americans are overrepresented (21% vs. 14% of general population), reflecting known risk factors for depression. Almost half of the infants who enter early intervention in the first year of life, the target group for the proposed intervention, are low birth weight (LBW) and have significantly higher levels of demographic risk factors than their normal birth weight peers. Numerous studies have documented elevated incidence of depression among mothers of early born infants. The youngest early intervention enrollees are also more likely to have identified disabilities or conditions, such as cerebral palsy and requirements for assistive technologies that have also been associated with higher rates of maternal depressive symptoms
Strong problem-solving abilities serve as important buffers against the negative impact of life stressors; whereas limited problem solving skills have been linked to the cause and persistence of psychological disorders. Problem solving approaches to depression prevention and treatment are rooted in research that has demonstrated that minor life events or problems are highly correlated with psychological distress, in general, and with depression, specifically. Problem solving interventions that promote skill building have demonstrated effectiveness in reducing behavioral risk, including depression, in a number of settings. Problem solving education (PSE), a brief skills-building psychotherapeutic intervention that focuses on specific daily problems, and applies to these problems a structured approach to finding and evaluating solutions, is one such problem solving approach. Problem solving education differs from other problem solving interventions in that it can be conducted by a variety of health providers, who do not have specific training as mental health clinicians. Sessions are fairly brief (approximately 30 minutes in length) and positive, sustained effects have been achieved in 6-8 sessions. Problem solving education's success is based on premise that strong problem solving abilities promote a sense of control and self-efficacy and buffer the negative effects of life stressors.
The effectiveness of Problem solving education has been well documented in reducing depressive symptoms and increasing function among patients with major depression and possibly minor depression and dysthymia. We propose a research plan that involves delivering Problem solving education to at risk mothers to (i) directly reduce symptom burden among mothers with depressive symptoms, and (ii) facilitate access to further mental health services.
|Study Type ICMJE||Interventional|
|Study Phase||Not Provided|
|Study Design ICMJE||Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double (Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
|Condition ICMJE||Maternal Depression|
|Intervention ICMJE||Behavioral: Project Solve Education
Problem solving education (PSE), a brief skills-building psychotherapeutic intervention that focuses on specific daily problems, and applies to these problems a structured approach to finding and evaluating solutions, is one such problem solving approach. Problem solving education differs from other problem solving interventions in that it can be conducted by a variety of health providers, who do not have specific training as mental health clinicians. Sessions are fairly brief (approximately 30 minutes in length) and positive, sustained effects have been achieved in 6-8 sessions. Problem solving education's success is based on premise that strong problem solving abilities promote a sense of control and self-efficacy and buffer the negative effects of life stressors.
|Publications *||Not Provided|
* Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
|Recruitment Status ICMJE||Completed|
|Completion Date||January 2014|
|Primary Completion Date||January 2014 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
|Eligibility Criteria ICMJE||
|Ages||Child, Adult, Senior|
|Accepts Healthy Volunteers||Yes|
|Contacts ICMJE||Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects|
|Listed Location Countries ICMJE||United States|
|Removed Location Countries|
|NCT Number ICMJE||NCT01182363|
|Other Study ID Numbers ICMJE||H28906|
|Has Data Monitoring Committee||No|
|U.S. FDA-regulated Product||Not Provided|
|IPD Sharing Statement||Not Provided|
|Responsible Party||Boston Medical Center|
|Study Sponsor ICMJE||Boston Medical Center|
|Collaborators ICMJE||Not Provided|
|PRS Account||Boston Medical Center|
|Verification Date||August 2014|
ICMJE Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP