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Doxepin Hydrochloride in Treating Oral Mucositis Pain in Patients With Head and Neck Cancer Undergoing Radiation Therapy With or Without Chemotherapy

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01156142
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : July 2, 2010
Results First Posted : May 8, 2017
Last Update Posted : August 9, 2017
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Alliance for Clinical Trials in Oncology

July 1, 2010
July 2, 2010
December 12, 2016
May 8, 2017
August 9, 2017
December 2010
May 2012   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Total Pain Reduction (Mouth and Throat) [ Time Frame: Baseline and Day 1 ]
The total pain reduction will be calculated by the (average of mouth and throat) area under the curve (AUC) adjusting for baseline, with time scale replaced by a numerical scale of 1,2,3,4,5,6. The numerical scale will be used rather than the raw time scale in order to give proper weights to more immediate patient-reported mouth pain outcomes after treatment. The AUC will be calculated by proration when there are terminal missing data. If the missing data are intermittent, simple imputation will be applied to calculate the AUC. The question ('On a scale from 0 to 10, what number best describes your MOUTH PAIN due to your radiation treatment now?') used 11-point numerical analog scales (0 (no pain) to 10 (worst pain imaginable or possible) scores) to measure pain. The AUCs for the two treatment arms were compared by using the Wilcoxon rank sum test with 95% CIs.
Total Pain Reduction (Mouth and Throat)
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT01156142 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
  • Total Taste of the Oral Rinse [ Time Frame: Up to 9 days ]
    The total taste of the oral rinse will be calculated by the area under the curve (AUC) adjusting for baseline, with time scale replaced by a numerical scale of 1,2,3,4,5,6 , and analyzed in the same way as the primary endpoint. The numerical scale will be used rather than the raw time scale in order to give proper weights to more immediate patient-reported mouth pain outcomes after treatment. The AUC will be calculated by proration when there are terminal missing data. If the missing data are intermittent, simple imputation will be applied to calculate the AUC. The question ('On a scale from 0 to 10, what number best describes the TASTE OF THE ORAL RINSE now?') used 11-point numerical analog scales (0 (acceptable taste) to 10(terrible taste), with higher values representing worse outcome) to evaluate the total taste of the oral rinse. The AUCs for the two treatment arms were compared by using the Wilcoxon rank sum test with 95% CIs.
  • Total Stinging or Burning From the Oral Rinse [ Time Frame: Up to 9 days ]
    The total stinging or burning from the oral rinse will be calculated by the area under the curve (AUC) adjusting for baseline, with time scale replaced by a numerical scale of 1,2,3,4,5,6. The numerical scale will be used rather than the raw time scale in order to give proper weights to more immediate patient-reported mouth pain outcomes after treatment. The AUC will be calculated by proration when there are terminal missing data. If the missing data are intermittent, simple imputation will be applied to calculate the AUC. The question ('On a scale from 0 to 10, what number best describes any STINGING OR BURNING FROM THE ORAL RINSE now?') used 11-point numerical analog scales (0 (no stinging or burning) to 10 (worst stinging or burning possible) scores) to total stinging or burning from the oral rinse. The AUCs for the two treatment arms were compared by using the Wilcoxon rank sum test with 95% CIs.The statistical analysis will be the same as the primary analysis.
  • Total Drowsiness Increase [ Time Frame: Up to 9 days ]
    The total drowsiness increase will be calculated by the area under the curve (AUC) adjusting for baseline, with time scale replaced by a numerical scale of 1,2,3,4,5,6. The numerical scale will be used rather than the raw time scale in order to give proper weights to more immediate patient-reported mouth pain outcomes after treatment. The AUC will be calculated by proration when there are terminal missing data. If the missing data are intermittent, simple imputation will be applied to calculate the AUC. The question ('On a scale from 0 to 10, what number best describes your DROWSINESS now?') used 11-point numerical analog scales (0 (no drowsiness) to 10 (extreme drowsiness, leading to sleep) scores) to measure total drowsiness increase. The AUCs for the two treatment arms were compared by using the Wilcoxon rank sum test with 95% CIs. The statistical analysis will be the same as the primary analysis.
  • Incidence of Using Alternative Analgesics Between 2 and 4 Hours After the Initial Mouthwash [ Time Frame: Up to 9 days ]
    The incidence of utilizing additional analgesics between 2 and 4 hours after the initial mouthwash will be compared between the arms by the Chi-square test .
  • Patient Preference for Continuing Therapy With Oral Doxepin Hydrochloride [ Time Frame: Up to 9 days ]
    After each dose was administered, patients were asked if they would like to continue rinses with that particular agent. The percentage of patients who expressed an interest in continuing therapy are reported below.
  • Total taste of the oral rinse as measured by the numerical analogue scale of taste of the oral rinse in the questionnaires
  • Total Stinging or Burning From the Oral Rinse
  • Total Drowsiness Increase
  • Incidence of using alternative analgesics 4 hours before and in between study medications
  • Patient Preference for Continuing Therapy With Oral Doxepin Hydrochloride
  • Pain reduction and other adverse event profile in the optional blinded cross-over phase
  • Long-term outcome of doxepin hydrochloride oral rinse as measured by weekly questionnaire responses
Not Provided
Not Provided
 
Doxepin Hydrochloride in Treating Oral Mucositis Pain in Patients With Head and Neck Cancer Undergoing Radiation Therapy With or Without Chemotherapy
A Randomized Double-Blind Study of Doxepin Rinse Versus Placebo in the Treatment of Acute Oral Mucositis Pain in Patients Receiving Radiotherapy With or Without Chemotherapy

RATIONALE: Doxepin hydrochloride may be an effective treatment for oral mucositis pain in patients undergoing radiation therapy with or without chemotherapy.

PURPOSE: This randomized phase III trial is studying doxepin hydrochloride to see how well it works compared to placebo in treating oral mucositis pain in patients with head and neck cancer undergoing radiation therapy with or without chemotherapy.

OUTLINE: This is a multicenter study. Patients are stratified according to gender, concurrent radiosensitizing chemotherapy (yes vs no), and age (< 60 years vs ≥ 60 years). Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms.

  • Arm I: Patients receive doxepin hydrochloride oral rinse (swish, gargle, and spit)* over 1 minute on day 1. Patients may crossover to arm II on day 2.
  • Arm II: Patients receive placebo oral rinse (swish, gargle, and spit)* over 1 minute on day 1.

Patients may crossover to arm I on day 2. The primary and secondary objectives are detailed below.

Primary Objective:

Determine whether doxepin oral rinse is effective in reducing OM-related pain in patients undergoing RT to the oral cavity, as measured by a patient-reported questionnaire at 5,15, 30, 60, 120 and 240 minutes

Secondary Objectives:

  1. Assess the adverse event profile of doxepin rinse using a patient-reported questionnaire at 5, 15, 30, 60, 120 and 240 minutes for domains of unpleasant taste, burning or stinging discomfort, and drowsiness.
  2. Compare the incidence of using alternative analgesics before 4 hours, between the doxepin oral rinse and placebo arms.
  3. Assess patient preference for continued therapy with oral rinse after initial test rinse or after the cross-over phase.

NOTE: * Patients are instructed to avoid taking medications for mucositis pain 60 minutes before and after study medication.

After completing study therapy, patients have the option to receive doxepin hydrochloride oral rinse every 4 hours as needed during radiotherapy.

Patients complete questionnaires at baseline, and at 5, 15, 30, 60, 120, and 240 minutes after study medication. Patients who choose to continue doxepin hydrochloride oral rinse also complete weekly questionnaires.

Interventional
Phase 3
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Masking: Double (Participant, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Supportive Care
  • Head and Neck Cancer
  • Mucositis
  • Oral Complications of Radiation Therapy
  • Pain
  • Drug: doxepin hydrochloride
    Oral rinse
  • Other: placebo
    Oral rinse
  • Experimental: Arm I
    Patients receive doxepin hydrochloride oral rinse (swish, gargle, and spit) over 1 minute on day 1. Patients may crossover to arm II on day 2.
    Intervention: Drug: doxepin hydrochloride
  • Placebo Comparator: Arm II
    Patients receive placebo oral rinse (swish, gargle, and spit) over 1 minute on day 1. Patients may crossover to arm I on day 2.
    Intervention: Other: placebo
Leenstra JL, Miller RC, Qin R, Martenson JA, Dornfeld KJ, Bearden JD, Puri DR, Stella PJ, Mazurczak MA, Klish MD, Novotny PJ, Foote RL, Loprinzi CL. Doxepin rinse versus placebo in the treatment of acute oral mucositis pain in patients receiving head and neck radiotherapy with or without chemotherapy: a phase III, randomized, double-blind trial (NCCTG-N09C6 [Alliance]). J Clin Oncol. 2014 May 20;32(15):1571-7. doi: 10.1200/JCO.2013.53.2630. Epub 2014 Apr 14.

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Completed
155
198
March 2, 2015
May 2012   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. ≥ 18 years of age
  2. Histologic proof of malignancy currently undergoing a course of RT (with or without chemotherapy) to a dose of ≥ 5000 cGy using 1.60 to 2.20 Gy per fraction. Note: At least one third of the oral cavity mucosa must be included in the radiation therapy fields.
  3. ≥ 4 oral pain felt to be related to mucositis for which the patient wants relief as measured by the Numeric Measure of Oral Pain. Note: An oral exam confirming the presence of mucositis should be performed by the enrolling clinician in addition to patient feedback.
  4. Ability to complete questionnaire(s) independently or with assistance
  5. ECOG Performance Status 0, 1 or 2.
  6. Provide informed written consent.
  7. Willingness to return to enrolling institution for follow-up.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Known allergy to doxepin, tricyclic antidepressants, or any known component of the drug formulation
  2. Use of a tricyclic antidepressant or monoamine oxidase inhibitor within the 2 weeks prior to registration
  3. Current untreated or unresolved oral candidiasis or oral HSV infection
  4. Current untreated narrow angle glaucoma
  5. Current untreated urinary retention ≤ 6 weeks prior to registration
  6. Co-morbid systemic illnesses or other severe concurrent disease which, in the judgment of the investigator, would make the patient inappropriate for entry into this study or interfere significantly with the proper assessment of safety and toxicity of the prescribed regimens
  7. Any of the following because this study involves a study agent whose genotoxic, mutagenic and teratogenic effects on the developing fetus and newborn are unknown:

    • Pregnant women
    • Nursing women
    • Men or women of childbearing potential who are unwilling to employ adequate contraception
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
No
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
United States
 
 
NCT01156142
NCCTG-N09C6
NCI-2011-02049 ( Registry Identifier: CTRP (Clinical Trials Reporting System) )
CDR0000675520 ( Registry Identifier: PDQ (Physician Data Query) )
U10CA037404 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
Yes
Not Provided
Not Provided
Alliance for Clinical Trials in Oncology
Alliance for Clinical Trials in Oncology
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Study Chair: Robert C. Miller, MD Mayo Clinic
Alliance for Clinical Trials in Oncology
July 2017

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP