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A Phase IV Study of Rebif ® 44mcg Administered Three Times Per Week by Subcutaneous Injection Compared With no Treatment in the Therapy of Relapsing Multiple Sclerosis After Mitoxantrone (REMAIN)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01142466
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : June 11, 2010
Results First Posted : June 10, 2011
Last Update Posted : February 27, 2014
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Gesellschaft für Therapieforschung mbH
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Merck KGaA, Darmstadt, Germany

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date  ICMJE June 10, 2010
First Posted Date  ICMJE June 11, 2010
Results First Submitted Date  ICMJE April 7, 2011
Results First Posted Date  ICMJE June 10, 2011
Last Update Posted Date February 27, 2014
Study Start Date  ICMJE December 2005
Actual Primary Completion Date December 2009   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Current Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: May 11, 2011)
Time From Baseline to First Multiple Sclerosis Relapse (in Weeks) [ Time Frame: Baseline through Week 96 ]
A qualifying relapse was defined as a new or worsening neurological symptom, in the absence of fever, lasting for >= 48 hours, and accompanied by an objective change in the relevant (i.e. symptomatic) Kurtzke Functional Systems (KFS).
Original Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: June 10, 2010)
Time to first relapse in subjects treated with Rebif 44 mcg tiw compared with subjects not treated over 96 weeks [ Time Frame: Week 4 to Week 96 ]
Change History
Current Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: May 11, 2011)
  • Number of Relapse-free Participants [ Time Frame: Baseline through Week 96 ]
    A qualifying relapse was defined as a new or worsening neurological symptom, in the absence of fever, lasting for >= 48 hours, and accompanied by an objective change in the relevant (i.e. symptomatic) Kurtzke Functional Systems (KFS).
  • Absolute Changes in the Number of T1 Lesions From Baseline to Week 24, 48, 72 and 96 [ Time Frame: Baseline to Week 24, 48, 72, and 96 ]
    Analysis of T1 lesions was done using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans.
  • Absolute Changes in the Number of T1-Gadolinium (T1-Gd) Lesions From Baseline to Week 24, 48, 72 and 96 [ Time Frame: Baseline to Week 24, 48, 72, and 96 ]
    Analysis of T1-Gadolinium enhancing lesions was done using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans.
  • Absolute Changes in the Number of T2 Lesions From Baseline to Week 24, 48, 72 and 96 [ Time Frame: Baseline to Week 24, 48, 72, and 96 ]
    Analysis of T2 lesions was done using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans.
  • Mean Changes in Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS) Score From Baseline to Week 12, 24, 36, 48, 60, 72, 84, and 96 [ Time Frame: Baseline to Week 12, 24, 36, 48, 60, 72, 84, and 96 ]
    EDSS assesses disability in 8 functional systems. An overall score ranging from 0 (normal) to 10 (death due to MS) was calculated. EDSS progression was defined as increase by at least 1 point if last value of EDSS was equal to 5.5, and by at least 0.5 points if last EDSS was more than 5.5.
  • Number of Participants With Adverse Events (AE) and Serious Adverse Events (SAE) [ Time Frame: Baseline to Week 96 ]
    AE: any new untoward medical occurrence/worsening of pre-existing medical condition, whether or not related to study drug. SAE: any AE that resulted in death; was life threatening; resulted in persistent/significant disability/incapacity; resulted in/prolonged an existing in-patient hospitalization; was a congenital anomaly/birth defect; or was a medically important condition.
Original Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: June 10, 2010)
  • Relapse-free subjects [ Time Frame: Week 12 to Week 96 ]
  • Change of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) criteria (T1, T1-Gd, T2) from baseline to relevant visits [ Time Frame: Baseline to Week 96 ]
    Number of T1, T2 active lesions and number of G T1 adolinium enhancing lesion were recorded.
  • Mean change in Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS) score from baseline to relevant visits [ Time Frame: Baseline to Week 96 ]
    Time to confirmed EDSS progression (1 point or 0.5 for EDSS > 5.5 confirmed after 3 months)
  • Change in multiples sclerosis functional composite (MSFC) from baseline to relevant visits [ Time Frame: Baseline to Week 96 ]
  • Safety [ Time Frame: Baseline to Week 96 ]
    Adverse events [AEs], serious adverse events (SAEs), laboratory parameters and MS relapses
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
 
Descriptive Information
Brief Title  ICMJE A Phase IV Study of Rebif ® 44mcg Administered Three Times Per Week by Subcutaneous Injection Compared With no Treatment in the Therapy of Relapsing Multiple Sclerosis After Mitoxantrone
Official Title  ICMJE Phase IV, Multicenter, Open Label, Randomized Study of Rebif® 44mcg Administered Three Times Per Week by Subcutaneous Injection Compared With no Treatment in the Therapy of Relapsing Multiple Sclerosis After Mitoxantrone
Brief Summary

In the course of therapy escalation, the multiple sclerosis (MS) subjects with high activity of disease receive mainly mitoxantrone. The duration of therapy is limited because of a cumulative dose for life (140 mg/m^2 body surface area). In practice lower doses of mitoxantrone (60-120 mg/m^2 body surface area) are being used. The specific reason for this limited total dose are potential cardiotoxic side effects of mitoxantrone. Once this cumulative dose of mitoxantrone is reached and the subject becomes stable, there is the question for subsequent therapy. A possibility at this time, is the so-called "de-escalation", therefore reducing the subject back to immunomodulating basic treatment.

The target of this open-label, randomised, multicentric, comparative, parallel-group study was to inquire systematically into the use and course of basic therapy with Rebif 44 mcg thrice weekly (tiw) for a larger number of subjects.

Detailed Description

Multiple sclerosis is a chronic, inflammatory, demyelinating disease of the central nervous system (CNS) and is one of the most common causes of neurological disability in young adults. It is characterised by multi-focal recurrent attacks of neurological symptoms and signs with variable recovery. Eventually, the majority of subjects develop a progressive clinical course. The exact cause of MS is unknown, although an autoimmune process has been implicated. Genetic susceptibility plays a role in disease initiation but unidentified environmental factors may also be involved. Three clinical forms of MS are recognized: primary progressive multiple sclerosis (PPMS), secondary progressive multiple sclerosis (SPMS) and relapsing remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS). Primary progressive subjects are characterised by slow and steady accumulation of neurological deficits from onset without superimposed attacks. Subjects with RRMS have exacerbations or relapses with subsequent variable recovery (remission). Secondary progressive multiple sclerosis is characterised by the steady accumulation of significant and persistent neurological deficit with or without superimposed relapses.

Rebif [recombinant interferon (IFN) beta-1a] has been tested in a series of studies in MS subjects at doses ranging from 22 mcg to 132 mcg weekly with a dose frequency ranging from weekly (qw) to tiw. Rebif has been found to be well tolerated in all clinical pharmacology studies, even at high doses (up to 66 mcg/m^2). In later phase trials, Rebif has been tested across a broad range of doses, for varying duration, and in different stages of MS disease. Dose testing has ranged from 22 mcg to 132 mcg weekly with frequency of administration being qw to tiw.

OBJECTIVES

Primary objective:

  • To asses if treatment with Rebif 44 mcg tiw compared with subjects not treated during 96 weeks can maintain or prolong clinical or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) stability after previous treatment with mitoxantrone

Secondary objectives:

  • To compare the mean number of T2 active lesions, defined as new or enlarging T2 lesions, per subject per scan during 96 weeks of treatment with Rebif 44 mcg three times per week with subjects not treated
  • To assess the safety and efficacy of Rebif 44 mcg

This was an open-label, randomised, multicentric, comparative, parallel-group study with a neurologist blinded to treatment for performing neurologic exams and a neuro-radiologist blinded to treatment for assessing central MRI scans. The study was divided into a screening phase (up to 28 days before the start of IFN-beta-1a treatment), a treatment phase of 96 weeks as well as a follow-up period of 4 weeks for subjects with ongoing serious adverse events (SAEs) at week 96. The study consisted of 2 groups to compare the therapeutic effect of high dose, high frequency IFN beta-1a therapy (Rebif 44 mcg) to subjects who will not be treated with Rebif 44 mcg. Subjects of both groups were previously treated with mitoxantrone in the < 3 months prior to study inclusion. Subjects assigned to no treatment were switched to Rebif 44 mcg x 3 after reaching the primary endpoint or defined stopping criteria. The treatment period of this study begun with the completion of all baseline evaluations and the initiation of study drug treatment on Study Day 1 (baseline visit) and continues through until completion of the treatment period at the Week 96 visit.

Study Type  ICMJE Interventional
Study Phase  ICMJE Phase 4
Study Design  ICMJE Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Condition  ICMJE Multiple Sclerosis, Relapsing-Remitting
Intervention  ICMJE Drug: Interferon beta-1a (Rebif)
The dosage of IFN-beta-1a , following initial dose titration, was 44 mcg injected subcutaneously (s.c.) tiw. An auto-injector device, Rebiject, was available as an optional aid for the administration of IFN-beta-1a . IFN-beta-1a was administered, if possible, at the same time (preferably in the late afternoon or evening) on the same three days at least 48 hours apart each week.
Other Name: Rebif
Study Arms  ICMJE
  • Experimental: Rebif (3x44 mcg) Group
    Intervention: Drug: Interferon beta-1a (Rebif)
  • No Intervention: No treatment Group
Publications * Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status  ICMJE Completed
Actual Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: June 10, 2010)
30
Original Actual Enrollment  ICMJE Same as current
Actual Study Completion Date  ICMJE January 2010
Actual Primary Completion Date December 2009   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Eligibility Criteria  ICMJE

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Subject who had given written informed consent.
  • Subjects with definite RRMS or SPMS with relapses
  • Subjects with EDSS 1-6
  • Subjects aged between 18-60 years
  • Subjects who were escalated to mitoxantrone due to high relapse activity or MRI activity (not due to EDSS progression exclusively)
  • Subjects who may not have a confirmed 1 point EDSS progression (0.5 points for EDSS >5.5) within the last 9 months
  • Subjects free of relapses over the last 6 months
  • Subjects with last mitoxantrone treatment between 1 and 6 months prior to screening
  • Subjects treated with mitoxantrone for minimum 9 months and maximum 36 months, total cumulative dose being 40-120 mg/m^2
  • Female subjects who must be neither pregnant nor breast-feeding and must lack childbearing potential, as defined by either:

    1. Being post-menopausal or surgically sterile,or
    2. Using a hormonal contraceptive, intra-uterine device, diaphragm with spermicide or condom with spermicide for the duration of the study. Confirmation that the subject is not pregnant must be established by a negative serum or urinary human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) test within 7 days prior to start of study treatment. A pregnancy test is not required if the subject is post menopausal or surgically sterile.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Subject who has received any cytokine or anti-cytokine therapy within the 3 months prior to study Day 1
  • Subject who has been escalated to mitoxantrone due to EDSS progression
  • Subject with an ongoing MS relapse
  • Subject with PPMS
  • Subject with SPMS without superimposed relapses
  • Subject who has received immunomodulatory treatment other than IFN-beta or glatiramer acetate before mitoxantrone
  • Subject who has previously received total lymphoid irradiation
  • Subject who has received oral or systemic corticosteroids or adrenocorticotrophic hormone ACTH within 30 days of study Day 1
  • Subject who has received intravenous immunoglobulins or underwent plasmapheresis within the 6 months prior to study day 1
  • Subject who has received immunomodulatory or immunosuppressive therapy (including but not limited to cyclophosphamide, cyclosporin, methotrexate, azathioprine, linomide, teriflunomide, natalizumab, laquinimod, Campath) within the 12 months prior to study Day 1
  • Subject who requires chronic or monthly pulse corticosteroids during the study
  • Subject who has received any investigational drug or experimental procedure within 12 month of study Day 1
  • Subject who has inadequate liver function, defined by a total bilirubin, aspartate aminotransferase (AST) or alanine aminotransferase (ALT) or alkaline phosphatase greater than 2.5 times the upper limit of the normal values.
  • Subject who has inadequate bone marrow reserve, defined as a white blood cell count less than 0.5 times the lower limit of normal
  • Subject who suffers from current autoimmune disease
  • Subject with known allergy to IFN or the excipient(s)
  • Subject who suffers from major medical or psychiatric illness that in the opinion of the investigator creates undue risk to the subject or could affect compliance with the study protocol
  • Subject treated with drugs other than IFN-beta or glatiramer acetate within 2 years before mitoxantrone
  • Subject with known cardiac or other systemic diseases
  • Subjects who are pregnant.
Sex/Gender  ICMJE
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
Ages  ICMJE 18 Years to 60 Years   (Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers  ICMJE No
Contacts  ICMJE Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Listed Location Countries  ICMJE Not Provided
Removed Location Countries  
 
Administrative Information
NCT Number  ICMJE NCT01142466
Other Study ID Numbers  ICMJE IMP 25874
Has Data Monitoring Committee No
U.S. FDA-regulated Product Not Provided
IPD Sharing Statement  ICMJE Not Provided
Responsible Party Merck KGaA, Darmstadt, Germany
Study Sponsor  ICMJE Merck KGaA, Darmstadt, Germany
Collaborators  ICMJE Gesellschaft für Therapieforschung mbH
Investigators  ICMJE
Study Director: Sigbert Jahn, PD Dr. med Merck Serono GmbH, Germany
PRS Account Merck KGaA, Darmstadt, Germany
Verification Date January 2014

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP