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A Study to Evaluate the Safety and Efficacy of Apremilast in the Treatment of Skin Disease in Patients With Dermatomyositis

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01140503
Recruitment Status : Terminated (Slow recruitment of participants)
First Posted : June 9, 2010
Results First Posted : March 4, 2015
Last Update Posted : March 4, 2015
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
David Fiorentino, Stanford University

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date  ICMJE April 6, 2010
First Posted Date  ICMJE June 9, 2010
Results First Submitted Date  ICMJE January 28, 2015
Results First Posted Date  ICMJE March 4, 2015
Last Update Posted Date March 4, 2015
Study Start Date  ICMJE February 2010
Actual Primary Completion Date August 2011   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Current Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: March 3, 2015)
The Primary Endpoint Analysis Will be Safety, as Measured by the Number of Adverse Events and Serious Adverse Events Occuring During 12 Weeks of Therapy and 4 Weeks of Followup. [ Time Frame: 16 weeks ]
Original Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: June 8, 2010)
The primary endpoint analysis for safety will include data on adverse events as well as potential relation of these events to study drug. [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ]
Change History
Current Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: March 3, 2015)
  • The Secondary Outcome Measure Will be Efficacy, as Measured by the Number of Participants Experiencing a 30% Decreased in the CDASI-a Score at 12 Weeks. [ Time Frame: Data collected at 12 weeks after baseline visit. ]
    This was an intent to treat analysis--dropouts are considered treatment failures. Missing data at 12 weeks imputed by last observation carried forward.
  • The Secondary Outcome Measure Will be Efficacy as Measured by the Mean Change in CDASI-activity at 12 Weeks [ Time Frame: Data collected at baseline at 12 weeks ]
    The CDASI (Cutaneous Dermatomyositis Activity and Severity Index) is a validated instrument to measure skin disease activity in dermatomyositis. A clinically meaningful change is a decrease of 4 points. All missing data are imputed using last observation carried forward. Calculation is performed as the score at 12 weeks minus the score at baseline.
Original Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: June 8, 2010)
The primary efficacy endpoint (which is a secondary endpoint) will include CDASI-a scores at baseline and weeks 4, 8 and 12. [ Time Frame: Baseline, 4 weeks, 8 weeks, 12 weeks ]
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
 
Descriptive Information
Brief Title  ICMJE A Study to Evaluate the Safety and Efficacy of Apremilast in the Treatment of Skin Disease in Patients With Dermatomyositis
Official Title  ICMJE An Open Label Study Evaluating the Safety and Efficacy of Apremilast in the Treatment of Cutaneous Disease in Patients With Dermatomyositis
Brief Summary This study is designed to evaluate the safety and efficacy of an oral medicine (called apremilast) for treating skin involvement in patients with the disease dermatomyositis.
Detailed Description Not Provided
Study Type  ICMJE Interventional
Study Phase  ICMJE Not Applicable
Study Design  ICMJE Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Condition  ICMJE Dermatomyositis
Intervention  ICMJE Drug: Apremilast
Apremilast 20mg PO BID
Study Arms  ICMJE Experimental: apremilast
apremilast 20mg bid
Intervention: Drug: Apremilast
Publications * Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status  ICMJE Terminated
Actual Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: March 3, 2015)
5
Original Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: June 8, 2010)
8
Actual Study Completion Date  ICMJE September 2011
Actual Primary Completion Date August 2011   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Eligibility Criteria  ICMJE

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Must understand and voluntarily sign an informed consent form
  • Must be 18 years at time of signing informed consent form
  • Must be able to adhere to the study visit schedule and other protocol requirements
  • Patients must have a diagnosis of DM based upon the characteristic cutaneous findings proposed by Sontheimer1 and a skin biopsy consistent with DM
  • Subjects must be a candidate for systemic therapy for their DM skin disease: a subject is considered a candidate, if, in the judgment of the investigator, they are not adequately responding to aggressive sun protection along with the use of potent (e.g. class I or II) topical corticosteroids and/or immunomodulators
  • Must have cutaneous disease activity of at least "moderate" on a 5 point Likert scale (using the PGA)
  • Must have cutaneous disease activity score of at least 5 on the CDASI (activity) scale
  • Concurrent therapy with topical corticosteroids and/or prednisone and/or antimalarials is permitted as defined in Exclusion Criteria.
  • Concurrent therapy with methotrexate azathioprine, mycophenolate mofetil, or leflunomide is permitted as defined in Exclusion Criteria
  • Must meet the following laboratory criteria:

    • Hemoglobin ≥ 12 g/dL
    • White blood cell (WBC) count &#8805; 3000 /uL (&#8805; 3.0 X 10^9/L) and < 14,000/uL (< 14 X 10^9/L)
    • Platelets &#8805; 100,000 /uL (&#8805; 100 X 10^9/L)
    • Serum creatinine &#8804; 1.5 mg/dL (&#8804; 132.6 &#956;mol/L)
    • Total bilirubin &#8804; 2.0 mg/dL
    • Aspartate transaminase (AST [serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase, SGOT]) and alanine transaminase (ALT [serum glutamate pyruvic transaminase, SGPT]) ; 1.5x upper limit of normal (ULN) unless, in the opinion, of the investigator, the elevation is secondary to active muscle inflammation.
  • Females of childbearing potential (FCBP) must have a negative urine pregnancy test at screening (Visit 1). In addition, sexually active FCBP must agree to use TWO of the following adequate forms of contraception while on study medication: oral, injectable, or implantable hormonal contraceptives; tubal ligation; intrauterine device; barrier contraceptive with spermicide; or vasectomized partner. A FCBP must agree to have pregnancy tests every 28 days while on study medication.
  • Males (including those who have had a vasectomy) must agree to use barrier contraception (latex condoms) when engaging in sexual activity with FCBP while on study medication and for 84 days after taking the last dose of study medication

Exclusion Criteria:

  • History of inadequate response of cutaneous DM disease to greater than 2 of the following agents: methotrexate, cyclosporine, azathioprine, mycophenolate mofetil, IVIG, leflunomide, cyclophosphamide.
  • History of inadequate response to thalidomide for dermatomyositis skin disease.
  • Receiving topical therapy within 14 days of Study Day 0 (including but not limited to topical corticosteroids, tacrolimus, pimecrolimus). Exceptions: low potency corticosteroids will be allowed as background therapy for treatment of the face and scalp as needed, but dose must be stable 14 days prior to Study Day 0 and throughout the study
  • Concurrent therapy with prednisone (or equivalent dose of systemic corticosteroid) at greater than 10 mg daily.
  • Concurrent therapy with more than one of the following agents: methotrexate, azathioprine, mycophenolate mofetil, leflunomide.
  • Receiving the following dosages of medications during the study or within 28 days before Study Day 0:

    • Hydroxychloroquine at >600 mg/day
    • Chloroquine at >400 mg/day
    • Methotrexate at >25 mg/week
    • Mycophenolate mofetil at >3 g/day
    • Azathioprine at >3 mg/kg/day
    • Leflunomide at >20mg/day
  • Treatment with the following biologic agents:

    • Adalimumab, etanercept, efalizumab, or infliximab within 12 weeks of Study Day 0 and for the study duration
    • IVIG within 12 weeks of Study Day 0 and for the study duration
    • Rituximab within 9 months of Study Day 0 and for the study duration
    • Alefacept within 24 weeks of Study Day 0 and for the study duration
  • Have received fluctuating doses of any of the following medications 28 days before Study Day 0: methotrexate, mycophenolate mofetil, azathioprine, leflunomide, dapsone
  • Have received fluctuating doses of hydroxychloroquine 2 months before Study Day 0
  • Have received fluctuating doses of chloroquine 3 months before Study Day 0
  • Have received fluctuating doses of prednisone within 14 days prior to Study Day 0
  • Received leflunomide >20 mg/day in the 6 months prior to Study Day 0
  • Treatment with any investigational drug therapy within 28 days before Study Day 0 or biologic therapies within 30 days or 5 half-lives of the biologic agent, whichever is longer, before Study Day 0
  • Currently receiving any of the following medications:

    • Cyclophosphamide
    • Intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG)
    • Any TNF inhibitor, including adalimumab, etanercept, infliximab, or certolizumab
    • Rituximab
    • Efalizumab
    • Cyclosporine
    • Oral FK506 (tacrolimus)
    • Thalidomide
  • History of any clinically significant (as determined by the investigator) cardiac, endocrinologic, pulmonary, neurologic, psychiatric, hepatic, renal, hematologic, immunologic, or other major uncontrolled disease
  • Any condition, including the presence of laboratory abnormalities, which places the subject at unacceptable risk if he/she were to participate in the study or confounds the ability to interpret data from the study
  • Pregnant or breastfeeding
  • Latent Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection as indicated by a positive Purified Protein Derivative (PPD) skin test.
  • History of active Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection (any subspecies) within 3 years prior to the screening visit and without documentation of successful treatment

    * Subjects who completed treatment at least 3 years prior to screening but lack documentation may not be enrolled in the study. Subjects who completed treatment at least 3 years prior to screening are allowed if successful treatment was completed at least 3 years prior to screening and is documented and available for verification

  • History of incompletely treated latent Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection as indicated by:

    • Subject's medical records documenting incomplete treatment for Mycobacterium tuberculosis
    • Subject's self reported history of incomplete treatment for Mycobacterium tuberculosis
  • Any clinically significant abnormality on 12-lead ECG at screening
  • Presence of hepatitis B surface antigens (HBsAg) or Hepatitis B core antibody positive at screening
  • Antibodies to hepatitis C virus at screening
  • History of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection
  • Malignancy or history of malignancy except for treated (i.e. cured) basal-cell skin carcinomas
  • Abnormal chest x-ray findings other than that consistent with dermatomyositis-associated interstitial lung disease. Chest x-rays performed within 3 months prior to start of study drug are acceptable
  • Any condition, including the presence of laboratory abnormalities, that places the subject at unacceptable risk if he/she were to participate in the study or confounds the ability to interpret data from the study
Sex/Gender  ICMJE
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
Ages  ICMJE 18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers  ICMJE No
Contacts  ICMJE Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Listed Location Countries  ICMJE United States
Removed Location Countries  
 
Administrative Information
NCT Number  ICMJE NCT01140503
Other Study ID Numbers  ICMJE SU-03302010-5522
16975
Has Data Monitoring Committee Yes
U.S. FDA-regulated Product Not Provided
IPD Sharing Statement  ICMJE Not Provided
Current Responsible Party David Fiorentino, Stanford University
Original Responsible Party David Franklin Fiorentino, Stanford University School of Medicine
Current Study Sponsor  ICMJE Stanford University
Original Study Sponsor  ICMJE Same as current
Collaborators  ICMJE Not Provided
Investigators  ICMJE
Principal Investigator: David Franklin Fiorentino Stanford University
Sub-Investigator: Katharine Arefiev Stanford University
PRS Account Stanford University
Verification Date March 2015

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP