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Temsirolimus Plus Neratinib for Patients With Metastatic HER2-Amplified or Triple Negative Breast Cancer

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01111825
First Posted: April 28, 2010
Last Update Posted: November 7, 2017
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Puma Biotechnology, Inc.
April 22, 2010
April 28, 2010
August 10, 2017
November 7, 2017
November 7, 2017
April 2010
July 2016   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Objective Response Rate (ORR) (Phase II) [ Time Frame: From enrollment date to first documented response, or last tumor assessment, assessed up to two years ]

ORR is defined as proportion of subjects who achieved confirmed complete response (CR) or partial response (PR) per Response Evaluation Criteria In Solid Tumors Criteria (RECIST) v1.1: Complete Response (CR), Disappearance of all target lesions; Partial Response (PR), >=30% decrease in the sum of the longest diameter of target lesions; Overall Response (OR) = CR + PR.

A complete or partial response must be confirmed no less than 4-weeks after the criteria for response are initially met.

  • To determine the maximum tolerated dose of weekly IV temsirolimus when administered in combination with a fixed dose of daily oral neratinib therapy (phase I) [ Time Frame: day 1 ]
  • To estimate the efficacy [overall response rate (ORR) = complete response (CR) and partial response (PR)](phase II) [ Time Frame: CT evaluation after 8 weeks ]
  • To determine the maximum tolerated dose of weekly IV temsirolimus when administered in combination with a fixed dose of daily oral neratinib therapy (phase I) [ Time Frame: day 8 ]
  • To determine the maximum tolerated dose of weekly IV temsirolimus when administered in combination with a fixed dose of daily oral neratinib therapy (phase I) [ Time Frame: day 15 ]
  • To determine the maximum tolerated dose of weekly IV temsirolimus when administered in combination with a fixed dose of daily oral neratinib therapy (phase I) [ Time Frame: day 22 ]
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT01111825 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
  • Clinical Benefit Rate (CBR) [ Time Frame: From enrollment date to first documented response, or last tumor assessment, assessed up to two years ]

    Defined as the proportion of patients who achieved objective response (CR or PR) or SD for at least 24 weeks per Response Evaluation Criteria In Solid Tumors Criteria (RECIST) v1.1: Complete Response (CR), Disappearance of all target lesions; Partial Response (PR), >=30% decrease in the sum of the longest diameter of target lesions; Stable Disease (SD), Neither sufficient shrinkage to qualify for PR nor sufficient increase to qualify for PD, taking as reference the smallest sum diameters while on study.

    Clinical Benefit (CB) = CR + PR + SD >= 24 weeks.

  • Duration of Response (DOR) [ Time Frame: From first response to first PD or death, assessed up to two years. ]
    Measured from the time at which measurement criteria were first met for CR or PR (whichever status was recorded first), until the date of first recurrence, Progressive Disease (PD), or death was objectively documented, taking as a reference for PD the smallest measurements recorded since enrollment, per Response Evaluation Criteria In Solid Tumors Criteria (RECIST) v1.1: Complete Response (CR), Disappearance of all target lesions; Partial Response (PR), >=30% decrease in the sum of the longest diameter of target lesions; Overall Response (OR) = CR + PR; Progressive Disease (PD), At least a 20% increase in the sum of diameters of target lesions, taking as reference the smallest sum on study, and/or the appearance of one or more new lesions.
  • Progression-free Survival (PFS) [ Time Frame: From date of enrollment until the date of first documented progression, or date of death from any cause, whichever came first, assessed up to two years. ]
    Defined as time from date of enrollment until the first disease recurrence or progression or death due to any cause; censored at the last assessable evaluation or at the initiation of new anti-cancer therapy. Disease assessment is based on investigator tumor assessments. If no post-baseline tumor assessment then censored at enrollment date.
  • Overall Survival (OS) [ Time Frame: From enrollment to date of death from any cause, or end of long term follow-up, assessed up to three years. ]
    Defined as the time from enrollment to death due to any cause; censored at the date last known alive.
  • To determine the safety and tolerability of temsirolimus when administered in combination with neratinib. [ Time Frame: Each cycle, days 1 and 15 ]
  • To estimate secondary efficacy endpoints of this combination including progression free survival (PFS) and duration of response. [ Time Frame: 8 weeks or approximately after every two cycles of therapy for the first 6 cycles, then assessment will take place q12 weeks thereafter. ]
  • To determine the expression level of HER2 and p95-HER2 in the metastatic tissue samples and correlate this with response to the temsirolimus-neratinib combination in HER2-amplified tumors. [ Time Frame: once at the time of biopsy ]
  • To assess abnormalities in the PI3K-PTEN-AKT-mTOR pathway through the analysis of expression of PTEN and upstream molecular targets IGF1-R, EGFR, and HER3 and mutational activation of PI3K in the metastatic tumor samples. [ Time Frame: optional at the end of study ]
  • To determine if the addition of neratinib affects the exposure and half-life of temsirolimus and its active metabolite, sirolimus. [ Time Frame: Pre, post, 1, 2, 4, 24, 72, 168 hrs after Temsirolimus ]
Not Provided
Not Provided
 
Temsirolimus Plus Neratinib for Patients With Metastatic HER2-Amplified or Triple Negative Breast Cancer
A Phase I/II Trial of Temsirolimus Plus Neratinib for Patients With Metastatic HER2-Amplified or Triple Negative Breast Cancer
This is an open-label, single arm, multi-center, multi-national, adaptive design, dose-escalation Phase 1/2 study to determine the MTD of temsirolimus with daily neratinib, and to determine the safety and efficacy of this combination when given to patients with advanced breast carcinoma, specifically trastuzumab-refractory HER2-amplified disease or triple-negative disease.

Phase I Design A standard, 3+3, dose escalation schedule to determine the MTD of temsirolimus in combination with neratinib with no intrapatient dose escalation and a starting dose of temsirolimus 8 mg administered intravenously (IV) weekly (dose level 1) and three patients enrolled in each cohort.

Phase II Design The phase II portion of this trial is comprised of three cohorts. Two of the cohorts utilized a Simon two-stage design to determine the sample size to assess the efficacy of temsirolimus when administered in combination with neratinib: HER2-amplified and triple negative breast cancer. The third cohort was a single stage design with HER2-amplified patients and dose escalation.

Interventional
Phase 1
Phase 2
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Breast Cancer
  • Drug: Temsirolimus

    28 day treatment cycle Phase 1

    • Weekly intravenously (IV) on days 1, 8, 15, and 22
    • Starting dose 8 mg IV weekly (dose level 1). Three patients initially enrolled in each cohort

    Phase 2

    • Dose escalation cohort - 8 mg IV weekly on Days 1, 8, 15, and 22, and then 15 mg IV weekly starting on Day 29
    • HER2-amplified and Triple negative - 8 mg IV weekly on Days 1, 8, 15, and 22
    Other Name: Torisel
  • Drug: Neratinib

    28 day treatment cycle

    • 240 mg orally daily

    Other Name: Nerlynx
Experimental: Temsirolimus plus Neratinib
This is an open-label, single arm, dose-escalation phase I-II study to determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of temsirolimus with daily neratinib, and to determine the safety and efficacy of this combination when given to patients with advanced breast carcinoma. Patients with trastuzumab-refractory HER2-amplified disease or triple negative disease will be enrolled in both phases of this clinical trial.
Interventions:
  • Drug: Temsirolimus
  • Drug: Neratinib
Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Completed
99
July 2016
July 2016   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Inclusion Criteria:

Phase I HER2-amplified Cohort

  • HER2 overexpression and/or amplification as determined by immunohistochemistry (3+) or FISH (≥2.0)
  • Previously received trastuzumab as part of a regimen in the adjuvant or metastatic setting with evidence of progression. Washout period for trastuzumab of 14 days.
  • May have previously received lapatinib as part of a regimen in the adjuvant or metastatic setting with evidence of progression of disease. Washout period for lapatinib of 14 days.
  • Radiographic progression of disease while on treatment with trastuzumab or lapatinib as defined by RECIST 1.1 criteria.
  • No restriction on prior chemotherapy regimens for advanced stage disease. No restriction for prior hormonal therapy. No concurrent use of endocrine therapy is permitted.

Phase II HER2-amplified Cohort

  • HER2 overexpression and/or amplification as determined by immunohistochemistry (3+) or FISH (≥2.0).
  • Previously received trastuzumab as part of a regimen in the adjuvant or metastatic setting with evidence of progression. Washout period for trastuzumab of 14 days.
  • May have previously received lapatinib as part of a regimen in the adjuvant or metastatic setting with evidence of progression of disease. Washout period for lapatinib of 14 days.
  • Radiographic progression of disease while on treatment with trastuzumab as defined by RECIST 1.1 criteria.
  • Prior therapy inclusion: no more than four prior chemotherapy regimens allowed for advanced stage disease. No restriction for prior hormonal therapy. No concurrent use of endocrine therapy is permitted.

Phase II Triple-negative Cohort - As of 2/10/12, this cohort is closed to accrual

  • Invasive adenocarcinoma negative for estrogen receptor (<5%) and progesterone receptor (<5%) expression and a lack of HER2 overexpression and/or amplification as determined by immunohistochemistry (<3+) or FISH (<2.0).
  • Prior therapy inclusion: no more than four prior chemotherapy regimens allowed for advanced stage disease. No restriction for prior hormonal therapy. No concurrent use of endocrine therapy is permitted.

Phase II HER2-Positive Cohort with dose escalation

  • HER2 overexpression and/or amplification as determined by IHC (3+) or FISH (≥2.0).
  • Previously received trastuzumab as part of a regimen in the adjuvant or metastatic setting with evidence of progression. Washout period for trastuzumab of 14 days.
  • May have previously received lapatinib as part of a regimen in the adjuvant or metastatic setting with evidence of progression of disease. Washout period for lapatinib of 14 days.
  • Radiographic progression of disease while on treatment with trastuzumab as defined by RECIST v 1.1.
  • Prior therapy inclusion: no restriction on prior chemotherapy regimens for advanced stage disease. No restriction for prior hormonal therapy. No concurrent use of endocrine therapy is permitted.

Inclusion Criteria for ALL subjects (HER2-Amplified and Triple-negative)

  • Patients with a diagnosis of invasive adenocarcinoma of the breast confirmed by histology or cytology at MSKCC.
  • Metastatic disease that is or has been pathologically documented.
  • At least one measurable metastatic lesion according to RECIST 1.1 criteria. Ascites, pleural effusions, and bone metastases are not considered measurable. Minimum indicator lesion size ≥ 10 mm by helical CT or ≥ 20 mm by conventional techniques.
  • Pathological nodes must be ≥ 15 mm by the short axis to be considered measurable.
  • Age ≥ 18, as no dosing or adverse event data are currently available on the use of neratinib or temsirolimus in patients <18 years of age, children are excluded from this study.
  • Patients must be willing to discontinue sex hormonal therapy, e.g., birth control pills, hormonal replacement therapy, prior to enrollment. Women of childbearing potential must consent to effective contraception while on treatment and for a period thereafter.
  • Negative serum HCG pregnancy test for premenopausal women of reproductive capacity and for women less than 12 months after menopause.
  • Asymptomatic, central nervous system metastases are permitted if patients remain clinically stable after discontinuation of steroids and anticonvulsants for 3 months.
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status score of ≤2.
  • Patients must have normal organ and marrow function: AST/ALT ≤2.5x institutional upper limit of normal except for patients with liver metastases. For patients with liver metastases, AST/ALT/Alkaline phosphatase ≤5.0x institutional upper limit of normal. Total bilirubin within institutional limits except for patients with liver metastases. For patients with liver metastases, total bilirubin ≤1.5x institutional upper limit of normal. Creatinine clearance within normal limits or ≥ 60mL/min, PT and PTT ≤1.5x institutional upper limit of normal except for patients on Coumadin or low molecular weight heparin, leukocytes ≥3,000/μl, absolute neutrophil count ≥1,000/μl, and platelets ≥75,000/μl
  • Able to swallow and retain oral medication.

The following criteria were removed for all patients in Protocol Amendment 10, and are only applicable to first 34 HER2+ patients in Phase 2 who are not subject to dose-escalation of temsirolimus:

  • Able and willing to consent for biopsy of metastatic breast cancer prior to treatment. Consent to preservation of frozen and fixed samples of tumor cores for evaluation. (HER2-amplified patients who have previously provided samples of metastatic breast cancer as part of IRB #06-163 will be exempt)
  • Consent to evaluation of primary tumor biopsy specimen.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Potential subjects will be excluded from enrollment into this study if they meet any of the following criteria:
  • Patients receiving any concurrent anticancer therapy or investigational agents with the intention of treating breast cancer.
  • History of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to neratinib or temsirolimus.
  • Unable to consent to biopsy of metastatic disease or for whom a biopsy would be medically unsafe.
  • Women who are pregnant or breast feeding.
  • Life expectancy <3 months.
  • Completion of previous chemotherapy regimen <3 weeks prior to the start of study treatment. Prior hormonal therapy must be discontinued prior to treatment start. Biologic therapy with bevacizumab for the treatment of metastatic disease must be discontinued ≥3 weeks from the start of protocol treatment.
  • Concurrent radiotherapy is not permitted for disease progression on treatment on protocol, but might be allowed for pre-existing non-target lesions with approval from the principal investigator of the trial.
  • Concurrent medical conditions which may increase the risk of toxicity, including ongoing or active infection, history of significant bleeding disorder unrelated to cancer (congenital bleeding disorders, acquired bleeding disorders within one year), HIV-positive or active hepatitis.
  • History of clinically significant or uncontrolled cardiac disease, including congestive heart failure, angina, myocardial infarction, arrhythmia, and left ventricular ejection fraction less than 50% measured by a multigated blood pool imaging of the heart (MUGA scan) or an echocardiogram (ECHO).
  • QTc interval > 0.47 seconds.
  • Patients with GI tract disease resulting in an inability to take oral medication, malabsorption syndrome, a requirement for IV alimentation, prior surgical procedures affecting absorption, or uncontrolled inflammatory GI disease.
  • History of an invasive second primary malignancy diagnosed within the previous 3 years, except for stage I endometrial or cervical carcinoma or prostate carcinoma treated surgically, and non-melanoma skin cancer.
  • History of uncontrolled seizures, central nervous system disorders or psychiatric disability judged by the investigator to be clinically significant, precluding informed consent, or interfering with compliance of oral drug intake.
  • Unwillingness to give written informed consent, unwillingness to participate, or inability to comply with the protocol for the duration of the study. Willingness and ability to comply with scheduled visits, treatment plan, laboratory tests and other study procedures are necessary to participation in this clinical trial.
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
No
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Denmark,   France,   Hong Kong,   Spain,   United Kingdom,   United States
 
 
NCT01111825
10-005
Not Provided
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Not Provided
Puma Biotechnology, Inc.
Puma Biotechnology, Inc.
Not Provided
Study Director: Puma Biotechnology Puma
Puma Biotechnology, Inc.
October 2017

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP