Immunogenetic Mechanisms in Behcet's Disease

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01109433
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : April 23, 2010
Last Update Posted : August 9, 2018
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) ( National Eye Institute (NEI) )

April 22, 2010
April 23, 2010
August 9, 2018
April 15, 2010
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Establishing evidence for serum biomarkers associated with BD and establishing demethylation differences between ocular and non-ocular BD participants and controls. [ Time Frame: Ongoing ]
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Complete list of historical versions of study NCT01109433 on Archive Site
To explore associations between disease severity and treatment response with observed epigenetic modifications and biomarkers. [ Time Frame: Ongoing ]
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Immunogenetic Mechanisms in Behcet's Disease
Immunogenetic Mechanisms in Behcet's Disease


- Uveitis, the inflammation of the interior of the eye, is responsible for numerous new cases of legal blindness every year. Uveitis can be caused by Beh(SqrRoot)(Beta)et s disease (BD), a chronic inflammatory disorder that can affect the eye, mucous membranes, and other body organs such as the joints, intestinal tract, blood vessels, and central nervous system.


The purpose of this study is to see how genes affect Beh(SqrRoot)(Beta)et s disease and if there are differences in Beh(SqrRoot)(Beta)et s disease among people of different backgrounds.


  • Individuals who have a diagnosis of BD and are enrolled in another NIH study.
  • Individuals who are willing to donate blood for the purposes of this research study and who are willing to have their blood stored for possible future/other research purposes.


  • As part of the study, blood samples will be drawn from participants when an exacerbation in disease activity occurs and before and after any significant change in treatment for BD.
  • No treatments will be provided in this study.

Uveitis is responsible for approximately 30,000 cases of new legal blindness in the United States and 2.8-10% of all cases of blindness. Beh(SqrRoot)(Beta)et s disease (BD) is a chronic relapsing multisystem inflammatory disorder of unknown etiology that is characterized by intraocular inflammation, oral and mucosal ulcerations, cutaneous lesions and inflammation that may affect other body organs such as the joints, intestinal tract, epididymis, blood vessels and the central nervous system (2). The need for a safer and more effective therapy for patients with ocular manifestations of BD refractory to or intolerant of systemic immunosuppressive therapy warrants further investigation. Reports define a specific role for interleukin (IL)-17A in the pathogenesis of Beh(SqrRoot)(Beta)et s disease.

This protocol will evaluate immune mediators including cytokine profiles (soluble and intracellular), lymphocyte phenotyping and regulatory T-cells in participants with BD. Epigenetic modifications will also be studied.

Additionally, it has been suggested that American/Western BD patients may have different disease characteristics than their Mediterranean counterparts. The disease characteristics of American/Western and Mediterranean BD patients will be compared and evaluated. Blood samples from BD participants that have participated in other NIH protocols where participants consented for other or future use of samples has been obtained will be collected (particularly from current participants of NIH protocol 03-AR-0173 in which NEI is a collaborator). In summary, the results will be analyzed with respect to disease in different ethnic groups, and clinical features of the disease (e.g., ocular vs. non-ocular involvement, active vs. quiescent disease).

Anonymous blood samples (matched for race, age and sex) will be obtained from the NIH clinical center (CC) blood bank and will be compared to the diseased samples.

Observational Model: Case-Control
Time Perspective: Prospective
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  • Behcet's Disease
  • Uveitis
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*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
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One of the following must be true:

  • Participants must have a diagnosis of BD according to the International Study Group for BD criteria or modified Japanese criteria, be enrolled in another NIH study and be willing to donate their blood for the purposes of this research study.
  • Participants must be willing to have their blood stored for future/other research.


Eligible participants who do not wish to donate their blood sample or undergo a blood draw for the purposes of this research study.

Sexes Eligible for Study: All
Child, Adult, Older Adult
Contact: Dominic Obiyor, R.N. (301) 435-4556
Contact: Hatice N Sen, M.D. (301) 435-5139
United States
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National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) ( National Eye Institute (NEI) )
National Eye Institute (NEI)
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Principal Investigator: Hatice N Sen, M.D. National Eye Institute (NEI)
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)
December 22, 2017