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A Phase I/II Study of Paclitaxel, Carboplatin and YM155 (Survivin Suppressor) in Subjects With Solid Tumors (Phase I) and Advanced Non-Small Cell Lung Carcinoma (Phase II)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01100931
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : April 9, 2010
Results First Posted : April 4, 2013
Last Update Posted : October 19, 2015
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Arun Rajan, M.D., National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date  ICMJE April 8, 2010
First Posted Date  ICMJE April 9, 2010
Results First Submitted Date  ICMJE February 21, 2013
Results First Posted Date  ICMJE April 4, 2013
Last Update Posted Date October 19, 2015
Study Start Date  ICMJE February 2010
Actual Primary Completion Date December 2012   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Current Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: May 3, 2013)
  • Phase 1 Safe and Tolerable Phase 2 Dose. [ Time Frame: 1 year ]
    Phase I: Doses were given at different dose levels until the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) was reached. Dose level 1: 3.6 mg/m^2, dose level 2:5 mg/m^2 , dose level 3:6 mg/m^2, dose level 4:8 mg/m^2, dose level 5:10 mg/m^2 (MTD), dose level 6:12 mg/m^2. Doses were given by continuous intravenous infusion over 72 hours every 21 days.Three patients were enrolled at each dose level in the absence of dose limiting toxicity (DLT). A DLT is defined as adverse events occurring during the first cycle of therapy (e.g. every 21 days). Phase 2 dose is based upon dose limiting toxicities experienced during cycle 1.
  • Phase 2 Objective Response Rate (Partial Response (PR) + Complete Response (CR)). [ Time Frame: up to 18 weeks ]
    Response was assessed by the Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST). Complete response (CR) is the disappearance of all target lesions. Any pathological lymph nodes (whether target or non-target) must have reduction in short axis to <10 mm.Partial response (PR) is at least a 30% decrease in the sum of the diameters of target lesions, taking as reference the baseline sum diameters.
  • Number of Participants With Adverse Events [ Time Frame: 31.5 months ]
    Here is the number of participants with adverse events. For a detailed list of adverse events see the adverse event module.
Original Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: April 8, 2010)
Phase 1 safe and tolerable Phase 2 dose. Phase 2 objective response rate. [ Time Frame: 6 - 9 months ]
Change History Complete list of historical versions of study NCT01100931 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
Current Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Not Provided
Original Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: April 8, 2010)
Phase 1 To determine preliminary activity. Phase 2 To determine median progression free survival, overall survival and safety. [ Time Frame: 1 year ]
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
 
Descriptive Information
Brief Title  ICMJE A Phase I/II Study of Paclitaxel, Carboplatin and YM155 (Survivin Suppressor) in Subjects With Solid Tumors (Phase I) and Advanced Non-Small Cell Lung Carcinoma (Phase II)
Official Title  ICMJE A Phase I/II Study of Paclitaxel, Carboplatin and YM155 (Survivin Suppressor) in Subjects With Solid Tumors (Phase I) and Advanced Non-Small Cell Lung Carcinoma (Phase II)
Brief Summary

Background:

  • Carboplatin-paclitaxel is a commonly used chemotherapy combination for advanced non-small-cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC) and other solid tumors. In a randomized clinical trial, the combination of carboplatin, paclitaxel, and the additional chemotherapy drug bevacizumab had a better response rate and survival compared to carboplatin and paclitaxel alone. However, this trial treated only patients with a specific diagnosis and treatment risks. Further research is needed to determine whether this combination is useful for other diagnoses.
  • YM155 is a drug that targets a type of chemical often found in cancer cells. It has been investigated in several phase I and phase II clinical trials, and it has been shown to be well tolerated and moderately effective in treating advanced NSCLC in patients who had not responded well to one or two standard treatments.

Objectives:

- To determine the efficacy of the combination of carboplatin, paclitaxel, and YM155 in the treatment of non-small-cell lung cancer.

Eligibility:

- Individuals 18 years of age and older who have been diagnosed with advanced non-small-cell lung carcinoma or other solid tumors for which standard therapy is not likely to be effective.

Design:

  • Before the start of the study, participants will be screened with a medical history, blood tests, imaging scans of the affected areas, tumor biopsies, and other tests as directed by the study doctors.
  • Participants will be treated for six 21-day cycles, or 18 weeks of treatment. Each cycle will include blood tests and imaging studies as required.
  • On day 1 of each cycle, participants will receive an infusion of paclitaxel and carboplatin, followed by a 4-day infusion of YM155 (through a portable electronic infusion pump).
  • Participants will have a computed tomography scan or other imaging every other cycle (approximately every 6 weeks) to determine whether the therapy is affecting the cancer site.
  • After the sixth cycle, participants will return for follow-up visits at least every 3 months, and will be asked to remain in contact with the researchers to allow further study of the long-term effects of the treatment.
Detailed Description

Background:

  • Treatment with platinum-based doublet chemotherapy results in a median survival of 7 to 10 months in patients with locally advanced or metastatic non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).
  • Carboplatin-paclitaxel is a commonly used regimen in advanced NSCLC and other solid tumors. In a randomized clinical trial carboplatin, paclitaxel plus bevacizumab resulted in improved efficacy (response rate and survival) compared to carboplatin and paclitaxel alone but only patients with non-squamous histology and who were considered low risk of bleeding were treated. Improvement of survival was not confirmed in another randomized study with a different chemotherapy backbone.
  • Novel treatment strategies need to be developed for advanced NSCLC.
  • YM155 is a transcriptional inhibitor of survivin, an inhibitor of apoptosis protein. Pre-clinical activity of YM155 has been observed in several solid tumors, including NSCLC models and synergy was observed in combination with chemotherapeutic drugs, including carboplatin and paclitaxel.
  • YM155 has been investigated in several phase I and phase II clinical trials and it has been shown to be well tolerated with the most common toxicities reported as being reversible and of grades 1 -2 in severity. In addition, as a monotherapy YM155 alone has shown modest antitumor activity in a phase II trial in advanced NSCLC in patients who had failed one or two prior chemotherapy lines.

Primary Objectives:

  • In the Phase I portion of the study the primary objective will be to determine a safe and tolerable phase II dose of YM155 based upon dose limiting toxicities (DLTs) when YM155 is administered over 72 hours by continuous intravenous infusion (CIVI) every 3 weeks in combination with paclitaxel and carboplatin.
  • In the Phase II portion of the study the primary objective will be to determine the objective response rate (ORR = partial response (PR)+ complete response (CR)) of YM155 in combination with carboplatin and paclitaxel in the first line treatment of patients with advanced NSCLC.

Secondary Objectives:

  • In the Phase I portion of the study the secondary objective will be to determine the preliminary activity of the combination regimen based upon response rate as measured by response evaluation criteria in solid tumors [RECIST].
  • In the Phase II portion of the study the secondary objectives will be to determine the median progression free survival (PFS), median overall survival (OS) and safety and tolerability of this combination regimen in this patient population.
  • To assess expression of particular genes on the pretreatment tumor and pre/post treatment serum samples to evaluate the treatment effects and correlate them with clinical outcome.

Eligibility:

Phase I

- The phase I portion of the trial will be open to all patients with recurrent or advanced cancer (NSCLC and other solid tumors) for whom standard therapy offers no curative potential and also in patients for whom the carboplatin / paclitaxel regimen is considered standard of care. Patients should have received no more than one previous chemotherapy regimen.

Phase II

  • Pathologically confirmed stage IIIB (malignant pleural effusion) or intravenous (IV) or recurrent NSCLC.
  • No previous chemotherapy for advanced lung cancer.
  • Adequate organ and bone marrow function.
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0-2.

Design:

  • Open label phase I/II trial
  • Following a Simon two-stage optimal design
Study Type  ICMJE Interventional
Study Phase  ICMJE Phase 1
Phase 2
Study Design  ICMJE Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Condition  ICMJE
  • NSCLC
  • Solid Tumors
Intervention  ICMJE
  • Drug: YM155

    Phase I: Doses were given at different dose levels until the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) was reached. Dose level 1: 3.6 mg/m^2, dose level 2:5 mg/m^2 , dose level 3:6 mg/m^2, dose level 4:8 mg/m^2, dose level 5:10 mg/m^2 (MTD), dose level 6:12 mg/m^2. Doses were given by continuous intravenous infusion over 72 hours every 21 days.Three patients were enrolled at each dose level in the absence of dose limiting toxicity (DLT). A DLT is defined as adverse events occurring during the first cycle of therapy (e.g. every 21 days).

    Phase II: 10 mg/m^2 (MTD)intravenous infusion over 72 hours every 21 days.

  • Drug: Carboplatin
    Area under curve (AUC) of 6 intravenous on day 1
    Other Name: Paraplatin
  • Drug: Paclitaxel
    200 mg/m^2 intravenous on day 1
    Other Name: Taxol
Study Arms  ICMJE Experimental: YM155 in Solid Tumors

Phase I: Doses were given at different dose levels until the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) was reached. Dose level 1: 3.6 mg/m^2, dose level 2:5 mg/m^2 , dose level 3:6 mg/m^2, dose level 4:8 mg/m^2, dose level 5:10 mg/m^2 (MTD), dose level 6:12 mg/m^2. Doses were given by continuous intravenous infusion over 72 hours every 21 days.Three patients were enrolled at each dose level in the absence of dose limiting toxicity (DLT). A DLT is defined as adverse events occurring during the first cycle of therapy (e.g. every 21 days).

Phase II: 10 mg/m^2 (MTD)intravenous infusion over 72 hours every 21 days.

Interventions:
  • Drug: YM155
  • Drug: Carboplatin
  • Drug: Paclitaxel
Publications *

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status  ICMJE Completed
Actual Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: February 21, 2013)
42
Original Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: April 8, 2010)
60
Actual Study Completion Date  ICMJE December 2012
Actual Primary Completion Date December 2012   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Eligibility Criteria  ICMJE
  • INCLUSION CRITERIA:

Response should be YES

Phase 1 and 2:

  1. Has a signed consent/assent been obtained by the patient or parent/legal guardian?
  2. Is a male or female greater than or equal to 18 years old?
  3. If patient has brain metastases, is it asymptomatic and does not require steroids or antiepileptic mediations?
  4. Has Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0-2 (Karnofsky > 60%)?
  5. Has adequate bone marrow, renal, and hepatic function:

    1. Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) greater than or equal to 1,500/m^3?
    2. Hemoglobin greater than or equal to 10.0g/dl?
    3. Platelets greater than or equal to 100,000/m^3?
    4. Has adequate renal function defined as serum creatinine < upper limit of normal (ULN) or calculated creatinine clearance > 60 mL/min?
    5. Aspartate aminotransferase (AST)/serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase (SGOT) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT)/serum glutamic pyruvic transaminase (SGPT) less than or equal to 2.5 times ULN?
    6. Total bilirubin less than or equal to 1.5 times ULN (in patients with evidence of Gilberts disease, elevated bilirubin should not be related to tumor or other liver diseases and should be less than or equal 2 times upper limit of normal)?
  6. Has negative human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) test?
  7. If female, has negative pregnancy test?
  8. Both male and female patients are willing to consent to using effective contraception (hormonal, barrier method or abstinence) prior to study entry, while on treatment and at least 3 months thereafter?

Phase 1 only:

  1. Has recurrent or advanced cancer for whom standard therapy offers no curative potential and also for patients for whom the carboplatin/paclitaxel regimen is considered standard of care?
  2. Has received no more than one previous chemotherapy regimen?
  3. Has evaluable disease by Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) criteria?

Phase 2 only:

  1. Has histological or cytological evidence of non small cell lung cancer?
  2. Has evidence of metastatic disease or stage IIIB non small cell lung cancer (NSCL) with pleural effusion is required?
  3. Has no prior chemotherapy for advanced lung cancer?

    Note: Patients who received adjuvant or neo-adjuvant chemotherapy more than 12 months prior will be eligible?

  4. Has measurable disease, defined as at least one lesion that can be accurately measured in at least one dimension (longest diameter to be recorded) as > 20 mm with conventional techniques or as > 10 mm with spiral computed tomography (CT) scan?

EXCLUSION CRITERIA:

Response should be NO

  1. Has any of the following within 6 months prior to study enrollment: myocardial infarction, unstable angina pectoris or uncontrolled angina pectoris, uncontrolled hypertension that is not controllable with antihypertensives, coronary/peripheral artery bypass graft, New York Heart Association (NYHA) class III or IV congestive heart failure, clinically significant peripheral vascular disease (Grade II or greater).
  2. Has history of stroke or transient ischemic attack within 6 months?
  3. Has history of pulmonary embolism, deep venous thrombosis or other thrombo-embolic event within 6 months?
  4. Has psychiatric or neurologic illness that would limit compliance with study requirements?
  5. Has severe active infection within 14 days requiring use of intravenous antibiotics before beginning treatment?
  6. Has received any other investigational agents within 30 days of the start of treatment?
  7. Has history of an active malignancy unless curatively treated and risk of recurrence of < 5% at five years, with the exception of:

    1. Adequately treated in situ carcinoma of the cervix
    2. Non-melanomatous skin cancers (basal or squamous cell)?
  8. Has history of severe hypersensitivity reaction to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to carboplatin, paclitaxel, or medicines of similar composition to YM155?
  9. Has history of a major surgical procedure, open biopsy, or a significant traumatic injury within 14 days prior to commencing treatment, or the anticipation of the need for a major surgical procedure during the course of the study?
  10. Has other serious illness, medical condition or significant laboratory abnormality that may cause undue risk for the subject's safety, inhibit protocol participation, or interference with interpretation of study results, and in the judgment of the investigator would make the subject inappropriate for entry into this study?
  11. Phase 2 only: Has mixed tumor of any histology including small cell lung cancer?
Sex/Gender  ICMJE
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
Ages  ICMJE 18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers  ICMJE No
Contacts  ICMJE Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Listed Location Countries  ICMJE United States
Removed Location Countries  
 
Administrative Information
NCT Number  ICMJE NCT01100931
Other Study ID Numbers  ICMJE 100051
10-C-0051
Has Data Monitoring Committee No
U.S. FDA-regulated Product Not Provided
IPD Sharing Statement  ICMJE Not Provided
Responsible Party Arun Rajan, M.D., National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)
Study Sponsor  ICMJE National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Collaborators  ICMJE Not Provided
Investigators  ICMJE
Principal Investigator: Giuseppe Giaccone, M.D. National Cancer Institute (NCI)
PRS Account National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)
Verification Date September 2015

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP