Cyclophosphamide, Lenalidomide and Dexamethasone (CRD) Versus Melphalan (200 mg/m2) Followed By Autologous Stem Cell Transplant (ASCT) In Newly Diagnosed Multiple Myeloma Subjects

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01091831
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : March 24, 2010
Last Update Posted : September 6, 2017
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Fondazione Neoplasie Sangue Onlus

March 22, 2010
March 24, 2010
September 6, 2017
July 2009
July 2019   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Progression free survival [ Time Frame: 5 years ]
Same as current
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT01091831 on Archive Site
Overall survival [ Time Frame: 5 years ]
Same as current
Not Provided
Not Provided
Cyclophosphamide, Lenalidomide and Dexamethasone (CRD) Versus Melphalan (200 mg/m2) Followed By Autologous Stem Cell Transplant (ASCT) In Newly Diagnosed Multiple Myeloma Subjects
A Phase 3, Multicentre, Randomized, Controlled Study to Determine the Efficacy and Safety of Cyclophosphamide, Lenalidomide and Dexamethasone (CRD) Versus Melphalan (200 mg/m2) Followed By Stem Cell Transplant In Newly Diagnosed Multiple Myeloma Subjects
This is a multicenter, randomized, open label study designed to compare the efficacy and safety of lenalidomide with low-dose alkylating agents versus high-dose melphalan followed by stem cell support in newly diagnosed symptomatic MM patients who are 65 years of age or younger.
Not Provided
Phase 3
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Multiple Myeloma
  • Drug: Cyclophosphamide
    Cyclophosphamide will be given orally at the dose of 300 mg/m2 on days 1, 8, 15 for 6 cycles every 28 days
  • Drug: Lenalidomide
    Lenalidomide will be given orally at the dose of 25 mg/d for 21 days followed by a 7 days rest period (day 22 to 28)for 6 cycles every 28 days
  • Drug: Dexamethasone
    Dexamethasone will be given orally at the dose of 40 mg on days 1, 8, 15, 22 for 6 cycles every 28 days
  • Drug: Melphalan
    Melphalan will be given iv at the dose of 200 mg/m2 for 1 day followed by stem cell support. The second MEL200 was performed 120 days after the first if ≤ PR was achieved after the 1st MEL200.
  • Active Comparator: CRD
    Oral therapy with Cyclophosphamide, Lenalidomide and Dexamethasone.
    • Drug: Cyclophosphamide
    • Drug: Lenalidomide
    • Drug: Dexamethasone
  • Active Comparator: MEL200
    High dose Melphalan therapy (200 mg/m2) followed by stem cell support for 2 cycles every 4 months (for 1 cycle if at least VGPR was achieved after the 1st MEL200)
    Intervention: Drug: Melphalan
Gay F, Oliva S, Petrucci MT, Conticello C, Catalano L, Corradini P, Siniscalchi A, Magarotto V, Pour L, Carella A, Malfitano A, Petrò D, Evangelista A, Spada S, Pescosta N, Omedè P, Campbell P, Liberati AM, Offidani M, Ria R, Pulini S, Patriarca F, Hajek R, Spencer A, Boccadoro M, Palumbo A. Chemotherapy plus lenalidomide versus autologous transplantation, followed by lenalidomide plus prednisone versus lenalidomide maintenance, in patients with multiple myeloma: a randomised, multicentre, phase 3 trial. Lancet Oncol. 2015 Dec;16(16):1617-29. doi: 10.1016/S1470-2045(15)00389-7. Epub 2015 Nov 17.

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
Active, not recruiting
July 2019
July 2019   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Inclusion Criteria:

Patient is, in the investigator(s) opinion, willing and able to comply with the protocol requirements.

  • Patient has given voluntary written informed consent before performance of any study-related procedure not part of normal medical care, with the understanding that consent may be withdrawn by the patient at any time without prejudice to their future medical care.
  • Patient is 65 years old or younger at the time of signing the informed consent
  • Women of child-bearing potential must agree to use 2 methods of contraception: 1 effective (for example hormonal or tubal ligation) and 1 barrier (for example latex condom, diaphragm) for at least 4 weeks before starting the therapy, during the Treatment Period, and for 4 weeks after the last dose of lenalidomide
  • Male patient agrees to use an acceptable method for contraception (i.e., condom or abstinence) during study drug therapy (including dose interruption) and for 4 weeks after discontinuation of lenalidomide therapy.
  • Negative serum beta-human chorionic gonadotropin ( beta-HCG) pregnancy test both 24 hours prior to beginning of therapy and then at 4 weeks intervals in women with regular menstrual cycles or every 2 weeks in women with irregular menstrual cycles during study treatment for subjects of childbearing potential
  • Patient was diagnosed with symptomatic multiple myeloma based on standard criteria (10), and has measurable disease, defined as follows: any quantifiable serum monoclonal protein value (generally, but not necessarily, greater than 1 g/dL of IgG M-Protein and greater than 0.5 g/dL of IgA M-Protein) and, where applicable, urine light-chain excretion of >200 mg/24 hours; measurable plasmacytoma > 2 cm as determined by clinical examination or applicable radiographs (i.e. MRI, CT-Scan); bone marrow plasma cells >10%.
  • Patient has a Karnofsky performance status ≥ 60%.
  • Patient has a life-expectancy > 6 months
  • Patient has HBV, HCV and HIV negative test.
  • Patients must have normal ECG and NYHA ≤ 2; an evaluation of ejection fraction by ECHO or MUGA is optional
  • Patients must normal chest X ray; an evaluation of pulmonary function studies on mechanical aspects (FEV1, FVC, etc) and diffusion capacity (DLCO) is optional.
  • Patient has the following laboratory values within 14 days before Baseline (day 1 of the Cycle 1):

    • Platelet count ≥ 75 x 109/L without transfusion support within 7 days before the test.
    • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥ 1.5 x 109/L without the use of growth factors.
    • Corrected serum calcium ≤ 14 mg/dL (3.5 mmol/L).
    • Aspartate transaminase (AST): ≤ 2.5 x the upper limit of normal (ULN).
    • Alanine transaminase (ALT): ≤ 2.5 x the ULN.
    • Total bilirubin: ≤ 1.5 x the ULN.
    • Calculated or measured creatinine clearance: ≥ 20 mL/minute
    • Patient has a baseline bone marrow sample available for cytogenetics, that will be processed and eventually centralized.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Previous treatment with anti-myeloma therapy (does not include radiotherapy, bisphosphonates, or a single short course of steroid; < to the equivalent of dexamethasone 40 mg/day for 4 days).
  • Any serious medical condition, including the presence of laboratory abnormalities, which places the subject at an unacceptable risk if he or she participates in this study or confounds the experimental ability to interpret data from the study.
  • Pregnant or lactating women. A serum β-hCG pregnancy test must be performed at the Screening visit, for female patients of child-bearing potential. If the test is positive, the patient must be excluded from the study. Confirmation that the patient is not pregnant must be established by a negative serum or urinary pregnancy test with the result obtained 1 day prior to the Baseline visit (or the day of the visit if results are available before drug delivery). A pregnancy test is not required for naturally post-menopausal women (who have not had menses at any time in the preceding 24 consecutive months) or surgically sterilised women (hysterectomy, bilateral ovariectomy, bilateral salpingectomy);
  • Prior history of malignancies, other than multiple myeloma, unless the subject has been free of the disease for ≥ 3 years. Exceptions include the following: basal cell carcinoma of the skin, squamous cell carcinoma of the skin, carcinoma in situ of the cervix, carcinoma in situ of the breast, incidental histologic finding of prostate cancer (TNM stage of T1a or T1b)
  • Patients previously diagnosed as bearing deep venous thrombosis or arterial thromboembolic event within the latest 12 months.
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
18 Years to 65 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
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Fondazione Neoplasie Sangue Onlus
Fondazione Neoplasie Sangue Onlus
Not Provided
Principal Investigator: Antonio Palumbo, MD Division of Hematology, Molinette Hospital
Fondazione Neoplasie Sangue Onlus
September 2017

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP