Safety Study of Deep Brain Stimulation to Manage Thalamic Pain Syndrome (DBS)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01072656
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : February 22, 2010
Results First Posted : August 30, 2016
Last Update Posted : June 9, 2017
National Institutes of Health (NIH)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Andre Machado, The Cleveland Clinic

February 19, 2010
February 22, 2010
July 20, 2016
August 30, 2016
June 9, 2017
May 2010
August 2014   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Number of Participants With 50% Improvement in Pain Related Disability (as Assessed by the Pain Disability Index) [ Time Frame: Blinded stimulation phase (3 Months) ]
Pain Disability Index (PDI) directly measures disability related to the main components of daily life function and has been validated for thalamic pain syndrome. Range is 0 (no disability) to 10 (worst disability). The components are Family/Home Responsibilities, Recreation, Social Activity, Sexual Behavior, Life-support Activity, Occupation, & Self-care. This is an average score of the 3 month period for each Active and Sham phase.
50% improvement in pain related disability (as assessed by the pain disability index[6]) with active VC/VS stimulation compared to sham (OFF) stimulation [ Time Frame: Assessed at the end of the blinded stimulation phase ]
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT01072656 on Archive Site
  • Number of Participants Who Had 50% Improvement in PDI [ Time Frame: 24 months post randomization follow up ]
    A 50% improvement in pain related disability (as assessed by the pain disability index) at the end of the open label phase compared to the pre-implantation baseline. The PDI ranges from 0-10 with 0 equaling no disability and 10 equaling worst disability.
  • Number of Participants Who Would Undergo the Procedure Again. [ Time Frame: End of Open Label Phase (24 months) ]
    A positive answer from patients receiving active stimulation at the end of the open label phase of the study to the question: 'would you undergo this procedure again if you were to get the same benefits you experienced?'
  • Number of Patient Who Had >50% Reduction in VAS. [ Time Frame: Baseline and 24 months ]
    Patients report reduction in the VAS (Visual Analogue Scale Ranging from 0-10, 0 meaning no pain and 10 meaning worst pain imaginable) at the end of the open label phase (24 months post randomization f/u) compared to the pre-implantation baseline.
A 50% Improvement in Pain Related Disability (as Assessed by the Pain Disability Index) at the End of the Open Label Phase Compared to the Pre-implantation Baseline [ Time Frame: 24 months post randomization follow up ]
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Safety Study of Deep Brain Stimulation to Manage Thalamic Pain Syndrome
Deep Brain Stimulation for Thalamic Pain Syndrome
The purpose of this study is to determine the safety and efficacy of Deep Brian Stimulation (DBS) of the ventral capsular/ventral striatal as a treatment for patients with Thalamic Pain Syndrome (TPS). The central hypothesis to be tested in this investigation is that VC/VS stimulation will modulate the affective component of TPS and, consequently, improve pain related disability.
This is a pilot clinical study of the therapeutic benefits of ventral capsular/ventral striatal deep brain stimulation (DBS) as a treatment for 10 patients with medically refractory thalamic pain syndrome. Patients to be enrolled under this protocol will have experienced severe pain for more than six months and will be considered medically refractory. Study subjects may have undergone and failed other surgical procedures or interventional procedures. Study subjects will have chronic, medically refractory pain of disabling severity, refractory to treatment attempts with conventional medications. Patients that are enrolled in the study will have bilateral DBS surgery, with implantation of one Medtronic 3391 DBS lead on either side of the brain. These leads will then be connected at first to a single Medtronic PC pulse generator to be implanted in the infraclavicular region on one side. Once the PC pulse generator is depleted, and the patient has completed the blinded phase of the study, the PC pulse generator will be replaced for an RC pulse generator. The RC pulse generator has a battery life of 9 years and is a good option for the open label phase and for continued stimulation after the study is completed. However, the RC is not ideal for the blinded phase because patients may be able to tell if they are receiving active or sham stimulation. For this reason, patients enrolled in this study will receive, initially, the implant with the PC generator. Patients will have at least 6 months of stable chronic pain associated with TPS.
Not Applicable
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Masking: Triple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Chronic Pain
Device: Deep Brain Stimulation for Thalamic Pain Syndrome
Patients will be randomized in a 1:1 ratio to one of two groups: the Treatment Group (active stimulation and programmed to the settings found to be optimal during the titration phase) and the Control Group (sham stimulation - IPG is set to ON but the voltage is set to 0V). In order to prevent too many patients from being randomized to ON or to sham early in the study, we will use, for the first 4 patients, randomization blocks of four or six. In this fashion, the first four consecutive patients will have two patients randomized to the Treatment Group and two patients in the Control Group. In the same fashion, the final six patients will have three patients randomized to the treatment group and three patients to the control group.
  • Active Comparator: Treatment group
    Active stimulation and programmed to the settings found to be optimal during the titration process.
    Intervention: Device: Deep Brain Stimulation for Thalamic Pain Syndrome
  • Sham Comparator: Control group
    IPG is set to ON but the voltage is set to 0V.
    Intervention: Device: Deep Brain Stimulation for Thalamic Pain Syndrome

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
March 2016
August 2014   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Clinical diagnosis of thalamic pain syndrome
  • with allodynia or dysesthesia
  • with pinprick anesthesia or hypoesthesia on the affected hemibody (anesthesia dolorosa).
  • Six months or more of medically refractory severe pain (see below).
  • Pain disability reported by the pain index >30 points at the time of enrollment.
  • Average daily pain for the past 30 days reported as >5 on a 0-10 scale
  • Failure to respond adequately to at least one antidepressant, one anti-seizure medication and one oral narcotic.
  • MRI done within one year of the first visit showing a lesion that involves the posterior thalamic region or a lesion in the dorsal or ventral vicinity of the thalamus (i.e. semi oval white matter or brain stem). The lesion will be contralateral to the hemibody affected by chronic pain or will involve cortical-subcortical areas in topography consistent with sensory thalamocortical connections. This will include patients with infarcts in the territory of the middle cerebral artery. A more recent MRI may be required if the patient's condition changed within the previous year.
  • Capable of understanding and providing informed consent
  • Age ≥ 21 years
  • Women of childbearing age must be on regular use of an accepted contraceptive method(s).
  • Previous surgical procedures: Patients with severe and refractory thalamic pain syndrome may have undergone other interventional or surgical procedures, as an attempt to alleviate the thalamic pain syndrome. Surgical procedure may include blocks, spinal cord stimulation, thalamic DBS, posterior limb of the internal capsule DBS or periaqueductal gray / periventricular gray DBS, cortical stimulation, peripheral ablative procedures or cerebral ablative procedures. In this study, patients with previously implanted cortical stimulation systems, or spinal and peripheral nervous system stimulation systems may be included. However, patients with previous motor cortex stimulation must have had the cortical stimulation system before being considered a candidate for this protocol. Removal of the cortical stimulation system will not be covered under this protocol. Patients with spinal or peripheral neuromodulation system may be included in the research provided that the implanted systems are compatible with the all research protocols (including fMRI) to be performed during the research. Patients with pervious DBS implants will not be considered candidates.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Not capable of understanding or providing informed consent.
  • Aphasia severe enough to limit the consent process or communication between the investigators and the patient. Patients with mild or recovering aphasia may be considered candidates at the discretion of the PI.
  • Coagulopathy. Patients will be excluded unless assessed and cleared by hematology
  • Inability to stop Coumadin or platelet anti-aggregation therapy for surgery and after surgery. Patients taking these medications will need to discuss the need/risk of continuing these medications with their physicians and the PI or study personnel may contact the treating physician(s) as well to discuss the risks of anticoagulation / antiaggregation therapy discontinuation.
  • Uncontrolled hypertension.
  • Malignancy with < 5 years life expectancy.
  • Major medical co-morbidities: end stage renal failure, heart failure, severe congestive heart disease, severe respiratory problems, liver failure or other significant medical co morbidities.
  • Major neurological disorder other than the one that led to the TPS.
  • MRI (done within one year of the first visit) with abnormalities other than those associated with the neurological disorder causing TPS.
  • Age < 21 years.
  • Pregnancy or lack of regular use of contraceptives. Patients who become pregnant after enrollment may be excluded from the study. Patients who become pregnant prior to the surgical implantation of the DBS systems will be excluded from the study.
  • Previous ablative intracranial surgery for the management of the TPS.
  • Previously implanted with deep brain stimulation system.
  • Concurrent enrolment in any other trial / study for TPS.
  • Implantable hardware not compatible with MRI or with the study.
  • Patients may be excluded from enrollment due to a condition that, in the judgment of the PI, significantly increases risk or reduces significantly the likelihood of benefit from VC/VS DBS.
  • Untreated / uncontrolled (severe at the time of enrolment) depression or other psychiatric disorder.
  • Bipolar disorder, current PTSD, severe personality disorder, active psychosis, Severe OCD.
  • Psychological co-morbidities that indicates higher risk to the patient and / or higher risk of failure.
  • Suicide attempt </= 12 months
  • Communication of a plan for suicide, prior to implant, should the study treatment fail
  • Imminent suicide risk
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
21 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
United States
1DP2OD006469-01 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
Not Provided
Not Provided
Andre Machado, The Cleveland Clinic
Andre Machado
National Institutes of Health (NIH)
Principal Investigator: Andre G Machado, MD The Cleveland Clinic
The Cleveland Clinic
May 2017

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP